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CONTESTED SEATS IN THE HOUSE.

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them, not one common soldier or common might follow. In full view of his great resailor is known to have deserted his flag. sponsibility, he has, so far, done what he

“Great honor is due to those officers who has deemed his duty. You will now, acremained true, despite the example of their cording to your own judgment, perform treacherous associates; but the greatest hon- yours. He sincerely hopes that your views or, and most important fact of all, is the and your action may so accord with his as unanimous firmness of the common soldiers to assure all faithful citizens who have been and common sailors. To the last man, so disturbed in their rights, of a certain and far as known, they have successfully resisted speedy restoration to them, under the Conthe traitorous efforts of those whose com- stitution and the laws. mands, but an hour before, they obeyed as “And, having thus chosen our course, absolute law. This is the patriotic instinct without guile and with pure purpose, let us of plain people. They understand, without renew our trust in God, and go forward an argument, that the destroying the Gov- without fear and with manly hearts." ernment which was made by Washington means no good to them.

Several of the opening days of the “Our popular government has often been called an experiment. Two points in it our Session were mainly devoted by the people have already settled: the successful | House to the consideration of disestablishing and the successful administering of it. "One still remains : its successful puted claims to seats—there being maintenance against a formidable internal rival claimants from Oregon, from attempt to overthrow it. It is now for them Nebraska, and from the Ist district to demonstrate to the world that those who can fairly carry an election can also suppress of Pennsylvania, beside three mema rebellion; that ballots are the rightful and bers in all from Virginia, whereof peaceful successors of bullets; and that, when ballots have fairly and constitutionally deci

two Messrs. Carlile and Whaley) ded, there can be no successful appeal back were chosen from Western districts, to bullets; that there can be no successful by heavy votes, on the regular day appeal except to ballots themselves, at succeeding elections. Such will be a great les of election; while the other (Mr. son of peace; teaching men that what they Upton) was chosen under different cannot také by an election, neither can they

auspices.

The Convention which take by a war-teaching all the folly of being the beginners of a war."

passed the Ordinance of Secession He concludes his Message with had assumed power to annul or susthese impressive and memorable pend the law which provides that a words:

regular election shall be held, and “It was with the deepest regret that the Members of Congress semi-annually Executive found the duty of employing the chosen thereat, on the fourth Thurswar power, in defense of the Government

, day of May; but the people of West forced upon him. He could but perform this duty, or surrender the existence of the Virginia had treated this action of

No compromise by public the Convention as a nullity, not havservants could, in this case, be a cure; not that compromises are not often proper, but ing been ratified by a popular vote, that no popular government can long sur- as the law calling the Convention revive a marked precedent, that those who carry an election can only save the Govern. quired; and had elected in its despite. ment from immediate destruction by giving Congress approved and sustained this up the main point upon which the people action, and Messrs. Carlile and Whagave the election. The people themselves, ley held their seats with very little their own deliberate decisions.

dissent. There was more demur as “As a private citizen, the Executive could

to Mr. Upton's case—his poll being not have consented that these institutions shall perish; much less could he, in betrayal light, the time and manner of his of so vast and so sacred a trust as these free election irregular, and he having people had confided to him. He felt that

voted in Ohio the preceding Novemhe had no moral right to shrink, not even to count the chances of his own life, in what ber; but he was not unseated. The

Government.

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remaining contests involved no ques- ment; And whereas, James M. Mason and tion connected with Slavery or se

Robert M. T. Hunter, Senators from Vir

ginia; Thomas L. Clingman and Thomas cession. On the 8th, the House, on Bragg, Senators from North Carolina; James motion of Mr. Holman (Dem.), of Chesnut, Jr:, a Senator from South Carolina ;

A. O. P. Nicholson, a Senator from TennesInd., modified at the suggestion of

seo; William K. Sebastian and Charles B. Mr. Hickman (Republican), of Pa., Mitchell, Senators from Arkansas; and John “ Resolved, That the House, during the Hemphill and Louis T. Wigfall

, Senators present extraordinary session, will only con

from Texas, have failed to appear in their sider bills and resolutions concerning the

seats in the Senate, and to aid the Govern

ment in this important crisis; and it is apmilitary and naval operations of the Government, and the financial affairs therewith parent to the Senate that said Senators are

engaged in said conspiracy for the destrucconnected, and the general questions of a

tion of the Union and Government, or, with judicial character; and all bills and resolu

full knowledge of such conspiracy, have tions of a private character, and all other bills

failed to advise the Government of its proand resolutions not directly connected with the raising of revenue, or affecting the mili

gress, or aid in its suppression: Therefore,

Resolved, That the said Mason, Hunter, tary or naval affairs of the Government, shall be referred to the appropriate Com

Clingman, Bragg, Chesnut, Nicholson, se

bastian, Mitchell, Hemphill, and Wigfall, be, mittees without debate, to be considered at the next regular session of Congress."

and they hereby are, each and all of them,

expelled from the Senate of the United On the 9th, Mr. Lovejoy, of Ill., States." moved the following:

Messrs. Bayard, of Del., and LaResolved, That, in the judgment of this tham, of Cal., sought to have this so House, it is no part of the duty of the sol; modified as merely to declare

the diers of the United States to capture and return fugitive slaves."

seats of the indicated Senators vacant After a strenuous effort to rule and strike their names from the roll ; this out of order, as precluded by but the Senate rejected the amendthe resolve before quoted, a vote was

ment(Yeas 11; Nays 32) and passed taken on a motion of Mr. Mallory, of the original resolve: Yeas 31 RepubKy., that it do lie on the table ; licans and McDougall, of Cal., -in which was negatived : Yeas 66;

all, 32; Nays 81. Mr. Lovejoy's resolve was Nays - Messrs. Bayard, Breckinridge, then adopted: Yeas 92; Nays 55; Latham, Nesmith, Polk,Powell, and Rice--10.

, , , . [the Yeas all Republicans; Nays, all the Democrat and Border-State con

The Vice-President thereupon deservatives, with Messrs. Sheffield, of clared the resolve adopted by a twoR. I., Fenton, of N. Y., Horton, of thirds vote. Ohio, Wm. Kellogg, of Ill., Nixon,

On the 10th, a bill reported from of N. J., and Woodruff, of Conn.]

the Committee of Commerce, by Mr. On the 10th, Mr. Clark, of N. II., Washburne, of Ill., providing for the proposed, and on the 11th the Sen collection of revenue from importsate adopted, the following:

adapting our revenue laws to the

state of facts created by a formidaWhereas, a conspiracy has been formed against the peace, union, and liberties of the ble rebellion--authorizing the PresiPeople and Government of the United States; dent to designate other places as ports and, in furtherance of such conspiracy, a portion of the people of the States of Vir- of delivery instead of those held by ginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Ten- Rebels also, to close, by proclamanessee, Arkansas, and Texas, have attempted to withdraw those States from the Union, tion, ports so held—to prohibit all inand are now in arms against the Govern- tercourse between loyal and insurgent

PROPOSALS TO CRIPPLE OR ARREST THE WAR.

561

districts, etc. etc.---was passed, under The bill passed under the previous the Previous Question--Yeas 136; question : Yeas 150; NAYS-Messrs. Burnett, (Ky.,) Harding,

NAYS—Messrs. Burnett, of Ky., Norton (Ky.,) Norton, (Mo.,) George H. Pendleton, and Reid, of Mo., Vallandigham, of Ohio, (Ohio) Reid, (Mo.,) Robinson, (I11.,) Vallan- and B. Wood, of N. Y. (The three firstdigham, (Ohio,) Voorhees, (Ind.,) Wadsworth, named went over to the Rebels soon after (Ky.,) and Wood, (N. Y.)-10.

the close of the session.] This bill came up in the Senate, On the 11th, the Army Approprion the 12th; and, after a brief debate, ation bill being under consideration was passed : Yeas 36;

in Committee of the Whole, Mr. Nays-Messrs. Breckinridge, (Ky.,) Bright, (Ind.,) Johnson, (Mo., ) Kennedy, (Md.,) Polk, Vallandigham moved to add this (Mo.,) and Powell, (Ky.)-6.

proviso: The House, on the 10th, likewise

Provided, however, That no part of the passed its first Loan bill-authorizing money hereby appropriated shall be emthe Secretary of the Treasury to bor ployed in subjugating, or holding as a con

quered province, any sovereign State now row Two Hundred and Fifty Millions or lately one of the United States; nor in of Dollars, for the support of the abolishing or interfering with African SlaGovernment and the prosecution of

very in any of the States." the War Mr. Vallandigham, of

The proviso was voted down, and Ohio, made an elaborate speech, in the bill (appropriating $161,000,000) thorough-going opposition to the bill reported and passed.

On the 13th, the bill calling out and to the entire policy of coërcion;' submitting, in reply to a question Half a Million Volunteers being from Mr. Holman (Dem.), of Ind., under consideration, Mr. Vallandigthe following proposition, as embody- ham moved to add to it (as he had ing his views touching the general already done in Committee of the subject, but asking no present action Whole) the following: thereon:

Provided further, That, before the " Resolved, That the Federal Govern

President shall have the right to call out

any more volunteers than are now in the ment is the agent of the people of the several States composing the Union; that it con

service, he shall appoint seven Commission

ers, whose mission it shall be to accompany sists of three distinct departments--the legislative, the executive, and the judicial sider such propositions, if any, as may at

the army on its march, to receive and coneach equaily a part of the Government, and equally entitled to the confidence and sup

any time be submitted by the Executive of

the so-called Confederate States, or of any port of the States and the people; and that it is the duty of every patriot to sustain the tilities, and the return of said States, or any

one of them, looking to a suspension of hosseveral departments of the Government in the exercise of all the constitutional

of them, to the Union, or to obedience to

the Federal Constitution and authorities." powers of each which may be necessary and proper for the preservation of the Gov- The amendment was voted down ernient in its principles and in its vigor without a division, and the bill and integrity, and to stand by and to defend to the utmost the flag which represents the passed. Government, the Union, and the country.This day, Messrs. John S. Carlile

MR. HOLMAN. “While the gentleman censures the Administration, let me ask him and Waitman T. Willey presented whether, with his own constituents, he is themselves as Senators from the State

of Virginia (not the new State of MR. VALLANDIGHAM. “My votes shall speak for me on that subject. My position

West Virginia, since organized), vice is defined in the resolution just read. I am Hunter and Mason, expelled as traianswerable only to my conscience and to my constituents

, and not to the gentleman tors. They presented credentials, setfrom Indiana."

ting forth their appointment by Gov.

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resolved that the Union shall be maintained.

Pierpont to fill the existing vacan

Resolved, That, whenever the States now cies. Messrs. Bayard and Saulsbury, ment shall cease their rebellion and become

in rebellion against the General Governof Del., strenuously resisted their loyal to the Union, it is the duty of the admission--the former wishing their Government to suspend the further prosecu

tion of the present war. credentials referred to the Committee

Resolved, That it is no part of the object on the Judiciary. Mr. Powell, of of the present war against the rebellious

States to interfere with the institution of Ky., also opposed their acceptance as Slavery therein." Senators; which was advocated by Messrs. Andrew Johnson, of Tenn.,

This was ruled out of order withLatham, of Cal., Trumbull

, of In.. out dissent. Collamer, of Vt., and Ten Eyck, of

Mr. Vallandigham here moved a N.J. Mr. Bayard's motion to refer long series of resolves, condemning

as unconstitutional the increase of was voted down : Yeas ---- Messrs. Bayard, Bright, Polk, Powell, and the Army, the blockade of the ports Saulsbury; Nays 35: And Messrs. of the insurgent States, the seizure Carlile and Willey were then sworn

of dispatches in the telegraph offices, in and took their seats.

the arbitrary arrest of persons susOn motion of Mr. F. P. Blair, the pected of complicity with treason, , House this day expelled John B. and nearly every important act of Clark, a member-elect from Missouri the President in resistance to the (but who had not taken his seat), be- Rebellion. On motion of Mr. Lovecause he had

joy, of Ill., these resolves were un"taken up arms against the Government ceremoniously laid on the table. of the United States, and now holds a com- A bill, introduced by Mr. HickMissouri, under the Rebel Government of

of Pa., defining and punishing

man, that State, and took part in the engagement conspiracies against the United States at Booneville against the United States -providing that persons who conforces."

This was adopted (after an at. spire to overthrow, put down, or de

This was adopted (after an at- stroy by force, the government of the tempt to send it to the Committee of United States, or to levy war against Elections), by Yeas 94 to Nays 45, the same, may be arraigned for trial (nearly, but not entirely, a party vote). before any Ŭ. S. district or circuit

On the 15th, Mr. B. Wood, of court, and, on due conviction, may N. Y., moved that it be * Resolved, That this Congress recommend $5,000, or by imprisonment for not

be punished by fine not exceeding the Governors of the several States to convene their Legislatures, for the purpose of more than six years, was now called calling an election to select two delegates up and passed : Yeas 123 ; Nays 7. from each congressional district, to meet in general Convention at Louisville, in Ken- Most of the Nays were opposed not tucky, on the first Monday in September to the bill, but to the precipitancy of next: the purpose of the said Convention its passage. The Senate concurred, to be to devise measures for the restoration of peace to the country."

a few days thereafter, and the bill On motion of Mr. Washburne, of became a law. Till., this was laid on the table: Yeas Mr. McClernand (Dem.), of Ill., 92; Nays 51.

moved, and the House, by 121 to 5, Mr. Wm. Allen (Dem.), of Ohio, voted, that moved that it be

" Whereas, a portion of the people of the

mission in what is called the State Guard of

HENRY MAY'S VISIT TO RICHMOND.

563

United States, in violation of their Constitu- 1 precious right belonging to them, under the tional obligations, have taken up arms Constitution, prostrated and trampled in the against the National Government, and are dust; military arrests in the dead hour of now striving, by aggressive and iniquitous the night; dragging the most honorable and war, to overthrow it, and break up the virtuous citizens from their beds, and conUnion of these States: Therefore,

fining them in forts; searches and seizures “Resolved, That this House hereby pledges the most rigorous and unwarrantable, withitself to vote for any amount of money and out pretext of justification; that precious any number of men which may be necessary and priceless writ of habeas corpus, for to insure a speedy and effectual suppression which, from the beginning of free governof such Rebellion, and the permanent resto- ment, the greatest and best of men have ration of the Federal authority everywhere lived and died--all these prostrated in the within the limits and jurisdiction of the dust; and hopeless imprisonment inflicted United States."

without accusation, without inquiry or inNays-Messrs. Burnett, Grider, (Ky.,) vestigation, or the prospect of a trial--Sir, Norton, Reid, and Wood-5.

is there a representative of the people of the Mr. Potter, of Wisc., offered the edging the sympathy due to popular rights

United States here in this body, acknowlfollowing, which was adopted : and constitutional liberty, who does not feel

indignant at the perpetration of these outResolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be directed to inquire whether

rages?" Hon. Henry May, a Representative in Con- With regard to his permission to gress from the fourth district of the State of visit Richmond, he said: Maryland, has not been found holding criminal intercourse and correspondence with "I did not feel at liberty to go across the persons in armed rebellion against the Gov.

Potomac without permission of the authoriernment of the United States, and to make

ties of this Government. And so, I felt it report to the House as to what action

my duty to wait on the Chief Magistrate, should be taken in the premises; and that and tell him, as I did, most frankly and said Committee have power to send for per- fully, the objects of my visit. I did not ask sons, and papers, and to examine witnesses

for his sanction; I did not desire it. I did on oath or affirmation; and that said Hon.

not wish to embarrass the Chief Magistrate Henry May be notified of the passage of

in such a way. I had no claim upon his confithis resolution, if practicable, before action

dence; I had no right to ask him for any thereon by the Committee.

commission or authority; but I felt it was Mr. May, being ill, was not then my duty to state to him distinctly the obin his seat; but, the Committee hav- jects which governed me, and obtain his per

mission to cross the Potomac. It was most ing reported, on the 18th, that no distinctly understood, between the President evidence had been presented to them

and me, that I took no authority from him

-none whatever, that I asked for none, and tending to inculpate Mr. May, he disclaimed asking for any; that I went on took the floor, and made what he the most private mission on which a huintermed a personal explanation, avow

ble citizen could go. I asked his consent, ing that he had been to Richmond also, to obtain from the military authorities

a pass. Having jurisdiction on the other an errand of conciliation and side of the Potamac, they were to be con

sulted, and the necessary formalities obpeace, evincing intense hostility to

served. The President authorized me to say the Administration and the War on

to Gen. Scott that I had conversed with him, its part, and very thorough sympathy, and that, while he gave no sanction whatat least, with the Baltimore friends object to my going there on my own respon

ever to my visit to Richmond, he did not of the Rebels. He said:

sibility." " At the time I received notice of this ac- Mr. May carefully avoided all discusation, it was under my consideration closure of the purport of his conferwhether I could, with honor, come here, and enter upon the duties of a Representa

ences with the Rebel chiefs at Richtive upon this floor. The humiliation that I mond; but it was manifest that he felt at the condition of my constituents, bound in chains ; absolutely without the visited and was received by them as rights of a free people in this land; every å sympathizing friend, and that his

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