« FöregåendeFortsätt »
out in the harbor of Pensacola as a and it was claimed, on our side, that privateer, with intent to slip out some their loss exceeded 300; but, as they dark night, prepared to cruise against | left but 21 dead on the island, and our commerce, planned an expedition 30 prisoners, the claim is simply abto destroy her. During the night of surd. Our loss was 60, and theirs Sept. 13th, four boats, carrying 100 probably a little more. But several men, commanded by Lieut. Russell, thousand Rebels were kept at Penput off from Com. Mervine's flag-ship sacola throughout the campaign by Colorado, approaching the schooner less than 1,000 on our side; and, at 3A. M., of the 14th. The pri- when they finally decamped, they had vateer's crew, duly warned, opened a no choice but to surrender the Naval fire of musketry as the boats neared Floating Dock and Railway, with her; but were speedily driven from much other public property, to the her deck by our boarders, and she set flames, to prevent their easy recovery on fire and burned to the water's to the Union. edge, when she sunk. Her gun, a 10-inch columbiad, was spiked, and The blockade of the mouths of the sunk with her. All was the work of Mississippi, naturally difficult, because a quarter of an hour, during which of their number and distances, was our side had 3 killed and 12 wounded. successfully evaded on the 1st of July As the Judah lay directly off the by the steam privateer Sumter, Capt. Navy Yard, where a thousand Reb-, Raphael Semmes, who, darting swiftly els were quartered, this was one of from point to point throughout those the most daring and well-executed portions of the West India waters achievements of the year.
known to be most thickly studded Finally, during the intensely dark with our merchantmen, made some night of Oct. 9th, a Confederate force twelve or fifteen captures in hardly crossed silently from Pensacola to so many days, and then ran into the Santa Rosa Island, with intent to sur-friendly British port of Nassau, where prise and destroy the camp of the 6th he was promptly supplied with everyNew York (Wilson's Zouaves), some thing necessary to a vigorous prosetwo miles distant from Fort Pickens. cution of his devastating career. The attack was well planned and Having continued it some time longer well made. The surprise seems to with great success, he finally ran into have been complete. The Zouaves the British harbor of Gibraltar, where were instantly driven from their the Federal gunboat Tuscarora soon camp, which was thoroughly de found him and his vessel, and, anstroyed; but the darkness, which had choring in the Spanish port of Algefavored the surprise, invested every siras, just opposite, where no law step beyond the camp with unknown would compel her to remain twentyperils; and, when day broke, the four hours after the Sumter had deRebels had no choice but to retreat parted, she held the privateer fast as swiftly as possible to their boats, until relieved by the Kearsarge, by eight miles distant. Of course, they which the blockade was persistently were followed, and harassed, and fired maintained until the Confederate upon after they had reëmbarked; officers abandoned their vessel---pro
HOLLINS'S RAID-DU PONT'S EXPEDITION.
fessing to sell her and betook them- Commander Hollins, formerly of selves to Liverpool, where a faster our Navy, and more notorious than and better steamer, the Alabama, famous for his bombardment of Greyhad meantime been constructed, and town, Nicaragua, had drawn rather fitted out for their service. So the liberally on his imagination in the Nashville, which ran out of Charles- above. His prize was a deserted ton during the Summer, and, in due coal-boat; he had not sunk the time, appeared in British waters, Preble; and his “peppering' was after burning (Nov. 19th) the Harvey done at a prudent distance, and with Birch merchantman within sight of little or no effect. But he had burst the English coast, ran into South- upon our squadron blockading the ampton, where lay the Tuscarora; mouths of the Mississippi, at 3.45 which, if permitted to pursue, would A. M. of that day, with a flotilla comhave made short work of her soon posed of his ram Manassas, three fireafter she left, but was compelled to rafts, and five armed steamers. The remain twenty-four hours to insure ram struck our flag steamship Richher escape. This detention is author- mond, Capt. Pope, staving in her side ized by the law of nations, though it below the water-line, and, for the has not always been respected by moment, threatening her destruction. Great Britain: Witness her capture Our squadron, consisting of the Richof the Essex and Essex Junior in the mond, Preble, Vincennes, and Water harbor of Valparaiso, and her de- | Witch, instantly slipped their cables, struction of the Gen. Armstrong pri- and ran down the South-west Pass, vateer in the port of Fayal, during very much as they would have done the war of 1812. But the concession had all on board been considerably of such belligerent rights and immu- frightened. Commander Robert Hannities to a power which has neither dy, of the Vincennes, ran his vessel recognized national existence nor aground in the flight, and deserted maritime strength will yet be regret- her, with all his men; setting a slowted by Great Britain, as affording an match to destroy her, which happily unfortunate and damaging precedent. failed. His vessel was recovered un
In October—the communications harmed. The fire-rafts were entirely between our blockading forces in the avoided; the Rebel steamboats not Gulf and the loyal States being fitful venturing within range of the Richand tedious--the North was startled mond's guns; while Hollins's haste by the following bulletin, which ap- to telegraph his victory seems to have peared as a telegram from New Or- cost him all its legitimate fruits. BeIeans to the Richmond papers: yond the destruction of the fire-ships,
"FORT JACKSON, Oct. 12, 1861. the losses on either side were of no “Last night, I attacked the blockaders.
account. with my little fleet. I succeeded, after a very short struggle, in driving them all aground on the Southwest Pass bar, except On the 29th of October, another the Preble, which I sunk.
"I captured a prize from them; and, and far stronger naval and military after they were fast in sand, I peppered expedition set forth from Hampton
" There were no casualties on our side. Roads, and, clearing the capes of Vir: It was a complete success. HOLLINS." ginia, moved majestically southward.
Gen. T. W. Sherman commanded the 'vember 3d and 4th; and, after proper land forces, consisting of thirteen vol soundings and reconnoissances, which unteer regiments, forming three brig- developed the existence of a new fort ades, and numbering not less than on either side of the entrance, the 10,000 men; while the fleet-com- Commodore brought his most effecmanded by Com. Samuel F. Du Pont (tive vessels into action at 9 A. M., on ----embraced the steam-frigate Wa- Thursday, November 7th, taking the bash, 14 gunboats, 22 first-class and 12 lead in his flag-ship, the Wabash--smaller steamers, with 26 sailing ves- the gunboats to follow at intervals sels. After a stormy passage, in which in due order. Thus the fighting porseveral transports were disabled, and tion of the feet steamed slowly up four absolutely lost, Com. Du Pont, the bay by the arts, receiving and in his flag-ship, came to off Port returning the fire of the batteries Royal, S. C., during the night of No-lon Bay Point as they passed up, and
EXPLANATION.-Nos. 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14, in the back-ground, are the positions of the smaller Federal gunboats.
exchanging like compliments with / was lovely; the spectacle magnifithe stronger fort on Hilton Head as cent; the fight spirited, but most unthey came down. Thus no vessel equal. Despite the general presumpremained stationary under fire; so tion that batteries, well manned and that the enemy were at no time ena- served, are superior to ships when not bled to gain, by experiment and ob- iron-clad, the terrible rain of shot and servation, a perfect aim. The day shell upon the gunners in the Rebel
forts soon proved beyond human en- at all hazards from their life-long, durance. The smaller gunboats at bitter bondage. length took positions whence their Had this blow been followed up fire was most annoying, yet could not as it might have been, Charleston, or be effectively returned; while the Savannah, or both, could have been Bienville, on her second promenade, easily and promptly captured. The steamed close in to the main Rebel Confederate defeat was so unexpectfort, and fired her great guns with ed, so crushing, and the terror insuch effect as almost to silence the spired by our gunboats so general enemy. The Wabash, on her third and profound, that nothing could round, came within six hundred have withstood the progress of our yards of the fort, firing as calmly arms. But Gen. Sherman had not and heavily as at the outset. The been instructed to press his advantabattle had thus raged nearly five ges, nor had he been provided with hours, with fearful carnage and de- the light-draft steamers, row-boats, vastation on the part of the Rebels and other facilities, really needed for and very little loss on ours, when the improvement of his signal victothe overmatched Confederates, find- ry. He did not even occupy Beaufort ing themselves slaughtered to no pur- until December 6th, nor Tybee Islpose, suddenly and unanimously took and, commanding the approach to to flight; their commander, Gen. T. Savannah, until December 20th; on F. Drayton, making as good time as which day, a number of old hulks of the best of them. The Rebel forts vessels were sunk in the main ship were fully manned by 1,700 South channel leading up to Charleston beCarolinians, with a field battery of tween Morris and Sullivan's islands 500 more stationed not far distant. -as others were, a few days afterThe negroes, save those who had ward, in the passage known as Maf been driven off by their masters, or
fit's channel with intent to impede shot while attempting to evade them, the midnight flitting of blockadehad stubbornly remained on the isles; runners.
These obstructions were and there was genuine pathos in the denounced in Europe as barbarous, prompt appearance of scores of them, but proved simply inefficient. rushing down to the water-side, with Meantime, the slaveholders of all their scanty stock of valuables tied up the remaining Sea Islands stripped in a handkerchief, and begging to be them of slaves and domestic animals, taken on board our ships. The idea burned their cotton, and other crops that our occupation might be perma- which they were unable to remove, nent seems not to have occurred to and fled to Charleston and the intethem; they only thought of escaping rior. Not a slaveholder on all that
2 He was brother to Commander E. Drayton, of the U.S. gunboat Pocahontas, who was in the thickest of the fight on the side of his whole country. Capt. Steadman, of the Bienville, was likewise a South Carolinian.
This flight, however hurried and reckless, was fully justifiable. They had to run six miles across the island to Seabrook, where they took
boat for Savannah, and where any one of our idle armed vessels might easily have intercepted and captured them all. All their works on Hilton Head and the adjacent islands, with about 40 guns, most of them new and large, were utterly abandoned; and, when our forces took possession, soon after, of Beaufort, they found but one white person remaining, and he drunk.
coast remained himself, or left his quest of the Embassadors; when family to live once more, under the Messrs. Mason and Slidell, with their flag of the Union. Gen. Sherman is- Secretaries, Eustis and McFarland, sued a pleading, beseeching proclama- were compelled to change their vestion to induce them to do so; but sel and their destination. Their none who could read would receive a families were left undisturbed, and copy of it, and it fell a dead letter. no effort made to obtain their papers. Soon, the negroes who remained on But the Embassadors and their Secrethe islands under our control were taries were brought to the United set to work at preparing the cotton States, and confined, by order of the for market; and, though assured by Government, in Fort Wa
arren, near the master caste that, if they fell into Boston. the hands of the Yankees, they would Secretary Welles, in his Annual certainly be sent to Cuba and sold, Report of naval proceedings for the they could not be made to believe year ending Dec. 2d, 1861, thus fully that any worse fortune than they had and frankly adopted and justified the hitherto experienced was in store for capture: them; and their number was steadily “The prompt and decisive action of Capt. augmented by emigrants from the Wilkes on this occasion merited and received mainland; especially after schools the emphatic approval of the Department;
and, if a too generous forbearance was exbegan to be established among them. hibited by him in not capturing the vessels
which had these Rebel enemies on board,
it may, in view of the special circumstances, The steamship Theodora ran out and of its patriotic motives, be excused; but of Charleston harbor during the night it must by no means be permitted to constiof Oct. 12th, conveying James M. tute a precedent hereafter for the treatment Mason, of Va., Confederate Envoy to obligations by foreign vessels engaged in Great Britain, and John Slidell, of commerce or the carrying-trade.” La., likewise accredited to France. By a decided majority of the pubThe Theodora duly reached Cardenas, licists of the United States, as well Cuba; whence her official passengers as by the great mass of our people, repaired to Havana, and, on the 7th this seizure was deemed abundantly of November, left that port, in the justified by the doctrines and pracBritish mail steamer Trent, for St. tices of Great Britain, but especially Thomas, on their way to England. by her long continued and never disThe U. S. steamship San Jacinto, avowed habit of impressing seamen Capt. Wilkes, had left Havana on the from our merchant vessels, on the as2d, and was watching for them in the sumption that they were natives of Bahama Channel, 240 miles from Great Britain, and therefore liable at Havana, when, at 11:40 A. M., of the all times and indefeasibly to be re8th, he sighted the Trent; and, after manded into her service, wherever a civil request to heave to had been found. In the able and carefully declined by her, a shell was fired prepared manifesto' whereby George across her bow, which brought her to IV., then Prince Regent, explained reason. Lient. Fairfax, with a boat's and justified the conduct of his Govcrew, immediately boarded her in ernment touching the matters in con
Dated Westminster Jan, 9th, 1813,