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plain. I have now dissected the Student, and, lo, the phenomenon! I have found that he has no brains.
I am, Sir, yours, &c.
A LOVER OF TRUE PHILOSOPHY. [The above has been abridged to the extent of more than two pages.We are sensible of the injustice thus done to the author ; but the distaste. of our readers for Metaphysics obliged us to insist on it.-Edit.]
A Synopsis of the Scripture Proofs of The Trinity; with
a Reply, to the objections against that Doctrine, contained in Sermons by the Rev. Joan MITCHELL, of Newry, by the Rev. Daniel Bagot, A.B. Chaplain of St. Patrick's
Church, Newry, p. p. 175. We owe an apology (and we regret that we owe it so long) to Mr. Bagot, for our apparent neglect of his valuable work.
Mr. Bagot commences with a definition and demonstra. tion of the doctrine of the Trinity, from which we make a brief selection.
“The doctrine of the Trinity (or Tri-unity) is this, that the Scriptures reveal to us one BEING as the Supreme God, and that this Divine Being subsists in a plurality of PERSONS, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
“ To demonstrate this doctrine it will be necessary to establish the following propositions :
“1. That there is but one God.
“3. That there are three Persons mentioned in Scripture, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, to whom this plurality is confined.
“ 4. That the essential attributes of Supreme Deity are ascribed to these three persons, in consequence of which we must believe the Supreme Deity of each.
“And 5. That we believe the Deity of each Person in consistency with the unity of the Divine Being; or that, in other words, we believe the doctrine of the Trinity. “We shall endeavour to prove each of these propositions in order.
“1. THERE IS BUT ONE GOD. “ Deut. vi. 4, “The Lord our God is one Lord,' “ II. THERE IS A PLURALITY IN THE DIVINE NATURE.
“ Gen. i. 26, “And God said, let us make.' Isaiah, vi. 8, “Whom shall 1 send, and who will go for us.' “IV. THE ESSENTIAL ATTRIBUTES OF SUPREME DEITY ARE
ASCRIBED TO THESE THREE PERSONS, IN CONSEQUENCE
of Supreme Deity are ascribed to the Father, for the Deity of the Father is admitted by all Christians.
“ (2.) The essential attributes of Supreme Deity are ascribed to the Son in the following passages :
66 The Titles
“In John, i. , 'God.' Romans, ix. 5, “Over all God, blessed for evermore.' Titus, ii. 13, “The great God.' 1. John, V. 20, “The true God.'
“ETERNAL EXISTENCE is ascribed to Christ, in Heb. xiii. 8, “Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, to-day, and for ever.' Rev. i. 17, "First and last.' Rev. i. 8, “The Almighty.'
* Math. xviii. 20, Where two or three are gathered together, there am I in the midst of them.' Math. xxviii. 20, 'Lo, I am with you al. ways.' Eph. i. 23, 'Filleth all in all.'
- The Worship peculiar to Supreme Deity is referred to Christ,John, v. 23, "That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father,' Heb, i. 6, 'Let all the Angels of God worship him.'
“The Supreme Deity of Christ is also indefinitely implied in the following passages, viz. :
John, x. 30, 'I and my Father are one.' “Coll. ii. 9, “In him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.'
“ Phil. ii. 6, “Being in the form of God, he thought it not robbery to be equal with God.'
(3.) The essential attributes of Supreme Deity are ascribed to the HOLY Ghost in the following passages :
“John, i. 13, ‘Believers are said to be “born of God." ji. 5-8, They are said to be born of the Spirit.'
“ In Acts, v. 3, he is said to be God against whom Ananias lied (sec ? verse 4.)
“In I. Cor. iii. 16, he is said to be God whose temple believers are. “ IMMENSITY and Omnipresence are ascribed to the Holy Ghost, in “Psalm, cxxxix. 7, Whither shall I go from thy Spirit, &c.
ETERNITY is ascribed to the Holy Ghost, in Heb. ix. 14, “The Eternal Spirit.'
OMNISCIENCE is aseribed to the Holy Ghost, in I. Cor. ii. 19, “The Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God.”
“He is unite i vith the Father' and the Son in the baptismal form (Math. xxviii. 19.) and in the apostolic benedictions (II. Cor. xii. 14.)
“We would now.conclude this selection of evidence by collecting it into one general argument, viz. :
“The only way by which we can ascertain the God of the Bible is by that revelation of the titles, attributes, works and honors of Deity which the Bible presents, and therefore he must be God with whose person these characteristics of Deity are associated : but as we have shown that they are ascribed to three persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, the conclusion is evident, that we must consider each of these persons as truly God.”
Mr. Bagot next proceeds to examine, with care, Mr., Mitchell's several objections, and then to refute them in succession. This he has effected with candour of state. ment and cogency of argument. We could wish, however, that Mr. Bagot had answered sermons by sermons.
The separate and propositional form into which he has moulded his demonstrations, is more suited for scholars than for ordinary readers. A sermon seems to us as a liv. ing creatu re of flesh and blood-separate and disjointed propositions we consider
Mr. Bagot's plan may be best for his readers' heads, but the form of sermops would have come more home to their hearts. In this opinion we are strengthened by reading the concluding part of the treatise, in which Mr. Bagot displays such evident ability and taste for the pecu. liar style of sermon-writing, that we regret he did not adopt it throughout. We sball make a few selections from the work, taken as we may open the book; for where all is good we require no time for choosing. The concluding observations we shall give almost entire, as they are ad. mirably calculated to display, not merely the abstract truth, but the practical influence of the doctrine of the Trinity.
OBJECTION VII. “ That the Father alone is the only true God, to the exclusion of the Son. (Sermon 4, throughout.)
ANSWER. Mr. Bagot observes that Mr. Mitchell “ holds, in common with the Trinitarian, that Christ possessed a pre-existent state of greater dignity than the circumstances of his earthly condition displayed; and that, therefore, the legitimate mode of proving that the Father alone is the only true God, would have been to contrast the several passages in which the glory of the Father is described with those which treat of the glory of Christ, in his pre-existent state in heaven, unconnected with his state of humiliation on earth ; instead of which Mr. M. brought forward nie merous passages, in which the glory and Godhead of the Father are al. luded to, in contrast with the humiliation of Jesus Christ in the flesh.”
Mr. Bagot therefore proceeds to contrast those texts that speak of the Father and the Son in a common stale of glory.
that Jehovah he is God, “ All things were made by him.” it is he that hath made us ?” Jolin, i. 3. Ps. c. 3.
am the first, and I am the last, and besides me there is no God." Isaiah, xliv. 6.
“ I am the first and the last.”
“ Thou, even thou, art Jehovah
alone ; thou hast made Heaven, the Heaven of Heavens, with all their host, the earth and all things that are therein, the seas and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all.” Neh. ix. 6.
“ Thou shalt worship the Lord thy
God, and him only shalt thou serve." Math. iv. io.
“ Unto me every knee shall bow,
every tongue shall swear.” Isaiah xlv. 23.
Rev. i, 17.
“ For by him were
all things created that are in Heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities or poners,
all things created by him, and for him ; and he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” Col. i. 16, 17.
“Let all the Angels of God wor
ship him.” Heb. i. 6.
“ We shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ, for it is written, as I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me and every tongue shall confess to God. Rom. xiv. 10. 11.
“ For Jehovah your God is God of “ King of Kings and Lord of
Gods and Lord of Lords.” Deut. Lords." Rev, xix. 16. x. 17,
“ I search the heart, I try the reins, “ And all the Churches shall know
even to give every man accord- that I AM HE which searcheth ing to his ways, and according the reins and hearts ; and I will to the fruit of his doings.” Ser. give unto every one of you acxvii. 10.
cording to his works." Rev. ii. 23.
“If the texts in the one column are sufficient to demonstrate the Supreme Deity of the Father, then, by a parity of reasoning, the texts in the second column, which are as emphatic in their meaning and form of expression, demonstrate the Supreme Deity of the Son; or if, on the other hand, the opponent of the Trinity contradicts the Supreme Deity of the Son, in despite of the passages which we have referred to, he thereby virtually contradicts the Supreme Deity of the Father which is described in terms precisely equivalent.”
OBJECTION XXVIII. In this objection Mr. Mitchell has endeavoured to shew that the office of supreme and final judge assigned to Christ, does not prove his deity, but merely that he is a subordinate representative of God delegated to this work. To this statement Mr. Bagot offers the following scriptural and triumphant reply.
“ In order to show the irresistible force of the argument for the Supreme Deity of the Saviour, from the fact of his being exhibited in Scripture as the future Judge of mankind, we shall contrast some of the passages in which the Supreme Jehovah is spoken of as Judge with others in which Christ is described, in similar language, as Judge, viz. : “ I am God, and there is none else ; “ We shall all stand before the
I have sworn by myself ; the judgment seat of CHRIST; for it word is gone out of my mouth is written, as I live, saith the in righteousness, and shall not Lord, every knee shall bor to return, thut unto me every knee me, and every tongue shall conshall bore, every tongue shall fess to God.” Rom. xiv. 10, Isaiah xlv. 22, 23.
“ Then shall the trees of the wood
sing out at the presence of JEHOVAH because he cometh to judge the earth.” I. Chron. xvi. 33.
« For the Son of Man shall come,
in the glory of his Father, with his Angels; and then he shall reward every man, according to his works. Math. xvi. 27.
“ But JEHOVAH shall endure for
ever : he hath prepared his throne for judgment; and hc shall judge the world in righteousness." Ps. ix. 7, 8.
" When the Son of Man shall come
in his glory, and all the holy Angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory; and before him shall be gathered all nations." Math. xxv. 31. 32.
« JEHOVAH shall judge the ends of “The FATHER judgeth no man, the earth.” I Saml. ii. 10. but hath committed all judgment
unto the Son." Joho, v. 22.