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The most useful fruit that this country wise for the cultivator to place his chief affords, the apple, successively ripens, ac- dependence on it. cording to its several varieties, from July

Autumn paints to October ; but the principal harvest of Ausonian hills with grapes, whilst English plains them is about the close of September. They Blush with pomaceous harvests, breathing sweets.

0, let me now, when the kind early dew are now gathered for our English vintage.

Unlocks th' embosom’d odours, walk among Cyder - making, in some counties, and The well ranged files of trees, whose full aged store particularly Worcestershire, Somersetshire, Diffuse ambrosial steams. and Devonshire, is a busy and important Now, now's the time; ere hasty suns forbid

To work, disburthen thou thy sapless wood employment; but, like the hop, it is so

Of its rich progeny; the turgid fruit precarious a produce, as to render it un- Abounds with mellow liquor.



The apples, after being carefully ga. thered, are laid awhile to mellow, and then

BIRDS. crushed in a mill and pressed till all their juice is extracted. This, after being fer- A laughable story of some carrier mented, becomes cyder, which may pro- pigeons is told in an Antwerp newspaper. perly be called apple-wine. Pears treated The editor of a celebrated journal, pubin the same manner yield a vinous liquor lished in that city, sent a reporter to Bruscalled perry. The richest and strongest sels for the king's speech, and with him a kinds are distributed for sale over the couple of carrier pigeons, to take back the whole country, and the inferior sorts serve

document. At Brussels, he gave the as common drink in the districts where pigeons in charge to a waiter, and called they are produced.

for breakfast. He was kept waiting for Another agreeable product of our thick- some time, but a very delicious fricassee ets and gardens, the hazel-nut, is fit for atoned for the delay. After breakfast, he gathering at this time,

paid his bill, and called for his carrier Ye virgins, come, for you their latest song

pigeons. Pigeons !” exclaimed the The woodlands raise; the clustering nuts for you waiter, "why you've eaten them !" The lover finds amid the secret shade ;

The following anecdote I relate on the And, where they burnish on the topmost bough, authority of Wilson :-"A box,” he says, With active vigour crushes down the tree, Or shakes them ripe from the resigning bush. “ fitted up in the window of the room

where I slept, was taken possession of by WOMAN AND HER EMPIRE.—Man is the a pair of wrens. Already the nest was creature of interest and ambition. His built, and two eggs laid ; when, one day, nature leads him forth into the struggle the window being open, as well as the and bustle of the world. Love is but the door, the female wren, venturing too far embellishment of his early life, or a song into the room, was sprung upon by the piped in the intervals of the acts. He cat, and destroyed. Curious to know how seeks for fame, for fortune, for space in the surviving wren would act in the cirthe world's thought, and dominion over cumstances, I watched him carefully for his fellow men.

But a woman's whole several days. At first, he sang with great life is the history of the affections. The spirit. This continued for an hour or heart is her world; it is there her ambition two. After this, becoming, uneasy, he strives for empire; it is there her avarice went off for an hour. On his return, he seeks for hidden treasures. She sends chanted again as before, and went to the forth her sympathies on adventure; she top of the house, stable, and weeping wilembarks her soul in the traffic of affec- low, so that his mate would hear him; but tion; and if shipwrecked her case is hope- seeing nothing of her, he returned once Jess, for it is a bankruptcy of the heart. more, visited the nest, ventured cautiously

There is, in every true woman's heart, a into the window, gazed about with suspispark of heavenly fire, which lies dormant cious looks, his voice sinking into a low, in the broad daylight of prosperity; but sad tone, as he stretched his neck in every which kindles up, and beams, and blazes direction. Returning to the box, he in the dark hours of adversity. No man seemed for some minutes quite at a loss knows what the wife of his bosom is—no what to do, and soon went off, as I thought, Inan knows what a ministering angel she altogether, for I saw no more of him that is , until he has gone with her through the day. Toward the afternoon of the second fiery trials of this world. Washington day, he again made his appearance, in

company with another female, who seemed

exceedingly shy, and, though not until We enjoy that which is before us; but after a great deal of hesitation, entered when nothing more is possible, all that is the box. At this moment, the little wiattained is insipid. Such is the condition dower seemed as if he would warble his of this life: but let us not, therefore, very life out with joy. They afterwards think it of no value; for to be placed in raised a brood of seven young ones, all of this life, is to be a candidate for a better. whom left the nest, at the proper time, in - Hawkesworth.


J. C.





had more to gain than the merchant ships

of Archangel, because they then would OR, WINTER IN SPITZBERGEN.* have the shortest course to China and the (Continued from page 45.)

East Indies. Which of you, without

looking on the map, can describe to me The children had sat for a long time at Archangel to the East Indies ?

the course which they have to take from their work; the daughters spun,

Max. I can. We must sail around Max and Gustavus looked over the map, Norway, Denmark, Holland, between in order to make themselves well quainted with the region into which their of Spain, along Portugal and the whole

France and England, then around a part father was going to conduct them. While

western coast of Africa. thus engaged, they disputed (of course it

FATHER. Very well. Gustavus, how was like well-educated children, with whom

then ? a little dispute does not degenerate into

Gus. Around Africa to the Cape of a quarrel), whether Ivan and Gregory Good Hope, then they take the direction deserved to be blamed because they had secretly left their father and benefactor. Ocean to Ceylon, or, still farther to the

on the right, pass through the Indian Maria and Julia were decided in condemning them. Max was somewhat doubt right, to Sumatra and almost to China. ful; the desire of learning something new

Father. Right. Which of you knows

of any other way? and being useful to the world, he thought,

MARIA. Another ? might excuse such a transgression. Gus

JULIA. I do not think there can be any tavus proceeded on the supposition, that

other! Ivan and Gregory, in so great an object,

FATHER. No? What way, then, did must indeed have ventured on it-a view which brought on him many censures from your friend Kotzebue take some years

since ? his sisters. Gustavus himself felt that he

Max. Ah, now I know it! Take the had gone too far, but, as is often the case, he was not willing to take back his opinion. and then go straight to South America,

same route as before till you reach Spain, He belonged to those who would not along down the east coast of this country, willingly do wrong, and so defend their opinion as long as they can find any Chili and Peru on the right, and so die

through the Straits of Magellan, leaving ground on which they can sustain them- rectly through the Great Ocean to the selves.

East Indies. The arrival of their parents interrupted

FATHER. But both of these routes make them, and finished this little dispute, and

a wide circuit; for each of them is about they heartily desired that none of their four thousand German miles. If any one children might ever be tempted to do any- could discover a way across Asia or thing against their parents' will.

America, this would not be more than FATHER. Now, are you agreed? we have half the distance. Therefore, for many a distant voyage before us. Union is the first thing.

years the English Government have pro

posed a large reward for any one who shall Gus. We are all ready, and can enter

find this nearer passage, and it was on the voyage whenever you like.

natural for many to seek to obtain the FATHER. Where did we leave off last

premium. You can, therefore, easily evening, Maria ?

imagine with what eagerness Ivan and MARIA. In Archangel. FATHER. At leasť in the harbour of Gregory must have determined on such a

voyage, so that they should secretly leave Archangel, on the ship Juno. At that

their father and benefactor. time there were many voyages


Now, then, behold our two friends on to the North Pole, in order to find a

the ship, the anchor of which was already passage to the East Indies across Asia or

weighed. A fresh south-east wind swelled America. In such a discovery no one

the sail, the ship flew on more and more * From the German of C. Hildebrandt, by rapidly over the white sea, and now they E. G. Smith.

are in the open Northern Ocean. It was


and scoured;



the first sea-voyage which they two had men who will be to you what the captain made, and the whole mode of life in the and the two officers were for the young ship was new and unusual to them. They men. were indeed already well taught as to all FATHER. I hope and expect this from that they saw here, for they had been Gustavus. But to go on. Every hour at educated in the Academy for Cadets; but which they were at leisure from the service many things, and indeed almost all, ap- of the ship, Ivan and Gregory were in peared to them larger and new as they the cabin, listened to the descriptions of here saw them in reality. The arrange the captain, and read with him the history ments on board of the English ships are of voyages, examined the maps, practised distinguished by the greatest order, and drawing, and the higher mathematics; and the crew by the most minute performance in this way such scholars in such a school of every duty. This must have very greatly soon became able seamen. pleased them. The ship itself was The captain took his course with the beautiful, new, and firmly built one, in most favourable weather ; first, northerly, which reigned the most exemplary order so as to sail around the great barren island and cleanliness. Every day it was washed of Nova Zembla. He would not have

not the least dust was been obliged, usually, to do this, as he allowed, and even the most insignificant was only accustomed to pass through the portion was carefully attended to. To all straits which separate Nova Zembla from this was added the kind conduct of the Siberia. But the passage through these excellent captain, and the constant respect straits is dangerous; for we find there of the whole crew.

The captain knew many shoals, sand-banks, rocks, and reefs. how to unite friendliness with seriousness, JULIA. Reefs ? and kindness with severity; he possessed Father. They are a succession that greatest of all arts, to employ his chains of rocks, which extend along under crew-of which there were forty- the water, and are very dangerous to vessels tinually in the most useful manner. He in sailing. Usually we find them near had already made several voyages to to land, where they stretch out far into America and the East Indies, and this the sea. But often, too, they are to be furnished him with matter for much met with in the midst of the ocean. interesting and instructive conversation. MARIA. Can the sailors know and see So the two friends sat and listened with where these reefs are ? increasing curiosity and the most earnest Father. If the sea is stormy they wishes that they could themselves have cannot. It is only when the sea is calm experienced all that the captain related that they are able to do it. The waves They accompanied him in their thoughts indeed dash over such a reef, and form a on his voyages, shared his perils, and species of breakers, just as they do on a were at his side in many an adventure; coast. But seamen avoid, as much as with him they passed through unknown possible

, such places. They choose to seas, landed on desolate islands, saw many make a considerable circuit rather than remarkable countries, and cities of foreign expose themselves to such dangers, espeportions of the globe. Both of the young cially in unknown regions. men were commissioned as volunteers to Our_voyagers were on the north of lend a helping hand to two other officers Nova Zembla, and now they turned to the of the ship. These also, after the example east. Here two capes run out, not far of the captain, were excellent men, scien- distant from each other, Cape North-west tifically educated, who soon became friends and Cape North-east, or Taimura, the of the two young men.

most northern points of Asia, which beGus. I can imagine how happily they long to the most northern portion of the both must have felt in their intercourse earth. Against all expectation their voyage I should like much to had hitherto been perfectly favourable ;

the sun appeared warmer than they could Mother. You can do as well here on have anticipated in this latitude ; they nothe firm land. If you conduct yourself where met with ice; and the day, which properly, you may ånd everywhere good lasted above two months.

with such men.
have been in their place.

JULIA. What did you say, father ? the JULIA. Now I know the rest of the day two months long ?

way. Kamschatka, the Aleutian Isles, FATHER. Yes; the day at Midsummer Japan, China, all these countries come here lasts about two months; but for this one after another. reason, about Christmas, the night is as Father. Right. The captain thought long. Then, for two months, the sun with himself whether he should choose does not make its appearance.

this course. The summer would soon JULIA. That would be a nice thing for be over, and the winter drew on at every many people, for whom the sun always hour. The whole of the northern coast rises too early.

of Asia was little known, and therefore Gus. Look in the glass yourself, Julia; threatened many dangers. Possibly the you are not used to be the first up. captain had no particular desire to pass

JULIA. We will not dispute about that. the winter at Kamschatzka. The course Sleep is something very sweet; but you, to the East Indies removed him too far Max and Gustavus, can oblige us two, from his country—from old England. He Maria and myself, very much. See here; concluded, therefore, to turn about again, I know well that the length of the days and to spend the winter in Archangel, and nights is different, according to situa- and in the beginning of the following tion of countries

summer to try whether it might not be Max. That, for example, under the line, possible to discover a new way through or the equator, the day, year in and out, i Baffin's Bay. is twelve hours, and the night twelve MARIA. Is not that the great bay behours; while under the two poles the tween Greenland and the yet wholly unlongest day lasts half a year.

known parts of North America ? JULIA. True ; but why is it so ? and Father. Yes. More than two hunin what degrees does it happen?

dred years ago was this bay discovered ; FATHER. Of this you have no really and many attempts have since been inade correct idea,--that I can well believe. to find a passage through it into the Max and Gustavus, what if you should | Pacific Ocean. make this clear to your sisters ?

In this region the captain turned his Max. Very willingly, sir ; but I must ship towards the North-west Cape, and first think over in what way to make it for a second time doubled the Cape. The plain.

cold had already set in, and the ice formed FATHER. That must depend wholly on on the coasts, mist and snow darkened you two, and it will give me pleasure if the air, and the captain had need of all you find out a new way. But let us now his care if he wished to reach Archangel return to account of the voyage. | with his ship uninjured. But often a Here in the highest northern point of single circumstance is a means of frusAsia, the English captain liad two courses trating the best and wisest plan; hefore him, of which he might take his which the captain and his friends proved choice. One way was to proceed further by experience, and which every man often on his voyage eastward, and sail through has occasion to learn. between Asia and America. Gustavus, Gus. Did it happen to them as it did what countries would he pass to reach to Robinson Crusoe ? Did they suffer the East Indies ?

shipwreck ? Gus. Along the northern coast of Asia, MARIA. I should doubly pity the unto Cape Satatskoy, from thence to the fortunate men if such a fate had befallen North Cape.

them in that region. Maria. Ha! ha! That was the way, Father. I forgot to tell you that the years before, with our friends Cook and captain had taken with him from ArchKotzebue.

angel a Russian as a pilot, a man who Gus. So it was. On the way the cap- was perfectly trained for his post. He tain could make a visit to the Jakuts and soon became Ivan's and Gregory's friend. Tschutsches. From thence they might | He was of much value to the captain go through Behring's Straits, between and the whole crew, on account of his Asia and America.

knowledge. Now the officers were sitting


a fact

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