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Treasury, 1801-1813: one of the signatories of the Treaty of Ghent (1814): the author of able pamphlets on Currency (1829): and in 1843 became the president of the New York Historical Society.

HAMILTON, ALEXANDER (1757 – 1804). — By Henry Cabot

[30h] Lodge. ::: “No American except Washington has had everything which he ever wrote, said, " or did, published with such elaboration as has fallen to the lot of Hamilton, nor has “any other American, historically speaking, been so much discussed, so much criticised, “ and so much written about." He was a strong opponent of Jefferson and Aaron Burr, and the latter ultimately challenged and mortally wounded him. It was but little satisfaction that Burr had to leave the State-lived many years in Europe in poverty, and never recovered his position on his return to New York in 1812, where he resumed practice as a lawyer. Hamilton's eldest son was killed in a duel two years previously to his father's death.

HENRY, PATRICK (1736-1799).—By Moses Coit Tyler.

[301] .:: No life of this Orator has been previously written except Wirt's of 1817. This, therefore, furnishes a very large amount of new information about this remarkable man. He failed in business three times and then tried the profession of the law, and after many years of obscurity sprang into sudden distinction by his victory in 1763 in “ the Parsons “ Cause," when he defeated the clergy who were trying to enforce their rights under an old Statute to receive 16,000 pounds of tobacco in payment of their salaries. His speech was very violent and “charged with treason and trampled under foot the inte“rests of religion," but unrebuked by the Judges (one of whom was his father) he carried the jury with him and created for himself a great popularity. In presenting his resolutions (1765) against the Stamp Act he cried : “Cæsar had his Brutus, Charles the First his Cromwell, and George the Third” (here he was interrupted by loud cries of Treason), and after a pause he added “and George the Third may profit by their “example. If this be treason, make the most of it.” He was Governor of Virginia 1776-79 and again 1784-85. JACKSON, ANDREW (1767-1845), as a Public Man: What he [307] was, What chances he had, and what he did with

them.-Tenth Edition. By William Graham Sumner. .:: He was elected President in 1828, and probably the most important event of his first administration was the veto (July, 1832) of the Re-Charter of the Bank of the United States and the most stirring in his second administration (he was reēlected 1832) was the Proclamation of December, 1832, against the Nullifiers and his determination to stamp out the treason. Mr. Sumner sums up the character of Jackson by remarking that his successes outran his ambition—that he had his desire upon all his enemies, Clay, Calhoun, the Bank, and Biddle, adding that “ It does not appear that he ever “ repented of anything, ever thought he had been in the wrong in anything, or ever “forgave an enemy as a specific individual.”

The volume closes with a List (pp. 387-392) of the Books referred to in this work.

It was during Jackson's administration that the Spoils system became a part of politics. It was in the debate on Van Buren's confirmation that William L. Marcy“ cyni“cally avowed the doctrine • To the victors belong the spoils.'”

JEFFERSON, THOMAS (1743–1826).—Tenth Edition. By John

[30k] T. Morse, Jr. :: Jefferson was the third President of the United States and served for two terms, viz., from 1801 to 1809, and established his Jeffersonian simplicity. He wore a suit “of plain cloth” on the day of his inauguration and rode unattended on horseback instead of in a coach and six, dismounted without assistance and hitched the bridle of his horse to a fence. He effected the purchase of Louisiana for $15,000,000, which had been ceded by Spain to France, and among his greatest acts may be recorded the inauguration by him of the suppression of the Algerine pirates in the Mediterranean. He sent out the overland exploring expedition to the Pacific, conducted by Captains Lewis and Clarke.

MADISON, JAMES (1751-1836).–Fifth Thousand. By Sydney

[301] Howard Gay. .: Madison was the fourth President of the United States and served two terms, 1809 to 1817. His great work was “finished with the adoption of the Constitution. He “ had gained the well-earned title of • Father of the Constitution.'” The war of 1812 was the most serious matter during his presidency.

MARSHALL, JOHN (1755-1835).-Fourth Thousand. By Allan

[30m] B. Magruder. .: This eminent Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, during the thirty-four years of his judicial career, delivered judgments, etc., filling about thirty volumes. Probably the most important case before him was the trial of Aaron Burr for high treason, 1806–7. His Life of Washington was most severely reviewed. The truth was, probably, that the time had not arrived when a good Life could be written. His “ prodigious octavos,” equal to about a dozen fashionable quartos, were too soon after Washington's death. The severest criticism upon them is: “ The work has long “ been out of print and copies of it are not in demand even by reason of rarity.” A statue of the Chief Justice, by Story, has been erected to his memory in Washington.

Monroe, JAMES (1758–1831), In his Relations to the Public (30n] Service during half a century, 1776 to 1826.—Eighth

Edition. By Daniel C. Gilman. .: Monroe was the fifth President of the United States, and in his time led an active

He was Governor of Virginia 1799–1802 and again in 1811, and Envoy Extraordinary to France to complete the Louisiana purchase. He was elected President in 1816 and reëlected in 1820. He is best remembered by his formulation of the “ Monroe Doctrine" in his Message of 1823 in the words (p. 159): “ We owe it there“ fore to candor and to the amicable relations existing between the United States and “ those (the European] powers to declare that we should consider any attempt on their


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“part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our "peace and safety."

At the end of the volume is a full “Appendix” (pp. 218–280), containing (1) Memoranda on Monroe's Genealogy; (2) Washington's Notes upon the Appendix to Monroe's “View of the Conduct of the Executive,” now first printed; (3) Synopsis of Monroe's Presidential Messages; and (4) Bibliography of Monroe, and the Monroe Doctrine.

RANDOLPH, JOHN (1773–1833).--Ninth Edition. By Henry [300] Adams.

.:: This was the first volume of the Series of "American Statesmen.” Randolph's ill-trained youth, quickly developing into violent deism, was a poor preparation for his political Life. Garland says of him, He was an Ishmaelite, his hand against every man and every man's hand against him. His opposition to the War with England in 1812 was so violent that he failed to secure reēlection to Congress, and the Richmond Enquirer denounced him as “ a nuisance and a curse."

In 1826 he insulted Mr. Clay, describing him as a “combination of the Puritan with “ the blackleg” and as “a being so brilliant and yet so corrupt, which like a rotten “mackerel by moonlight shined and stunk.” Naturally he had to answer for such language in a duel, and then threw away his shot and held out his hand to the man he had insulted.

His will was disputed and he was held to have been insane for some years, so that the only difficulty for his biographers is to ascertain when his insanity commenced.

The descriptions given, in the last chapter, of his speeches towards the end of his life seem hardly credible.

WEBSTER, DANIEL (1782-1852).—Ninth Edition. By Henry

[30P] Cabot Lodge. :: Daniel Webster's own summary of his brilliant career as a lawyer and not successful management of his private affairs was: “I have given my life to law and politics. “ Law is uncertain and politics are utterly vain.” Yet for thirty years he had “ stood " at the head of the Bar and of the Senate, the first Lawyer and the first Statesman of “the United States.” Some consider that his “greatest and most renowned oratorical "effort” in the Senate was his speech in January, 1830, in defence of the Union and Constitution in answer to the speech of Mr. Hayne of South Carolina affirming the right of a State to nullify the acts of Congress. The account (p. 172, etc.) is very interesting. Webster is said to have really had twenty-four hours only to prepare his speech, but is reported to have said, “ That his whole life had been a preparation for it. When “ Hayne made that attack,” said Webster, “ upon me and upon New England I was “ already posted, and only had to take down my notes from my pigeon-hole and refresh “my memory. In other words, if Calhoun had tried to make a speech to fit my notes “ he could not have hit it better.”

See Dibdin,


Thomas Frognall.

Ames, Mary Clemmer.-MEMORIAL, A, OF ALICE AND PHOEBE [31] Cary, with some of their later Poems. Illustrated by two

portraits on steel. New York: Hurd and Houghton. 1873. I 2mo. Cloth, lettered and ornamented. Illust.

Front., and p. 155. .: The Life or Memorial is given pp. 1-236, the later poems of Alice Cary pp. 241– 312, and those of Phoebe Cary 315–351. Amicis, Edmondo de.See De Amicis. Amory, Martha Babcock.—[Copley and Lyndhurst.] The Do[32] MESTIC AND ARTISTIC LIFE OF John SINGLETON COPLEY, R.

A. (with Portrait): With Notices of his Works, and Reminiscences of his Son, Lord Lyndhurst, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company.

1882. 8vo. Half morocco, top edges gilt. .: A biography of the noted Painter (1737–1815). His most noted picture, the “ Death of Chatham,” with fifty-five portraits, is now in the London National Gallery. This was engraved by Bartolozzi, who agreed with Copley to execute the engraving for £2000.

The Life and Correspondence of Lord Lyndhurst (1772–1863), four times Chancellor, are arrayed in the form of an exceedingly vehement refutation of the statements of Lord Campbell in his Lives of the Chancellors, vol. viii. “To answer the calumnies written by “him against Lord Lyndhurst who would never be on intimate or friendly terms with him “ is one of the principal objects of the present volume.” Mrs. Amory's book was probably not published in time to come under the notice of the writer of the article “ Lynd“ hurst” in the new Encyclopædia Britannica. There the political tergiversations of the Chancellor are stated very boldly: it is asserted that before he was “taken up by the “ Tories” he was a man of the most advanced views, a republican, and Jacobin. In one year he spoke in the House strongly against, and later strongly in favor of Catholic Emancipation, he having come into power between whiles. After he was out of power he advocated the admission of Jews into Parliament and coöperated with Mrs. Norton in advocating women's rights in questions of divorce. His changes of opinion excited much comment at the time, but he met it with imperturbable good humour. His granddaughter Mrs. Amory, however, deems he was never open to the charges of holding advanced views, or being a republican, and least of all being tainted with Jacobinism.

Mrs. Amory died before the work was published, and the task of putting it through the press was undertaken by Dr. Charles Kneeland of Boston.

Lord Lyndhurst was very ready-tongued, and once when Lord Brougham declared of a salary attached to some appointment that it was all “ moonshine,” Lord Lyndhurst retorted, “ May be so, my lord Harry; but I have a confounded strong notion that, moon“shine though it be, you would like to see the first quarter of it.”

His political inconsistencies are undeniable, and the personal relations between Lord Campbell and himself seem to have been different (outwardly at least) from Mrs. Amory's view of them, when judged from Lord Campbell's Life of the Chancellor. Anacreon.—The Odes. See British Poets (Moore, Vol. I.). Anacreon.-Works. See Collectanea Adamantæa (Vol. I.).(a) Anacreon. See Derby, Earl of (Homer, II.). Andersen, Carl.--ROSENBORG. Mindeblade fra de Danske Kon[33] gers Kronologiske Samling. Copenhagen Forlagsbureauet.

1867. Large 8vo. Half morocco. ROSENBORG. Notes on the Chronological Collection of the

Danish Kings. Translated by Charles Shaw. With the original Danish edition, containing 52 large woodcuts.

Same imprint. 1868. .:: The Chronological Collection of the Danish Kings “ forms an entailed property “of the royal house, but is under the control of the State.” The collection was founded in 1648, and now occupies the entire “ Rosenborg Castle.” The architecture of this castle is attributed to Inigo Jones (1604). One or more rooms are devoted to “the reign of each king decorated in the style of the period.”

The Danish text has 52 illustrations and the three most interesting features of the Collection seem to be (a) the “Oldenborg horn” (pp. 13 and 4) of the time of Christian I. (circa 1450), the legend of which is given in detail; (b) the Coronation Chair of the Danish Kings (pp. 37 and 46), nearly four ells in height and made of unicorns' or narwals' tusks, a material which at the time when procured for the chair “had a “value of its own weight in silver ;” and (c) the superb “Glass Room” (pp. 90 and 47), more rich in Venetian glass than any other collection in the world. Anderson, J. Corbet.—MANSIONS OF ENGLAND. See Nash, Joseph. Andree, Richard.—[Atlas.] ALLGEMEINER Hand-Atlas in sechs[34] undachtzig Karten mit erläuterndem Text. Bielefeld und

Leipzig : Velhagen & Klasing. 1881. Folio. Half mo

rocco. Indexes, 2 col. a. t., and 6 col. p. 98. .: The Maps are on 96 (not 86) sheets, followed by 98 pages of explanatory Text. The Maps are executed in an excellent style on thick paper and the names are printed in a very clear and distinct series of types. Andrews, Dr. Ethan Allen (1787–1858).—LATIN-ENGLISH LEXI[35] con founded on the larger Latin-German Lexicon of Dr.

William Freund: with additions and corrections from the
Lexicons of Gesner, Facciolati, Scheller, Georges, etc. New
York: Harper & Brothers. 1874. Impl. 8vo., printed in
triple columns. Sheep, marbled edges.

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