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day and night in prayer, or hearing the words of eternal lise?

“And behold a beam is in thine owu cyc!” Not a mote, like one of these." Thou hypocrite!” who pretendest to care for others, and hast po care for thy own soul; who makest a show of zkał for the cause of God, when in truth thou neither lovestuor fcarest liin! “First cast out the beam out of thinc own eye:" Cast out thie beam of impenitence! Know thyself! See and feel thyself a sinner! Feel that thy inward parts are very wickedness, that thou art altogether corrupt and abominable, and that the wrath of God abideth on thee! Cast out the leam of pride; abhor thyseif; sink down as in dust and ashes; be more and more little, and mean, and base, and vile in thine (wn eyes! Cast out the beam of self-will! Learn what that

Caletli, “If one man will come after me, him renouncc bimself." Deny thyself, and take up tly cross daily. Let the whole soul cry out, “I came down from heaven," (for so thou didst, thou never-dying spirit, whether thou kvowest it orm,] “not to do my own will, but the will of Him that sent

Cast out the beam of lore of the rorld! Lore not thic world, neither the things of the worki. Be thou crucified unto the world, and the world crucified into thee. Only use the world, but enjoy God. Seck all thy happiness in Him! Above all, cast out the grand beani, that supine carelessness and indifference: Deeply consider, that “ one thing is needíul;" the one ding which thou hast scarce ever thought of. Kuow and Lecl, that thou art a poor, vile, guilty worm, quivering over the great sull!

What art thou? A simuer born to die; a leaf viriven before the wind; a vapour ready to ranish away ; just appearing, and then scattered into air, to be no more scen! See this! “Jud then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the ziote out of thy brother's eye." Then, if thou hast leisure trom the concerns of tly own soul, thou shalt know how lo Corrcct thy lrother also.

S. But what is properly the meaning of this worel, “Judge 201!" What is the judging which is here forbidden ? It is not the same as evil-speaking, althouglı it is frequently joined therewith. Dril-speaking, is the relating any thing that is evil concerniug in absent person; whereas judging way indiffercntly reter either to the absent or the present. Neither does it necessarily imply the speaking at all, but only the thinking erit of another. Not thai all kind of thinking evil of others, is that judging which our Lord concerns. Ilsce one commit sobber's or uurder, or hcar bien blephcm the name of God, I cannot refrain from thinking ill of the robber or murderer. Yet this is not evil judging: there is no sin in this; nor any thing contrary to tender affection.

9. The thinking of another in a manner that is contrary to love, is that judging which is here condemned; and this may be of various kinds. For, first, we may think another to blame when he is not. We may lay to his charge (at least in our own mind) the things of which he is not guilty; the words which he has never spoke, or the actions which he has never done. Or we may think his manner of acting was wrong, although in reality it was not. And even where nothing can justly be blamed, either in the thing itself, or in the manner of doing it, we may suppose his intention was not good, and so condemn him on that ground; at the same time that He who searches the heart, sces his simplicity and godly sincerity.

10. But we may not only fall into the sin of judging, by condemning the innocent; but also, secondly, by condemning the guilty in a higher degree than he deserves. This species of judging is likewise an offence against justice, as well as mercy; and yet such an offence as nothing can secure us from, but the strongest and tenderest affection. Without this, we readily suppose one, who is acknowledged to be in fault, to be more in fault than he really is. We undervalue whatever good is found in him. Nay, we are not easily induced to believe, that any thing good can remain in him, in whom we have found any thing that is evil.

11. All this shows a manifest want of that love, which ou arriSETAI XAXO”,-thinketh no evil ; which never draws an unjust or unkind conclusion from any premises whatsoever. Love will not infer, from a person's falling once into an act of open sin, that he is accustomed so to do, that he is habitually guilty of it: and if he was habitually guilty once, love does not conclude he is so still; much less, that if he is now guilty of this, therefore he is guilty of other sins also. These evil reasonings all pertain to that sinful judging which our Lord here guards us against ; and which we are in the highest degree concerned to avoid, if we love either God or our own souls.

12. But supposing we do not condemn the innocent, peither the guilty any farther than they deserve; still we may not be altogether clear of the sparc: For there is a third sort of sinful judging, which is the condemping any person at all, where there is not sufficient evidence. And be the facts we suppose ever so true, yet that does not acquit us. For they ougiit not

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to bave been supposcul, but proved ; and till they were, we ought to bare formed no jndgment;--I say, till they were ; for neither are we c'etised, although the facts admit of ever so strong a proof, unless that proof be produced before we pass sentence, and compared with the evidence on the other side. Nor call we be excusci, if crer we pass a full sentence, before the accused has spoken for himself. Even a Jew might tcach qis this, as a mere lesson of justice abstracted from mercy and trrotherly love: “Doth onr law,” says Nicodemus, “judge any man before it hear him, and know what he docth?” (John vii. 51.) Yea, alleather could reply, when the chief of the Jewish nation desired to have judgment against his prisoner, not the manner of the Romans to judge any man, before he that is accused have the accusers face to face, and have licence to ansier for himself, concerning the crime laid against him.”

13. Indeed we could not easily fall into sinful jixelging, were sve only to observe that rule, which another * of those heathen Romans affirms to have been the mcasure of his own practice. “I am so far,” says he, “ from lightly believing crery man's or any man's evidence against another, that I do not casily or immediately believe a man's evidence against himself. I always allow him second thoughts, and many times counsel too." (o, thou who art callce a Christian, and do likewise, Jest the heathen rise and condemn thee in that day!

14. But how rarely should we condeum or judge one another, at least, how soon would that evil be remedied, were we to walls by that clear and express rule, which our Lord himself has tangle us : “ If thy brother shall trespass against thec,” (or if tbou beu or believe he bathi,] go and tell him of his fault betreen thee ilud him alone.This is the first step thou art to tale.

66 But if he will not hear, take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses, every word scray be establishical.” This is the second step. “If he neglect to bear tben, tell it into the church; "cither to the overseers thereof, or to the whole congregation. Thou hast then done thy fart. Then think of it no more, but commend the whole to God.

15. Dit supposing thou hast, by the grace of God, “ cast the beanu out of thinc own eye," and dost now “ clearly see the mote or the beam which is in thy brother's eye,” yet beware thon dost not receive art thyself, by endeavouring to help him. Still “ Gile not that which is boly unto dogs." Do not lightly account any to be of this number; but if it

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* buneca.

evidently appear that they deserve the title, then “ cast ye not your pearls before swine." Beware of that zeal which is not according to knowledge. For this is another great binderance in their way, who would be “perfect as their heavenly Father is perfect.” They who desire this, cannot but desire that all mankind should partake of the common blessing, And when we ourselves first partake of the heavenly gift, the divine “ evidence of things not scen,” we wonder that all mankind do not see the things which we see so plainly; and make no doubt at all, but we shall open the eyes of all we have any intercourse with. Hence we are for attacking all we meet without delay, and constraining them to see, whether they will or no; and by the ill success of this intemperate zeal, we often suffer in our own souls. To prevent this spending our strength in vain, our Lord adds this needful caution, (needful to all, but more especially to those who are now warm in their first love,) “ Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their fect, and turn again and rend you."

16. “ Give not that which is holy unto the dogs.” Beware of thinking that any deserve this appellation, till there is full and incontestable proof, such as you can no longer resist. But when it is clearly and indisputably proved, that they are unholy and wicked men, not only strangers to, but enemies to God, to all righteousness and true holiness ; " Give not that which is holy," TO QY!v,—the holy thing, emphatically so called, unto these. The holy, the peculiar doctrines of the Gospel, such as were hid from the ages and generations of old, and are now made known to us, only by the revelation of Jesus Christ, and by the inspiration of his Holy Spirit, -are not to be prostituted unto these men, who know not if there be any Holy Ghost. Not indeed that the ambassadors of Christ can refrain from declaring them in the great congregation, wherein some of these may probably be ; we must speak, whether men will hear, or whether they will forbear; but this is not the case with private Christians. They do not bear that awful character; nor are they under any manner of obligation to force these great and glorious truths on them who contradict and blaspheme, who have a rooted comity against them. Nay, they ought not so to do, but rather to lead them, as they are able to bear. Do not begin a discourse with these upon remission of sins, and the gift of the Holy Ghost; but talk with them in their own manner, and upon their own principles. With the rational, honourable, and unjust epicure, reason of “righteousness, temperance, and judgment to conie.” This is the most probable way to make Felix tremble. Reserve higher subjects for men of higher attainments.

17. Neither “cast your pearls before swine.” Be very uwilling to pass this judgment on any man ; but if the fact be plain and undeniable, if it is clear beyond all dispute, if the swind do not endeavour to disguise themselves, but rather glory in their shame, making 10 pretence to purity, either of heart or life, but working all uncleanness with greediness; then cast not ye your pearls before them. Talk not to them of the mysteries of the kingdom; of the things which eye hath not seen, nor car hcard; wliich, of consequence, as they have no other inlets of knowledge, no spiritual senses, it cannot enter into their hearts to conceive. Tell not them of the exceeding great and precious promises, which God hath given us in the Son of his Lore. What conception can they have of being made partakers of the divine nature, who do not even desire to escape the corruption that is in the world through lust ? Just as much knowledge as swine have of pearls, and as much relish as they have for them, so much relish have they for the deep things of God, so much knowledge of the mysteries of the Gospel, who are immersed in the mire of this world, in worldly pleasures, desires, and cares. O cast not those pearls before these, “lest they trample them under their feet,"'-lest they utterly despise what they cannot understand, and speak evil of the things which they kuow not! Nay, it is probable, this would not be the only inconvenience which would follow : it would not be strange, if they were, according to their nature, to “turn again, and rend you;” if they were to return you evil for good, cursing for blessing, and hatred for your goodwill. Such is the enmity of the carnal mind against God, and all the things of God. Such is the treatment you are to expect from these, if you offer them the impardonable affront of endeavouring to save their souls from death, to pluck them as brands out of the burning.

18. And yet you need not utterly despair even of these, who, for the present, “turn again and rend you.” For if all your arguments and persuasives fail, there is yet another remedy left, and one that is frequently found effectual, when no other method avails; this is, Prayer. Therefore, whatever you desire or want, either for others or for your own soul, “ Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; kuock,

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