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hinges the emancipation of his heart from a | as ever, that wealth which grows by comthraldom which represses all the spiritual petition, instead of being exhausted, this is energies of those who live without hope, what, we trust, she will ever be ready to and, therefore, live without God in the bestow on all her people. Silver and gold world. It is guilt-it is the sense of his she may have none-but such as she has 'awakened and unexpiated guilt; which she will give-she will send them to school. keeps man at so wide a distance from the She cannot make pensioners of them, but God whom he has offended. Could some will, if they like, make scholars of them. method be devised, by which God, jealous She will give them of that food by which of his honour, and man jealous of his safe-she nurses and sustains all her offspringty, might be brought together on a firm by which she renders wise the very poorest ground of reconciliation---it would trans- of her children--by which, if there be truth late the sinner under a new moral influence, in our text, she puts into many a simple to the power of which, and the charm of cottager, a glory surpassing that of the which he, before, was utterly impractica- mightiest potentates in our world. To hold ble. Jesus Christ died, the just for the un-out any other boon, is to hold out a projust, to bring us unto God. This is a truth, mise which she and no country in the uniwhich, when all the world shall receive it, verse, can ever realize-it is to decoy, and all the world will be renovated. Many do then most wretchedly to deceive-it is to not see how a principle, so mighty in ope- put on a front of invitation, by which numration, should be enveloped in a proposi-bers are allured to hunger, and nakedness, tion so simple of utterance. But let a man, and contempt. It is to spread a table, and by his faith in this utterance, come to know to hang out such signals of hospitality, as that God is his friend, and that heaven is draw around it a multitude expecting to be the home of his fondest expectation; and fed, and who find that they must famish in contact with such new elements as these, over a scanty entertainment. A system he will evince the reach, and the habit, and replete with practical mischief can put on the desire of a new creature. It is this the semblance of charity, even as Satan, doctrine which is the alone instrument of the father of all lying and deceitful proGod for the moral transformation of our mises, can put on the semblance of an anspecies. When every demonstration from gel of light. But we trust, that the country the chair of philosophy shall fail, this will in which we live will ever be preserved achieve its miracles of light and virtue from the cruelty of its tender mercies-among the people--and however infidelity that she will keep by her schools, and her may now deride---or profaneness may now Scriptures, and her moralizing process; and lift her appalling voice upon our streets--- that, instead of vainly attempting so to or licentiousness may now offer her sicken- force the exuberance of Nature, as to meet ing spectacles--or moral worthlessness may and satisfy the demands of a population have now deeply tainted the families of whom she has led astray, she will make it our outcast and long-neglected population, her constant aim so to exalt her population, -however unequal may appear the con- as to establish every interest that belongs test with the powers and the principles of to them, on the foundation of their own darkness---yet let not the teachers of righ-worth and their own capabilities---that teousness abandon it in despair; God will taunted, as she has been, by her contempbring forth judgment unto victory, and on tuous neighbour, for the poverty of her the triumphs of the word of his own testi- soil, she will at least prove, by deed and by mony, will he usher in the glory of the lat-example, that it is fitted to sustain an erect, ter days. and honorable, and high-minded peasantry; and leaving England to enjoy the fatness of her own fields, and a complacency with her own institutions, that we shall make a clean escape from her error, and never again be entangled therein-that unseduced by the false lights of a mistaken philanthropy, and mistaken patriotism, we shall be enabled to hold on in the way of our ancestors; to ward off every near and threatening blight from the character of our beloved people; and so to labour with the manhood of the present, and the boyhood of the coming generation, as to enrich our land with that wisdom which is more precious than gold, and that righteousness which exalteth a kingdom.
There is one kind of institution that never has been set up in a country, without deceiving and degrading its people; and another kind of institution that never has been set up in a country, without raising both the comfort and the character of its families. We leave it to the policy of our sister kingdom, by the pomp and the pretension of her charities, to disguise the wretchedness which she cannot do away. The glory of Scotland lies in her schools. Out of the abundance of her moral and literary wealth, that wealth which communication cannot dissipate--that wealth, which its possessor may spread and multiply among thousands, and yet be as affluent
On the Duty and the Means of Christianizing our Home Population.
"And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature."-Mark xvi. 15.
Now, those very principles which were so obviously acted on at the beginning, are also the very principles that, in all ages of the church, have characterized its evangelizing processes. The Bible Society is now doing, by ordinary means, what was done by the miracle of tongues, in the days of the Apostles-enabling the people of all nations to read, each in their own tongue, tne wonderful works of God. And the Missionary Societies are sending forth, not in
CHRISTIANITY proceeds upon the native indisposition of the human heart to its truths and its lessons-and all its attempts for the establishment of itself in the world are made upon this principle. It never expects that men will, of their own accord, originate that movement by which they are to come in contact with the faith of the Gospel; and, therefore, instead of waiting till they shall move toward the Gospel, it has been provided, from the first, that the Gospel shall move towards them. The Apostles did not spired Apostles, gifted with tongues, but the set up their stationary college at Jerusalem, | expounders of apostolical doctrine, learned in the hope of embassies from a distance in tongues, over the face of the globe. They to inquire after the recent and wondrous do not presume upon such a taste for the revelation that had broke upon the world. Gospel in heathen lands, as that the people But they had to go forth, and to preach there shall traverse seas and continents, or among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. shall set themselves down to the laborious And, in like manner, it never was looked acquisition of some Christian language, that for, that men, in the ardour of their curi- they might either have access to Scripture, osity, or desire after the way of salvation, or the ability of converse with men that are were to learn the language of the Apostles, skilled in the mysteries of the faith. But that they might come and hear of it at their this taste which they do not find, they exmouth. But the Apostles were miraculously pect to create; and for this purpose, is there gifted with the power of addressing all in now an incessant application to Pagan their own native language-and when thus countries, of means and instruments from furnished, they went actively and aggres- without, and many are the lengthened and sively about among them. It is no where the hazardous journies which have been supposed that the demand for Christianity undertaken-and voyages of splendid enis spontaneously, and in the first instance, terprise have recently been crowned with to arise among those who are not Chris- splendid moral achievements; insomuch, tians; but it is laid upon those who are that even the ferocity and licentiousness of Christians, to go abroad, and, if possible, to the savage character have given way under awaken out of their spiritual lethargy, those the power of the truth; and lands, that who are fast asleep in that worldliness, within the remembrance of many now which they love, and from which, without alive, rankled with the worst abominations some external application, there is no ra- of idolatry, have now exchanged them for tional prospect of ever arousing them. The the arts and the decencies of civilization; dead mass will not quicken into sensibility for village schools, and Christian Sabbaths, of itself; and, therefore, unless some cause and venerable pastors, who first went forth of fermentation be brought to it from with- as missionaries, and, as the fruits of their out, will it remain in all the sluggishness of apostolic labour, among these outcast wanits original nature. For there is an utter derers, can now rejoice over holy granddiversity between the article of Christian sires, and duteous children, and all that can instruction, and the articles of ordinary gladden the philanthropic eye, in the peace, merchandise. For the latter there is a de- and purity, and comfort of pious families. mand, to which men are natively and originally urged by hunger or by thirst, or by the other physical sensations and appetites of their constitution. For the former there is no natural appetite. It is just as necessary to create a spiritual hunger, as it is to afford a spiritual refreshment; and so from the very first, do we find, that for the spread of Christianity in the world, there had to be not an itinerancy on the part of inquirers, but a busy, active, and extended itinerancy on the part of its advocates and its friends.
Now, amid the splendour and the interest of these more conspicuous operations, it is often not adverted to, how much work of a missionary character is indispensable for perpetuating, and still more for extending Christianity at home-how families, within the distance of half a mile, may lapse, without observation or sympathy on our part, into a state of practical heathenism-how, within less than an hour's walk, hundreds may be found, who morally and spiritually live at as wide a separation from the Gospel
the missionary vessel, and go in quest of untaught humanity at a distance, and hold converse with the men of other climes, and of other tongues, and rear on some barbarous shore, the Christianized village, as an outpost in that spiritual warfare, by which we hope, at length, to banish depravity and guilt, even from the farthest extremities of our species. These are noble efforts, and altogether worthy of being extended and multiplied a hundred fold. But they are not the only efforts of Christian philanthropy; nor can they be sustained as a complete discharge from the obligation of preaching the Gospel to every creature under heaven. For the accomplishment of this, there must not only be a going forth on the vast and untrodden spaces that are without; there must be a filling up of the numerous and peopled vacancies that are within-a busy, internal locomotion, that might circulate, and disperse, and branch off to the right and to the left, among the many thousand families which are at hand: And thoroughly to pervade these families; to make good a lodgment in the midst of them, for the nearer or the more frequent ministrations of Christianity than before; to have gained welcome for the Gospel testimony into their houses, and, in return, to have drawn any of them forth to attendance on the place of Sabbath and of solemn services; this, also, is to act upon our text, this is to do the part, and to render one of the best achievements of a missionary.
and all its ordinances, as do the barbarians of another continent-how, in many of our crowded recesses, the families, which, out of sight, and out of Christian sympathy, have accumulated there, might, at length, sink and settle down into a listless, and lethargic, and to all appearance, impracticable population-leaving the Christian teacher as much to do with them as has the first missionary when he touches on a yet unbroken shore. It is vain to expect, that by a proper and primary impulse originating with themselves, those aliens from Christianity will go forth on the inquiry after it. The messengers of Christianity must go forth upon them. Many must go to and fro amongst the streets, and the lanes, and those deep intricacies that teem with human life, to an extent far beyond the eye or imagination of the unobservant passenger, if we are to look for the increase either of a spiritual taste, or of scriptural knowledge among the families. That mass which is so dense of mind, and, therefore, so dense of immortality, must be penetrated in the length and in the breadth of it; and then many will be found, who, however small their physical distance from the sound of the Gospel, stand at as wide a moral distance therefrom, as do the children of the desert, and to overpass this barrier, to send out upon this outfield, such ministrations as might reclaim its occupiers to the habits and the observations of a Christian land, to urge and obtrude, as it were, upon the notice of thousands, what, without such an "How can they believe," says Paul, advancement, not one of them might have "without a preacher," and "how can they moved a footstep in quest of- these are so preach, except they be sent ?" To make many approximations, that, to all intents sure this process, there must be a juxtapoand purposes, have in them the charac-sition between him who declares the word, ter, and might, with the blessing of God, and them who are addressed by it; but to have also the effect of a missionary enter- make good this juxtaposition, the Apostle prise. never imagines that alienated man is, of his When we are commanded to go into all own accord, to move towards the preacher the world, and preach the Gospel to every--and therefore, that the preacher must be creature, our imagination stretches forth be- sent, or must move towards him. And, peryond the limits of Christendom; and we haps, it has not been adverted to, that in advert not to the millions who are within the very first steps of this approximation, these limits, nay, within the sight of Chris- there is an encouragement for going ontian temples, and the sound of Sabbath bells, ward, and for plying the families of a city yet who never heard the Gospel of Jesus population with still nearer and more beChrist. They live to manhood, and to old setting urgencies than before. It is not age, deplorably ignorant of the way of sal-known how much the very juxtaposition of vation, and in ignorance, too, not the less an edifice for worship, tells upon the churchdeplorable than it is wilful. It is this which going habit of the contiguous householders; so fearfully aggravates their guilt, that on the how many there are who will not move at very confines of light, they remain in dark- the sound of a distant bell, that with almost ness: and thereby prove, that it is a darkness mechanical sureness, will go forth and minwhich they love, and which they choose to gle with the stream of passengers who are persist in. Thus it will be found more crowding the way to a place that is at hand tolerable for the heathen abroad, than for ---how children, lured, perhaps, at the first, the heathen at home; and therefore it is, by curiosity, are led so to reiterate their atthat for the duty of our text, the wilds of tendance, as to be landed in a most precious Pagan idolatry, or of Mahometan delusion, habit for youth and for manhood---how this are not the only theatres-that for its full tendency spreads by talk, and sympathy, performance, it is not enough that we equip and imitation, through each little vicinity;
37535 CODE=: Se, and T Dr. are a these amis 1 in the m r the more AUTO me for the Gos and, in returave forth to ens hand of et upon our text › render one t issionary. ow can they be hout a preac th, except they be this process, then a n between him them who are al te good this partes. er imagines that ar a accord, to more t and therefore, that t it, or must more ps, it has not been a e very first steps
and thus, in groups, or in clusters, might thy with itself through the hearts of a
ere is an encour!! ard, and for pr opulation with stre etting urgencies that hown how much the re in edifice for worshipe going habit of the acS
how many there are the sound of a distant mechanical sureness
gle with the stream of e crowding the way to -how children, lure by curiosity, are led s tendance, as to be land habit for youth and r tendency spreads by and imitation, through a
But after all, though local conveniency may allure, in the first instance, to the house of God, local conveniency will not detain the attendance of multitudes, unless there be a worth and a power in the services which are rendered there---unless there be a moral earnestness in the heart of the preacher, which may pour forth a sympa3 M
* This Sermon was preached at the opening of a city chapel, which has a local district assigned to it, and whose rule of seat-letting is on the territorial principle.
people, when they look on the Sabbath for | have a warm and a willing reception upon
It is to this principle, little as it has been
But, we trust, that from this asylum his walls. After being the eye-witness of what excursions will be frequent; and sure we he does, there will spring up a most natural are, that nought but an affectionate forth-desire, and that cannot be resisted, to hear going is necessary on his part, that he may what he says. It is not yet known how