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been received with favour by the Churches, they had assumed a responsibility which led the Churches to look to them to make such further provision for the service of praise as the new life and methods of the day required. Urgent representations on the subject were from time to time received from all parts of the country, and it was not till it became apparent to the Committee that if they did not yield to the pressure brought to bear upon them, the work would be undertaken by others, to the probable detriment of the Union, and with results otherwise unsatisfactory, that they resolved to add to their list of publications the “Congregational Church Hymnal."

So

It will be understood from this statement that it is not intended to withdraw from sale the “ Congregational Hymn Book.” long as any considerable number of the Churches continue to use that book it will be supplied to them on the same terms as heretofore.

The Committee considered themselves fortunate in being able to secure the services of the Rev. George S. Barrett, B.A., as General Editor, and of E. J. Hopkins, Esq., Mus. Doc., Organist to the Honourable Societies of the Inner and Middle Temple, as Musical Editor. Mr. Barrett's qualifications for the office had already been proved as the Editor of the admirable Hymnal for the Young,” and the Committee cannot too strongly express their sense of the ability, devotion, and self-denial which, amid the multiform duties of a large pastorate, he has brought to the work.

The fame of Dr. Hopkins is too widespread and well-established to need certification, but it may be permitted the Committee to refer, as they do with much satisfaction, to the fact that his work on the Hymnal has not been contined to editorial supervision : he has enriched it with some of its most valuable music in new tunes expressly written for it.

The responsibility for the book, as a whole, rests on the General Editor. Two Committees were appointed to assist him, one in the selection of hymns, and the other in the selection of tunes; but the function of both Committees was, by their own desire, confined to consultation and advice, and in regard to hymns did not come into operation until Mr. Barrett had prepared a draft selection. This draft was placed in the hands of the appropriate' Committee, carefully considered by them, and, as to its leading features and substance, approved. The ultimate decision in regard to hymns

and tunes alike lay with Mr. Barrett, while Dr. Hopkins undertook the revision of the harmonies of all the tunes which were not copyright.

The work of the Editor will speak for itself, but as questions may arise about the absence of some hymns from the book, the Committee think it due to him to say, that by their vote he was limited to about 750 hymns." It was believed that this number, taken in connection with the chants and anthems that were to follow, would suffice even for those Churches which give the greatest prominence in their service to sacred song, and the limitation was necessitated by the decision to print hymns, chants, and anthems with music, in one volume. Although by this decision some hymns may have been left out which would otherwise have been included, the Committee believe that the value and serviceableness of the book have not been thereby prejudiced.

The leading ideas which guided the Editor in the choice or rejection of hymns were: (1) that the Hymnal should be a book for the worship of the Churches, to the exclusion of sacred poems, which, however full of devotional feeling, were not suitable for the worship of a mixed congregation ; (2) that while true to the distinctive faith and spiritual traditions of Congregationalism, it should be catholic in feeling, and draw freely from the ample stores furnished by the sanctified genius of all sections of the Christian Church; (3) that it should include some hymns which, though defective when tried by modern standards of taste and literary form, are yet closely connected with the history of the Evangelical faith in England, and with the spiritual experience of a large number of the members of Congregational Churches; (4) that it should give, wherever practicable, the original text of the hymns introduced. Some alterations have been admitted on the ground that they have been sanctioned by long and general use, and form part of the compositions in which they occur, as these are generally known ; and others (very few in number) in correction of minor irregularities of metre, offences against taste, or suggestions of questionable doctrine in the original text. In adopting these canons the Editor was not more true to his own opinions and spirit, than to those of the Committee.

The Editor found that one of his most delicate and critical tasks lay in the selection of tunes appropriate to the hymns. The Consultative Committee, after repeated meetings, had agreed on a certain number of tunes, which in their judgment it was desirable, for various reasons, to include in the book; but

the ultimate responsibility for the choice of appropriate tunes devolved upon the Editor. It will be found that he has made liberal use of old and familiar melodies, and that the book is peculiarly rich in popular modern tunes, and in tunes specially written for the work by some of the ablest living composers of sacred music. All such tunes are marked with an asterisk in the Index to Tunes

The Committee confidently hope that the Hymnal will be received by the Churches as adequately meeting a want they have long felt, and will prove, for many years to come, a means of enhancing the interest and increasing the spirituality of their public worship

For the Committee,
ALEXANDER HANNAY,

Secretary:

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The Editor has the pleasant task of acknowledging the generous and valuable assistance he has received in the preparation of this book, and he offers his heartiest thanks for the service they have rendered to:- The Rev. T. G. Crippen, of Kirton, near Boston, himself one of the most learned Hymnologists in this country, for constant and most laborious assistance, and for many suggestions and criticisms which have materially added to the value of the work, and for the selection of the Scripture passages which accompany the Pulpit Edition; Mr. W. T. Brooke, of Brixton, for the careful revision of the text of the hymns, and whose large acquaintance with the literature of English hymns has enabled the Editor to verify the text of many hymns which had been corrupted in successive hymn-books; the Rev. Dr. Hannay, Secretary of the Congregational Union of England and Wales, for his cordial cooperation in all parts of the undertaking; Miss Hannay for the laborious work of the compilation of the indexes which are prefixed to the Hymnal; and the members of the Consultative Committees on Hymns and Tunes for many valuable suggestions which have been embodied in the work.

In addition to these acknowledgments, the Editor presents, both
on his own behalf and on that of the Congregational Union of
England and Wales, special thanks to the following authors or
owners of copyright Hymns or Translations, for permission kindly
given to use them in this book :-
Rev. Canon Baynes, 488; The Archbishop of Canterbury,
Rev. A. G. W. Blunt, 625;

713;
The late Rev. J. E. Bode, 380 ; Mrs. Charles, 269, 489;
Rev. Canon Bright, 555, 679; Rev. Dr. Conder, 748 ;
Mrs. Bubier, 372 ;

Mrs. G. W. Conder, 757 ;

Miss F. E. Cox, 154, 349 ;

| Rev. Dr. Martineau, 137 ;
Rev. T. G. Crippen, 470, 658; Mr. G. Massey, 665;
Rev. W. H. Davison, 617; Miss Matheson, 756 ;
Rev. R. Dawson, 725;

Mr. A. Midlane, 758;
Rev. E. A. Dayman, 598;

Mrs. G. Moultrie, 214, 645 ; Sir E. Denny, 111, 575;

Mrs. Mudie, 303;
Miss E. O. Dobree, 604;

Miss C. M. Noel, 75 ;
The late Bishop of Ely, 102 ; Rev. G. Phillimore, 672 ;
Rev. Archdeacon Farrar, 741; Rev. F. Pott, 616;
Mrs. Faussett, 350 ;

Rev. G. R. Prynne, 190;
Mr. C. L. Ford, 483 ;

The late Rev. W. B. Robertson, The late Rev. W. Gaskell, 379; 472; Mrs. Godwin, 261 ;

Rev. R. H. Robinson, 703 ; Rev. S. C. Hamerton, 740;

Mrs. W. Robinson, 274 ; Mr. W. E. Hickson, 653 ;

Mr. W. H. Scott, 759; Mr. E. Hodder, 761;

The Representatives of the late Mrs. E. P. Hood, 73, 752 ;

Dean Stanley, 133 ; Rev. J. P. Hopps, 766 ;

Mr. A. Strahan, 185; Mr. T. Hughes, 403 ;

Rev. Dr. Thomas, 256; Miss Ingelow, 127;

Rev. H. Twells, 520 ; Miss Irons, 268;

Mr. G. Watson, 592 ; Rev. J. Julian, 79;

Rev. B. Waugh, 749; The Bishop of Lichfield, 150, 505; The Dean of Wells, 622; Miss Livock, 677 ;

Mr. W. Whiting, 639; Dr. G. Macdonald, 680;

Mr. H. H. Wyatt, 648 ;

And to the following Authors or Translators, or their Representatives, for the Hymns bearing their names, which are too numerous to specify in detail :

Mrs. C. F. Alexander; The Representatives of the late Dean Alford ; E. S. A.; Rev. S. Baring-Gould ; The Bishop of Bedford ; Rev. Dr. Bonar; Miss Borthwick, for "Hymns from the Land of Luther"; The Representatives of the late Sir J. Bowring ; Bishop A. C. Coxe, of Western, New York; Mr. W. C. Dix; Mrs. Downton, for hymns by the late Rev. H. Downton ; Rev. J. Ellerton ; The Bishop of Exeter; The Rev. Canon Furse, for the hymns of the late Rev. Dr. Monsell ; Mr. Redland Furse; Mr. T. H. Gill; Rev. J. Hamilton; Miss Havergal, for the hymns of the late Miss F. R. Havergal; The Proprietors of " Hymns Ancient and Modern"; Rev. Dr. Littledale ; H. L. L. ; Mrs. Lynch, for the late Rev. T. T. Lynch's hymns ; Rev. W. T. Matson ; The Rev. H. A. Mills, for the use of the late Rev. E. Caswall's hymns; The Representatives of the late Dean Milman ;

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