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insurrectionary purposes by persons

Mr. Thaddeus Stevens closed a engaged in rebellion, or forcible re- vigorous speech in its favor with this sistance to the Government; and impressive admonition: Mr. Trumbull, of Ill., moved the fol

“If this war is continued long, and is lowing amendment:

bloody, I do not believe that the free people

of the North will stand by and see their And be it further enacted, That when

sons and brothers and neighbors slaughtered ever any person, claiming to be entitled to the service or labor of any other person,

by thousands and tens of thousands by under the laws of any State, shall employ rebels

, with arms in their hands, and forbear such person in aiding or promoting any in

to call upon their enemies to be our friends, surrection, or in resisting the laws of the

and to help us in subduing them. I, for one,

if it continues long, and has the consequences United States, or shall permit him to be so

mentioned, shall be ready to go for it, let it employed, he shall forfeit all right to such service or labor, and the person whose labor

horrify the gentleman from New York [Mr.

Diven] or anybody else. That is my docor service is thus claimed shall be thence

trine: and that will be the doctrine of the forth discharged therefrom-any law to the

whole free people of the North before two contrary notwithstanding."

years roll around, if this war continues: This proposition was advocated by “As to the end of the war, until the Mr. Ten Eyck, of N. J., who had op- thinks of it. If the Government are equal

Rebels are subdued, no man in the North posed it two days before, in Commit

to the people--and I believe they are there tee, but who now urged its passage will be no bargaining, there will be no negoon the assumption that slaves had tiation, there will be no truces with the

Rebels, except to bury the dead, until every been engaged on the Rebel side in man shall have laid down his arms, disthe battle of Bull Run. Mr. Pearce, banded his organization, submitted himself of Md., earnestly opposed it, saying: And, sir, if those who have the control of

to the Government, and sued for mercy, “It will inflame suspicions which have

the Government are not fit for this task, had much to do with producing our present

and have not the nerve and mind for it, the evils; will disturb those who are now calm people will take care that there are others and quiet; inflame those who are restless;

who are—although, sir, I have not a bit of irritate numbers who would not be exas

fear of the present Administration or of the perated by any thing else; and will, in all

present Executive. probability, produce ng other real effect than

“I have spoken more freely, perhaps, these. Being, then, useless, unnecessary,

than gentlemen within my hearing might and irritating, it is, in my opinion, unwise."

think politic; but I have spoken just what I

felt. I have spoken what I believe will be The vote was then taken, and the the result; and I warn Southern gentlemen amendment adopted : Yeas 33; Nays that, if this war is to continue, there will be -Breckinridge and Powell, of Ky., Diven) will see it declared by this free nation

a time when my friend from New York [Mr. Johnson and Polk, of Mo., Kennedy that every bondman in the South--belongand Pearce, of Md.-6. The bill was ing to a Rebel, recollect; I confine it to

thein-shall be called upon to aid us in war then engrossed, read a third time, against their masters, and to restore this and passed.

Union.' When this bill reached the House, The bill was now recommitted, on it encountered a most strenuous and motion of Mr. Pendleton, of Ohio; able opposition from Messrs. Critten and an attempt by Mr. Stevens to den and Burnett, of Ky., Vallandig- reconsider this decision was defeated ham and Pendleton, of Ohio, and by laying on the table-Yeas 71 ; Diven, of N. Y.

Nays 61. It was reported back next Mr. Cox, of Ohio, moved (August day from the Judiciary Committee 2d) that the bill do lie on the table; by Mr. Bingham, of Ohio, so amended which was negatived: Yeas 57; as to strike out the section relating Nays 71.

to slaves--adopted on motion of Mr.

Trumbull as aforesaid and insert Van Horne, Verree, Wallace, Charles W. instead the following:

Walton, E. P. Walton, Wheeler, Albert S.

White, and Windom-60. "Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, Nays-Messrs. Allen, Ancona, Joseph Baiwhenever hereafter, during the present in- ly, George H. Browne, Burnett, Calvert, Cox, surrection against the Government of the Cravens, Crisfield, Crittenden, Diven, DunUnited States, any person claimed to be lap, Dunn, English, Fouke, Grider, Haight, held to labor or service, under the laws of Hale, Harding, Holman, Horton, Jackson, any State, shall be required or permitted by Johnson, Law, May, McClernand, McPherthe person to whom such labor or service is

son, Mallory, Menzies, Morris, Noble, Norton, claimed to be due, or by the lawful agent of Odell, Pendleton, Porter, Reid, Robinson, such person, to take up arms against the James S. Rollins, Sheil,' Smith, John B. United States, or shall be required or per- Steele, Stratton, Francis Thomas, Vallandigmitted by the person to whom such service ham, Voorhees, Wadsworth, Webster, and or labor is claimed to be due, or his lawful Wickliffe-48. agent, to work or be employed in or upon any fort, navy-yard, dock, armory, ship, or

The bill, thus amended, being reintrenchment, or in any military or naval turned to the Senate, Mr. Trumbull service whatever, against the Government moved a concurrence in the House and lawful authority of the United States, then, and in every such case, the person to amendment, which prevailed by the whom such service is claimed to be due following vote: shall forfeit his claim to such labor, any law of the State or of the United States to the

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Bingham, Browncontrary notwithstanding; and whenever ing, Clark, Collaner, Dixon, Doolittle, Festhereafter the person claiming such service senden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harris, or labor shall seek to enforce his claim, it King, Lane, of Ind., Lane, of Kansas, McDoushall be a full and sufficient answer to such gall

, Sherinan, Simmons, Sumner, Ten Eyck, claim, that the person whose service or

Trumbull, Wade, and Wilson-24. labor is claimed had been employed in hos

Nays-Messrs. Breckinridge, Bright, Cartile service against the Government of the lile, Cowan, Johnson, of Mo., Latham, Pearce, United States, contrary to the provisions of Polk, Powell, Rice, and Saulsbury—11. this act."

Mr. Clark, of New Hampshire, subMr. Bingham called for the previ- mitted the following: ous question on the reading of the Be it resolved by the Senate and House

of Representatives of the United States of bill, as thus amended, which was

America, in Congress assembled, That we, as seconded. ' Mr. Holman, of Indiana, representatives of the people and States, removed that the bill be laid on the spectively, do hereby declare our fixed deter

mination to maintain the supremacy of the table; which was beaten: Yeas 47; Government and the integrity of the Union of Nays 66. The amendment of the

The amendment of the all these United States; and to this end, as Judiciary Committee was then agreed

far as we may do so, we pledge the entire re

sources of the Government and people, until to; the bill, as amended, ordered to all rebels shall submit to the one and cease be read a third time, and passed, as

their efforts to destroy the other." follows:

Which was adopted : Yeas 34;

Nays 1--Mr. Breckinridge.
YEAS-Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Arnold,
Ashley, Babbitt, Baxter, Beaman, Bingham,

Mr. S. S. Cox, of Ohio, asked the Francis P. Blair, Samuel S. Blair

, Blake, House to suspend its rules to enable Buffinton, Chamberlain, Clark, Colfax, Frederick A. Conkling, Covode, Duell, Edwards, him to offer the following: Eliot, Fenton, Fessenden, Franchot, Frank, 'Whereas, it is the part of rational beings Granger, Gurley, Hanchett, Harrison, Hutch- to terminate their difficulties by rational ins, Julian, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Wil-methods, and, inasmuch as the differenliam Kellogg, Lansing, Loomis, Lovejoy, Mc- ces between the United States authorities Kean, Mitchell, Justin S. Morrill

, Olin, Pot- and the seceding States have resulted in a ter, Alex. H. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Sedg- civil war, characterized by bitter hostility wick, Sheffield, Shellabarger, Sherman, Sloan, and extreme atrocity; and, although the Spaulding, Stevens, Benj. F. Thomas, Train, party in the seceded States are guilty of


* July 25, 1861.

July 29th.



breaking the national unity and resisting “And be it further enacted, That this the national authority: Yet,

Congress recommend the Governors of the Be it resolved, First: That, while we several States to convene their Legislatures make undiminished and increased exertions for the purpose of calling an election to by our Navy and Army to maintain the select two delegates from each Congressional integrity and stability of this Government, district, to meet in general Convention at the common laws of war, consisting of those Louisville, in Kentucky, on the first Monday maxims of humanity, moderation, and hon- in September next; the purpose of the said or, which are a part of the international Convention to be to devise measures for the code, ought to be observed by both parties, restoration of peace to our country.” and for a stronger reason than exists be- Mr. CARLILE, of Va. “Mr. President, tween two alien nations, inasmuch as the there is no one, perhaps, within the limits two parties have a common ancestry, histo- of the Union, who is more anxious that ry, prosperity, glory, Government, and Union, peace should be restored to our country and are now unhappily engaged in lacera- | than I am; but, sir, in the presence of a ting their common country. Second: That, large, organized army, engaged in an effort resulting from these premises, while there to overthrow the institutions of the country, ought to be left open, as between two alien and permanently to divide these States that nations, the same means for preventing the have so long existed as one people, I do not war being carried to outrageous extremities, think any such proposition as this ought to there ought, also, to be left open some means be made until that army shall be disbanded, for the restoration of peace and Union. and until an offer to meet those who desire Third: That, to this end--the restoration of peace shall be made to them by those who peace and union on the basis of the Consti- are engaged in this Rebellion. I cannot, tution--there be appointed a Committee of therefore, entertaining these views, vote for one member from each State, who shall re- the amendment offered by the Senator from port to this House, at its next session, such Missouri—not that I would not go as far as amendments to the Constitution of the Uni- | he will go, or any other Senator on this ted States as shall assuage all grievances, floor, to allay the strife in our land; but I and bring about a reconstruction of the na- think that propositions of this kind, coming tional unity; and that, for the preparation from the Senate of the United States at this of such adjustment, and the conference re-hour, are inopportune; and, instead of aidquisite for that purpose, there be appointed ing the effort that may be made for peace, a commission of seven citizens of the United they will prolong the civil war that is now States, consisting of Edward Everett, of Mas- raging in the country." sachusetts, Franklin Pierce, of New Hamp- Mr. MoDOUGALL, of Cal. "I wish merely shire, Millard Fillmore, of New York, Rev- to amend the remark made by the Senator erdy Johnson, of Maryland, Martin Van from Virginia. He says this proposition Buren, of New York, Thomas Ewing, of would be inopportune. I say it would be Ohio, and James Guthrie, of Kentucky, who intensely cowardly." shall request from the so-called Confederate

Mr. Johnson's proposition was reStates the appointment of a similar commission, and who shall meet and confer on the jected by the following vote : subject in the city of Louisville, on the first

YEAS Monday of September next. And that the

Messrs. Bayard, Breckinridge, Committee appointed from this House notify Bright, Johnson, of Mo., Latham, Pearce, said Commissioners of their appointment and Polk, Powell, and Saulsbury—9.

Nays-Messrs. Baker, Browning, Carlile, function, and report their action to the next session, as an amendment of the Constitution Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Cowan, Dixon, of the United States, to be proposed by Con- ! Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, gress to the States for their ratification, Harris, Howe, King, Lane, of Ind., Lane, of according to the fifth article of the Constitu- Kansas, McDougall, Morrill

, Rice, Sherman,

. tion."

Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull

, Wade, Wil

kinson, Wilmot, and Wilson-29. The House refused to suspend :

The bill increasing the pay of solYeas 41 ; Nays 85.

diers being that day under consideraMr. Waldo P. Johnson,' of Mo.

, tion, Mr. Wilson, of Mass., moved to proposed (Aug. 5th) to add to the bill add the following: providing for an increase of the En

And be it further enacted, That all the gineer Corps the following:

acts, proclamations, and orders of the Presi



Who, with his colleague, Trusten Polk, openly joined the Rebels soon afterward.

dent of the United States, after the 4th of “That, whilst it is the duty of Congress, March, 1861, respecting the Army and Navy by appropriate legislation, to strengthen the of the United States, and calling out or re- hands of Government in its efforts to mainlating to the militia or volunteers from the tain the Union and enforce the supremacy States, are hereby approved, and in all re- of the laws, it is no less our duty to examine spects legalized and made valid, to the same into the original causes of our dissensions, intent, and with the same effect, as if they and to apply such remedies as are best calhad been issued and done under the previous culated to restore peace and union to the express authority and direction of the Con- country: Therefore, it is gress of the United States."

Resolved (The Senate concurring hereThe amendment was agreed to, nine members of this House and four mem

in), that a Joint Committee, to consist of and the bill thereupon passed, as fol. bers of the Senate, be appointed to consider lows: Yeas 33;

and report to Congress such amendments to

the Constitution and laws as may be necesNays—Messrs. Breckinridge, Kennedy, sary to restore mutual confidence and insure Polk, Powell, and Saulsbury-5.

a more perfect and endurable Union amongst This bill was, the same day, recon

these States." sidered, and the above amendment,

This proposition was laid on the being moved afresh, was again adopt- table: Yeas 72; Nays 39—nearly a ed: Yeas 37;

party division. And Mr. Diven, of Nays - Messrs. Breckinridge, Bright,Ken- N. Y., thereupon asked the unaninedy, Pearce, and Powell—5.

mous consent of the House to enable So the amendment was once more him to offer the following: agreed to, and the bill passed. The bill being thus returned to Resolved, That, at a time when an armed

rebellion is threatening the integrity of the the House, Mr. Vallandighain moved Union, and the overthrow of the Govern to strike out the above section, which ment, any and all resolutions or recommend

ations designed to make terms with armed was defeated by the following vote:

rebels are either cowardly or treasonable.”' YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Ancona, George H. Browne, Calvert, Cox, Crisfield, Jackson, Mr. Vallandigham objected; and Johnson, May, Noble, Pendleton, James S. Rollins, Sheil, Smith, Vallandigham, Voor: the House refused to suspend the hees, Wadsworth, Ward, and Webster--19. rules: Noes 36; Ays 56—not twoNAYS - 74.

thirds. The bill was thereupon passed. The session terminated by adjourn

Mr. Calvert, of Md., offered the ment at noon, August 6th, having following:

lasted but thirty-three days.



We have seen Conventions of the | ligation to uphold or obey its Governpeople of several States coolly assume ment, in flagrant defiance of that the power, asserted or reserved in no Federal charter, framed for and one of their respective Constitutions, adopted by the people of the United to take those States out of the Union, States, and by them recognized and and absolve their people from all ob- | accepted as the supreme law of the



land, anything in the Constitution | press terms, irrevocable. We have and laws of any State to the contrary seen State Legislatures, in default of notwithstanding. We have seen one Conventions, usurp, practically, this of these Conventions assume and ex. tremendous power of secession; and ercise the right of revoking a funda- have heard a now loyal Governor mental compact between the State proclaim that a popular majority for and the Union, which is, by its ex- Secessionists, in an election of mem

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bers of Congress, might serve to nul- ; civil war, not in obedience to, but in lify the obligation of the citizens of defiance of, the action of her Conventhat State to the Federal Constitu- tion and the express will of her peotion and Union. We are now to con- ple--not, even, by any direct act of template more directly the spectacle her Legislature, but by the will of of a State plunged into secession and her Executive alone.' Gov. Jackson,

Pollard, in his "Southern History," says: Border States were unwilling to rush into disso"Upon the election of Abraham Lincoln, the ) lution until every hope of a peaceful settlement

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