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Kugler, Franz Theodor (1808–1858).—HANDBOOK OF PAINTING: [877] The German, Flemish, Dutch, Spanish, and French

Schools: Partly Translated from the German of Kugler by a Lady. Edited with Notes by Sir Edmund Head, Bart. Illustrated Edition. London: John Murray. 1854. 2 vols. 12mo. Half russia, top edges gilt. Illust., see each Vol. at end of Prefatory matter. Indexes, 2 col. Vol. I. pp.

357–377, and Vol. II. pp. 355-373. ::: These volumes are translated by Lady Elizabeth (Rigby), the wife of Sir Charles Lock Eastlake.

A very good account of the Van Eyck “Adoration of the Lamb,” at Ghent, is given Vol. I. pp. 58-68.

In the French School three Engravings are given (Vol. II. p. 226) of works by the royal Artist, René of Anjou (1409–1480), who, when told his Kingdom was lost, never took his brush from the canvas on which he was then employed. His chief works are at Aix-la-Chapelle, if, indeed, they are his, and not executed by Nicholas Froment (of Avignon), who was in the King's employ, and who seems undoubtedly to have painted some of the “ attributed” works of René.

Kugler, Franz Theodor.-HANDBOOK OF PAINTING: The Italian [878] Schools: Translated from the German of Kugler, by a

Lady. Edited, with Notes, by Sir Charles L. Eastlake,
President of the Royal Academy. Third Edition, with
more than 100 Illustrations, from the Works of the Old
Masters, drawn on wood, by George Scharf, Jun. London:
John Murray. 1855. 2 vols. 8vo. Half russia, top edges

gilt. Illust. Vol. I. pp. XXV.-xxix. ::: On page xxx, is given a List of 46 Madonnas by Raphaël, engravings of which will be found at pp. 330 and 372 in a most convenient form for identification of that Artist's many Madonnas.

The pagination of the Book is continuous through the two volumes.

At pp. 517-556 is given an Essay on the First Century of Italian Engraving by Francis Turner Palgrave, followed (pp. 557-577) by a List of Places referred to and (pp. 578–583) a list of Names of Artists.

In places where the Paintings described are in two or more buildings, in one town or city, the names of the separate buildings are distinguished: e.g., in Florence thirty different Churches, Academies, etc., are quoted with a list of the Paintings contained in each.

L. J. E. [Mrs. J. E. Low.]-Ten Days in the Jungle. Boston: [879] Cupples, Upham and Company. 1885. 16mo. Half

crushed levant, top edges gilt. .:: This is an account of ten days spent in Perak (a Malay word, meaning “ silver," and pronounced Pay-rah), one of the provinces of the Malayan Peninsula. Miss Bird describes the same place in the “Golden Chersonese.” Gutta-percha was first found here, and the more recent discovery of tin has converted this portion of the ancient Aurea Chersonesus into a centre of great activity. L., J. R. [Lowell, James Russell.]—LIFE OF KEATS, John. See

British Poets.

L., R., Gentleman.-DIELLA: Certaine Sonnets. See Book

worm's Garner (Vol. I.).(a) Labberton, Robert H.-HISTORICAL ATLAS, AN, containing a [880] chronological series of One Hundred and four Maps, at

successive periods from the dawn of history to the present day. Sixth Edition. Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen and

Haffelfinger. 1880. Oblong 4to. Cloth. .The object of these Maps is “to illustrate the leading events of History from the " earliest ages to the present time.” There are 12 Plates illustrating Eastern History. 9

Greek 27

Roman u 16

Mediæval 52

Modern The List of Plates and Maps is followed by an Analytical and Chronological Index, with references from each event to the Map to which it refers. Labberton, Robert H.-HISTORICAL QUESTIONS logically arranged [881] and divided, The Companion book to Labberton's Out

lines of History. Sixth Edition. Philadelphia: Claxton,

Remsen & Haffelfinger. 1878. Oblong 4to. Cloth. .: A series of 12,744 Questions in History. Almost the last is, “ Can you explain “the reason of this?"-a very pertinent query for the Student who has found answers to nearly 13,000 Questions.

Labberton, Robert H.-OUTLINES OF HISTORY from the earliest [882) records to the present time. With original Tables, chro

nological, genealogical, and literary. Fourteenth Edition. Enlarged, Thoroughly Revised, and Brought down to 1879. Philadelphia: John Highlands. 1886. Oblong

4to. Cloth. .:: A very admirable book of reference, giving (inter alia) all the great Wars, their causes, duration, results, etc., with an alphabetical List of all the names mentioned in the Tables, with particulars of the birth, death, and leading events in each life.

At the end is a series of genealogical successions to the principal Kingdoms.

The most important additions (including 44 pp. to the Appendix) in this Edition are enumerated in the “ Preface to the Twelfth Edition” (p. 5).

Lacroix, Paul (Bibliophile, Jacob] (1807-1884).—A SERIES OF [883] Works descriptive of Manners, Customs, and the Arts

during the Middle Ages and down to 1815. Paris : Firmin-Didot, Frères (except Vol. V., by George Hurtrel). 1873–1884. 9 vols. Impl. 8vo. Half morocco, extra, elaborately ornamented, edges gilt. Bindings by Engel

and others. Vol. 1. Moyen Age, Les Arts au; et à l'Époque de la Renaissance Ouvrage illustré de

dix-neuf planches chromolithographiques exécutées par F. Kellerhoven et de quatre cents gravures sur bois. Quatrième Édition. 1873. Illust., 2 col. pp. 541-544.

: The “Moyen Age” fills Vol. I.-IV.of the Series and deals respectively with The Arts—The Manners and Customs—The Military and Civil Lifeand The Science and Letters of the Age.

The chromolithographs are beautifully executed, and among the most attractive are :

Paris in the fifteenth Century (p. 52), from the Tapestry at Beauvais : which bears an inscription to the effect, “ Fifteen hundred and forty-nine years after the “ Deluge the noble King Paris, the eighteenth of that name, founded in great “pomp the beautiful town and city of Paris, six hundred and fifty-eight years, “ I believe, before the foundation of Rome.” The plate shows Notre Dame The Tour of St. Jacques—The Sainte Chapelle-besides some other buildings since destroyed.

The Entry of Queen Isabel of Bavaria into Paris, 20 June, 1389 (p. 122), from a Miniature in the Chronicles of Froissart, in which the workmanship is remarkably beautiful.

A portion of a Window of the 16th century, from Saint Gudule at Brussels (p. 268), representing Francis the First and Eleanor, of Spain, sister of Charles V., his Wife praying while S. Francis of Assisi receives the Stigmata


of the Saviour. This window was given to the Church by the King and his wife, who paid for it 400 florins,“ an important sum at that period.”

The charming painting (p. 306), attributed to Margaret Van Eyck (ob. 1430), of Saint Catherine with the instruments of her death, and Saint Agnes with the Lamb, the symbol of her innocence, lying at her side, whilst the head of the Emperor Maximin II. (called by the Greeks Maxentius), who ordered St. Catherine's martyrdom, grovels in a corner upon the ground.

And, lastly, the Coronation of Charles the Fifth, King of France, in 1364 (p. 482), in which the faces are so cleanly and excellently drawn as to attract instant attention,

The wood engravings deserve equal notice, e. g. (p. 331), the curious cut of the Archdukes and German Barons assisting, in ceremonial robes, at the Consecration of the Emperor Maximilian, “ from Burgmair's • The Triumph “of Maximilian'”: and (p. 379) Albert Dürer's bas-relief in wood of St. John Baptist preaching in the Wilderness.

This Volume deals with the following Subjects : Civil and Religious Furniture — Tapestry-Pottery-Armour-Saddlery— Jewellery-Clocks—Musical Instruments—Playing Cards—Painted Glass-Frescoes—Paintings on wood and canvas – Engraving –Sculpture --Architecture - Parchments Manuscripts—Miniatures in Manuscripts—Binding and Printing.

The four volumes composing Moyen Age et la Renaissance were origi

nally published 1847–1851, and are regarded as valuable and important. II, Moyen Age, Moeurs, Usages et Costumes au; et à l'Époque de la Renaissance :

Ouvrage illustré de quinze planches chromolithographiques exécutées par F.
Kellerhoven et de quatre cent quarante gravures. Troisième Édition. 1873.
Illust. pp. 597–600.

.:: The chromolithograph (facing the title-page) of the Queen of Sheba before Solomon is from a miniature (attributed to Memling) in the Breviary of Cardinal Grimani, (in the Library of S. Mark, Venice,) in which the Queen and her five attendant maidens and Solomon and his four (called six in the description in the book) courtiers are all in fifteenth century costumes, and is worth attention; as is also —

“The Chess-players” (p. 256), a miniature from “ The three Ages of man,” a manuscript executed at the end of the fifteenth century, and attributed to Estienne Porchier.

The full-page wood engraving (p. 262) of the Torch-Dance is very interesting. It is after a painting on wood in 1463, and represents a dance at Lille, in 1453, given during the fêtes of the Court of Burgundy. The names of the high and mighty personages who danced and the date of the picture are prominent on the painting, but the Painter's name is unknown.

This volume deals with the Condition of the People and the Lands, Feudal and Communal Rights, Private Life in Chateaux, towns, and the country, Food and Cooking, The Chase, Amusements, Commerce, Trade Corporations, Imposts, Justice and the Tribunals, Secret Tribunals, Punishments, The Jews, Bohemians and Mendicants, etc., Ceremonies, and Costumes.


III. Moyen Age, Vie Militaire et Religieuse au; et à l'Époque de la Renaissance :

Ouvrage illustré de 14 chromolithographies exécutées par F. Kellerhoven,
Régamey et L. Allard, et de 409 figures sur bois gravées par Huyot Père et
Fils. 1873. Illust. pp. 565–568.

.:: Four of the chromo-lithographs deserve special notice :

The Frontispiece, Anne of Brittany, (1476-1514,) Queen of France, “en“ tourée de ses Patronnes," a miniature from the “ Hours of Anne of Brit" tany," preserved in the National Library, Paris, is beautiful in itself and very frequently copied. This Miniature forms the frontispiece to the first Book of Curmer's “ Imitation of Jesus Christ.”

That (at p. 366) of the “Angels presenting to God the Souls of the newly “ Elect” deserves notice from its quaintness. The newly raised from the dead are nudes and some sitting pick-a-back, and others standing on the shoulders or the hands of Angels are being exhibited to the Almighty, Who is shown in a nimbus of glory. The miniature is attributed to Memling, and is taken from the Breviary of Cardinal Grimani, above mentioned.

This should be compared with the charming portion (p. 556) of a picture by Fra Angelico (1387-1455) of the Last Judgment, in which the various first actions of those just raised from the dead are remarkably portrayed.

And a portion of “ The Triumph of Death” (p. 506), from a fresco of Orcagna in the fourteenth century, in which a hunting party is arrested in the presence of three corpses in three coffins, one reduced to a skeleton and the other two half decomposed, with many attendant consequences. This shows remarkable skill in the varied countenances of the gentlefolks and the attendant varlets, pages, and hunters with their bloodhounds and other dogs. A full description of the entire fresco is given in Crowe and Cavalcaselle : (Painting in Italy, Vol. I. p. 444, etc.)

This volume treats of Feudal service, Battles, Shipping, Crusades, Chivalry Duels and Tourneys, Military Orders, Liturgical Ceremonies, The Popes, Secular Clergy, Religious Orders, Charitable Institutions, Pilgrimages, Here

sies, Inquisition, Funerals, and Burials. IV. Moyen Age, Sciences, & Lettres au; et à l'Époque de la Renaissance : Ouvrage

Illustré de treize chromolithographies exécutées par Compère, Daumont, Pralon et Werner, et de quatre cents gravures sur bois. Deuxième Édition. 1877. Illust. pp. 605-608.

•: Among the most noticeable of the chromolithographs are :

A Map of South America (p. 320), being a facsimile from a Spanish Atlas, executed at Messina in 1582.

In conjunction with which may be examined (p. 319) a facsimile of the signature attached to an autograph letter of Christopher Columbus, written from Seville in April, 1502.

The Virgin, Queen of Heaven, presiding at an assembly of Saints (p. 482), should not be overlooked. It is a picture of the fifteenth century, preserved in Frankfort on the Main, and is as terrestrial a conception of celestial manners and customs as can well be imagined.

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