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Creator, which must be clearly apprehend- And here I cannot but remark, how much ed, and manifested with power unto the effect and simplicity go together in the anconscience. We believe, that however much nals of Moravianism. The men of this truly philosophers may talk about the compara- interesting denomination, address themtive ease of forming those conceptions selves exclusively to that principle of our which are simple, they will, if in good earn- nature on which the proper influence of est after a right footing with God, soon dis-Christianity turns. Or, in other words, cover in their own minds, all that darkness they take up the subject of the gospel mesand incapacity about spiritual things, which sage, that message devised by him who knew are so broadly announced to us in the New what was in man, and who, therefore, knex Testament. And, oh! it is a deeply inter- how to make the right and the suitable apesting spectacle, to behold a man, who can plication to man. They urge the plain Word take a masterly and commanding survey of the Testimony; and they pray for a blessover the field of some human speculation, ing from on high; and that thick impalpable who can clear his discriminated way through veil, by which the god of this world blinds all the turns and ingenuities of some human the hearts of men who believe not, lest the argument, who by the march of a mighty and light of the glorious gospel of Christ should resistless demonstration, can scale with as- enter into them—that veil, which no sured footstep the sublimities of science, power of philosophy can draw aside, gives and from his firm stand on the eminence way to the demonstration of the Spirit; and he has won, can descry some wondrous thus it is, that a clear perception of scriprange of natural or intellectual truth spread tural truth, and all the freshness and perout in subordination before him ;-and yet manency of its moral influences, are to this very man may, in reference to the be met with among men who have just moral and authoritative claims of the God- emerged from the rudest and the grossest head, be in a state of utter apathy and blind- barbarity.-Oh! when one looks at the ness! All his attempts, either at the spiritu- number and the greatness of their achieveal discernment, or the practical impression ments; when he thinks of the change they of this doctrine, may be arrested and baffled have made on materials so coarse and so oy the weight of some great inexplicable unpromising; when he eyes the villages impotency. A man of homely talents, and they have formed ; and around the whole still homelier education, may see what he of that engaging perspective by which they cannot see, and feel what he cannot feel; have chequered and relieved the grim soliand wise and prudent as he is, there may tude of the desert, he witnesses the love, lie the barrier of an obstinate and impene- and listens to the piety of reclaiming trable concealment, between his accomplish- savages;—who would not long to be in ed mind, and those things which are re possession of the charm by which they vealed unto babes.

have wrought this wondrous transformaBut while his mind is thus utterly devoid tion—who would not willingly exchange of what may be called the main or elemental for it all the parade of human eloquence, principle of theology, he may have a far and all the confidence of human argument quicker apprehension, and have his taste -and for the wisdom of winning souls, and his feelings much more powerfully in- who is there that would not rejoice to throw terested, than the simple Christian who is the loveliness of the song, and all the inbeside him, by what may be called the cir- significancy of its passing fascinations, cumstantials of theology. He can throw a away from him? wider and more rapid glance over the mag- And yet it is right that every cavil against nitudes of creation. He can be more deli- Christianity should be met, and every argucately alive to the beauties and the sublimi- ment for it be exhibited, and all the graces ties which abound in it. He can, when the and sublimities of its doctrine be held idea of a presiding God is suggested to him, out to their merited admiration. And if it have a more kindling sense of his natural be true, as it certainly is, that throughout majesty, and be able, both in imagination the whole of this process, a man may be and in words, to surround the throne of carried rejoicingly along from the mere the Divinity by the blazonry of more great, indulgence of his taste, and the mere play and splendid, and elevating images. And and exercise of his understanding; while yet, with all those powers of conception conscience is untouched, and the supremawhich he does possess, he may not possess cy of moral claims upon the heart and the that on which practical Christianity hinges. conduct is practically disowned by himThe moral relation between him and God, it is further right that this should be advermay neither be effectively perceived, nor ted to; and that such a melancholy unfaithfully proceeded on. Conscience may be hingement in the constitution of man should in a state of the most entire dormancy, be fully laid open, and that he should be and the man be regaling himself with the driven out of the 'seductive complacency magnificence of God, while he neither loves which he is so apt to cherish, merely because God, nor believes God, nor obeys God. he delights in the loveliness of the song ; and that he should be urged with the im-| withheld from the exercise of loftiest talent, periousness of a demand which still remains is often brought down on an impressed auunsatisfied, to turn him from the corrupt dience, through the humblest of all instruindifference of nature, and to become per- mentality, with the demonstration of the sonally a religious man; and that he should Sptrit and with power. be assured how all the gratification he felt Think it not enough, that you carry in in listening to the word which respected your bosom an expanded sense of the magthe kingdom of God, will be of no avail, nificence of creation. But pray for a subunless that kingdom come to himself in duing sense of the authority of the Creator. power—that it will only go to heighten the Think it not enough, that with the justness perversity of his character-that it will not of a philosophical discernment, you have extenuate his real and practical ungodliness, traced that boundary which hems in all the but will serve most fearfully to aggravate possibilities of human attainment, and have the condemnation of it.

found that all beyond it is a dark and With a religion so argumentable as ours, fathomless unknown. But let this modesty it may be easy to gather out of it a feast of science be carried, as in consistency it for the human understanding. With a re- ought, to the question of revelation, and ligion so magnificent as ours, it may be let all the antipathies of nature be schooled easy to gather out of it a feast for the hu- to acquiescence in the authentic testimonies man imagination. But with a religion so of the Bible. Think it not enough that you humbling, and so strict, and so spiritual, it have looked with sensibility and wonder at is not easy to mortify the pride; or to quell the representation of God throned in imthe strong enmity of nature; or to arrest mensity, yet combining with the vastness the currency of the affections; or to turn of his entire superintendence, a most thothe constitutional habits; or to pour a new rough inspection into all the minute and complexion over the moral history; or to countless diversities of existence. Think of stem the domineering influence of things your own heart as one of these diversities; seen and things sensible; or to invest faith and that he ponders all its tendencies; and with a practical supremacy; or to give its has an eye upon all its movements; and objects such a vivacity of influence as shall marks all its waywardness; and, God of overpower the near and the hourly im- judgment as he is, records its every secret, pressions, that are ever emanating upon and its every sin, in the book of his rememman from a seducing world. It is here brance. Think it not enough, that you that man feels himself treading upon the have been led to associate a grandeur with limit of his helplessness. It is here that he the salvation of the New Testament; when sees where the strength of nature ends; and made to understand that it draws upon it the power of grace must either be put forth, the regards of an arrested universe. How is or leave him to grope his darkling way, it arresting your own mind? What has been without one inch of progress towards the the earnestness of your personal regards life and the substance of Christianity. It towards it? And tell me, if all its faith, is here that a barrier rises on the contem- and all its repentance, and all its holiness plation of the inquirer—the barrier of sepa- are not disowned by you? Think it not ration between the carnal and the spiritual, enough, that you have felt a sentimental and on which he may idly waste the every charm when angels were pictured to your energy which belongs to him, in the en- fancy, as beckoning you to their mansions, terprise of surmounting it. It is here, that and anxiously looking to the every sympafter having walked the round of nature's tom of your grace and reformation. Oh! acquisitions, and lavished upon the truth of be constrained by the power of all this tenall his ingenuities, and surveyed it in its derness, and yield yourselves up in a pracevery palpable character of grace and ma- tical obedience to the call of the Lord God jesty; he will still feel himself on a level merciful and gracious. Think it not enough with the simplest and most untutored of the that you have shared for a moment in the species. He needs the power of a living deep and busy interest of that arduous conmanifestation. He needs the anointing Aict which is now going on for a moral which remaineth. He needs that which ascendency over the species. Remember fixes and perpetuates a stable revolution the conflict is for each of you individually ; upon the character, and in virtue of which and let this alarm you into a watchfulness he may be advanced from the state of against the power of every temptation, one who hears, and is delighted, to the and a cleaving dependence upon him state of one who hears, and is a doer. Oh! through whom alone you will be more than how strikingly is the experience even of conquerors. Above all

, forget not that vigorous and accomplished nature at one while you only hear and are delighted, you on this point with the announcements of are still under nature's powerlessness, and revelation, that to work this change, there nature's condemnation—and that the founmust be the putting forth of a peculiar dation is not laid, the mighty and essential agency; and that it is an agency, which, change is not accomplished, the transition from death unto life is not undergone, the hearer of the word and not a doer, he is saving faith is not formed, nor the passage like unto a man beholding his natural face taken from darkness to the marvellous light in a glass : for he beholdeth himself, and of the gospel, till you are both hearers of goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth the word and doers also. “For if any be a what manner of man he was."


The writer of these Discourses has drawn up the following compilation of passages from Scripture, as serving to illustrate or to confirm the leading arguments which have been employed in each separate division of his subject. DISCOURSE I.

The Lord that made heaven and earth, bless

thee out of Zion. Psalm cxxxiv. 3. In the beginning God created the heaven and Which made heaven and earth, the sea, and all the earth. Gen. i. 1.

that therein is, Psalm cxlvi. 6. Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, The Lord by wisdom hath founded the earth; and all the host of them. Gen. ii. 1.

by understanding hath he established the heavens. Behold the heaven, and the heaven of heavens, Prov. iii. 19. is the Lord's thy God, the earth also, with all that Who hath measured the waters in the hollow therein is. Deut. x. 14.

of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, There is none like unto the God of Jeshurun, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a meawho rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in sure, and weighed the mountains in a scale, and his excellency on the sky. Deut. xxxii. 26. the hills in a balance. Isa. xl. 12.

And Hezekiah prayed before the Lord, and It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, said, O Lord God of Israel, which dwellest be- and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; tween the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou that stretcheth out the heaven as a curtain, and alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in. Isa. xl 22 made heaven and earth. 2 Kings xix. 15.

Thus saith God the Lord, he that created the For all the gods of the people are idols; but the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread Lord made the heavens. 1 Chronicles xvi. 26. forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it;

Thou, even thou, art Lord alone; thou hast he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their spirit to them that walk therein. Isa. xlii. 5. host, the earth and all things that are therein, the Thus saith the Lord, thy Redeemer, and be seas and all that is therein; and thou preservest that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord them all; and the host of heaven worship thee. that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the Nehemiah ix, 6.

heavens alone ; that spreadeth abroad the earth by Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and myself. Isa. xliv. 24. treadeth upon the waves of the sea; which ma- I have made the earth, and created man upon it; keth Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens chambers of the south. Job ix. 8, 9.

and all their host have I commanded. Isa. xlv. 12 He stretcheth out the north over the empty place, For thus saith the Lord that created the heaand hangeth the earth upon nothing. Job xxvi. 7. vens, God himself that formed the earth and made By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens. it, he hath established it

, he created it not in vain, Job xxvi. 13.

he formed it to be inhabited. Isa. xlv. 18. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the firmament showeth his handy-work. Psalm xix. 1. earth, and my right hand hath spanned the hea

By the word of the Lord were the heavens vens; when I call unto them, they stand up to made; and all the host of them by the breath of his gether. Isa. xlviii. 13. mouth. Psalm xxxii. 6.

He hath made the earth by his power, he hath Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the established the world by his wisdom, and hath earth; and the heavens are the work of thy hands. stretched out the heavens by his discretion. Jer. Psalm cii. 25.

Who coverest thyself with light as with a gar- Ah Lord God! behold, thou hast made the heament; who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain. ven and the earth by thy great power and stretchPsalm civ. 2.

ed out arm, and there is nothing too hard for the He appointed the moon for seasons; the sun Jer. xxxii. 17. knoweth his going down. Psalm civ. 19.

He hath made the earth by his power, he hath You are blessed of the Lord which made heaven established the world by his wisdom, and hath and earth. The heaven, even the heavens, are the stretched out the heaven by his understanding. Lord's, but the earth hath he given to the children Jer. li. 15. of men. Psalm cxv. 15, 16.

x. 12.

It is he that buildeth his stories in the heaven, My help cometh from the Lord, which made and hath founded his troop in the earth; he that heaven and earth. Psalm cxxi. 2.

calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them Our help is in the name of the Lord, who made out upon the face of the earth, The Lord is his heaven and earth. Psalm cxxiv. 8.

Amos ix. 6.



We also are men of like passions with you, and ter the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. preach unto you, that ye should turn from these Col. ii. 8. vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, O Timothy, keep that which is committed to and earth, and the sea, and all things that are thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and therein. Acts xiv. 15.

oppositions of science falsely so called. I Tim. Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his vi. 20. Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds. Heb. i. 2.

Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the

DISCOURSE III. work of thine hands. Heb. i. 10.

Through faith, we understand that the worlds But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Bewere framed by the word of God. Heb. xi. 3. hold the heaven, and the heaven of heavens, can

not contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded? Yet have thou respect unto the

prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O DISCOURSE II.

Lord my God, to hearken unto the cry and to the

prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee toThe secret things belong unto the Lord our day. That thine eyes may be open towards this God, but those things which are revealed belong house night and day, even towards the place of unto us and to our children for ever, that we may which thou hast said, My name shall be there; do all the words of this law. Deut. xxix. 29. that thou mayest hearken unto the prayer which

I would seek unto God, and unto God would I thy servant shall make towards this place. 1 Kings commit my cause; Which doeth great things and viii. 27, 28, 29. unsearchable; marvellous things without number. For he looketh to the ends of the earth, and Job v. 8,9.

seeth under the whole heaven. Job xxviii. 24. Which doeth great things past finding out; For his eyes are upon the ways of man, and he yea, and wonders without number. Job ix. 10. seeth all his goings. "Job xxxiv. 21.

Canst thou by searching find out God? Canst Though the Lord be high, yet hath he respect thou find out the Almighty unto perfection? Job unto the lowly. Psalm cxxxvii

. 6. xi. 7.

O Lord, thou hast searched me and known me. Hast thou heard the secret of God? and dost Thou knowest my down-sitting and mine upthou restrain wisdom to thyself? Job xv. 8. rising : thou understandest my thoughts afar oil.

Lo, these are parts of his ways; but how little a Thou compasseth my path and my lying down, portion is heard of him? but the thunder of his and art acquainted with all my ways. For there power who can understand? Job xxvi. 14. is not a word in my tongue, but lo, O Lord! thou

Behold, God is great, and we know him not; knowest it altogether. Thou hast beset me behind neither can the number of his years be searched and before, and laid thine hand upon me. Such out. Job xxxvi. 26.

knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high I God thundereth marvellously with his voice; cannot attain unto it. Whither shall I go from great things doeth he, which we cannot compre- thy Spirit, or whither shall I flee from thy prehend. Job xxxvii. 5.

sence? Psalm cxxxix. 1–7. Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O out; he is excellent in power

, and in judgment, God! how great is the sum of them! If I should and in plenty of justice. *Job xxxvii

. 23. count them they are more in number than the Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the sand : when I awake I am still with thee. Psalms great waters, and thy footsteps are not known. cxxxix. 17, 18. Psalm lxxvii. 19.

The eyes of the Lord are in every place, beGreat is the Lord, and greatly to be praised; holding the evil and the good. Prov. xv. 3. and his greatness is unsearchable. Psalm cxlv. 3. Can any hide himself in secret places that I

For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither shall not see him? saith the Lord: do not I fill are your ways my ways, saith the Lord. For as heaven and earth? saith the Lord. Jer. xxiii. 24. the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my

Behold the fowls of the air; for they sow not, ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet than your thoughts. Isa. Iv. 8, 9.

your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not Verily I say unto you, except ye be converted, much better than they? And why take ye thought and become as little children, ye shall not enter for raiment ? Consider the lilies of the field how into the kingdom of heaven. Matt. xviii. 3. they grow? they toil not, neither do they spin;

Verily I say unto you, whosoever shall not re- And yet I say unto you, that even Solomon, in ceive the kingdom of God, as a little child, shall in all his glory, was not arrayed like one of these. no wise enter therein. Luke xviii. 17.

Wherefore if God so clothe the grass of the field, O the depth of the riches, both of the wisdom and which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of judgments

, and his ways past finding out! For little of faith? Matt. vi. 26, 28, 29, 30. who hath known the mind of the Lord? Or who Neither is there any creature that is not manihath been his counsellor? Rom. xi. 33. 24. fest in his sight; but all things are naked and

Let no man deceive himself. If any man opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let to do. Heb. iv. 13. him become a fool, that he may be wise. 1 Cor. iii. 18.

For if a man thinketh himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. Gal.


Beware lest any man spoil you through philoso- And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on phy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, af- the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven; and


behold the angels of God ascending and descend- | therein, that there should be time no longer. Rer. ing on it. Gen. xxviii. 12.

x. 5, 6. For a thousand years in thy sight, are but as And the third angel followed them, saying yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the with a loud voice, if any man worship the beast night. Psalm xc. 4.

and his image, and receive his mark in his forebea Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon or in his hand, The same shall drink of the wine the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away of the wrath of God, which is poured out without like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a gar- mixture into the cup of his indignation ; and be ment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the manner; but my salvation shall be for ever, and my presence of the holy angels, and in the presence righteousness shall not be abolished. Isa. li. 6. of the Lamb. Rev. xiv. 9, 10.

For the son of man shall come in the glory of And I saw a great white throne, and him that his Father with his angels; and then he shall re- sat on it, from whose face the earth and the ward every man according to his works. Matt. heaven fled away, and there was found no place xvi. 27.

for them. Rev. xx. 11. When the Son of Man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory. Matt. xxv. 31.

DISCOURSE V. Also, I say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me before men, him shall the Son of Man also confess before the angels of God. But he that de- Lord struck the child that Uriah's wife bare wito

AND Nathan departed unto his house; and the nieth me before men, shall be denied before the David, and it was very sick. David, therefore, be angels of God. Luke xii. 8, 9. And he saith unto him, Verily, verily, I say un

sought God for the child: and David fasted and to you, hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the

and lay all night upon the earth. And angels of God ascending and descending upon the the elders of his house arose, and went to him, te Son of Man. John i. 51.

raise him up from the earth; but he would not, We are made a spectacle to the world, and to neither did he eat bread with them. And it came angels, and to men. 1 Cor. v. 9.

to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, the child was dead; for they said, Behold, while

And the servants of David feared to tell him that and given him a name which is above every name. That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, he would not hearken unto our voice, how will be

the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and of things in heaven and things in earth, and things then vex himself

, if we tell him that the child is under the earth; and that every tongue should con- dead? But when David saw that his servants fess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God whispered, David perceived that the child was the Father. Phil. ii. 9, 10, 11. When the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from the child dead? And they said he is dead. Then

dead; therefore David said unto his servants, Is heaven with his mighty angels. 2 Thess. i. 7.. And without controversy great is the mystery anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and

David arose from the earth and washed, and of godliness; God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the then he came to his own house; and, when he re

came into the house of the Lord, and worshipped: Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into quired, they set bread before him, and he did eat

. glory. 1 Tim. iii. 16. I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus that thou hast done? Thou didst fast and weep for

Then said his servants unto him, What thing is Christ, and the elect angels

, that thou observe the child while it was alive: but when the chili these things. 1 Tim. v. 21.

was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread. And be And again, when he bringeth in the first-begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels said, while the child was yet alive, I fasted and

wept; for I said who can tell whether God will be of God worship him. Heb. i. 6. But ye are come unto Mount Zion, and unto he is dead, wherefore should I fast? Can I bring

gracious to me, that the child may live? But now the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall and to an innumerable company of angels, To the

2 Sam. xii. 15—23. general assembly and church of the first born, which are written in heaven, and to God the them that fear him, and delivereth them. Psalm

The angel of the Lord encampeth round about the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men xxxiv. 7. made perfect, and to Jesus, the mediator of the

For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to new covenant. Hebrews xii. 22, 23, 24. that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, sound of a trumpet

; and they shall gather together But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, keep thee in all thy ways. Psalm aci. 2.

And he shall send his angels with a great and a thousand years as one day. The Lord is his elect from the four winds, from the one end of not slack concerning his promise, as some men heaven to the other. Matt. xxiv. 31. count slackness; but is long-suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all

Likewise I say unto you. There is joy in the should come to repentance. But the day of the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the repenteth. Łuke xv. 10. which the heavens shall pass away with a great

Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation

Heb. i. 14. heat, the earth also and the works that are therein, shall be burnt up. 2 Peter iii, 8, 9, 10.

And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth, lifted up his hand to heaven,

DISCOURSE VI. And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven and the things that therein Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the are, and the earth and the things that there- wilderness, to be tempted of the devil. Matt. iv. I in are, and the sea and the things which are The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the

not return to me.

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