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2. The early appointment of sacrifice is a testimony to the same doctrine. An innocent animal was slain by the command of God; the offerer was taught to regard it as presented instead of himself; he was required to sacrifice it in faith, that is, viewing it as a type of the promised Deliverer; and thus the minds of men were early famiļiarized with the doctrine of atonement, No other rea. sonable aocount ean be given of the origin and design of sacrifice,
3. The doctrine of atonement is the basis of the Mosaic law. Its fundamental principle is thus stated by an apostle: “ without shedding of blood is no remission.". This characterized all its ceremonies--and, to take one example, consider the nature of the anniversary of expia ation, described in the 16th chapter of Leviticus. Among other ceremonies, two goats were chosen, one of which was slain for a sin-offering, and the other reserved for a purpose thus described by the sacred historian: “Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel,-- putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness. And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited." The ceremony was typical of Christ, who was chosen from among men, had the sins of bis people laid upon him, and bore them away to a land of forgetfulness.
4. All the prophets bear witness to the same doctrine, Their testimony is thus summed up by an apostle: "Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently-searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow." And to see the juştness of the re. presentation, it is only necessary to consult the 53d chap. ter of Isaiah, Dan. ix. 24-7, and other parallel passages.
5. When Christ came he taught the same doctrine with prophets, respecting the desigd of his own death. “The Son of man came to give his life a ransom for many." Matt. xx. 28.-“The bread which I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”-John vi. 51. How can these be interpreted, otherwise than by admitting the death of Christ to have been an atonement for sig.
6. The same doctrine necessarily follows from the na"ture of our Lord's agony in the garden. It is recorded in Matt. xxvi. 36–46. The sufferer was perfectly innocent; no being ever endured distress so agonizing; this was inAicted by a God of infinite justice and mercy: how then shall it be accounted for? There is only one way to do so, admitting that God laid on him the iniquity of us all, that he suffered as an atoning sacrifice for sin. 7. This is the uniform doctrine of apostles.
Were we lo quote passages in proof of this assertion, we might tran. scribe a large portion of the New Testament. Christ died for our sins"-"in him we have redemption through his blood"-" he is the propitiation for our sins." This is the current language of apostles, and must be familiar to all who read their writings.
8. This is the doctrine which has been acknowledged by the Holy Ghost in all ages of the church, for the extension and revival of true religion. “ Christ crucified” is pronounced to be “the power of God and the wisdom of God”-the doctrine that manifests his wisdom and is accompanied by his power.- 1 Cor i. 21-31.
9. The doctrine of atonement is adduced by the Apostle Paul, as that which reconciles the salvation of a sinner with the holiness of God. " Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, that he might be just, and the justifier of him that believeth in Jesus.”-Rom. iii 25, 26.
10. This is the doctrine most prominently exhibited to view in the ordinance of the Lord's Supper. " This bread is my body, which is given for you—this cup is the New Testament in my blood which is shed for you.”—Luke xxii. 19, 20.
11. The atonement of Christ is the great theme of praise in heaven. This is the song which its blessed inhabitants ever sing, "unto him that loved us and washed us from our sins in his own blood, and hath made us priests and kings unto God and his father; to him be glory and do. minion for ever and ever. Amen." • By such a line of evidence might the doctrine of Christ's atonement be proved. Why, we may ask, is the evidence furnished so abundant? The reason is the importance of the doctrine. It proclaims the hope, the only hope, the all.sufficient hope of sinners. It announces a salvation full, free, perfect, and everlasting. By it the singer has
access to God here, and will have uninterrupted access to him for ever. Whoever understands and receives this doctrine, may adopt the encouraging language of the apostle," having therefore boldness to enter into the ho liest, by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us through the vail, that is to say, his flesh; let us draw near with a a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water." -Heb. x. 19-22.
III.-The offices of Christ as Mediator. It is as Medi. ator Christ is connected with the church. In that capa city he was born, lived, suffered, died, rose again, ascend. ed to heaven, intercedes there, and will come again to judge the world. It is in this relation the apostle speaks of him in Phil. ii. 9-11, “God hath highly exalted him and given him a name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow;" and in Eph. i. 20-22," he gave him to be head over all things to the church." In a word he lives, as Mediator, to apply and complete the work which he has undertaken, and to execute, for this purpose, the offices of prophet, priest, and king towards his people.
1. He is the prophet of the church. “ He executes the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by his word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation. The subjectmatter of that which he reveals is the will of God. He makes his people acquainted with every thing which it is necessary for them to know. The means which he em. ploys for this purpose are his word and Spirit--the word, in which the will of God is recorded, and the Spirit, by which the word is explained. And the purpose of all this is our salvation, that the mind being thereby enlightened, the man may be delivered from the guilt and impu. rity of sin. Let us learn, like Mary, to sit at the feet of Christ, and be made wise unto salvation.
2. He is the priest of the church. “ Christ executes the office of a priest in his once offering up of himself a sacrifice satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us 19 God, and in making continual intercession for us." The duties of the priesthood are three, to offer sacrifice, make inter. cession, and bless. The first of these Christ has already completed, “ for by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified." Heb. X. 14. The
others he lives to discharge, interceding for his people on the ground of the sacrifice which he made of himself, and dispensing blessings, as they are needed, in virtue of that meritorious work. It is through his intercession that the benefits of his sacrifice are conveyed to his people.
3. He is the king of the church. This office he executes; "by subduing us to himself, ruling and defending us, and restraining and conquering all his and our enemies." The first conquest he makes is the soul of the sinner, and that being subdued to the acknowledgment of his authority, he rules over him with a gentle but universal dominion-defends him against the assaults of the world, the devil, and the flesh-restrains the wrath of his tem, poral and spiritual foes--and conquers them in the end, 80 as to give his servant a complete victory.
Thus it will be seen that Christ, in the execution of his offices, brings his mediatorial work to perfection, by a practical and personal application of it to the conscience and life of man. Till then, let it never be forgotteri, we hare no reason to consider ourselves interested in its benea fits. And when it is so applied how important, the in fluence it may be expected to exert over the character! It discovers a good ground of hope, and produces peace. It reveals the way of access to God, and leads to a life of fellowship with him. It brings the love of God to bear upon the mind, and the man is constrained to live to him. It unfolds the necessity of holiness, and engages the believer to the practice of it in all its branches. Would we know then whether we are savingly interested in the mediatorial work of Christ, let us examine whether we have felt and how far we manifest its practical influence,
He is the propitiation for our sins, and hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.?
1. John ii. 2, 3.
THEOLOGICAL SCHOOL AT GENEVA:
[We publish the following important Artiole from the American
“ Boston Recorder."-May the Lord grant prosperity to the noble undertaking.-EDIT.)
AN appeai in behalf of the Theological Seminary recently established at Geneva by the Evangelical part of the Church in Switzerland, has lately been made to the citizens at Boston by the Rev. Mr. Proudfit. Mr. P. has recently returned from Europe. The object of presenting this subject to the Churches in Boston was to obtain funds to aid their perse: cuted brethren at Geneva in their important enterprise.
It is ucnecessary to repeat the statements already published respecting, the plan of the Seminary and the high character of the gentlemen by whom it was projected and under whose management it will continue. The Professors-four have already accepted appointments are learned, able, pious, devoted men. A building—the house in which CALVIN died -has been procured and fitted up with the necessary lecture rooms, &c. the students can have access to a very large public library-the expen-, ses of living at Geneva are very moderate-there are in the city many devoted Christians—and the location combines various other advantages which seem to designate it as the place for a school that shall send out evangelical ministers for all France.
The Protestant churches in France are borne down with a dead weight of governmental patronage and regulation. The pastors must be educated at schools which are under the dominion of Socinianism and Ra. tionalism. Rev. Adolphe Monod, who is spoken of as the most able and eloquent evangelical clergyman in France, has lately been deprived of his living, on account of his refusal to admit to the Lord's table persons of potorious immoral lives. He will probably form a new evangelical congregation, independent of the civil authority.
" It has been stated in our paper, that the clergymen who are engaged in the establishment of the new School at Geneva, had incurred the displeasure of the Company of Pastors, and would probably be deprived of their livings and degraded from their ministry. A letter just received from the Rey. Samuel Greene of this city, states that this act of intolerance has actually been perpetrated by the ‘liberal Christians' of Geneva. Thus it seems probable that Evangelical Christians, both in France and Switzer. land, will be driven to take the ground of Independents or Congregational. ists; and against their efforts in that character, there is no law in either country.
“France is in such a state that efforts of this kind may be entered upon with strong hope of success. The Romish religion is in disgrace ; and Mr. Proudfit related several anecdotes to show that, in many cases at least, the prevalent infidelity is based on the false supposition that Popery and Christianity are identical. Remoye this impression, and you gain a willing ear for the truth. It is said that the Romish clergy, as a body, are in such ill repute, that respectable men do not educate their sons for that profession as formerly, and resort is had to the foundling hospitals to obtain candidates for orders !
" Evangelical Christians in France and Switzerland are comparatively few and have not great wealth at their command ; and an appeal has ac. eordingly been made to their brethren elsewhere, and to us, for aid. Funds are wanted for the support of students. This is thought, there and here, to be the most safe and efficient means of assisting in their entèrprise and of promoting religion in France. The new school will send forthe men of the right character-students will come from the vallies of Piedmont, and from various parts of the French enpire-some, it is said, will go from this country; and Geneva may again become a cheering and radiant centre of spiritual light and influence for France and for Europe: