« FöregåendeFortsätt »
BY H. W. BEECHER.
Southwark. His life had been singularly exempt from sickness and suffering, so PARLOUR FLOWERS IN WINTER. that by temperance, and a methodical division of time, he was enabled to continue his labours, with little intermission, The treatment of house-plants is very to the last. In summing up his character, little understood, although the practice of one of his biographers says: “Let us lay keeping shrubs and Aowers during the all these together, his zeal and piety, his winter is almost universal. It is import charity and compassion, his fidelity and ant that the physiological principles on integrity, his gratitude and thankfulness, which success depends should be fairly his munificence and hospitality, his understood, and then cultivators humanity, affability, and modesty, and to apply them with success in all the varythese add his indefatigable; study, the ing circumstances in which they may be fruits of his labours in his sermons and called together. writings, together with his profundity in
Two objects are proposed in taking all kinds of learning, his wit, memory, plants into the house-either simple progravity, judgment, and humility, and his tection, or the development of their foliage detestation of all vices and sins, and con
and flowers during the winter. The same sider whether the church of God in general, treatment will not do for both objects. and this in particular, did not suffer an Indeed, the greater number of our acirreparable loss by his death.”
quaintance treat their winter plants, from New and deep interest was added to an which they desire flowers, as if they only exploration of the fine old church of St. wished to preserve them till spring; and Saviour from the recollection that our feet the consequence is, that they have very pressed the spot where his ashes reposed. little enjoyment in their favourites. It is imposing from its antiquity, earlier Treatment of house plants simply designed portions having been erected in 1106. In
to stand over. · Tender Roses, Azaleas, the process of some recent repairs, the Cape Jessamines, Cape Myrtles, Oranges, workmen struck upon a plain leaden coffin, Lemons, Figs, and Oleanders may be under an arch of brickwork, with only the kept in a light cellar, if frost never peneletters L. A. upon its lid. In this casket, trates it. all that was mortal of Bishop Launcelot If kept in parlours, the following are Andrews had peacefully slept for more the most essential points to be observed. than two centuries :
The thermometer should never be per
mitted to rise above 60 or 65 degrees, nor But thou, O prelate, in thy lowly bed,
at night to sink below 40 degrees. Whose slight initials on yon coffin's face Seem like thine accents, breathing from the dead, Although plants will not be frost- bitten The treasured isdom of thy finish'd race,
until the mercury falls to 32 degrees, yet
the chill of a temperature below 40 will Thou, whose high business with the human soul often be as mischievous to tender plants
Led on, o'er steeps where stormy passions rave, Through darken'd depths, where bitter waters
as frost itself. Excessive heat, particuroll,
larly a dry stove heat, will destroy the To teach the erring, and the lost to save; leaves almost as certainly as frost. We Whose tireless bounty sought the suffering poor, have seen plants languishing in a tem
Whose pitying care the helpless orphan fed, perature of 70 degrees (it often rising ten Brought heavenly comfort to the sick man's door, degrees higher), while the owners wonAnd toward the prisoner turn’d with angel dered what could ail the plants, for they tread;
sure they kept the room Thou, who with chastening thoughts and pious enough! Tried thine own spirit on its pilgrim way,
Next, great care should be taken not to Whose hallow'd prayers survive the lapse of years, over-water. Plants which are not grow. Not with poor strains like these, thy zeal we ing require very little water. If given, pay :
the roots become sogged or rotten, and Not with a song ! Far higher praise is thine,- the whole plant is enfeebled. Water A silent tear-drop from the humbled eye,
should never be suffered to stand in the A deep orison 'neath this sacred shrine,
Thy life to follow, and thy death to die! saucers; nor be given always when the
top soil is dry. Let the earth be stirred, tics. But roses, geraniums, &c., and the and when the interior of the ball is becom- common house plants, require the soil to ing dry, give it a copinus supply, let it be moist rather than wet.
As a general drain thoroughly, and then turn off what rule, it may be said that every pot should falls into the saucer.
have one-sixth part of its depth filled Plants designed for winter flowering.—It with coarse pebbles, as a drainage, before is to be remembered that winter is natu- the plants are potted. This gives all rally the season of rest for plants. All superfluous moisture a free passage out. plants require to lie dormant during some Plants should be watered by examination, season of the year. You cannot cheat and not by time. They require various them out of it. If they are pushed the quantities of moisture, according to their whole year, they become exhausted and activity and to the period of their growth. worthless. Here lies the most common Let the earth be well stirred, and if beerror of plant-keepers. If you mean to coming dry on the inside, give water. have roses, blooming geraniums, &c., in Never water by driblets—a spoonful towinter, you must artificially change their day, another to-morrow. In this way the season of rest. Plants which flower in outside will become bound, and the inside summer must rest in winter; those which remain dry. Give a copious watering, so are to flower in winter, must either rest in that the whole ball will be soaked, and summer or autumn. It is not usually then let it drain off, and that which comes worth while to take into the house for into the saucer be poured off. But, in flowering purposes any shrub which has whatever way one prefers to give water, been in full bloom during the summer and the thing to be gained is a full supply of autumn. Select and pot the wished-for moisture to all parts of the root, and yet Aowers during the summer ; place them not so much as to have it stand about in a shady position facing the north ; give them. Manure water may be employed them very little water, and then keep them with great benefit every second or third quiet. Their energies will thus be saved watering. For this purpose, we never for winter. When taken into the house, found anything equal in value to guano. the four essential points of attention are Besides water to the root, a plant is almost light, moisture, temperature, and cleanli. as much benefited by water on the leaf
—but this we will speak of under the head 1. Light.—The functions of the leaves of cleanliness. cannot be healthfully carried on without 3. Temperature. Sudden and violent light. If there be too little, the sap is changes of temperature are almost as imperfectly claborated, and returns from trying on plants as to animals and men. the leaves to the body in a crude, undi- At the same time, a moderate change of gested state. The growth will be coarse, temperature is very desirable. Thus, in watery, and brittle ; and that ripeness Nature, there is a marked and uniform which must precede flowers and fruit, can change at night from the temperature of not be attained. The sprawling, spind- the day. At night, the room should be ling, white-coloured, long-jointed plants, gradually lowered in temperature from 45 of which some persons are unwisely proud, to 50 degrees ; while through the day, it are often the result of too little light and ranges from 55 to 70 degrees. Too much too much water. The pots should be and too sudden heat will destroy tender turned round every day, unless when the leaves almost as surely as frost. It should light strikes down from above, or from also be remembered, that the leaves of windows on each side ; otherwise, they plants are constantly exhaling moisture will grow out of shape by bending toward during the day. If in too warm an atmothe ligbt.
sphere, or in one which is too dry, this 2. Moisture.—Different species of plants perspiration becomes excessive, and weakrequire different quantities of water. ens the plant. If the room be stoveWhat are termed aquatics, of which the heated, a basin of water should be put op Calla Æthiopica is a specimen, require the stove to supply moisture to the air by great abundance of it.
Yet it should evaporation. Sprinkling the leaves, a often be changed even in the case of aqua- | kind of artificial dew, is beneficial on this
account. The air should be changed as
TASTE IN FURNITURE. often as possible. Every warm and sunny day should be improved to let in fresh It is scarcely possible to lay down a air upon these vegetable breathers. rule with respect to the ordinary furniture
4. Cleanliness. - This is an important of a room, yet there is a general law of element of health as well as beauty. propriety which ought as much as possible Animal uncleanliness is first to be removed. to be observed. Regard must be had to If ground-worms have been incorporated what is called “the fitness of things," and with the dirt, a dose or two of lime-water thereby the avoiding of violent contrasts. to the soil. Next aphides or green-lice For instance, sometimes a showy centrewill appear on the leaves and stems. To- table is seen in the middle of a room, bacco smoke will soon stupify them, and where the carpet and every other article cause them to tumble upon the shelves or is shabby and out of repair; or a flashy looksurface of the soil, whence they are to be ing-glass stands above the chimney-piece, as carefully brushed or crushed. If one though to reflect the incongruous taste of its has but a few plants, put them in a group
Shabby things always look the on the floor ; put four chairs around them shabbier when thus contrasted with what and cover with an old blanket, forming a is bright and new. We do not mean to sort of tent. Set a dish of coals within, say that new
articles should never be and throw on a handful of tobacco leaves. purchased; we remark only, that in buyFifteen minutes smoking will destroy any ing furniture, regard should be had to the aphis.
condition of the room in which it is to be If a larger collection is on hand, let the placed. For this reason, second-hand dish or dishes be placed under the stands. furniture is sometimes preferable to new. When the destruction is completed, let “So many men, so many minds,” is an the parlour be well ventilated, unless, fair old saying ; and scarcely two people agree lady, you have an inveterate smoker for in choosing their assortment of furniture. a husband; in which case you may have What is convenient for one is inconve. become used to the nuisance. The in- nient for another, and that which is consisects which infest large collections in dered ornamental by one family, would be green-houses, are fully treated of in hor- | thought ugly by their neighbours. There ticultural books of direction.
are, however, certain articles suited to Dust settles on the leaves, and chokes most rooms,-an ordinary parlour, for up the perspiring pores. The leaves should example. The number of chairs depends be kept free by gentle wiping or washing. on the size of the room ; eight are usually
chosen, two of them being elbows. THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.--The cele- square two-flap mahogany table, or a brated philologian, Jacob Grimm, in a circular one with tripod stand, occupies treatise on “the Origin of Language," the centre of the apartment. At one side delivered in 1851, before the Royal Aca- stands a sofa, a sideboard, a cheffonier, or demy in Berlin, says: Yes, truly, the perhaps a bookcase. Sometimes the cheffoEnglish language, by which, not in vain, nier, with a few shelves fixed to the wall
I nurtured with strength; the English lan- If there be no sofa, there will be proguage, I say, with good reason may call bably an easy chair, in a snug corner, not itself a universal language, and seems far from the fire-place; in another corner chosen, like the English people, to rule stands a small work-table, or a light occa
in future times, in a still greater degree, sional table is placed near the window, to ! in all the corners of the earth. For, in hold'a flower-basket, or some other orna.
richness, in sound reason and flexibility, mental article. These constitute the artino modern language can be compared with cles most needed in a room; there are it; not even the German, which is torn several smaller things, which may be added as we ourselves are torn, and must shake according to circumstances. off many a weakness before it can enter It is one thing to have furniture in a the lists with the English."
room, and another to know how to arrange
it. To do this to the best advantage, re- stand before a Grecian temple calculating quires the exercise of a little thought and the labour and manner of its construction ; judgment. Some people live with their while the lover of Art, blind to its process, furniture in the most inconvenient posi- in silent awe worshipped the grandeur tions, because it never occurred to them of its complete manifestation. to shift it from place to place, until they A sonnet, in the highest sense, naturally had really found which was the most suit. obeys the law of art, which is to conceal able. Those who are willing to make the its processes. And where, in the Sonnets attempt, will often find that a room is of Petrarch, of Milton, of Shakspere, of improved in appearance and convenience Coleridge, or of Wordsworth, can any by a little change in the place of the fur- “anointed eye" see the least shadow of niture.
constraint, or trace of effort ? so unconIt is too much the practice to cover the strainedly do the poetic language and mantel-piece with a number and variety imagery arrange their metrical feet in of knick-knacks and monstrosities by way the beautiful order of the sonnet,-while of ornament; but this is in very bad taste. the one luminous idea, like electricity, Three, or at most, four articles, are all runs through the whole,--that the mind that should be seen in that conspicuous which can perceive, sees only the radiant situation. Vases of white porcelain, called thought, yet feels that a harmonious chain "Parian," or of old china, or a small statue, is its conductor. or a shell or two, are the most suitable. Nor is the sonnet such an effort to the The forms of some of the white vases now poet, as the machine poetaster or mesold at a low price, are so elegant, that it chanical reader may suppose. All will is a real pleasure to look at them.
allow that love utters itself through the most natural forms of expression. Petrarch's love for Laura gave birth to the sonnet:
it was A FEW WORDS ON THE SONNET. mechanical genius, but a living creation,
not the invention of We noticed recently, in a periodical that owes its being to the strong emotions paper, a sonnet introduced by the following of hopeless passion. And if, when reparagraph:
produced in its original likeness, its beauty "We have an utter, relentless, unmiti- and vital power are unfelt, depend upon it, gated dislike, aversion, horror, for those the fault is not in the sonnet. fourteen-lined effusions, called sonnets. Born in Italy—and how can anything They remind us of a child struggling lack music or warmth that originated to walk in swaddling clothes. They are under those_glowing skies ?—and intropuny ideas on stilts. They have a central duced into England by Lord Surrey, the thought, which, like the centre of gravity, sonnet has for some centuries been the is never seen. The poor thing founders medium of conveying and receiving the about like a man running, tied up in richest gems of poetic thought and fancy. a sack. It is a puzzle for children of In our opinion, Wordsworth’s Sonnets, a larger growth. Like, a glass thread, one save one or two Odes, are worth all his wonders how it is spun, or how the apple other poems; and he has said, got into the dumpling !" Nor is the above the expression of an 11
“Scorn not the Sonnet; Critic, you have frowned,
Mindless of its just honours; with this key uncommon sentiment regarding sonnets. Shakspere unlocked his heart; the melody Now, no lover of the sonnet will affirm Of this small lute gave ease to Petrarch's that even its beautiful form of composition,
A thousand times this pipe did Tasso sound; ever so artistically wrought out of rich Camoens soothed with it an exile's grief; material, can affect the human mind, The Sonnet glittered a gay myrtle leaf unless the vital spark animates the whole,
Amid the cypress with which Dante crowned
His visionary brow: a glow.worm lamp, any more than other forms of art through It cheered mild Spenser, called from Fairy-land - 1 which no spiritual meaning is conveyed. To struggle through dark ways; and, when But he, who in a true sonnet can see
a damp nothing but the imaginary laborious pro
Fell round the path of Milton, in his hand
The thing became a trumpet, whence he blew cess of its execution, would probably Soul-animating strains-alas! too few." +
WORDS OF WISDOM. Translated from the Chinese, by Dr. Bowring.
[From the Hong Kong China Mail ]
To seek relief from doubt in doubt,
From woe in woe, from sin in sinIs but to drive a tiger out,
And let a hungrier wolf come in. Who helps a knave in knavery, But aids an ape to climb a tree! On an ape's head a crown you flingi Say-Will that make the ape a king !
Know you why the lark 's sweet lay
Man's divinest nature reaches ? He is up at break of day,
Learning all that Nature teaches.
The record of past history brings Wisdom of sages, saints, and kings; The more we read those reverend pages, The more we honour bygone ages!
Whate'er befit-whate'er befall, One general law commandeth all; There's no confusion in the springs That move all , ublunary things. All harmony is heaven's vast planAll discord is the work of man !
SIGNIFICATION OF CHRISTIAN NAMES.
(Continued from page 172.)
Pew and simple be your words!
The willow is a charming tree; Yet soon-too soon ! the wintry hour
Invests them with mortality.
Water and protect the root-
To place in danger's foremost rank
A feeble man,
For your sedan.