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established the endurance and forbear- protection to treason only, was repuance of the volunteers, so long as pa- diated at Washington, and Gen. tience was a virtue.

Harney himself superseded in the The rage and hate of the Seces command of the department by Gen. sionists were intensified by this se- Lyon. rious blow; but they took care not to Gov. Jackson thereupono issued a provoke further collision. The un- circular, professing to regard the questioned fact that the streets and Harney compact as still in force, and alleys of the discomfited State insisting that “the people of Missouri Guard's 'Camp Jackson' were named should be permitted, in peace and seafter Davis, Beauregard, etc., was not curity, to decide upon their future needed to prove the traitorous char- course; that they could not be subjuacter of the organization. Capt. Lyon gated,” etc., etc. Very soon, was made Brigadier-General of the terview was had, at St. Louis, between First Brigade of Missouri Volunteers. Gen. Price, on behalf of the Govern

Gen. William S. Harney returned or, and Gen. Lyon and Col. Blair, on from the East to St. Louis on the the side of the Union; whereat Gen. 12th, and took command of the Union Price demanded, as a vital condition forces. Nine days thereafter, he en- of peace, that no Federal troops tered into a truce or compact with should be stationed in, or allowed Gen. Sterling Price, whereof the ob- to pass through, the State. Gen. ject was the pacification of Missouri. Lyon peremptorily refused compliBut this did not prevent the traitors ance. Jackson and Price returned from hunting and shooting Unionists that night to Jefferson City; and the in every part of the State where next morning brought tidings to St. Slavery and treason were locally in Louis that the Gasconade railroad the ascendant—thousands having bridge had been burnt, as also a porbeen driven in terror from their tion of the bridge over the Osage homes before the end of May. Some river, and the telegraph wires cut, of them were served with notices under the direction of a son of the from one or another of the secret Governor. On the back of this came societies of Rebels overspreading the a proclamation from Jackson, calling State. In at least one instance, a out 50,000 State Militia to repel Fedcitizen was arrested and sent to Jef- eral invasion, and closing as follows: ferson City, to be tried by Court Martial on a charge of raising a

“In issuing this proclamation, I hold it to

be my most solemn duty to remind you that Union company; and, on the 22d, Missouri is still one of the United States; the American flag was taken down that the Executive department of the State

Government does not arrogate to itself the from its staff in front of the Post

power to disturb that relation; that power Office in St. Joseph, and the authori- has been wisely vested in the Convention, ties of that city in the Northwest which will, at the proper time, express your

sovereign will; and that, meanwhile, it is corner of the State) formally resolved your duty to obey all constitutional requirethat no

American flag should be ments of the Federal Government. But it planted within its limits. Gen. Har- is equally my duty to advise you that your to obey the unconstitutional edicts of the competitor, and 11,423 over the commilitary despotism which has introduced it- bined votes of all others. If Maj. self at Washington, nor submit to the infamous and degrading sway of its wicked min- Breckinridge had been made their ions in this State. No brave-hearted Mis

first allegiance is due to your own State, and ney's compact with Price, proving a that you are under no obligation whatever

33 June 4th.

34 June 11th.

candidate for President by the boltsourian will obey the one or submit to the other. Rise, then, and drive out ignomini

ers with any idea of thereby seducing ously the invaders, who have dared to dese- 'the home of Henry Clay' from her crate the soil which your labors have made loyalty, that hope was ill-grounded, fruitful, and which is consecrated by your homes."

as the Presidential election more conThus, though Missouri had authori-clusively demonstrated-Bell and Evtatively and overwhelmingly refused erett carrying the State by a large to leave the Union, her Governor plurality." Yet her Democratic Govmade war upon it, and, mustering all ernor, Magoffin," though he forcibly the forces of Slavery and treason, protested “ against the headlong improceeded openly to cast in his and petuosity wherewith South Carolina their lot with the fortunes of the Great persisted in dragging the South into

Disunion-summoned her* LegislaRebellion.

ture to meet in extra session, and, KENTUCKY, despite the secret affili- on its assembling, 42 addressed to it a ation of her leading politicians with Message, urging the call of a State the traitors, whom many of them Convention, wherein he premises that ultimately joined, refused from the outset, through the authentic action of no longer one people, united and friendly.

“We, the people of the United States, are her people, to unite her fortunes with The ties of fraternal love and concord, those of the Rebellion. Though she

which once bound us together, are sun

dered. Though the Union of the States had, for some years, been a “Demo

may, by the abstract reasoning of a class, be cratic' State--casting her Presiden- construed still to exist, it is really and practial vote for Buchanan and Breckin-tically—to an extent, at least-fatally im

paired. The confederacy is rapidly resolvridge, in 1856, by some seven thou- ing itself into its original integral parts, and sand majority 95—the cloven foot of its loyal members are intent upon contracttreason had no sooner been exhibited, may be to realize the dread calamity, the by the disruption of the Democratic great fact of revolution stares us in the face, party at Charleston, than her people demands recognition, and will not be theo

Nor is the worst yet told. gave unmistakable notice that they we are not yet encouraged to hope that this would acquiesce in no such

revolution will be bloodless. A collision of purpose.

arms has even occurred between the Federal Her State Election occurred not long afterward,ao when Leslie Combs, member of the Union, and the issue threat«Union' candidate for Clerk of her

ens to involve the whole country in fratricihighest Court (the only office filled at

of peculiar gloom that you have been sumthis election by the general vote of the moned. ** * In view of the partial disState), was chosen by the magnificent ruption of the Union, the secession

of eight

or ten States, the establishment of a Southmajority of 23,223 over his leading ern Confederated Republic, and the adminis

35 Buchanan 74,642; Fillmore 61,416; Fre- S8 Bell 66,058; Breckinridge 53,143; Douglas mont 314. August 6, 1860.

25,651; Lincoln 1,364. 37 Combs 68,165; M'Clarty (Breckinridge)

40 See page 340. 44,942; Bolling (Douglas) 10,971; Hopkins (Lin- 41 December 27, 1860. 48 January 17, 1861, coln) 829.

80 Elected in 1859.

Government and the authorities of a late

dal war.

It is under these circumstances





tration of this Government upon the princi- | His call was issued April 18th; and, ples of the Chicago Platform-a condition of

on the evening of that day, an imour country, most likely, near at hand—what attitude will Kentucky hold, and by virtue mense Union meeting was held at of what authority shall her external relations Louisville, whereof James Guthrie, be determined ? Herein are involved issues of momentous consequence to the people. It Archibald Dixon,

Archibald Dixon, and other conis of vital importance to our own safety and servatives,' were the master-spirits. domestic peace that these questions be solved This meeting resolved against Secesin accordance with the will of a majority of our people. * * * The ordinary departments sion, and against any forcible resistof the Government are vested with no power ance thereto---in favor of arming the to conduct the State through such a revolution. Any attempt, by either of these de- State, and against using her arms to partments, to change our present external put down the rampant treason at that relations, would involve a usurpation of pow. moment ruling in Baltimore as well er, and might not command that confidence and secure the unanimity so essential to our

as in Richmond, and ostentatiously internal safety."

preparing for a speedy rush upon The Legislature heard him patient- Washington. Two of its resolves ly, but refused to follow him. It de- will sufficiently exhibit the inconseclined to call a State Convention, but quence and unreason of this species proposed instead a National Conven- of conservatism: viz: tion to revise the Federal pact, and a

Resolved, First: That, as the Confede'Peace Conference at Washington; rate States have, by overt acts, commenced which latter was duly held, as we

war against the United States, without con

sultation with Kentucky and their sister have already seen. No action look- Southern States, Kentucky reserves to hering to Disunion could be extracted self the right to choose her own position ; from that Legislature, which ad- and that, while her natural sympathies are

with those who have a common interest in journed soon afterward. And, though the protection of Slavery, she still acknowlthe Secessionists sought to atone for edges her loyalty and fealty to the Governtheir paucity of numbers by preter- cheerfully render until that Government

ment of the United States, which she will natural activity, especially through becomes aggressive, tyrannical

, and regardtheir secret organizations, as Knights less of our rights in slave property.

66 Second : That the National Government of the Golden Circle,' etc., and called should be tried by its acts; and that the a 'State Rights' Convention, to meet several States, as its peers in their appropriat Frankfort on the 22d of March, ate spheres, will hold it to a rigid account

ability, and require that its acts should be by a secret circular, wherein they as- fraternal in their efforts to bring back the sumed that Disunion was an accom

seceded States, and not sanguinary or coër

cive." plished fact, nothing of importance had been effected by them when the The red-hot balls fired into Sumter roar of the batteries encircling Fort by the traitors had hardly cooled, Sumter called the nation to arms. when Kentucky Unionism insulted

Gov. Magoffin, having refused, with the common-sense and nauseated the insuilt, to respond to the President's loyal stomach of the Nation by this call for Militia to maintain the Union, astounding drivel. The consequences summoned the Legislature to meet may well be imagined. Not a single once more, in extra session, assign- Rebel in all the State was induced ing, as one reason therefor, the ne- by it to relax his efforts in behalf of cessity of promptly putting the State slaveholding treason; and men, muin a complete position for defense. ) nitions, and supplies were openly, and

almost daily, dispatched to the mus- South. The Federal Government tering Rebel hosts in the South and

was rolling up a frightful debt, Southeast; while, for months, noth- which Kentucky would not choose ing was done by that State for the to help pay, etc., etc. Whereupon, cause of the Union. The first regi- he again urged the call of a Conment of Kentuckians raised for the vention, with a view to State indeUnion armies was encamped on the pendence and self-protection. free side of the river, in deference The Legislature had been chosen to urgent representations from pro- in 1859, and had a Democratic mafessed Unionists and to Kentucky's | jority in either House, but not a Disproclaimed neutrality.

union majority. It could not be inThe meeting further resolved: duced to call a Convention, nor even

to favor such neutrality as Magoffin Eighth : That we look to the young men of the Kentucky State Guard as the bul-proposed. Yet he presumed to issue 45 warks of the safety of our Commonwealth;

a Proclamation of Neutrality, deand we conjure them to remember that they are pledged equally to fidelity to the United nouncing the war as a “horrid, unStates and to Kentucky.”

natural, lamentable strife," forbidThat ‘State Guard,' organized by ding either the Union or the ConGen. Simon B. Buckner, under the federate Government to invade the auspices of Gov. Magoflin, became a

soil of Kentucky, and interdicting

all “hostile demonstrations against mere recruiting and drilling convenience of the Rebel chiefs-its mem

either of the aforesaid sovereignties" bers being dispatched southward so by citizens of that State, “ whether fast as ripened for their intended incorporated in the State Guard or service. Ultimately, having corrupt

otherwise." Had he been an autoed all he could, Buckner followed crat, this might have proved effectual. them into the camp of open treason,

But the Legislature refused to indorse and was captured at the head of a

his Proclamation ; refused to vote him portion of them at the taking of Three Millions wherewith to “arm Fort Donelson.

the State;" and so amended the The Legislature having reässem- Militia Law as to require the “State bled,"4 Magoffin read them another Guard' to swear allegiance to the lecture in the interest of the Re

Union as well as to Kentucky. bellion. The Union was gone—the Senator Louis H. Rousseau, among Confederacy was a fixed fact - it others, spoke" decidedly, boldly, in would soon be composed of ten, and opposition to all projects of Disperhaps of thirteen, States ; Presi- union or semi-Disunion; saying : dent Lincoln was a usurper,

" When Kentucky goes down, it will be in

blood. Let that be understood. She will with sectional hate," and bent on

not go as other States have gone. Let subjugating or exterminating the the responsibility rest on you, where it be



66 mad

43 The Louisville Journal of Sept. 27th denounced the treachery of Buckner in the following terms:

Away with your pledges and assurances with your protestations, apologies, and proclamations, at once and altogether! Away, parricide! Away, and do penance forever! be

shriven or be slain-away! You have less palliation than Attila -- less boldness, magnanimity, and nobleness than Coriolanus. You are the Benedict Arnold of the day! You are the Catiline of Kentucky; Go, then, miscreant!" April 28th.

May 20th. 40 Since, a gallant Union General.

May 22d.







longs. It is all your work, and whatever cause the behests of the slaveholding happens will be your work. We have more right to defend our Government than you

caste are habitually accepted and have to overturn it. Many of us are obeyed as law in every slaveholding sworn to support it. Let our good Union

community. brethren at the South stand their ground. I know that many patriotic hearts in the

An election for delegates to the seceded States still beat warmly for the old proposed “Peace Convention when we shall all be together again. The held May 4th, and resulted in an politicians are having their day. The people immense Union majority—7,000 in will yet have theirs. I have an abiding Louisville, and over 50,000 in the confidence in the right, and I know this state. The Secessionists, ascertainSecession movement is all wrong. There is, in fact, not a single substantial reason for it. ing their numerical weakness, and If there is, I should be glad to hear of it; unwilling to expose it, withdrew our Governinent has never oppressed us with a feather's weight. The direst oppres- their tickets a few days previously, sion alone could justify what has brought and took no part in the election. all our present suffering upon us. May God,

The “Peace Convention" assemin His mercy, save our glorious Republic !”

bled May 27th; but Virginia, at The Legislature adjourned on the

whose instance it was called, sent no 24th—the Senate having just resolved

delegates, and none were present but that

from Kentucky, save four from Mis“Kentucky will not sever connection with the National Government, nor take up arms

souri and one from Tennessee. John for either belligerent party; but arm herself J. Crittenden presided. Among the for the preservation of peace within her delegates were some who have since borders;" and tendering their services as mediators to effect a just and honorable proved traitors; but the great ma

jority were earnestly devoted to the Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge - Union. And yet, this Convention always a devoted Unionist, because failed to assert the imperative duty never a devotee of Slavery—in an of obedience to its constituted auaddress at Cincinnati, one year later, thority, without which the Union is declared that Kentucky was saved but a name for anarchy. It deprefrom the black abyss by her prox- cated civil war as abhorrent and imity to loyal Ohio, Indiana, and ruinous, and exhorted the people to Illinois, whose Governors, it was

“ hold fast to that sheet-anchor of known, stood pledged to send ten republican liberty, the principle that thousand men each to the aid of her the will of the majority, constitutionUnionists whenever the necessity for ally and legally expressed, must govtheir presence should be indicated. ern;" yet failed to charge those who, Had she been surrounded as Tennes- defying this principle, were plunging see and North Carolina were, she the whole land into confusion and must have fallen as they did. She carnage, with the full responsibility would have so fallen, not because a of their acts, or to call on the people majority of her people were disloyal, to put them down. It still harped but because the traitors were better on the wrongs of the South, though organized, more determined, more condemning her rebellion ; exhorted belligerent, and bent on success at the North to “discard that sectional

and unfriendly spirit, which has conThey would have succeeded, be- | tributed so much to inflame the


any cost.

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