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The American
Church History Series

CONSISTING OF A SERIES OF

DENOMINATIONAL HISTORIES PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CHURCH HISTORY

Beneral Editors Rev. PHILIP SCHAFF, D. D., LL. D. BISHOP JOHN F. HURST, D.D., LL.D. Rt. Rev. H. C. POTTER, D.D., LL. D. Rev. E. J. WOLF, D. D. Rev. Geo. P. FISHER, D.D., LL.D. HENRY C. VEDDER, M. A.

Rev. SAMUEL M. Jackson, D.D., LL. D.

VOLUME VII

A.M.S.I.A.
Omerican Church History

A HISTORY

OF THE

PROTESTANT
EPISCOPAL CHURCH

IN THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

BY

CHARLES C. TIFFANY, D. D.

ARCHDEACON OF NEW YORK

New York
the Christian Literature Co.

MDCCCXCV

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PREFACE.

THE Protestant Episcopal Church is the lineal and legitimate descendant of the Church of England. It represents in the United States of America Christianity as it is received and embodied in the Established Church of Great Britain. In doctrine, discipline, and worship it aims not to depart from its august parent further than local circumstances compel, but it claims to be supreme judge of the force of circumstances, and a supreme law in adapting itself to them. It derived its orders, it accepted its liturgy, it inherited its creeds and articles of religion, from the English Church. Yet, notwithstanding its foreign origin, it is not a foreign church. Its history is coeval with the earliest settlements of the continent, and has kept constant pace with all the varying phases of national development. In common with all the institutions in the land which claim for their permanent features a date anterior to the discovery of America, and in the same sense, this church came from abroad. Its structural features did not originate in the eighteenth century, when the nation arose, nor in the fifteenth century, when the continent was discovered. They antedated these events nearly two thou

But while thus transplanted, the church took early and firm root in American soil. It developed a constitution and a life essentially American and essentially its

Its adherents claim that it is peculiarly fitted to become the dominant church of the continent, by reason

sand years.

own,

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