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thoroughly in earnest. Their chief | member of his Cabinet even pretendhad been educated at West Point, ing to military genius or experience, had fought through the Mexican and with the offices of his army War, had been four years at the filled to his hand by those who were head of the War Department, and now the chiefs of the Rebellion. been succeeded therein by Floyd, a His officers were all strangers to him ; man after his own heart, who left many of them superannuated and utthe service, at the close of 1860, in terly inefficient, yet bearing names precisely that state which was deemed associated with remembered heroism, most favorable to their great design. and not to be shelved without inOne, if not both, of them knew per- voking popular as well as personal sonally almost every officer in our reprobation. How should an Illiservice; knew the military value of nois lawyer, fresh from comparative each ; knew that he was pliant or obscurity, and who never witnessed otherwise to the behests of slave- the firing of a platoon or read a page holding treason. They knew whom of Vauban, presume to say, even to call away to help organize and had he dared to think, that the illead their own forces, and who, even lustrious Lieutenant-General at the if loyal, would serve them better in head of our armies, covered all over our armies than he could do in their with the deep scars of wounds reown. The immense advantages they ceived in glorious conflicts nearly thus secured can never be overesti- half a century ago, no longer posmated. Their Generals exposed their sessed the mental vigor requisite to lives in leading or repelling charges the planning of campaigns or the with a reckless courage which made direction of military movements ? promotions rapid in their ranks; and, The bare suggestion, on Mr. Lincoln's where the troops on both sides are part, would have been generally scoutraw and undisciplined, the bravest ed as the acme of ignorant conceit and most determined officers, if and fool-hardy presumption. capable, are seldom beaten. In the But not merely was it true that, course of the war, eminent courage while Jefferson Davis was not only and conspicuous cowardice were often able to place every man in his service displayed on either side; but the exactly in the position he deemed Rebels were seldom beaten through him fitted for, while Abraham Linthe pusillanimity, never through the coln had neither the requisite knowltreachery, of their leaders.

edge" nor the legal authority to do On the other hand, President Lin- likewise with our officers, the fact coln, without military education or that every one who went over to the experience, found himself suddenly Confederates thereby proved that his plunged into a gigantic and, to him, heart was in their cause, gave that most unexpected war, with no single side a just confidence in their mili

12 " Mr. Lincoln," said an officer who called at him to his duties. Two days afterward, he the White House during the dark days, when learned that this modern Peter had absconded Washington was isolated and threatened from to take service with the Rebels. His name was every sido, "every one else may desert you, but I J. Bankhead Magruder, then a Lieut. Col. of never will." Mr. Lincoln thanked and dismissed | Artillery; since, a Confederate Major-General.




“ Heaven takes the good, too good on earth to stay,

tary leaders which was wanting in | inclined to the other side, but who The bitter distich

did not believe the overthrow or dis

ruption of the Union would prove a And leaves the bad, too bad to take away,"

light undertaking has a qualified application to this X. The more flagrant instances case. Of the army officers —some of official cowardice or imbecility two hundred in number--who went which these pages must often record, over to the Rebellion, not one fancied will sometimes prompt the questionthat he was consulting his own ease WE

ere these men downright traior physical comfort in so doing. tors ?” And the general answer must Say they were ambitious, ' sectional,' be: Consciously, purposely, according traitorous, forsworn, or whatever you to their own conceptions, they were will: it is barely possible that some not. They did not desire, nor seek of them shared the prevalent South- to compass, the division of the reern delusion that the North would public. Many of them were not even not fight; but it is not probable that bewildered by the fatal delusion of their error on this point at all ap- State omnipotence. They hoped for proached that of their stay-at-home and sought such an issue from our compatriots,who supposed the North perilous complications as would leave a small patch of country mainly de- our country undivided, and stronger, voted to the production of school more powerful, greater than before. masters, counter-jumpers, peddlers, But they had undoubtingly imbibed and keepers of watering-place hotels, that one-sided, narrow, false concepall keen at a bargain, but never to tion of the genius and history of our be driven into a fight. Perhaps no political fabric which identifies Slaother class of the Southern people very with the Constitution, making were so free from the prevalent de- the protection and conservation of the lusion on this head as were their former the chief end of our National relatively educated, widely-traveled, existence—not a local and sectional observant army officers, who, aban- excrescence, alien and hostile to the doning the service of their whole true nature and paramount ends of country, proffered their swords and our system, to be borne with patience their lives to the cause of Human and restrained from diffusing its virus Slavery. On the other hand, the until opportunity should be presentindolent, the stolid, the conscious-ed for its safe eradication. To this ly inefficient, who aspired to light large and influential class of our work and easy living, naturally officers, the Rebellion seemed a sad clung to a service wherein they had mistake, impelled and excused by the found what they most desired. The factious, malignant, unjustifiable reConfederacy might fail; the Union, fusal of the Republicans to give the even though defeated and curtailed, South' her rights' in the territories ; could not well absolutely go down and they controllingly desired that Many thus remained whose hearts there should be the least possible

13 “ Do you know John Williams?" asked a Southern young lady of average education, addressing her Yankee school-mistress.—“No, I do

not happen to recollect any person of that name.
"Why, I supposed you must know him-he
came from the North."

fighting until cool reflection and the stormy wrath, which possessed the enormous cost of the struggle should great body of the Secessionists, transcalm or overbear the rage of extrem- forming even women into fiends. ists on both sides, and induce rëunion These impulses were sedulously culon the basis, substantially, of the tivated and stimulated by the engiCrittenden Compromise. Whoever

Whoever neers of Disunion, through the unkeeps this explanation in mind will contradicted diffusion by their jourbe enabled by it to comprehend move- nals of the most atrocious forgeries" ments, delays, vacillations, obstinate and the most shameless inventions.

." torpors, and even whole abortive cam- The North was habitually representpaigns, which must otherwise seemed to the ignorant masses of the utterly unaccountable.

South as thirsting for their blood and XI. The Rebellion had, moreover, bent on their extermination-as senda decided advantage in the respect ing forth her armies instructed to that all its partisans, civil as well as ravish, kill, lay waste, and destroy; military, were thoroughly in earnest, and the pulpit was not far behind the and ready to prove their faith by their press in disseminating these atrocious works. “You are a Unionist," said falsehoods. Hence, the Southern a Baltimorean to a New York friend militia, and even conscripts, were im"I don't doubt it. But are you pelled by a hate or horror of their ready to fight for the Union? I am adversaries which rendered them a Secessionist, and am going to fight valiant in their own despite, making for Secession." There were few real them sometimes victors where the Secessionists who shrapk from this memories of their grandfathers at test of their sincerity. On the side Charleston and at Guilford, and of of the Union were the calm calcula- their fathers at Bladensburg, had led tions of interest, the clear suggestions their foes to greatly undervalue their of duty, the inspirations of a broad, prowess and their efficiency. benignant patriotism; but these XII. Whether Slavery should prove were tame and feeble impulses when an element of strength or of weakness contrasted with the vengeful hate, to the Rebellion necessarily depended the quivering, absorbing rage, the on the manner in which it should be


14 The Louisville (Ky.) Courier of June, 1861, cholera, or measles, or small pox, or hot weather, published the following infamous fabrication as or hard living, or cold steel, or hot shot! Go!'" from The New York Tibune, and it immediately 15 The Norfolk (Va.) Herald of April 22d, said: ran the rounds of the journals of the Confederacy:

It is rumored that Lincoln has been drunk " From the New York Tribune. DO YOU

for three days, and that Capt. Lee has command

at the Capitol; and also that Col. Lee, of VirHEAR? THE BEAUTY AND THE BOOTY SHALL BE

ginia, who lately resigned, is bombarding WashYOURS, ONLY CONQUER THESE REBELS OF THE

ington from Arlington Hights. SOUTH BEFORE THE NEXT CROP COMES IN.

If so, it will The

account for his not having arrived here to take next crop will be death to us! Let it be hewn down in the field, burned, trampled, lost; or, if

command, as was expected." you have the opportunity, ship it to New York,

The New Orleans Picayune of about May 15th, and we will build up Gotham by the prices it 1861, said: must bring next season.

We shall have the

' All the Massachusetts troops now in Washmonopoly of the markets, having duly subjected ington are negroes, with the exception of two or our vassals in the South. Go ahead, brave fel- three drummer boys. Gen. Butler, in command, lows, Zouaves of New York, whom we were apt is a native of Liberia. Our readers may recolto spit upon, though you do the work at fires.

lect old Ben, the barber, who kept a shop in Go ahead! Don't mind yellow fever; don't Poydras-street, and emigrated to Liberia with a mind black vomit; don't mind bilious fever, or small competence, Gen. Butler is his son."



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treated by the defenders of the Union. antagonism, could its power be broken It was a nettle, which, handled timid- and its persistence overborne. ly, tenderly, was certain to sting the And here it may be instructive to hand that thus toyed with it; the note that the paramount loyalty to only safety lay in clutching it reso- his State, vaunted by the Southron lutely and firmly. Slavery had made as the keystone of his political arch, the Rebellion ; Slavery coërced the always resolved itself, on a searching South into a silence that counter analysis, into devotion to Slavery. feited unanimity by howling 'Aboli- Thus, when Virginia seceded, we tionist! on the track of every one have seen Alex. H. H. Stuart, with who refused to seem a traitor to his other eminent conservatives, who country, and sending its bloodhounds had, up to this point, resisted Disand Thugs to throttle or knife him. union, now take ground in its favor; An aristocracy of three hundred while Magoffin, C. F. Jackson, etc., thousand families, haughty, high- always insisted that it was to his spirited, trained to arms, and accus

State that each citizen owed his first tomed to rule all who approached and highest duty. A favored officer them, wielding all the resources and in our regular army transmitted his governing the conduct not only of resignation, to be tendered in case Four Millions of Slaves, but of nearly his State seceded, and was not cashtwice that number of free persons, iered therefor, as he should have been who served the woolly man-owners promptly and finally. All over the as merchants, factors, lawyers, doc- South, men said, “This Secession is tors, priests, overseers, navigators, madness—it will ruin all concerned mechanics, slave-hunters, etc., etc., I have resisted it to the best of my never dreaming that they could cher- ability--but my State has seceded ish any opinions but such as the nevertheless, and I must go with my planting aristocracy prescribed, was State. But, on the other hand, Sterno contemptible foe. So long as their ling Price, Humphrey Marshall, slaves should remain obedient to James B. Clay, Richard Hawes, their orders and docile to their will, Simon B. Buckner, William Preston, knowing nothing but what they were Charles S. Morehead, and scores like told, and hoping for nothing beyond them—in good part old Whigs, who their daily rations of corn and pork, could not help knowing bettera community of Twelve Millions, never seemed to imagine that the holding an area of nearly One Million refusal of their respective States to square miles--the governing caste secede laid them under the smallest conscripting the Poor Whites to fill obligation to restrain their traitorous its armies, and using the labor of the propensities. “State Sovereignty' was slaves to feed and clothe them—pre- potent only to authorize and excuse sented to its foes on every side a front treason to the Union-never to reof steel and flame. Only by pene- strain or prevent it. trating and disintegrating their pha- XIII. The Southern leaders entered lanx, so that its parts should no longer upon their great struggle with the support each other, but their enforced Union under the impression--which, cohesion give place to their natural | with the more sanguine, amounted to undoubting confidence—that they proposed allowing the North a month were to be largely aided by coöpera- or two longer wherein to back out of tion and diversion on the part of their its chosen position before visiting its Northern friends and allies. They perverseness with the retribution of did not, for a moment, suppose that fire and sword. Wait a little longthe Free States were to be, even in er,' was the burden of Southern apappearance, a unit against their ef- peals for persistence in Unionism: forts. Doubtless, there was disap- 'the North is preparing to recede: pointment on both sides--the North she will presently agree, rather than believing that there could never fail fight, to give us, at least, the Crittento be an open and active Union party den Compromise. But suppose she at the South; while the South counted should notwhat then? This

queson like aid from the North ; but there tion was sometimes answered, somewas this material difference between times not; but the logical inference the two cases :

The Southern lead- was inevitable: "Then we will unite ers had received innumerable assur- with

you in a struggle for Disunion.' ances, through a series of years, of Here were the toils in which Virginia Northern sympathy and aid in the Unionism had immeshed itself before anticipated struggle for their rights;' the bombardment of Sumter, and while probably no single Republican which foredoomed it to suicide directhad received a letter or message from ly thereafter. any Southron of note, urging that no

The more earnest

earnest and resolute concession be made, but that the Southerners had been talking of Disunionists be crowded to the wall, their rights and their ó wrongs,' for and compelled to back square out or a number of years, in such a definite, fight. On the contrary, almost every decisive way that they felt that no Southern plea for the Union had as- one could justifiably fail to compresumed as its basis that the North | hend them. Some of them were could, would, and should, be induced Disunionists outright-regarded sepato recede from its position of resistance ration as at all events desirable for to Slavery Extension, or else

the South, and certain to enhance The alternative was not always plain- her prosperity, wealth, and power. ly expressed ; but the inference was Others preferred to remain in the irresistible, that Southern Unionism Union, if they could shape its policy differed from Secessionism in that it and mold it to their will; but the

16 The New Orleans Picayune of February 21st, 1861, had a letter from its New York correspondent' Antelope,' dated the 13th, which, with reference to Mr. Lincoln's speech, two days earlier, at Indianapolis, said:

“Lincoln even goes so far as to intimate that hostile armies will march across the seceded States to carry out the darling project of recapture, and the 'enforcement of the laws,' but he surely could not have counted the dreadful and sickening result when such a course wandered through his hot and frenzied brain. March hostile armies through the Southern States! Why, where are the armies to come from that are to

take up the march? Where are the loans of money to come from to carry on this diabolical and fiendish crime ? An American army sufficiently powerful cannot be raised to do it; while, as regards the raising of moneys to prosecute the fratricidal strife, New York, the banking emporium of the Union, will refuse, point blank, to advance a dollar for so unholy a purpose.

“Noi nol The South is too terribly in earnest for our bankers to furnish the sinews wherewith to whip it back to its allegiance;' and, if the atrocious game should still be persisted in, instead of having the funds to work with, the new Government of Mr. Lincoln will find itself flat upon its back.”

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