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Articles of Religion ;

AS ESTABLISHED BY

THE BISHOPS, THE CLERGY,

AND THE LAITY

OF

The Protestant Episcopal Church

IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

IN CONVENTION,

ON THE TWELFTH DAY OF SEPTEMBER,

IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

1801.

HO

ARTICLE I. Of Faith in the Holy ART. V. Of the Holy Ghost.

Trinity. THERE is but one living and true THE Holy Ghost, proceeding from

T the of T God, everlasting, without body, substance, majesty, and glory, with parts, or passions ; of infinite power, the Father and the Son, very and wisdom, and goodness; the Naker, eternal God. and Preserver of all things both visible and invisible. And in unity

ART. VI. Of the Sufficiency of the of this Godhead there be three Per- Holy Scriptures for Salvation. sons, of one substance, power, and TOLY Scripture containeth all eternity: the Father, the Son, and things necessary to salvation : the Holy Ghost.

80 that whatsoever is not read there

in, por may be proved thereby, is Art. II. Of the Word or Son of

not to be required of any man, that God, which was made very Man. it should be believed as an article of Tithe father, begotten from ever

the Faith, or be thought requisite or

necessary to salvation. In the same lasting of the Father, the very and of the Holy Scripture we do undereternal God, and of one substance stand those canonical Books of the with the Father, took Man's nature Old and New Testament, of whose in the womb of the blessed Virgin, authority was never any doubt in of her substance : so that two whole the Church. and perfect Natures, that is to say, the Godhead and Manhood, were

OF THE NAMES AND NUMBER joined together in one Person, never

OF THE CANONICAL BOOKS. to be divided, whereof is one Christ, Genesis, very God, and very Man; who truly Exodus, surffered, was crucified, dead, and Leviticus, buried, to reconcile his father to us, Numbers, and to be a sacrifice, not only for Deuteronomy, original guilt, but also for actual Joshua, sing of men,

Judges,

Ruth,
Art. III. of the going down of The First Boole of Samuel,
Christ into Hell.

The Second Book of Samuel,
AS Christ died for us, and was The First Book of Kings,
A buried; so also is it to be be- The Second Book of Kings,
lieved, that he went down into Hell. The First Book of Chronicles,

The Second Book of Chronicles, ART. IV. of the Resurrection The First Book of Esdras, of Christ.

The Second Book of Esdras,
CHRI
YHRIST did truly rise again from The Book of Esther,

death, and took again his body, T'he Book of Job,
with flesh, bones, and all things The Psalms,
appertaining to the perfection of T'he Proverbs,
Man's nature: wherewith he as. Ecclesiastes or Preacher,
cended into Heaven, and there sit. Cantica, or Songs of Solomon,
teth, until he return to judge all Four Prophets the greater,
Men at the last day.

Twelve Prophets the less.

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And the other Books (as Hierome saith) the Church doth read for example of life and instruction of manners; but yet doth it not apply them to establish any doctrine ; such are these following:

The Third Book of Esdras,
The Fourth Book of Esdras,
The Book of Tobias,
The Book of Judith,
The rest of the Book of Esther,
The Book of Wisdom,
Jesus the Son of Sirach,
Baruch the Prophet,
The Song of the Three Children,
The Story of Susanna,
Of Bel and the Dragon,
The Prayer of Manasses,
The First Book of Maccabees,
The Second Book of Maccabees.

All the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive, and account them Canonical.

Arr. VII. Of the Old Testament, THE Old Testament is not conTHT

trary to the New: for both in the Old and New Testament everlasting life is offered to Mankind by Christ, who is the only Mediator between God and Man, being both God and Man. Wherefore they are not to be heard, which feign that the old Fathers did look only for transitory promises. Although the Law given from God by Moses, as touching Ceremonies and Rites, do not bind Christian men, nor the Civil precepts thereof ought of necessity to be received in any commonwealth; yet notwithstanding, no Christian man whatsoever is free from the obedience of the Commandments wbich are called Moral.

ART. VIII. Of the Creeds. THE Nicene Creed, and that which

is commonly called the Apostles' Creed, ought thoroughly to be received and believed for they may be proved by most certain warrants of Holy Scripture.

Art, IX. Of Original or Birth-Sin.

RIGINAL sin standeth not in Pelagians do vainly talk :) but it is the fault and corruption of the Nature of every man, that naturally is engendered of the offspring of Adam; whereby man is very far gone from original righteousness, and is of his own nature inclined to evil, so that the flesh lusteth always contrary to the Spirit; and therefore in every person born into this world, it deserveth God's wrath and damnation. And this infection of nature doth remain, yea in them that are regen. erated; whereby the lust of the flesh, called in Greek, φρόνημα σαρκός, (which some do expound the wisdom, some sensuality, some the affection, some the desire, of the flesh,) is not subject to the Law of God. And although there is no condemnation for them that believe and are baptized; yet the Apostle doth confess, that concupiscence and lust hath of itself the nature of sin. Art. X. Of Free-Will.

, fall of Adam is such, that he cannot turn and prepare himself, by his own natural strength and good works, to faith, and calling upon God. Wherefore we have no power to do good works pleasant and acceptable to God, without the grace of God by Christ preventing us, that we may have a good will, and work. ing with us, when we have that good will. Art. XI. Of the Justification

of Man. We are accounted righteous be

fore God, only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by Faith, and not for our own works or deservings. Wherefore, that we are justified by Faith only, is a most wholesome Doctrine, and very full of comfort, as more largely is expressed in the Homily of Justifica. tion,

ART. XII. Of Good Works.

Hare the fruits of Faith, and fol. low after Justification, cannot put away our sins, and endure the severity of God's judgment; yet are they pleasing and acceptable to God in Christ, and do spring out necessarily of a true and lively Faith ; insomuch that by them a lively Faith may be as evidently known as a tree discerned by the fruit. ART. XIII. Of Works before

Justification. ORKS done before the grace of his Spirit, are not pleasant to God, forasmuch as they spring not of faith in Jesus Christ; neither do they make men meet to receive grace, or (as the School-authors say) deserve grace of congruity : yea rather, for that they are not done as God hath willed and commanded them to be done, we doubt not but they have the nature of sin. Art. XIV. Of Works of Superero

gution.

W

and sin (as Saint Jolun saitb) was not in him. But all we the rest, al. though baptized, and born again in Christ, yet offend in many things; and if we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. ART. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. NOTwevery deadly sin willingly

committed after Baptism is sin against the Holy Ghost, and unpardonable. Wherefore the grant of repentance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after Baptism. After we have received the Holy Ghost, we may depart from grace given, and fall into sin, and by the grace of God we may arise again, and amend our lives. And therefore they are to be condemned, which say, they can no more sin as long as they live here, or deny the place of forgiveness to such as truly repent. Art. XVII. Of Predestination and

Élection. PREDESTINATION to Life is the

everlasting purpose of God, where. by (before the foundations of the world were laid) he hath constantly decrced by his counsel secret to 118, to deliver from curse and damnation those whom he hath chosen in Christ out of mankind, and to bring them by Christ to everlasting salvation, as vessels made to honour. Wherefore, they which be endued with so excellent a benefit of God, be called according to God's purpose by his Spirit working in due season : they through Grace obey the calling : they be justified freely : they be made sons of God by ption: they be made like the image of big only be. gotten Son Jesus Christ: they walk religiously in good works, and at length, by God's mercy, they attain to everlasting felicity.

As the godly consideration of Predestination, and our Election in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly persons, and such as feel in themselves

and above, God's Commandments, which they call Works of Supererogation, cannot be taught without arrogancy and impiety: for by them men do declare, that they do not only render unto God as much as they are bound to do, but that they do more for his sake, than of bounden duty is required: whereas Christ saith plainly, When ye have done all that are commanded to you, say, We are unprofitable servants. ART. XV. Of Christ alone without

Sin. NHRIST in the truth of our nature

things, sin only except, from which he was clearly void, both in his flesh, and in his spirit. He came to be the Lamb without spot, who, by sacrifice of himself once made, should take away the sins of the world,

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