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dissemble to pretend ; whereas she who


We by no means advocate an idle and which is a source of dissimulation. To stupid of society. Excitement is correct this, we must lead them to disconecessary; emulation is necessary; and ver


; oblige But there are objects more worthy to call them to appear to enjoy books, or society, we must be active if we would be happy. | they are tired, to sa, Qout disguise ; forth the energies of rational beings than | while fatigued by them. When they have the tie of a cravat, or the trimming of a unfortunately acquired the habit of disbonnet. And when the moral and intel- guising their feelings, we must show them, lectual beauty of character is more, culti-, by examples, that it is possible to be disa vated and displayed, we hope that the creet and prudent without being deceitful," “foreign aid of ornament will be found and tell them that prudence consists in less necessary; and when all our ladies saying little, and distrusting ourselves are possessed of “inward greatness, un, more than others, not in dissembling affected wisdom, and sanctity of man- speeches. Simplicity and truth excite ners, they will not find a continual" more confidence, and succeed better, even flutter of fashion add anything to the in this world, than dissimulation. I 9118 sfit respect and affection their virtues and What is there more delightful than to simple graces will inspire.

be sincere, tranquil, in harmony !!} 100997.66.11 conscience, having nothing to fear, and,

24*.:s nothing MANNER OF EDUCATING GIRLS: the necessity of hiding one deception by a

is always agitated, and under As

are in danger of super- hundred others and yety with all these stition, we must try to enlighten and efforts, she never fails to be discovered strengthen their minds. We must accus- sooner or later she passen if we

she is. tom them not to admit things' without We should never i coax authority. Nothing is so painful as to do, we teach them to disguise the truth, see people of intellect and piety shudder and they never forget it. We must lead at the thoughts of death. A woman ought them by reason as much as possible. to know how to resist weak fears, to be They observe' everything. We must acfirm in danger, and to feel that a Chris-custom them to speak little. The pleatian, of either sex, should never be a sure we derive from playful children often coward ; the soul of Christianity, if we spoils them. We teach them to say everymay so call it, lies in the disregard of this thing that comes into their minds'; to life, and the love of another.

speak of things of which they have no There are several faults which are com- distinct idea. This habit of judging with inon to girls brought up in indolence and precipitation, of speaking of things withtimidity; they are incapable of a firm and out understanding them, remains during steady conduct; there is a good deal of the rest of their livesand forms a very affectation in those ill-founded alarms, defective order of mind, and those tears that they shed so easily. * We should never laugh at anything which We must begin by treating them with | is in any way associated with religion, indifference; we must repress our too before children. We sometimes indulge tender love, little flatteries, and compli- ourselves in ridiculing the devotions of a ments. We must teach them to speak in simple mind, but we commit a' great fault a concise manner. Genuine good taste in so doing. We should speak of God consists in saying much in a few words, with seriousness and reverence, and never in choosing among our thoughts, in hav. trifle upon sacred subjects. In matters of ing some order and arrangement in what propriety, we must be careful before chilwe relate, in speaking with composure; dren.-Fenelon. whereas, women in general are enthu. siastic in their language. Little can be If promises from man to man have expected from a woman, who does not force, why not from man to woman? Their know how to express her thoughts with very weakness is the charter of their correctness, and how to be silent.

power, and they should not be injured, Girls are timid and full of false shame, because they cannot return it.- Farquhar.



23. Ohto was so called in 1802, from its southern ORIGINS AND INVENTIONS.


24. Missouri was so called in 1821, from its principal river.

25. Michigan was so called in 1805, from the NAMES OF THE STATES OF AMERICA,

lake on its borders. 1. Maine was so called as early as 1638, from

26. Arkansas was so called in 1819, from Maine, in France, of which Henrietta Maria, its principal river. Queen of England, was at that time proprietor.

27. Florida was so called by Juan Ponce de 2. New Hampshire was the name given to the

Leon, in: 1562, because it was discovered on territory conveyed by the Plymouth Company to Easter Sunday, in anish, Pascua Florida, Captain John Mason, by patent, Nov 7, 1639,

28. Texas w was so called by the Spaniards in 1690, with reference to the patentee, who was governor who that year'drove out a colony of French, who

*97 of Portsmouth, in Hampshire, England.

had established themselves at Matagorda, and 3. Vermont was so called by the inhabitants in made their first permanent settlement. their declaration of independence, Jan. 16, 1777,

29. from the French verd, green, and mont, mountain. Was so named in 1836, from the


same name, when a territorial 4. Massachusetts derived its name from a tribe government was formed. of Indians in the neighbourhood of Boston. The

30. dlowa was so called in 1838, after a tribe of tribe is supposed to have derived its name from Indians of the same name, and a separate terri, the Blue Hills of Milton. "I have learned," . torial government formed. says Roger Williams, that the Massachusetts were so called from the Blue Hills.” 5. Rhode Island was so called in 11644, in

" BY HOOK OR BY CROOK." --Persons entitled reference to the Island of Rhodes, in the Medi

to fuel-wood in the King's forest, were only terranean

authorised to take it of the dead wood or branches 6. Connecticut was so called from the Indian

of trees in the forest, "with a cart, hook, and a name of its principal river.


crook.'!+Notes and Queries. 7. New York (originally called New Nether+ lands) was so called in reference to the Duke of York and Albany, to whom this territory, was granted.

8. New Jersey (originally called New Sweden) HACKNEY COACHES AND SEDAN CHAIRS, was so named in 1644, in compliment to Sir IN THE REIGN OF CHARLES I.-The use of George Carteret, one of its original proprietors, hackney coaches was but very trifling in 1628, who had defended the island of Jersey against having their origin only in the first year of the Long Parliament during the civil war of this reign. Captain Bailey, an old sea-officer, England.

started four hackney coaches with drivers in 9. Pennsylvania was so called in 1681, after liveries, with directions to ply at the Maypole, in William Penn, the founder of Philadelphia. the Strand, where now the new church is, and

10. Delaware was so called in 1703 from at what rate to carry passengers about the town. Delaware Bay, on which' it lies, and which A successful rival, however, soon appeared to received its name from Lord de la Warr, who divide the popularity with the old tar, the king died in this bay.

giving a grant to Sir Sanders Duncomb, ex11. Maryland was so called in honour of pressed in the following terms :-"That whereas Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I., in his the streets of our cities of London and Westpatent to Lord Baltimore, June 30, 1632.

minster, and their suburbs, are of late so much 12. Virginia was so called in 1584, after Eliza- encumbered with the unnecessary number of beth, the virgin Queen of England.

coaches, that many of our subjects are thereby 13 and 14. Carolina (north and south) was exposed to great danger, and the necessary use of so called in 1564, by the French, in honour of carts and carriages for provisions thereby much Charles IX. of France

hindered ; and Sir Sanders Duncomb's petition 15. Georgia was so called in 1772, in honour of representing that in many parts beyond sea, George II.

people are much carried in chairs that are covered 16. Alabama was so-called 1897, from its prin- | whereby few coaches are used among them: eipal river.

wherefore we stant in him the sole privilege to 17. Mississippi was so called in 1790, from its use, let, or hire a numuwer of the said covered Western boundary. Mississippi is said to denote chairs for fourteen years.” For this lucrative the whole river; that is, the river formed by grant the king, so careful to provide against his the union of many.

liege subjects being run over by the excessive 18. Louisiana was so called, in honour of Louis number of four hackney coaches, no doubt XVI. of France.

received a douceur of good and sufficient weight, 19. Tennessee was so called in 1796, from its for the patent was followed by a more stringent principal river. The word Tennessee is said proclamation against hackney coaches, commandto signify a curved spoon.

ing, “That no hackney coach should be used in 20. Kentucky was so called in 1782, from the the city of London, or suburbs thereof, other principal river.

than by carrying people to and from their habita21. Illinois was so called in 1809, from its prin- tions in the country, and that no person should cipal river. The word is said to signify the river make use of a coach in the city, except such of men.

persons as could keep four able horses fit for his 22. Indiana was so called in 1802, from the majesty's service, which were to be ready when American Indians.

called for under a severe penalty."

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POINT-LACE FOR AN ALTAR-CLOTH. lace, mounted and with the requisite Materials. No. 7 white cotton French braid; materials, will be remitted, post-free, for and the Point-lace cottons of Messrs. W, Evans and Co., of Derby.

4s. 6d. in stamps or order. The quantity

of cottons will make several collars. The pattern here given is a copy of a Letters connected with the work to be very old piece of lace, and is designed for addressed to Mrs. Pullan's residence, 126, the border of an altar-cloth. It is, however, Albany-street, Regent's-park. well adapted for any lace trimming, and might readily be arranged in the form of a collar.

POINT LACE COLLAR. The following stitches and threads are Materials. The Point-lace cottons of Messrs. to be used.

W. Evans & Co., of Derby, with their No. 1 A single spot of English lace is worked

Mecklenburgh thread. in every alternate point. This must be This collar is done in the antique style, done with W. Evans & Co.'s Mecklenburgh and is distinguished by that_grotesque thread, No 80. The intermediate points character so often seen in old Point-lace. are nearly filled (as will be seen in the The size of the section given appears engraving), with foundation-stitch, done large, but it must be remembered that in Mecklenburgh, No 160. Between the collars are worn very much deeper now two parallel lines of braid forming the than they were a few months ago. scallop, is worked a double row of Eng- The outlines are done in Mecklenburgh, lish lace, in W. Evans & Co.'s Boar's- No. 1, and the ground is composed head cotton, No 90. The Venetian bars entirely of various bars, the pattern on which make the groundwork, are done in which is heavy, and for the most part in the Mecklenburgh 100.

antique stitches.

These are respectively The close diamonds, and other stitches to be worked in the following threads. in the centre of the scallops, are to be No. 1. FOUNDATION STITCH.—No. 100 worked from the engraving, entirely in Mecklenburgh. Mecklenburgh thread, No 140.

No. 2. Seville LACE Stitch. No. This pattern, arranged as a collar, or a 120 Mecklenburgh.

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No. 3. OPEN. DIAMOND STITCH, 170 T'S THE TOILETTE FRIEND. Boar's head Cotton, No. 120.), ) in

sd a wod No. 4, This stitch is a variety of the 90 | THE HAIRSTRUCTURE OF..or ti foundation stitch, and is seen in different tk Hagris found on all parts of the parts of the collar. The open lines are surface of the Mbody, except the palm of produced by leaving the space of two the hands and the sbles of the feet. d Lorde stitches

, wherever an open stitch occurs, 12. Thed hair differs. considerably in whether the lines are to be worked length, i thickness a shape, and colour; directly acros 74 zig-zags, or other aceording to situation, race, family, sex, fantastic forms.


Lilio;!; addiw Ts! 9d1 burgh, No. 100. bite 9. to coat 23. As hair is a bad conductor of heat,

No.5 is Fan Lace, done in No. 89 Mech it is obviously one of the most appropriate lenburgh.

si coverings for the bodies of animals, or English Lace is done in Boar's- the head of man,+ because heat escapes headNo. 90 ; ttedJaco 120 of the same.

1651 the body is protected from the influence All the bars are done in Mecklenburgh, of excessive heat, moisture, and electricity, 100.

by means of the hair. The edge is done in the following way: 54: The -- hair,” says. Mr. Paget, the Every point consists of six loops. Make eminent s anatomist," in its constant the three at the base, tack them down with growth, serves, over and above its local a second needle and thread, and cover the purposes, for the advantage of the whole first, second, and half the third with but- body , in that, - as it grows, it removes ton-hole stitch, adding the Raleigh dots from the blood the bisulphide of protein when required. Take the needle and and other constituents of its substance, thread from the centre of the third loop to which are thus excreted from the body." that of the second, and from that to the It is therefore evident that the hair perfirst ; tack the two loops made, down, and forms an important part in the animal over one and half the other, with button- economy. It has been remarked that hele stitch; then make the loop at the shaving or cutting the hair assists in the point; work that, and also the two half loops removal of carbon and hydrogen from the

system; consequently long hair is injurious. Afterwards cover the outline thread of 19915) Iloil

5. If we the collar with button-hole stitch.

look at the Gilloi Two back of our shied

hands we shall A BLIND AUTHOR. The Literary Gazette remarks that Jaques Arago (bro

hair issuing ther of the eminent savant) is one of the

from small demost singular men of his country and

pressions in time. Though afflicted with total blind du

the skin. ness, he has contrived to gain no mean

d These depresreputation as a writer, a dramatist, a critic, soil

sions are the a wit, a punster, a traveller, a navigators of

is orifices of the round the world, and finally as the ma

11 hair- follicles, naging director of a band of daring fellows alle

(which extend who, some months ago, went out to Cali

to various fornia to seek for gold. No other stone

depths in the blind man in the universe would perhaps

corium, and have had the cool audacity to conceive the

are always idea of writing such a work as is reviewed

lined with by our contemporary, viz., a collection of

cells of the brief, sparkling, brilliant criticisms, in

Plis" 19:31 same kind as prose and verse, on the actors and actresses - DIY Viad those found of Paris ; certainly no other could have

ESTE in the epi

Fig. 1.

Poid 58: written one so well.


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