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DISCOURSE I.-On the mercantile Virtues which

may exist without the Influence of Christianity. 229

“Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true,

whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things

re just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever
things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good
report; if there be any virtue, and if there be any

praise, think on these things.”Phil. iv. 8.

Disc. II. - The Influence of Christianity in aiding

and augmenting the mercantile Virtues. 235

“For he that in these things serveth Christ is

acceptable to God, and approved of men."-

Rom. xiv. 18.

Disc. III.-The Power of Selfishness in promot-

ing the Honesties of mercantile Intercourse. 241

"And if you do good to them which do good

to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do

even the same."-Luke vi. 33.
Disc. IV.— The Guilt of Dishonesty not to be esti-
mated by the Gain of it.

“He that is faithful in that which is least, is
faithful also in much; and he that is unjust in the

least, is unjust also in much."-Luke xvi. 10.
Disc. V.-On the great Christian Law of Recipro-
city between Man and Man.

“Therefore all things whatsoever ye would
that men should do to you, do ye even so to

them; for this is the law and the prophets." -

Matth. vi. 12.

Disc. VI.-On the Dissipation of large Cities. 264

“Let no man deceive you with vain words;
for because of these things cometh the wrath of
God upon

the children of disobedience."--Eph.
v. 6.
Disc. VII. - On the vitiating Influence of the higher

upon the lower Orders of Society.


“ Then said he unto the disciples, It is impos-

sible but that offences will come: but woe unto

him through whom they come! It were better
for him that a millstone were hanged about his

neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should

offend one of these little ones."- Luke xvii. 1, 2.

Disc. VIII.—On the Love of Money.


"If I have made gold my hope, or have said
to the fine gold, Thou art my confidence; If I
rejoiced because my wealth was great, and be
cause mine hand had gotten much; If I beheld
the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in
brightness; and my heart hath been secretly en-
ticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand; this
also were an iniquity to be punished by the
judge; for I should have denied the God that is
above."-Job xxxi. 24-28.


SERMON I.— The Constancy of God in His Works SERM. V.-The transitory Nature of visible

an Argument for the Faithfulness of God in His Things.



371 “The things that are seen are temporal.”—2

"For ever, O Lord, thy word is settled in hea. Cor. iv. 18.

ven. Thy faithfulness is unto all generations : SERM. VI.-On the Universality of spiritual Blind-

thou hast established the earth, and it abideth. ness.


They continue this day according to thy ordi- “Stay yourselves, and wonder , cry ye out, and

nances : for all are thy servants." --Psalm cxix. cry: they are drunken, but not with winc; they

89, 90, 91.

stagger, but not with strong drink. For the Lord

Serm. II.—The expulsive Power of a new Affec. hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep


381 sleep, and hath closed your eyes; the prophets

“Love not the world, neither the things that and your rulers, the seers hath he covered. And

are in the world. If any man love the world, the vision of all is become unto you as the words

the love of the Father is not in him."-1 John of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to

xi. 15.

one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray

SERM. III.—The sure Warrant of a Believer's thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed.



And the book is delivered to him that is not

“For if, when we were enemies, we were re- learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he

conciled to God by the death of his Son; much saith, I am not learned."--Isaiah xxix. 9_12.

more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his SERM. VII.-On the new Heavens and the new

life." - Romans v. 10.



Serm. IV.-The Restlessness of human Ambi- “ Nevertheless we, according to his promise


395 look for new heavens and a new earth wherein

“How say ye to my soul, Flee as a bird to dwellcth righteousness."-2 Peur iii. 13.

your mountain ?-0 that I had the wings of a SERM. VIII - The Nature of the Kingdom of

dove, that I may fly away, and be at rest."-



Psalm xi. 1. and Iv. 6.

" For the kingdom of God is not in word, but forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh a
in power."-1 Cor. iv. 20.

word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven
SERM. IX.-On the Reasonableness of Faith. 423 him: but whosoever speakoth against the Holy

“But before faith came, we were kept under Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this
the law, shut up unto the faith which should world, neither in the world to come." -Matth.
afterwards be revealed.”—Gal. iii. 23.

xii. 31, 32.
SERM. X. On the Christian Sabbath,

429 SERM. XIII.-On the Advantages of Christian
" And he said unto them, The Sabbath was Knowledge to the Lower Orders of Society. 450
made for man, and not man for the Sabbath."-

“ Better is a poor and a wise child than an old
Mark ij. 27.

and foolish King, who will no more be admo-
SERM. XI.-On the Doctrine of Predestination. 435 nished."--Eccl. iv. 13.

“And now I exhort you to be of good cheer: SERM. XIV.-On the Duty and the Means of
for there shall be no loss of any man's life among Christianizing our Home Population. 455
you, but of the ship. Paul said to the centurion “And he said unto them, Go ye into all the
and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the world, and preach the Gospel to every crea-

ship, ye cannot be saved."--Acts xxvii. 22, 31. ture.” Mark xvi. 15.
Serm. XII.-On the Nature of the Sin against the SERM. XV.-On the Distinction between Know-
Holy Ghost.
442 ledge and Consideration.

" Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin "The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his
and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men; but the master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my peo-
blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be ple doth not consider."--Isaiah i. 3.


A SERMON before the Society for Relief of the de- SERMON.-A Sermon delivered on the Day of the
stitute Sick.

286 Funeral of the Princess Charlotte of Wales. 339
“ Blessed is he that considereth the poor; the " For when thy judgments are in the earth, the
Lord will deliver him in time of trouble.”- inhabitants of the world will learn righteous-
Psalm xli. 1.

ness.”Isaiah xxvi. 9.
SERMON.--- Thoughts on universal Peace. 295 SERMON.- The Doctrine of Christian Charity ap-

“Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, plied to the Case of Religious Differences. 350
neither shall they learn war any more.”Isaiah “And why beholdest thou the mote that is in
xi. 4.

thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam
The Duty of giving an immediate Diligence to that is in thine own eye?-Or how wilt thou say
the Business of the Christian Life.-An Address to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of

to the inhabitants of the Parish of Kilmany. 304 thine eye; and behold a beam is in thine own
The Influence of Bible Societies on the temporal eye? Thou hypocrite! first cast out the beam
Necessities of the Poor.

320 out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see
SERYON.-A Sermon preached before the Society clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother's
in Scotland for propagating Christian Know- eye."--Matth. vii 3, 4, 5.

331 A SERMON on Cruelty to Animals.
* And Nathaniel said unto him, Can there any “A righteous man regardeth the life of his
good thing come out of Nazareth ? Philip saith beast."-Prov. xii. 10.
unto him, come and see."-John i. 46.



The contents of the first part of this volume form the substance of the article CHRISTIANITY, in the EDINBURGH ENCYCLOPÆDIA. Its appearance is due to the liberality of the Proprietors of that Work-Dor did the Author conceive the purpose of presenting it to the world in another shape, till he was permitted and advised by them to republish it in a separate form. It is chiefly confined to the exposition of the historical argument for the truth of Christianity; and the aim of the Author is fulfilled if he has succeeded in proving the external testimony to be so sufficient, as to leave Infidelity without excuse, even though the remaining important branches of the Christian defence had been less strong and satisfactory than they are. “ The works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me. “And if I had not done the works among them which none other man did, they had not had sin."

The Author is far from asserting the study of the historical evidence to be the only channel to a faith in the truth of Christianity. How could he, in the face of the obvious fact, that there are thousands and thousands of Christians, who bear the most undeniable marks of the truth having come home to their understanding "in demonstration of the Spirit and of power?” They have an evidence within themselves, which the world knoweth not, even the promised manifestations of the Saviour. This evidence is a "sign to them that believe;" but the Bible speaks also of a "sign to them which believe not;" and should it be effectual in reclaiming any of these from their infidelity, a mighty object is gained by the exhibition of it. Should it not be effectual, it will be to them" savour of death unto death ;' and this is one of the very effects ascribed to the proclamation of Christian truth in the first ages. If, even in the face of that kind of evidence, which they have a relish and respect for, they still hold out against the reception of the Gospel, this must aggravate the weight of the threatening which lies upon them; "How shall they escape, if they neglect so great a salvation ?" It will be a great satisfaction to the writer of the following pages, if


shall rise from the perusal of them with a stronger determination than before to take his Christianity exclusively from his Bible. It is not enough to entitle a man to the name of a Christian, that he professes to believe the Bible to be a genuine communication from God. To be the disciple of any book, he must do something more than satisfy himself that its contents are true he must read the book-he must obtain a knowledge of the contents. And how many are there in the world, who do not call the truth of the Bible message in question, while they suffer it to lie beside them unopened, unread, and unattended to !


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