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A

CHRONOLOGICAL INTRODUCTION

TO THE

HISTORY OF THE CHURCH,

BEING

A NEW INQUIRY INTO THE

TRUE DATES OF THE BIRTH AND DEATH

OF

Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ;

AND CONTAINING

AN ORIGINAL HARMONY OF THE FOUR GOSPELS,

NOW FIRST ARRANGED IN THE ORDER OF TIMB.

BY THE

REV. SAMUEL FARMAR JARVIS, D.D., LL.D.,

HISTORIOGRAPHER OF THE CHURCH
KEMBER OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA; THE AMERICAN ACAD.
EMY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES OF BOSTON; THE AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY OY
WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS; THE HISTORICAL SOCIETIES OF NEW-YORK
AND CONNECTICUT; CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE NATIONAL

INSTITUTE AT WASHINGTON, ETC., ETC., ETC.

NEW-YORK:

PUBLISHED BY HARPER & BROTHERS,

No. 82 CLIFF-STREET.

184 5.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1844,

By Samuel FARMAR Jarvis, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Connecticut.

582592

G029

PREFACE.

26045 Vent lou

The immediate occasion and motives of the following work. will be best shown by the annexed extracts from the Journals, for 1838 and 1841, of the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. The Introductory Chapter will also explain all that needed to be said at the beginning concerning its purpose and plan. It remains now, after the task has been accomplished, to give the reader a concise statement of the results.

n the First Part, appertaining to ancient history in general, the following have been obtained:

First. The ancient dates have been accurately adjusted to the modern, from the year 776 before to the year 238 after the received Christian æra; a period of 1014 solar or tropical years.

Secondly. The supposed discrepancy of one year, between the computations of Varro and the Fasti Capitolini, and other public records of the Roman government, has been shown not to exist.

Thirdly. The consular chronology of Rome has been corrected. The computations of Bianchini, in opposition to those of Petavius and other moderns, have been proved to be the most correct; while the untenable hypothesis of

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Bianchini, of a suppressed consulship at the close of the reign of Caligula, has been disproved; and the consulship suppressed, not by the ancients, nor by any act of authority, but by the moderns, in consequence of an error of computation, is shown to have been taken from the last year of the reign of Antoninus Pius.

Fourthly. By a careful induction from the Greek and Latin historians of the Roman empire, aided by astronomical calculations, the true dates of the deaths of Julius Cæsar, Augustus, and Tiberius, are shown to have been each one year earlier than the dates assigned to those events by modern, in opposition to ancient, writers.

Fifthly. The interesting subject of the three times in which the temple of Janus was shut by Augustus, is illustrated by a careful comparison and examination of ancient historians; and the truth of the facts recorded by Orosius and other Christian writers, established as distinct from the dates of Orosius, which are proved to be incorrect.

Sixthly. The exact date of the associate or proconsular government of Tiberius is shown to have been so much earlier than his sole reign, as to make the nineteenth year of the one coincide partly with the fifteenth year of the other.

Seventhly. The chronology of the Roman emperors has been accurately adjusted by consulships, from the destruction of the republic to the death of the Maximini, and the accession of the younger Gordian. That being the year in which Censorinus wrote, the correctness of his dates, and the exact series of the consulships herein given, are thereby confirmed and demonstrated.

In the Second Part, appertaining to our Lord's personal history, the following results have been obtained :

I. That the ministration of John the Baptist began about the great day of Atonement, at the beginning of

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