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plans had been agitated, Catesby proposed | quest, the ancient church was built close a secret mine under the Upper House of to Clement’s-lane. But we will quote Parliament.

Winter's own words :-“So we met beMatters being thus resolved upon, a hind St. Clement's, Mr. Catesby, Mr. house was hired by Thomas Percy, adjoin- Percy, Mr. Wright, Mr. Guy Fawkes, and ing the parliament-house, where the mine myself; and having, upon a primer, given was constructed, the 11th of December, each other the oath of secresy, in a cham1604, by the five conspirators above enu- ber where no other body was, we went merated, who soon after admitted Christo- after into the next room and heard mass, pher Wright a member of the plot, as and received the blessed sacrament upon well as Robert Winter. It was Christmas the same." when they perforated the mine to the wall, In order the better to conceal himself, which was three yards thick; and about Guido Fawkes took the name of Percy's Candlemas they had worked the wall half servant, assuming, according to some, the through; Guy Fawkes being uniformly appellation of Guy Johnson, whereas stationed as sentinel, to descry anyone others state John Johnson. In the conwho might approach. While occupied in fession made by Winter, he states that, this manner, a rush was suddenly heard in “ towards the beginning of the term, Mr. an adjoining cellar, caused by the removal | Fawkes and I came to Mr. Catesby, at of coals deposited there; upon which | Moorecroft's, where we agreed, that now Fawkes dreaded a discovery, and having was time to begin, and set things in stayed the operations of his coadjutors, order for the mine. So as Mr. Fawkes he repaired to the cellar in question, when went to London, and the next day sent for he ascertained that the coals were being me to come over to him; when I came, sold off, and that the cellar was to be let. the cause was, that the Scottish lords were Percy, the conspirator, immediately went appointed to sit in conference of the and hired the cellar at a yearly rent. Union, in Mr. Percy's house." These

Previous to this incident, the conspira- words of Winter “come over to him," tors had provided and conveyed to the obviously referred to his crossing the water house which had been first taken, twenty to the residence of Fawkes, an old house barrels of gunpowder, which were removed situate in Lambeth, as may be inferred by into the cellar, and there covered with bil- the following paragraph in Winter's conlets and faggots provided for that pur

fession: pose.

“It was thought convenient to have a About the Easter following, parliament house, that might answer to Mr. Percy's, being prorogued until October, these as- where we might inake provision of powder sociations dispersed, when Guido Fawkes and wood for the mine, which being there returned to the low countries, according to made ready, should in the night be conthe advice and direction of the rest, who veyed by boat to the house by the parliawere fearful that his longer stay in Eng- ment, because we were loath to soil that land might give rise to suspicions. with often going in and out.

There was During this lapse of time, Percy, hav- none that we could devise so fit as Laming the key of the cellar, caused more

beth." powder and wood to be deposited there, It appears that Thomas Winter and Guy and at the beginning of September, Guido Fawkes, suspecting that the first powder Fawkes returned, when he received the might be damp, procured a quantity of key from Percy, and a fresh supply of new, and conveyed it into the cellar, powder and billets was conveyed thither; placing it in the order it should stand: at after which Fawkes repaired to the coun- which period the parliament was protry, where he continued till the 30th of rogued anew untill the 5th of November. October.

Two days prior to the above date, CatesAccording to the statement of Thomas by and Fawkes were at a house called Winter, in his confession, it appears that "White Webbs,” by Enfield Chace, where the conspirators met in Clement's - lane, they were joined by Thomas Winter, and behind the church; for long prior to this the latter was informed of the well-known period, and even before the Norman con- I letter forwarded to the Lord Mounteagle,





recorded in history, and which led to the

THE SUMMONER. discovery of this horrible plot,

HUNGARIAN Guido Fawkes was arrested near the

TRADITION, entrance of the cellar, about midnight, by Sir Thomas Knevett (a gentleman of Among tñe lofty Carpathians, where his majesty's privy-chamber, and a justice they mirror their stern and solemn beauty of the peace in Westminster), who 'in- in the clear waters of the Waag, linked stantly conducted the delinquent to the together in 'a long chain, like the giant privy-council ; before whom he boldly de- guardians of the fair valley ať their feet, clared, “that had he been within the door may be seen a detached and sterile rock, at the period of his apprehension, he would almost inaccessible, totally devoid of vehave blown himself up, with all those about getation, and laved' by the rapid river, him at the time."

which hurries from beneath its heavy shaAfter this he underwent an examination dows to dance again in brightness in the at Whitehall, where no man of whatsoever sunlight beyond. rank he might be, was denied access to, The Count Stibor was as brave as or conference with him; yet notwith- | he was high-born, and riches had poured standing the incessant teazing and imper- in upon him until he had become one tinent questionings to which he was

sub- of the wealthiest nobles in the empire. jected, he neither changed countenance, It chanced that one day he hunted with nor lost his temper during the whole of a great retinue among the mountain fastthe day; treating the better sort with con- nesses; and glorious was the sport of temptuous scorn, and mocking the rest that gallant hunt. The light-footed chawith taunts and jesting. Being afterwards mois, the antlered"deer, the fierce wolf

, conducted to the Tower, no threats, nor and the grisly bear were alike laid low; the exposure upon the rack, could urge when, as the sun was about to set, he him to divulge his secret. He was after- formed his temporary encampment on the wards tried and convicted.

pleasant bank of the Waag, just where, Guy Fawkes being very emaciated and on the opposite side of the channel, a lone ill at the time of execution, suffered in and precipitous rock turned aside the company with Thomas Winter, his original glancing waters. associate, Ambrose Rookwood, and Robert The heart of Stibor was merry, for the Keies, within the boundary of Old Palace- sport had gone well throughout the day, yard, Westminster, and close to the par- and when his rude tents were raised, the liame house, on the 31st of January, savoury steam of the venison, and the 1606.

sparkles of the wine-cup brightened his

humour, and he listened, with a smile COMBING THE PERUKE.—Combing the upon his lip to the light sallies of the peruke at the time when men of fashion joyous company. wore large wigs was even at public places As they talked idly of the day's huntan act of gallantry.' The combs for this ing, however, one wished that the deer had purpose were of a very large size, of ivory taken another direction; a second that or tortoise - shell, curiously chased and he had not missed a certain shot; a third ornamented, and were carried in the that he had not lost his couteau-de-chasse pocket as constantly as the snuff - box. in the underwood: in short, there was not At court, on the mall, and in the boxes, an individual among them who had not gentlemen conversed and combed their some regret blent with his triumph, like a perukes. There may now be seen a fine drop of gall in a cup of honey. picture, by the elder Laroon, of John, “Hear me," said the magnificent noble, Duke of Marlborough, at his levee, in during a transient pause in the conversa. which his grace is represented dressed in tion; "I seem to be the only hunter of à scarlet suit, with large white satin cuffs, the day to whom the sport has been withand a very long white peruke, which he out a blemish. It is true that all your combs, while his valet, who stands behind misfortunes are light enough : but I will him, adjusts the curls after the comb has have no shadow cast upon my own joy; passed through them.

and therefore to compensate to you for

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these alleged mishaps, each of you is And it was built, -and within a year free to form a wish, and if it be within a festival was held there and the noble my power to grantit, I pledge my knightly became enamoured of his own creationword that it shall be fulfilled.”

for it was beautiful in its strength, and the A murmur of admiration ran through fair dames admired its courtly halls as the astonished, circle; and the work of much as the warriors prized its solid ambition, soon began. Gold was the first walls and its commanding towers. And thing asked for, for avarice is ever the thus Count Stibor bought off the rockmost, greedy of all passions; and then fortress from his jester with gold, and

revenge upon an enemy,--for human na- made it the chief place of his abode; and ture will often sacrifice personal gain to he feasted there with his guests, and made vengeance; and then power-authority-merry with music and dances, until it rule over their fellow-men: the darling seemed as though life was to be for him occupation and privilege of poor, weak, one long festival. Men often walk over self-misjudging mortals. In short, there the same spot which afterwards opens to was no boon within the reach of reason afford them sepulture, which had not been asked and promised, Little by little the habit of self-indulwhen the eye of Stibor fell upon his gence grew upon the luxurious noble ; jester, who was standing apart playing yet still he loved the chase beyond all else with the tassels of his vest, and apparently on earth, and his dogs were of the fleetest quite uninterested in a subject which had and finest breed. made all around him eager and excited, He was one day at table, surrounded by

“And thou, knave,” said the noble, the richest viands and the rarest wines, “hast thou nothing to ask? Thou must when one of his favourite hounds entered bestir thyself, or thy master will have little the hall howling with pain, and dragging left to give, if the game go on thus." after him his wounded foot, which dropped

“Fear not, fear not,” replied the fool ; | blood as he moved along. Terror seized " the claimants have been courteous, for upon the hearts of the vassals, even before they have not touched upon that portion the rage of their lord burst forth; and, of thy possessions which I covet. They when it came, terrible was the storm as have demanded gold, blood, dominion ; | he vowed vengeance against the wretch the power to enjoy themselves, and to ren- who had dared thus to mutilate an animal der others wretched-they are welcome to that he valued. all they want. I ask only for stones." An aged slave flung himself at his feet. A loud laugh ran through the circle. SMercy! my lord, mercy!” he ex“Stones, Betzko !” echoed the astonished claimed, piteously. “I have served you Stibor: '“ thou shalt have them to thy faithfully for years, my beard is gray heart's content, where and in what shape with time, and my life has been one of thou wilt.”

hardship. Have

mercy on me, for he flew “I take thee at thy word, Count Stibor. upon me, and would have torn me, had I I will have them yonder, on the crest not defended myself against his fury. I of the bold rock that stands out like, might have destroyed him, but I sought a braggart daring the foot of man; and only, to preserve myself. in the shape of a good castle in which upon my weakness!” I nay hold my own, should need be,

The egotistical chieftain, however, the unlooked-for reply.

heeded not the anguish of his gray hairs ; “Thou hast lest thy chanee, Betzko ;” and pointing to a low balcony, which excried a voice amid the universal merriment tended across the window of the apartthat ensued.. 6 Not even Stibor can ac- ment and hung over the precipice, he complish thy desire."

commanded that the wretched old man “Who dares to say that Stibor cannot should be flung from thence into the river grant it, if such be his will?" demanded which flowed beneath, as an example to the chieftain in a voice of thunder, as he those caitiffs who valued their own worth. rose proudly from the earth where he had less lives above those of his noble hounds. been seated on a couch of skins. "The As the miserable tools of an imperious castle of Betzko shall be built!"

will were dragging the unhappy victim to

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his fate, he raised his voice, and cursed fell, the clear waters of the Wáag for a the tyrant whom they served ; and having time resisted the impure burthen, and done

so, he summoned him to appear at threw him back shrieking from their the tribunal, which none can escape, to depths. But he sank at last; and when answer for this his last crime, on its first his parasites sought him on the morrow, anniversary. But the powerful chief they found only the couch on which he heeded not his words.

had lain, and a few drops of blood to hint Away with him!” he said, sternly, as that he had died a death of violence and he lifted his goblet to his lips ;-and there vengeance. was a struggle, a shriek of agony, and They searched for him carefully on all then a splash upon the river wave, and all sides; and then, when they were quite was silent !

assured that he had passed away never to A year went by in festival and pride; return, whispers grew of the gray-headed and the day on which that monstrous slave, and the mysterious raven,-until by crime had been committed returned un- | degrees the fate of the famous Stibor was heeded. There was a feast in the castle, fashioned into form, and grew into a and Stibor, who month after month gave legend throughout the country; scaring himself up yet more to self-indulgence, the village maiden in her twilight walk, gradually became heavy with wine, and and the lone shepherd in his watch upon his attendants carried him to a couch the hills. beside the same window whence the unfor. tunate slave had been hurled twelve

FASHION. months before.

The guests drank on for a time, and made merry at the insensibility and help- What a variety of changes there has lessness of their powerful host; and then been in the costumes of men and women they departed, each to his business or his from the earliest periods we have recorded. pleasure, and left him there alone.

And these millions of changes have, each The casement had been flung back to and all, had their admirers, and every fashion admit the air freely into the heated apart- has been, in its day, called beautiful. It ment; and the last reveller had scarcely is evident, therefore, that the reigning departed, when a raven—the sombre mes- fashion, whatever it be, comprehends the senger of Nemesis-few thrice round the essence of the agreeable, and that to conbattlements of the castle, and then tinue one particular mode or costume, alighted on the balcony. Several of the beautiful for successive ages, it would guests amused their idleness by watching only be necessary to keep it fashionable. the evolutions of the ill.omened bird ; but Some nations have taken advantage of this once having lost sight of it, they turned principle in the philosophy of dress, and away and thought of it no more.

have, by that means retained a particular Meanwhile, a work of agony and death mode for centuries; and there is no doubt had been delegated to that dark-winged the belles of these unfading fashions were, messenger. It rested but an instant from and are, quite as ardently admired, as its fight ere once more it hovered over the though they had changed the form of their couch of the sleeping Stibor ; and then, apparel at every revolution of the moon. darting down, its sharp beak penetrated In some important particulars these at one thrust from his eye into his brain ! fixed planets of fashion certainly have the

The agony awoke him, but he awoke advantage over those who are continually only to madness from its extent. He displaying a new phasis. They present reeled to and fro, venting imprecations to fewer data for observation, and consewhich none were by to listen, and writhed quently, the alterations which time will until his tortured body was one convul- bring to the fairest person are less percepsion. At length, by a mighty effort, striv- tible, or, as they always seem the same, ing to accomplish he knew not what, he less noted. There are few trials more hurled himself over the balcony, at the critical to a waning beauty, than the selfsame spot whence the slave had been appearing in a new and brilliant fashion. fung by his own command ; and as he If it becomes her, the whisper instantly runs round the circle, “How young she these views of the expediency of tolerating looks !”-a most invidious way of hinting evil are a part of that Machiavellian sysshe is as old as the hills ;-if it does not tem of selfishness which has been imposed become her, which is usually the case, on the world for wisdom, but which has then you will hear the remark, “What an proved its origin by the corrupting crimes odious dress!" meaning, the wearer looks and miseries men have endured in conseas ugly as the Fates.

quence of yielding themselves dupes or The contrast between a new fashion and slaves of fashion and vice. an old familiar face instantly strikes the We do hope, indeed believe, that a more beholder, and makes him run over all the just appreciation of the true interests and changes in appearance he has seen the real happiness of mankind will yet prevail. individual assume ; and then, there is the improvements, now so rapidly prodanger that the antiquated fashions may gressing, in the intellectual and civil conbe revived—and how provoking it is to be dition of nations must, we think, be folquestioned whether one remembers when lowed by a corresponding improvement in long waists and hoops, and ruffled-cuffs the tastes and pursuits of those who are were worn !-A reference to the parish- the élite of society. Etiquette and the register, or the family record, would not fashions cannot be the engrossing objects disclose the age more effectually.

of pursuit, if people become reasonable. Nor are the youthful exempted from The excellences of mind and heart will their share in the evils of change. It be of more consequence to a lady than the draws the attention of the beholder to the colour of a riband or the shape of a bondress, rather than the wearers; and it net. We would not have ladies despise reminds bachelors, palpably and alarm- or neglect dress. They should be always ingly

, of the expense of supporting a wife fit to be seen; personal neatness is inwho must thus appear in a new costume dispensable to agreeableness—almost to every change of the mode.

virtue. A proper portion of time and Now, as it is fashion which makes the attention must scrupulously be given to pleasing in dress, were one particular external appearance, but not the whole of form retained ever

so long, it would our days and energies. Is it worthy of always please, and thus the unnecessary Christians, pretending to revere the preexpense of time and money be avoided ; cepts of Him who commanded them not and the charges of fickleness and frivo- to "take thought what they should put lity entirely repelled. We have facts to on,” to spend their best years in studying support this opinion.

the form of their apparel ? Is not the Spanish costume quite as It is not necessary to elegance of appear. becoming as our own mode ? and that cos- ance, nor to the prosperity of trade, that tume has been unchanged, or nearly so, changes in fashion should so frequently for centuries ; while the French, from

Take, for instance, the article whom we borrow our fashions, (poor souls of shoes. What good consequence results that we are, to be thus destitute of inven- from a change in the fashion of shoes ? tion and taste !) have ransacked Nature, If we have a becoming and convenient and exhausted art, for comparisons and mode, why not retain it for centuries, and terms by which to express the new inven- save all the discussions about square-toed, tions they have displayed in dress.

round, or peaked-and all the other ad We are aware that a certain class of) infinitum changes in cut and trimmings? political economists affect to believe that And if the hours thus saved were devoted luxury is beneficial to a nation-but it is to reading or exercise, would not the mind not so. The same reasoning which would and health be more improved than if we nake extravagance in dress commendable, were employed in deciding the rival claims because it employed manufacturers and of the old and new fashion of shoes to artists would also make intemperance a

admiration ? rirtue in those who could afford to be Such portions time may seem very drunk, because the preparation of the trifling, but the aggregate of wasted hours, alcohol employs labourers, and the con- drivelled away thus by minutes, makes a sumption would encourage trade. All large part of the life allotted us.


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