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lence among you.' Look to Deut. xxviii. 15–21. “It shall come to pass, is thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes—the Lord shall make the pestilence cleave unto thee, until he have consumed thee from off the land.' Look, for a third quotation not less striking, to Jeremiah xxix. 17-19. Thus saith the Lord of hosts, Behold, I will send upon them, the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and will make them like vile figs, that cannot be eaten. And I will persecute them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and will deliver them to be removed to all the kingdoms of the earth, because they have not hearkened to my words which I sent unto them by my servants the prophets.
: II. MORAL OBJECTS OF PESTILENCE.
“Of the moral objects which pestilence is calculated, under the gracious influence of the Holy Spirit, to promote, I would illustrate the following:
“1. An impressive manifestation of the Divine Perfections. Of these we meet with many striking displays in the great system of nature, which it were inexcusable indolence to overlook. But, owing to a well-known principle in our constitution, it always happens, that the uniform course of nature, when it has become familiar to our minds, ceases to impress us with that deep sense of the divine character which some novel developement would awaken.
“Now, any unusual calamity is fitted more powerfully to arrest our attention. Such a calamity may be very trifling, compared with the regular succession of events produced by the Deity, with unwearied energy, in numberless worlds. It may bear the same relation to the immense system of the divine administration, that an atom bears to the sun, or a drop to the ocean. Yet, being out of the ordinary course of things, it produces a far deeper impression.
“Upon this plain principle, this unusual visitation is calculated to fix in our minds deep impressions of his infinite attributes. It sets before us his justice that justice which awards, to nations living on the earth, judgments proportionate to the enormity, aggravation, and number of the sins they have committed. It sets before us his veracity-that veracity which was pledged in numerous threatenings of pestilence on guilty communities, and which demands that these be carried into effect, according to the irreversible determinations from which they have proceeded. It sets before us his
which controls the air as the channel through which the malady passes, which baffles the repeated efforts of human skill to arrest its progress, which lays prostrate in an instant the healthiest individuals on whom it fixes, and which, in consigning thousands to their graves, buries along with them the hopes and the fears, the speculations and the projects that had alled their minds. It sets before us his sovereigntythat sovereignty which has determined the course which the malady shall take, according to his absolute will which, passing over some towns in unmerited mercy, descends upon others in awful vengeance--and which, sparing the lives of some, takes away those of others, agreeably to wise reasons hid in the divine bosom by a thick veil which the eyes of the most penetrating minds have not yet pierced. In short, it brings him peculiarly near to us, in his judicial character: and while he is present every-where by boundless knowledge and irresistible activity, he is eminently present in this land at the present instant, by a severe judgment, in which we should read his character with profound reverence, and hear his voice with implicit readiness.
“2. Pestilence is fitted to.co-operate with other means in reclaiming the nation from prevailing immoralities. I am aware, these other means are the most important for securing this desirable end. It is education improving their intellectual powers, and cultivating their moral principles—it is instruction shewing them the duties required from them in their respective relations, the motives by which they should be governed, and the interests to which they should aspire-above all, it is religion withdrawing their minds from the dominion of irregular propensities, uniting them to God by indissoluble ties, and directing them to heaven, the abode of eternal bliss these are the best means, because adapted to their spiritual nature, for ameliorating their moral condition. But judgments are valuable auxiliaries. By exhibiting the malignity of sin which has occasioned them, and the retributive justice of God from which they flow, they rouse the nation to genuine penitence, to the immediate renunciation of evil practices, which have brought down the divine wrath, and to the diligent cultivation of those Christian virtues to which has been annexed the promise of divine favour.
“For an example, look to the Israelites. For a very long period, prior to the crucifixion of our Lord when they were delivered up to destruction because they had consum. mated their guilt, all their calamities were directed to their improvement in religion and morals. Whether drought consumed their vallies and their bills, or locusts devoured their gardens and their vineyards, or war exposed them to privations and cruelties, or the pestilence after the manner of Egypt was sent among them, till the stink of their camps came up into their nostrils, Amos iv. 10., this was the object designed by the Almighty. Similar, we are inclined to believe, is the object for which he is now chastising these lands with pestilence among other calamities. Though our guilt has risen to an awful height from the greatness of our Scriptural privileges, and though our fall might now be recorded in the catalogue of mighty empires which have perished under the operation of vices less aggravated, yet are we still the object of the divine forbearance.
" It is quite true, the nation may disregard the loud call to repentance that is addressed to her, from heaven, by the calamaties under which she now suffers; but if she puts away her evils with an humbling sense of the dishonour they have cast on the name of God as well as of the injury they have inflicted on the souls of men,—and if she will learn righteousness, as the homage with which she should honour the reigning Mediator, and as the sound policy by which she should advance her temporal prosperity, then would she furnish a gratifying evidence, that she has been visited with her present troubles for her moral well-being, enjoys still the regard of her divine protector, and is des. tined, after she has come out of the furnace which now separates the alloy from the gold, to achieve an amount of real good, and enjoy a height of pure happiness to which she has never yet attained.
“3. Pestilence is calculated to rouse individuals to increased earnestness, diligence, and prayer in preparing for death. Such a fatal malady entering a town-'a disease which begins where others end, (i. e. with death,) is fitted to make the inhabitants consider their latter end, and to rouse up the most careless to prepare to meet their God.”
PESTILENCE CONSIDERED AS A MEDICAL SUBJECT. By viewing the subject in this light, we do not propose to usurp the office of the physician, but chiefly to take a religious view of a medical subject, with a hope to remove some prejudices, and to afford some assistance to the be. Merolent labours of those medical gentlemen who are engaged in the service of the poor.
1. We state our deliberate opinion—(an opinion not taken up upon slight evidence, nor without some means of judging, nor without observation,) that in the great majority of cases, an early recourse to proper advice and proper medicine, would save the sufferers. This opinion we have formed partly from observation and experience; but this opinion we should have formed, had we never known a case of the disease. We believe this pestilence is sent to reprove the practical atheism of the nation, and to display to the senses of men the close analogy between the diseases of the body and the sins of the soul. Now the sin of this land is not rejected, but postponed repentance. To a nation in this condition, God sends a disease that admits of no waiting. It ordinarily warns a little*- -that warning neglected, it smites but once again, and its victim falls. There cannot be a more awful and a more appropriate lesson! God is calling sinners to repentance, saying, “Turn ye, turn ye, for why will ye die ?" but he is reminding "a sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity,”? that if they neglect any longer the things that belong to their peace, the sentence is gone forth, and they will soon be “hid from their eyes.” Deal with this disease, then, as you would deal with sin ; resist its beginnings. The first suspicion even of the disease should never be neglected; and success in general depends on the speed of the application.
There may be a few, even among religious men, who object to medicine as unnecessary; and they may argue, that as there is certainly an “appointed time for man upon the earth,” it can neither be prolonged nor shortened by human means. This statement is true; but as an argument against the use of medicine, it is worth nothing; for it forms just as good an argument against the use of food as against the use of medicine; and until we employ it
* The promontory symptoms of Cholera ually consist in a loose state of the bowels, with or without griping slight pains. In all such cases, where there is the least cause for suspicion, recourse should be had immediately to medical advice; where that cannot be readily bad, the use of the following medicine may do much good, and cannot do injury. Castor oil, a large table-spoonful-tincture of rhubarb, a tea spoonful laudanum, thirty drops: the whole may be conveniently taken in a cup of hot sugar and water,
to warrant the rejection of the one, we cannot eni ploy it' for the neglect of the other.
2. We farther state our opinion, that wherever there is an hospital, patients should allow themselves to be removed 10 it. The poor can seldom receive proper attention in their own houses; besides, as we believe most potently in the contagious nature of the disease, the danger of the spreading of the infection amongst their families is much increased by remaining at home. Much senseless and wicked prejudice has been conjured up against Cholera Hospitals and Physicians. We may be laughed at for the declaration, yet will we state our conviction, that these prejudices are, in a great degree, of the wiles of the devil, and that the object of the wile is, to fill the minds of the poor with bitterness against the rich, by which they will be prevented of seeing the hand of God, or of turning to him by repentance. The suspicions and prejudices of the poor we know to be utterly unfounded. All that skill, and care, and tendernes can far. nish, we know to be most diligently employed; and that where deaths are many and recoveries few, this arises not from the fault of the physicians, or of the remedies, but of the patients and their friends, who seldom give notice of the disease, till it has taken such hold of the constitu. tion as to bid defiance to medicine. To conclude
“Picture to your minds the indescribable wretchedness of an ungodly man smitten with this disease. You can imagine him engaged in his usual business with unabated ardour, or indulging in his usual pleasures with undiminished relish, or living in listless indolence, unmoved by the desolations that are taking place around him. In a moment, be is affected with alarming sensations. The sudden extinction of muscular energy, excruciating pains in the bowels, frequent spasms in the limbs, extreme coldness over the surface of the whole body, and interruption of the various vital organs, indicate, too clearly, that the dreaded disorder has come upon him. And now the anxieties of friends, and the efforts of physicians, and all the appliances that experience has yet recommended, are put forth with the view of rescuing bim from its fearful ravages. But all in vain. The cold perspiration, the blue skin, the sunken eye, the ghastly countenance, and the imperceptible pulse, mark the irresistible progress of the attack; and a few hours of extreme suffering to the patient, and heartrending grief to the relatives, have scarcely passed when death