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everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto him.'
VI. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof, were communicated unto the elect in all ages successively, from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein he was revealed and signified to be the Seed of the woman, which should bruise the serpent's head, and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world, being yesterday and to-day the same, and for ever. m
VII. Christ, in the work of mediation, acteth according to both natures; by each nature doing that which is proper to itself: " yet, by reason of the unity of the - person,
that i Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are goats and calves, but by his own blood, determined upon thy people, and up- he entered in once into the holy place, on thy holy city, to finish the trans. having obtained eternal redemption gression, and to make an end of sins, for us. Ver. 15. And for this cause and to make reconciliation for iniqui- he is the Mediator of the new testaty, and to bring in everlasting righte- 'ment, that by means of death, for the ousness, and to seal up the vision and redemption of the transgressions that prophecy, and to anoint the most holy. were under the first testament, they Ver. 26. And after threescore and two which are called might receive the weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not promise of eternal inheritance. for himself: and the people of the VI. m Gal. iv. 4. But when the ful. prince that shall come shall destroyness of the time was come, God sent the city, and the sanctuary, and the forth his Son, made of a woman, end thereof shall be'with a flood, and made under the law; Ver. 5. To reunto the end of the war desolations deem them that were under the law, are determined. Col. i. 19. For it that we might receive the adoption of pleased the Father that in him should sons. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put enall fulness dwell; Ver. 20. And (ha- mity between thee and the woman, ving made peace through the blood of and between thy seed and her seed : his cross) by him to reconcile all it shall bruise thy head, and thou things unto himself; by him, I say, shalt bruise his heel. Rev. xiji. 8. whether they be things in earth, or And all that dwell upon the earth things in heaven. Eph. i. 11. In shall worship him, whose names are whom also we have obtained an inhem not written in the book of life of the ritance, being predestinated according Lamb slain from the foundation of the to the purpose of him who workerh all world. Heb. xiii. 8. Jesus Christ the things after the counsel of his own same yesterday, and to-day, and for will. Ver. 14. Which is the earnest of our inheritance, until the redemp- VII. n Heb. ix. 14. [See letter k, tion of the purchased possession, unto scripture the second.) 1 Pet. iii. 18. the praise of his glory. John xvii. 2. For Christ also hath once suffered for As thou hast given him power over sins, the just for the unjust, that he all flesh, that he should give eternal might bring us to God; being put to life to as many as thou hast given him. death in the fiesh, bat quickened by Heb. ix. 12. Neither by the blood of the Spirit.
which is proper to one nature is sometimes in scripture attributed to the person denominated by the other nature.
VIII. To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption, he doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same ; P making intercession for them ; 9 and revealing unto them, in and by the word, the mysteries of salvation ; ' effectually persuading them by his Spirit, to believe and obey; and governing their hearts by his word and Spirit; s overcoming all their enemies by his almighty
o Acts xx. 28. Take heed there. g John xy. 13. Greater love hath no fore unto yourselves, and to all the man than this, that a man lay down fock, over the which the Holy Ghost his life for his friends. V. 15. Hencehath made you overseers, to feed the forth I call you not servants; for the church of God, which he hath purcha- servant knoweth not what his lord dosed with his own blood. John iii. 13. eth : but I have called you friends ; And no man hath ascended up to hea. for all things that I have heard of my ven, but he that came down from hea. Father I have made known unto you. ven, even the Son of man which is in Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redempheaven. 1 John iii. 16. Hereby per- tion through his blood, the forgiveness ceive we the love of God, because he of sins, according to the riches of his laid down his life for us ; and we grace : Ver. 8. Wherein he hath a. ought to lay down our lives for the bounded toward us in all wisdom and, brethren.
prudence. Ver. 9. Having made VIII. p John vi. 37. All that the known unto us the mystery of his will, Father giveth me shall come to me; according to his good pleasure, which and him that cometh to me I will in lie hath purposed in himself. John DO wise cast out. Ver. 39. And this xvii. 6. I have manifested. thy name: is the Father's will which hath sent unto the men which thou gavesti.me me, that of all which he hath given out of the world : thine they were, me, I should lose nothing, but should and thou gavest them me; and they raise it up again at the last day. John have kept thy word. x. 15. As the Father knoweth me, s John xiv. 16. And I will pray the even so know I the Father; and I lay Father, and he shall give you another down my life for the sheep. Ver. 16. Comforter, that he may abide with And other sheep I have, which are not you for ever. Heb. xii. 2. Looking of this fold: them also I must bring, unto Jesus, the author and finisher of and they shall hear my voice: and there our faith ; who, for the joy that was. shall be one fold, and one shepherd. set before him, endured the cross, de.
q1 John ii. 1. My little children, spising the shame, and is set down at these things write I unto you, that ye ihe right hand of the throne of God. sin not. And if any man sin, we have 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the same an Advocate with the Father, Jesus spirit of faith, according as it is write Christ the righteous. Ver. 2. And he ten, I believed, and therefore have I is the propitiation for our sins; and spoken; we also believe, and therefore not for ours only, but also for the sins speak. Rom. viii. 9. But ye are not of the whole world. Rom. viii. 34. in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be. Who is he that condemneth? It is that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Christ that died, yea rather, that is Now, if any man have not the Spirit risen again, who is even at the right of Christ, he is none of his. Ver. 14. hand of God, who also maketh inter. For as many as are led by the Spirit cession for us.
of God, they are the sons of Godi.
power and wisdom, in such manner and ways as are most consonant to his wonderful and unsearchable dispensation.
CHAP. IX. Of Free Will.
OD hath endued the will of man with that natural li
berty, that it is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined, to good or evil. a
II. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which is good and well pleasing to God; b but yet mutably, so that he might fall from it.
III. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvaRom. xv. 18. For I will not dare to likewise shall also the Son of man sufspeak of any of those things which fer of them. James i. 14. But every Christ hath not wrought by me, to man is tempted, when he is drawn make the Gentiles obedient, by word away of his own lust, and enticed. and deed. Ver. 19. Through mighty Deut. xxx. 19. I call heaven and signs and wonders, by the power of earth to record this day against you, the Spirit of God: so that from Jeru. that I have set before you life and salem, and round about unto Illyri- death, blessing and cursing : therefore cum, I have fully preached the gos. choose life, that both thou and thy pel of Christ. John xvii. 17. Sancti. seed may live. fy them through thy truth : thy word II. b Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only is truth.
have I found, that God hath made t Psal. cx. 1. The LORD said unto man upright; but they have sought my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, out many inventions. Gen. i. 26. And until I make thine enemies thy foot. God said, Let us make man in our stool. 1 Cor. xv. 25. For he must image, after our likeness: and let them reign, till he hath put all enemies un- have dominion over the fish of the sea, der his feet.
Ver. 26. The last ene- and over the fowl of the air, and over my that shall be destroyed is death. the cattle, and over all the earth, and Mal. iv. 2. But unto you that fear my over every creeping thing that creepname shall the Sun of righteousness eth upon the earth. arise with healing in his wings; and c Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God ye shall go forth and grow up as calves commanded the man, saying, Of eveof the stall. Ver. 3. And ye shall ry tree in the garden thon mayest freetread down the wicked; for they shall ly eat: Ver. 17. But of the tree of be ashes under the soles of your feet, the knowledge of good and evil thou in the day that I shall do this, saith shalt not eat of it: for in the day that the Lord of hosts. Col. ii. 15. And thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely having spoiled principalities and pow.' die. Gen. iii. 6. And when the woers, he made a shew of them openly, man saw that the tree was good for triumphing over them in it.
food, and that it was pleasant to the I. a Matth. xvii. 12. But I say un-' eyes, and a tree to be desired to make to you, that Elias is come already, one wise ; she took of the fruit there. and they knew him not, but have done of, and did eat, and gave also unto unto him whatsoever they listed her husband with her, and he did eat.
so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, and dead in sin, is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto. 8
IV. When God converts á sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, he freeth him from his natural bondage under sin, and by his grace alone enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good ;' yet so as
i that, by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not
III. d Rom. v. 6. For when we mind ; and were by nature the chilwere yet without strength, in due time dren of wrath, even as others. Ver. 4. Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. But God, who is rich in mercy, for his viii. 7. Because the carnat mind is en- great love wherewith he loved us, mity against God : for it is not sub- Ver. 5. Even when we were dead in ject to the law of God, neither indeed sins, hath quickened us together with can be. John xv. 5. I am the vine, Christ, (by grace ye are saved.). ye are the branches : he that abideth 1 Cor. ii, 14. But the natural man rein me, and I in him, the same bring- ceiveth not the things of the Spirit of eth forth much fruit : for without me God; for they are foolishness unto ye can do nothing.'
him: neither can he know them, be. e Rom. jii. 10. As it is writter., cause they are spiritually, discerned. There is none righteous, no, not one, Tit, iji. 3. For we ourselves also were Ver. 12. They are all gone out of the sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceive way, they are together become unpro- ed, serving divers lusts and pleasures, fitable, there is none that doeth good, living in malice and envy, hateful, and no, not one.
haring one another. Ver. 4. But after f Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he that the kindness and love of God our quickened, who were dead in trespass. Saviour toward man appeared, Ver, es and sins. Ver. 5. Even when we 5. Not by works of righteousness were dead in sins, hath quickened us which we have done, but according to together with Christ, (by grace ye are his mercy he saved us, by the washing saved.) Col. ii. 13. And you, being of regeneration, and renewing of the dead in your sins, and the uncircumci- Holy Ghost. sion of your flesh, hath he quickened IV. b Col. i. 13. Who hath delive.. together with him, having forgiven red us from the power of darkness, you all trespasses.
and hath translated us into the king. & John vi. 44. No man can come dom of his dear Son. John viii. 34. to me, except the Father which hath Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, sent me draw him :: and I will raise I say unto you, Whosoever commithim up at the last day. Ver. 65. And teth sin, is the servant of sin. Ver. 36. he said, Therefore said I unto you; If the Son therefore shall make you That no man can come unto me, ex- free, ye shall be free indeed. cepi it were given unto him of my Fa. i Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which ther. Eph.ii. 2. Wherein in time past worketh in you, both to will and to ye walked according to the course of do of his good pleasure. Rom. this world, according to the prince of yi. 18. Being then made free from the power of the air, the spirit that sin, ye became the servants of righ-. now worketh in the children of diso. teousness. Ver. 22. But now, be.. bedience. Ver. 3. Among whom aling made free from sin, and become: so we all had our conversation in times servants to God, ye have your fruit : past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling unto holiness, and the end everlast.the desires of the flesh and of the ing life..
perfectly nor only will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evilk,
V. The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to do good alone in the state of glory only!
CHAP. X. Of Effectual Calling.
LL those whom God hath predestinated unto life,
and those only, he is pleased, in his appointed and accepted time, effectually to call a. by his word and Spirit,
de Gal. v. 17. For the Alesh lusteth sent you faultless before the presence against the Spirit, and the Spirit a- of his glory with exceeding joy. gainst the flesh : and these are con. 1. Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, trary the one to the other; so that ye whom he did predestinate, them he alcannot do the things that ye would. so called; and whom he called, them Rom. vii. 15. For that which I do, I he also justified; and whom he jusallow not; for what I would, that do tified, them he also glorified. Rom. I not; but what I hate, that do I. Ver. xi. 7. What then? Israel hath not ob18. For I know, that in me (that is, tained that which he seeketh for; in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: but the election hath obtained it, and for to will is present with me, but how the rest were blinded. Eph. i. 10. to perform that which is good I find That in the dispensation of the ful. not. Ver. 19. For the good that I ness of times, he might gather toge. would, I do not; but the evil which I ther in one all things in Christ, both would not, that I do. Ver. 21. I find which are in heaven, and which are then a law, that when I would do on earth, even in him. Ver. 11. In good, evil is present with me. Ver. whom also we have obtained an inhe. 23. But I see another law in my mem. ritance, being predestinated according bers warring against the law of my to the purpose of him whoworketh all mind, and bringing me into captivity things after the counsel ofhis own will. to the law of sin, which is in my mem- 62 Thess. ii. 13. But we are bound bers.
to give thanks alway to God for V. l Eph. iv. 13. Till we all come you, brethren, beloved of the Lord : in the unity of the faith, and of the because God hath from the begin. knowledge of the Son of God, unto ing chosen you to salvation, through a perfect man, unto the measure of the sanctification of the Spirit, and belief the stature of the fulness of Christ. of the truth: Ver. 14. Whereunto he Heb. xii. 23. To the general assem- called you by our gospel, to the obtainbly and church of the first-born, which ing of the glory of our Lord Jesus are written in heaven, and to God the Christ. 2 Cor. iii. 3. Forasmuch as Judge of all, and to the spirits of just ye are manifestly declared to be the men made perfect. 1 John iii. 2. Be. epistle of Christ, ministered by us, loved, now are we the sons of God; written not' with ink, but with the and it doth not yet appear what we Spirit of the living God; not in tables shall be : but we know, that when he of stone, but in Aleshly tables of the shall appear, we shall be like him; heart. Ver. 6. Who also made us able for we shall see him as he is. Jude, ministers of the new testament; not of Ter. 24. Now unto him that is able the letter, but of the Spirit ; for the to keep you from falling, and to pre- letter kitteth, but the Spirit giveth life