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ith so many little tricks in sculpture. It is, indeed, suported with single columns instead of those vast clusters of tle pillars that one meets with in Gothic cathedrals, but the same time these columns are of no regular order, and = least twice too long for their diameter. There are other urches in the town, and two or three palaces which are of more modern make, and built with a good fancy. I was own the little Notre Dame, that is handsomely designed, and pped with a cupola. It was made as an offering of gratide to the Blessed Virgin, for having defended the country the Tirol against the victorious arms of Gustavus Adolnus, who could not enter this part of the empire after ving over-run most of the rest. This temple was therere built by the contributions of the whole country. At out half a league's distance from Inspruck stands the stle of Amras, furnished with a prodigious quantity of edals, and many other sorts of rarities both in nature and t, for which I must refer the reader to Monsieur Patin's count in his letters to the Duke of Wirtemberg, having yself had neither time nor opportunity to enter into a parcular examination of them.
From Inspruck we came to Hall, that lies at a league disnce on the same river. This place is particularly famous r its salt-works. There are in the neighbourhood vast ountains of a transparent kind of rock, not unlike alum, tremely solid, and as piquant to the tongue as salt itself. our or five hundred men are always at work in the mounins, where as soon as they have hewn down any quantities the rock, they let in their springs and reservoirs among eir works. The water eats away and dissolves the particles salt which are mixed in the stone, and is conveyed by long oughs and canals from the mines to the town of Hall, where s received in vast cisterns, and boiled off from time to time. They make after the rate of eight hundred loaves a week, ch loaf four hundred pound weight. This would raise a eat revenue to the emperor, were there here such a tax on t as there is in France. At present he clears but two ndred thousand crowns a year, after having defrayed all charges of working it. There are in Switzerland, and her parts of the Alps, several of these quarries of salt, that rn to very little account, by reason of the great quantities wood they consume.
The salt works at Hall have a great convenience for fuel, which swims down to them on the river Inn. This river, during its course through the Tirol, is generally shut up between a double range of mountains that are most of them covered with woods of fir-trees. Abundance of peasants are employed in the hewing down of the largest of these trees, that after they are barked and cut into shape, are tumbled down from the mountains into the stream of the river, which carries them off to the salt works. At Inspruck they take up vast quantities for the convents and public officers, who have a certain portion of it allotted them by the emperor : the rest of it passes on to Hall. There are generally several hundred loads afloat; for they begin to cut above twentyfive leagues up the river above Hall, and there are other rivers that flow into the Inn, which bring in their contributions. These salt works, and a mint that is established at the same place, have rendered this town, notwithstanding the neighbourhood of the capital city, almost as populous as Inspruck itself. The design of this mint is to work off part of the metals which are found in the neighbouring mountains; where, as we were told, there are seven thousand men in constant employ. At Hall we took a boat to carry us to Vienna. The first night we lay at Rottenburg, where is a strong castle above the town. Count Serini is still close prisoner in this castle, who, as they told us in the town, had lost his senses by his long imprisonment and afflictions. The next day we dined at Kuffstain, where there is a fortress on a high rock above the town almost inaccessible on all sides this being a frontier place on the duchy of Bavaria, where we entered after about an hour's rowing from Kuffstain. It was the pleasantest voyage in the world to follow the windings of this river Inn through such a variety of pleasing scenes as the course of it naturally led us. had sometimes on each side us a vast extent of naked rocks and mountains, broken into a thousand irregular steeps and precipices; in other places we saw a long forest of fir-trees so thick set together, that it was impossible to discover any of the soil they grew upon, and rising up so regularly one above another, as to give us the view of a whole wood at once. The time of the year, that had given the leaves of the trees so many different colours, completed the beauty of the prospect. But as the materials of a fine landscape are not
vays the most profitable to the owner of them, we met ch but very little corn or pasturage for the proportion of th that we passed through, the lands of the Tirol not ng able to feed the inhabitants. This long valley of the rol lies enclosed on all sides by the Alps, though its domions shoot out into several branches that lie among the eaks and hollows of the mountains. It is governed by ree councils residing at Inspruck, one sits upon life and th, the other is for taxes and impositions, and a third for e common distributions of justice. As these courts regue themselves by the orders they receive from the Imperial art, so in many cases there are appeals from them to Vina. The inhabitants of the Tirol have many particular vileges above those of the other hereditary countries of
emperor. For as they are naturally well fortified among eir mountains, and at the same time border upon many ferent governments, as the Grisons, Venetians, Swiss, Baians, &c., a severe treatment might tempt them to set up a republic, or at least throw themselves under the milder. vernment of some of their neighbours: besides that their antry is poor, and that the emperor draws considerable comes out of his mines of salt and metal. They are these nes that fill the country with greater numbers of people an it would be able to bear without the importation of corn m foreign parts. The emperor has forts and citadels at entrance of all the passes that lead into the Tirol, which = so advantageously placed on rocks and mountains, that y command all the valleys and avenues that lie about m. Besides, that the country itself is cut into so many Is and inequalities, as would render it defensible by a very le army against a numerous enemy. It was, therefore, nerally thought the Duke of Bavaria would not attempt cutting off any succours that were sent to Prince Eugene; the forcing his way through the Tirol into Italy. The er Inn, that had hitherto been shut up among mountains, ses generally through a wide open country during all its rse through Bavaria, which is a voyage of two days, after rate of twenty leagues a day.
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