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as we have seen, having found the | ively some forty and one hundred Convention, which his Legislature miles west of Jefferson, and in the had called, utterly and emphatically heart of the slaveholding region. intractable to the uses of treason, had This call having been made, Jackson reconvened his docile Legislature. and Price, fearing an attack from the But even this body could not be in- Federal forces gathering at St. Louis, duced to vote the State out of the started westward with their followUnion. Below that point, however, ers, reaching Booneville on the 18th it stood ready enough to aid the of June. Price, being sick, kept on bolder conspirators; and its pliancy by steamboat to Lexington. was taxed to the utmost. The State They had not moved too soon. School Fund, the money provided to Gen. Lyon and his army left St. pay the July interest on the heavy Louis by steamboats on the 13th, and State Debt, and all other available reached Jefferson City on the mornmeans, amounting in the aggregate ing of the 15th, only to find that the to over three millions of dollars, were Confederate chiefs had started when appropriated to military uses, and he did, with a good hundred miles placed at the disposal of Jackson, un advantage in the race. Reëmbarkder the pretense of armning the State ing on the 16th, he reached Rockport, against any emergency. By another nearly opposite Booneville, next act, the Governor was invested with morning, and espied the Rebel endespotic power-even verbal opposi- campment just across the river. In tion to his assumptions of authority | it were collected some two or three being constituted treason; while every thousand men, only half armed, and citizen liable to military duty was not at all drilled, under the immedeclared subject to draft into active diate command of Col. Marmaduke: service at Jackson's will, and an oath Jackson, utterly disconcerted by of obedience to the State Executive Lyon's unexpected rapidity of moveexacted. Under these acts, Jackson ment, had ordered his "State Guard' appointed ex-Gov. Sterling Price to be disbanded, and no resistance to Major-General of the State forces, be offered. But Marmaduke deterwith nine Brigadiers-Parsons, M. L. mined to fight, and started for the Clark, John B. Clark, Slack, Harris, landing, where he hoped to surprise Rains, McBride, Stein, and Jeff and cut up the Unionists while deThompson, commanding in so many barking. He met Lyon advancing districts into which the State was di- in good order, and was easily routed vided. These Brigadiers were or- by him, losing two guns, with much dered by Maj. Gen. Price to muster camp-equipage, clothing, etc. His and organize the militia of their sev- raw infantry were dispersed, but his eral districts so fast as possible, and strength in cavalry saved him from send it with all dispatch to Boone- utter destruction, ville and Lexington, two thriving

Jackson fled to Warsaw, on the young cities on the Missouri, respect. Osage, some eighty miles south-west.

of the question had vanished. This was the position of Missouri, to whose Convention not a ingle Secessionist was elected. Gov. Price was

elected from his district as a Union man, witliout opposition; and, on the assembling of the Convention, was chosen its President." ? May 3d.

SIGEL'S FIGHT NEAR CARTHAGE.

575

Fifteen miles north of that place, attrated. Sigel found the Rebels, haltCamp Cole, a half-organized regiment ed after their morning march, well of Unionists, under Capt. Cook, was posted, vastly superior in numbers asleep in two barns, with no pickets and in cavalry, but inferior in artilout save northward, when, during lery, which he accordingly resolved the night of the 18th, they were sur- should play a principal part in the prised by a Rebel force from the battle. In the cannonade which southward, under Col. O'Kane, and ensued, he inflicted great damage utterly routed—being unable to offer on the Rebels and received very any serious resistance. Capt. Cook little, until, after a desultory combat and a portion of his followers barely of three or four hours, the enemy reescaped with their lives. Jackson, solved to profit by their vast superiorreënforced by O’Kane, halted two ity in cavalry by outflanking him, days at Warsaw, then continued his both right and left. This compelled retreat some fifty miles to Montevallo, Sigel to fall back on his baggagein Vernon County, near the west line train, three miles distant, which was of the State, and was here joined on otherwise at the mercy of the enemy. . the 3d of July by Price, with such The retreat was made in perfect order, aid as he had been able to gather at with two cannon on either flank, two Lexington and on his way. Their in front, and four in the rear, keeping united force is stated by Pollard at the Rebel cavalry at a respectful 3,600. Being pursued by Lyon, they distance; save when, at the crossing continued their retreat next day, of Dry Fork creek, where the road halting at 9 P. M., in Jasper County, passes between bluffs, an effort was twenty-three miles distant. Ten made to stop him by massing a strong miles hence, at 10 A. M., next morn-cavalry force in his front. This was ing, they were confronted by a Union easily routed by bringing all his guns force 1,500 strong, under Col. Franz to bear upon it; when he continued Sigel, who had been dispatched from his retreat to Carthage, and through St. Louis by the South-western Pacific that town to Sarcoxie, some fifteen road, to Rolla, had marched thence miles eastward. It was well, indeed, to Springfield, and had pushed on to that he did so; for Jackson's force Mount Vernon, Lawrence County, was augmented, during that night hoping to prevent a junction between and next morning, by the arrival of Jackson and some forces which his Price from the southward, bringing Brigadiers were hurrying to his sup- to his aid several thousand Arkansas port. Each army appears to have and Texas troops, under Gens. Ben. started that morning with intent to McCulloch and Pearce. Our loss find and fight the other; and such in the affair of Carthage was 13 mutual intentions are seldom frus- killed and 31 wounded—not one of them abandoned to the enemy; while nated the first Monday of the Nothe Rebels reported their loss at 40 vember ensuing as a day of election, to 50 killed and 125 to 150 wounded. whereat the people should ratify or Sigel, now outnumbered three or four disapprove this decisive action; and, to one, was constrained to continue meantime, elected Hamilton R. Gamhis retreat, by Mount Vernon, to ble Governor, Willard P. Hall Lient. Springfield; where Gen. Lyon, who Governor, and Mordecai Oliver Sechad been delayed by lack of trans- retary of State. These officers were portation, joined and outranked him that day inaugurated, and the Conon the 10th.

* It seems to be pretty well agreed that Cook's killed, a large number wounded, and over men were about 400 in number: but he reported 100 taken prisoners; while the Rebels lost that he was attacked by 1,200, while Pollard but 4 killed, 15 or 20 woundel, and captured makes O'Kane's force only 350.

Cook's ac- 362 muskets. Such are the materials out of count makes his loss 23 killed, 20 wounded, and which History is necessarily distilled. Pollard 30 prisoners; while Pollard says we lost 206 is probably the nearer right in this case.

vention, immediately thereupon, adMeantime, Gen. Harris, Jackson's journed to the third Monday in DeBrigadier for north-eastern Missouri, cember. Their action was ratified, had rallied a considerable force at of course, and the functionaries above Paris, near the Mississippi, and hence named continued in their respective commenced the work of destroying offices. These proceedings were met the Hannibal and St. Joseph Rail- by a proclamation from the Rebel road. Col. Smith's Union force at- Lieut. Governor, Reynolds, styling tacked him on the 10th at Palmyra, himself acting Governor, dated New whence Harris fell back to Monroe, Madrid, July 31st; wherein he defifiteen miles west, where he destroyed clares that he has been absent for two much of the railroad property. Here months as a Commissioner of Missouri he was again attacked by Smith, and to the Confederate States, and that now worsted, losing one gun and 75 pris

"I return to the State, to accompany, in oners. He thereupon disappeared; my official capacity, one of the armies

continued actively organizing which the warrior statesman, whose genius guerrilla parties, and sending them the Union, has prepared to advance against out to harass and plunder Unionists, the common foe. * * destroying their property through all

“I particularly address myself to those who, this section, until he finally joined ted a love of peace to lead them astray froin

though Southerners in feeling, have permitPrice, with 2,700 men, at the siege the State cause. You now see the State auof Lexington. In fact, all over Mis- thorities about to assert, with powerful for

ces, their constitutional rights; you behold souri, partisan fights and guerrilla out- the most warlike population on the globe, rages were now the order of the day. the people of the lower Mississippi valley,

about to rush, with their gleaming bowie

knives and unerring rifles, to aid us in driving The State Convention reässembled out the Abolitionists and their Hessian alat Jefferson City July 20th, and pro- friends, the war must soon depart Missouri's

If you cordially join our Southern ceeded—52 to 28-to declare the borders; if you still continue, either in offices of Governor, Lieut. Governor, apathy, or in indirect support of the Lincoln Secretary of State, with those of mem-Government, you only bring ruin upon your

selves by fruitlessly prolonging the contest. bers of the Legislature, vacant by the The road to peace and internal security is treason of their occupants, and all the only through union with the South. We acts of said Executive and Legisla

will receive you as brothers, and let bygones

be bygones. Rally to the Stars and Bars, ture, in contravention of the Federal in union with our glorious ensign of the Constitution, and in hostility to the Grizzly Bear !" Union, null and void. They desig- Jackson followed this (August 6th)

but

lies.

* July 30th.

* Jefferson Davis, to wit.

JACKSON'S SECESSION-DUG SPRINGS.

577

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by a Declaration of Independence, on the part of Jackson, and R. M. T. mainly made up of abuse of the Fed Hunter acting for Davis, an offensive eral Government, and its efforts to and defensive alliance between Mismaintain its authority in Missouri. souri and the Confederacy; whereby He thus established his right to take all the military force, matériel of war, that State out of the Union :

and military operations of the former “By the recognized universal public law were transferred to the said Davis, as of all the earth, war dissolves all political though she were already in the Con

. their grounds for asserting their indepen- federacy; to which was added a stipudence that the King of Great Britain had | lation that she should, so soon as pos

abdicated government here, by declaring sible, be admitted into the Confedus out of his protection, and waging war upon us.' The people and Government of eracy; and she has since been reprethe Northern States of the late Union have sented in its Congress, although no acted in the same manner toward Missouri, election for members thereof was ever and have dissolved, by war, the connection heretofore existing between her and them.

held by her people. “ The General Assembly of Missouri, the The Rebels, largely reënforced from recognized political department of her Government, by an act approved May 10th, the South, and immensely strong in 1861, entitled, "An act to authorize the cavalry,soon overran all southern MisGovernor of the State of Missouri to sup- souri, confining Gen. Lyon to Springpress rebellion and repel invasion,' has vested in the Governor, in respect to the field and its immediate vicinity. rebellion and invasion now carried on in Aware of their great superiority in the Northern States and their allies, power numbers, Lyon waited long for reënand authority to take such measures, as in his forcements; but the disaster at Bull judgment he may deem necessary or proper, Run, and the general mustering out to repel such invasion or put down such re

of service of our three-months' men, “Now, therefore, by virtue of the au- prevented his receiving any. At thority in me vested by said act, I, Claiborne length, hearing that the enemy were souri, appealing to the Supreme Judge of advancing in two strong columns, the world for the rectitude of my intentions, from Cassville on the south and Saraná firmly believing that I am herein carrying into effect the will of the people of Mis- coxie on the west, to overwhelm him, souri, do hereby, in their name, by their au- he resolved to strike the former thority, and on their behalf, and subject at before it could unite with the latter. all times to their free and unbiased control, make and publish this provisional declara- | He accordingly left Springfield, Aution, that, by the acts of the people and gust 1st, with 5,500 foot, 400 horse, Government of the United States of America, the political connection heretofore ex

and 18 guns; and, early next mornisting between said States and the people ing, encountered at Dug Springs a and Government of Missouri is and ought to

detachment of the enemy, whom he be totally dissolved; and that the State of Missouri, as a sovereign, free, and indepen- lured into a fight by pretending to dent republic, has full power to levy war, fly, and speedily routed and dispersed. conclude peace, contract alliances, establish The Rebels, under McCulloch, therecommerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent States may of upon recoiled, and, moving westward, right do."

formed a junction with their weaker On the strength of the preceding, column, advancing from Sarcoxie to there was negotiated at Richmond, strike Springfield from the west. on the 31st of October ensuing, by Lyon thereupon retraced his steps to E. C. Cabell and Thomas L. Snead, Springfield. The Rebels, now com

bellion.'

manded by Price, their best General, self, seeking the enemy in front; advanced slowly and warily, reaching while Sigel, with 1,200 men, was to Wilson's Creek, ten miles south of gain their rear by their right. Springfield, on the 7th. Lyon pur- Price had planned an attack on posed here to surprise them by a night our camps that night; but, jealousies attack; but it was so late when all arising, had resigned the chief comwas ready that he deferred the at- mand to McCulloch, who had recalled tempt until the 9th, when he again the order to advance, because of the advanced from Springfield in two intense darkness of the night. At 5 columns; his main body, led by him- A. M., of August 10th, Lyon opened

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