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GUSTAVUS. So they took up their perceived at the first sight that the hands quarters here ?
of man had cut it out, or at least had FATHER. As was inost natural! Gre- widened it. So heavy, oppressive, almost gory pulled open the shutter, mounted suffocating, an atmosphere met the curious into the hut, and opened the door which explorers, that they drew back as if they was bolted on the inside.
A beavy musty were stunned. “I must know what is in smell met those who were entering, and that cellar !" said the pilot, while he this was the best proof that the hut for a drew the charge of shot from his gun, and long time had inhabitants. The loaded it only with powder. He advanced feeble light, which fell through the door some steps further within the entrance, and every opening, was not sufficient to and fired off the gun. The deadened render the objects perfectly clear, the report echoed through the vault, the flash pilot therefore kindled one with the of the powder at the same time took away. torches they had brought with them. from the otherwise deadly air its suffocatThus they had the double advantage, that ing quality, and with the clearer;' shining the torch gave light and its flame con- torch, they could now go deeper into the sumed the thick heavy air.
cavern. But what an affright suddenly MARIA. How, did they, then, find ivit seized upon the three friends !-A grayfurnished ?
headed old man with a long snow-white FATHER, Just: as you may supposé. beard, and covered in a skin. They found nothing but an old table, a JULIA. A man? Father, a real man? pair of benches, and some sort of an FATHER. Sat sleeping behind a table, utensil, nearly eaten up by rust. In the whose head, like a person slumbering, wall there were some holes, probably de- leaned back on the railing of his stool. signed for clamps of the wall. seat MARIA. Was he, then, only asleep? JULIA. And did they find nothing Was he really alive? .
FATHER. That, our affrighted friends FATHER. No. In fact, all three were could not know, such an examination greatly deceived in their expectations, by their terror did not at the first moment this scantiness which came under their permit They stood several minutes at view. Here they had hoped to find every- a distance, regarding the sleeper, before thing which they needed for their support, they ventured to approach nearer and and now they saw their hopes so little address him. satisfied. There they stood sorrowful ; Julia. And what did he answer ? they felt nothing but the pain of seeing FATHER. Nothing. He sat like a themselves disappointed in their expec- statue. Finally, the steersman went up tations. To this was added the prospect closer, held the light of his torch under of a sorrowful future ; and thus we cannot the gray-beard's eyes, and now found that wonder if they, in these circumstances, it was a corpse, probably of the last infelt in the highest degree unfortunate. habitant of the cavern, who had died sit
GUSTAyUS. And was the pilot also sad ? ting on his stool. When they had reFATHER. And why should he not be covered themselves from their first SO ?" But I can say to you, that he too affright, they were now in a situation to was the first, in whom courage again consider eveything more closely, which revived." The hut seems to me to be presented itself to their view. The corpse larger on the outside,” said he, and look- itself was like a mummy, hard and dry. ed carefully around him. Then he per- Max. How was that possible, as every ceived a large board that was leaning be- corpse elsewhere becomes putrefied unless hind a bench against the wall; it was a it is anointed with balsam piece of a part of a rudder, but it was so FATHER. Probably it arose from the deeply pressed into the sand, that it could condition of the place. We find many only be moved away with the greatest vaults and caves, in which corpses do not trouble.
decay, but become hard, firm mummies ; GystavusAnd there they clound:-I and this cavern certainly had this pecucan imagine what it was. Wor
liarity. The dead man wore a skin which, FATHER. An entrance, in which they | by the length of time, had become wholly
brittle. Before him, on the table, stood an their own dark future pressed upon them, empty drinking - cup, a tin plate, an and in sorrowful, melancholy mood, they inkstand, in which were some pens, and a returned back to the hut. Friends," pamphlet lay there, of about twenty leaves, began the pilot, "we can do nothing here written out. What, my dear children, to-day. Let us keep out in the open air.” would you have first done?
He looker at his watch. " It is almost MAX. I would have read the pamphlet. eleven o'clock; the sun must rise before
GUSTAVUS. I would have buried the long.” corpse in the earth.
Julia. So early ? ÑARIA. So would I, and then searched FATHER. Yes, indeed. On account of through the whole cave.
the approaching winter, the sun here soon FATHER. I believe Gustavus is right. became wholly invisible, and the last day Our friends did the same. The sight of before its disappearance, it rose only a the corpse was, to them only painful and little distance above the horizon. "] revolting. They found too, at the first consider it, therefore, the most suitable sight, many woollen and hairy coverings ; time,” added the pilot, now to go out in the largest of them they wrapped the for wood and food." This he proposed corpse, bore it out in front of the hut, and not so much on account of the object with the united activity of the three mentioned, as rather to divert the minds friends, it was not difficult, by the aid of of his friends, and drive off their troublous an axe and their hands, to make a grave thoughts. He knew, doubtless from his in the light sand, near the hut. Strange own experience, that a man injures himself as it may seem, they performed this duty in nothing so much as by excessive sorrow with perfect calmness and in the midst of and immoderate anxiety, since he thus conversation such as is usual in general becomes unfit for all business and labour, labour. But now when they went in to and renders himself doubly wretched and take up the corpse, suddenly they were unfortunate. This, therefore, he wished seized by a serious melancholy, such as to prevent in his friends, without allowing they had never before experienced. Tears himself precisely to point out his object. ran from their eyes ; they stood there with He himself went back into the hut, to folded hands and downcast eyes no one extinguish the burning torch, brought spoke.
forth the arms of his friends and their JULIA. Why was that?'
knapsacks, together with an axe; and thus FATHER. The whole made too deep an they went out in the fresh cold air, through impression on the pious, good men. They the hollow of the valley to that bay, from now buried a person wholly unknown to whence, as you know, they could see them, who certainly had not expected to directly over the ocean even to the rising have his grave here, and who never The frost covered the ground, as yet imagined that these three friends would without snow; on the shore of the bay pay the last services to his remains. there was a thin coat of ice, and the air “Who will perform this last duty for was extremely cold. At the horizon it
Who of us will be the first, and who was clearer; there was formed that red, the last ?” Every one asked himself; and fiery circle, which portends the rising of questions of this kind often shake even the sun,-and soon he made his appearance the most wicked, how much more must in majestic splendour, but gradually disthey affect the pious heart ! Amid tears appeared again, after he had raised half of their work was completed; they heaped his disk above the icebergs. up by the clear moonlight the grave ! The pilot cast a melancholy look towhich the friends covered with a flat stone. ' wards it. “We have then seen thee for The pilot prayed at the grave, then dried the last time this year!" said he, seriously; his tears and said, “Now we must shed no for as he had already often voyaged in the more tears! The slumberer is at rest. He northern regions of the earth, so he knew has passed through all. We will leave that the sun, in this zone, disappeared for him to his repose !
at least four or five months at a time. It With moistened eyes they looked on the was therefore to him at this moment, as grave of the unknown; the picture of if an old, tried, and intimate friend was
taking farewell of him. The thought on important commission. We must go towhat he must encounter and undergo, wards him daringly, and composedly, and probably, before he saw him again, must if he approaches us look him boldly in the also have so greatly affected his heart eyes. When he is distant some paces as he was yet so full of the impression from his assailant he rears himself up which the burial of the unknown had left growling, and sits on his hind-paws; in behind it.
this posture he gradually advances, raises Almost without knowing what they did his fore-paws, and spreads them out, in and why they chose that path, the friends, order to clasp his advereary and crush silent, and full of serious thoughts, went him, or to smash him down at one blow. to that cavern in which they had passed | This moment a man must make use of to the night before, and were disturbed by thrust the beast in the breast with his the attack of the Polar bear. And here bayonet, while the charge in the gun can they were all at once awaked out of their thus be spared for the last necessity.” heavy, melancholy mood.
In this manner the pilot made his two Julia. Now, it was not by misfortune, friends acquainted with the mode of was it?
attack; and as they had bayonets on the Father. You will recollect that they end of their guns, it might be expected had thrown down into the valley from the that all would result happily. Composed, cavern, the useless parts and entrails of yet not without some beating of the heart, the bear they killed. This act had now Ivan and Gregory accompanied by the invited some guests, which here held open pilot, advanced forward. They had reached table in good companionship. There were à distance of not more than forty paces two powerful bears and many foxes, who from the enemy, when one of the foxes were satisfying their hunger on these noticed their approach, and gave his comremains, and were so busy at their work rades warning, on which they made off that they did not even observe the ap- with incredible swiftness. proach of our three friends.
“ The thing has begun well !” said the “Now what think you ?” asked the pilot. “ The volunteers have already pilot. Shall we venture on an attack, taken to their heels!” or shall we get out of the scrape ?" Ivan Gus. But the bears, the heavy-armed and Gregory left the decision of this troops, the grenadiers :question to the more experienced pilot, FATHER. “Stand firm.-Hallo! Hallo!'' but promised to hold out and support him now cried the pilot. Seriously and gravely with all their might to the last drop of | uprose the two bears, began to growl, and their blood.
with their forepaws wipe off their bloody "The contest must almost of necessity snouts. Yet they stood still, with their be ventured,” added the pilot; " besides, glaring eyes, directed to the three friends. we not the less need skins and food ; if
(To be continued.) we are once terrified the beasts will become so much the more daring, and we the more timid. We must venture on it; INDUSTRY.--All exertion is in itself the booty is worth the pains.”
delightful, and active amusement seldom Cautiously they went behind a project- | tires us. Helvetius owns that he could ing piece of rock, in order to consult as hardly listen to a concert for two hours, to the plan of attack, and enter on the though he could play on an instrument most suitable arrangements.
all day long. In all pursuits, efforts, it Hunting the bear is not so strange must not be forgotten, are as indispensand unknown to me, that I cannot teach able as desires. The globe is not to be you the necessary precautions," said the circumnavigated by one wind. We should old pilot. “The bear, especially the large never do nothing.
“ It is better to wear white bear, is a wholly peculiar sort of fel- out than to rust out,” says Bishop Cumlow, who must be handled in a particular berland. “There will be time enough for way. He never springs, like the wolf or repose in the grave," said Arnauld to the tiger, on his prey, but comes forward Nicole. In truth, the proper rest for man to meet you, as clad with a certain and an is change of occupation.--Richard Sharpe.
dually falls, and remains hanging down PRACTICAL SCIENCE.
until charged with electricity again.
5. To make a Franklin plate.- Have a
stand turned, or turn: one yourself, about III.-ELECTRICAL APPARATUS.
six or seven inches in diameter, and either (Continued from page 140, Vol. 1, New Series.) have a long upright piece of wood, as in
the annexed figure, or else a wooden knob 4. To construct a carved head, for illus
at the lower part. Sawa trating the principle that bodies similarly
groove in the knob of electrified repel each other. Procure a
upper part of the perpenhalfpenny wooden doll,
dicular piece, sufficiently remove the arms, and
deep and wide enough to with a sharp knife di
allow a piece of glass to vide the body a little
be fixed in it. Procure above the waist, as shown in the accom
flow qed some ordinary window,
yled glass, about ten inches or panying figure. Plug
a foot square, and having vu, up the holes where the
cut out two pieces of tinharms were by a piece of
foil (a), for the centre of wood, driven through
the glass plate, paste one SH Yven the figure, and trim the on each side of it. When the foil is firmly diw OZ 10
body with your knife. fixed upon the glass, warm the lowerifend diw but wom
Fix a brass wire (a), of the glass plate over the fame of susly 301 pointed at the end, into gas- lamp, candle
, or spirit - lamps and the lower part of the then, having rubbed the part warmed with
figure. Those who are a little sealing-wax, push it quickly and Fig. 1.
ingenious enough to do firmly into the groove in the wood. " *n w so, should carve as ugly a head as possible To use this plate, it is necessary to place out of a piece of deal, and take care to it between two insulated electric conhave the tongue protruding from the ductors, or bodies that conduct" elecmouth. The brass wire (a), is affixed as tricity, but at the same time cannot comdirected above, and then the head is municate or conduct it to the earth, bet painted in such a manner that the counte- cause they are insulated or cut off from nance is rendered extremely ugly, A communicating with it, by interposing square piece of tinfoil (which is usually glass or some other insulating body bez sold at about four pence per ounce), suffi- tween the earth and the concursos cient to cover the of the head, is By placing this plate between pasted upon the wood, and a narrow strip ductors, one side of the plate will be also pasted from this piece down the back charged with positive (or +) electricity, of the head, in a direction corresponding and the other with negative (or) elecu to the spine, and ultimately connected tricity, so that the glass or non-conduetwith the brass wire. The tinfoil is then ing substance separates them! slightly coated with flesh-coloured paint Now when you wish to remember these to match the rest of the head, and some two different kinds of electricity, I mean well-dried hair about eight inches long, the plus (+) and minus (-), or positive knotted in the centre, or, still better, and negative,-recollect that p stands for plaited, is then fastened on the square positive and plus, which is expressed by piece of tinfoil, by two small tin tacks. the sign of a cross, and is therefore more
When this is used, the brass wire (a), than one stroke; while negative, which is is placed in the hole in the knob of the the other kind, is expressed by the sign of conductor of the electrifying-machine, minus (-), that being represented by only and, when the machine is turned, the one stroke is less than the other. Anhairs stand on end, as in the diagram other time, when we try some experiments above, thus proving that bodies repel each in electricity, you will be able to underother, when similarly electrified. When stand some of the phenomena, if you rethe electricity is discharged, the hair gra- member what I have told yon.
6. 'To make a glass for showing the electric may be suspended by means of a fine silk
light. -Turn, or have turned, thread.
tion of a slip of window-glass. Fig. 3. This may be done by using an old knife well notched for the purpose, so as to make it a saw. Another brass ball, without a screw, requiring to be similarly partially divided, and a slip of glass about I told you before (vol. 1., p. 140, of New three inches wide, and a foot long, cut out, Series) that we should try some experi. all that you have to do is to punch out ments with pith-balls, and now we shall some tin-foil, about this size and hav. ing arranged and pasted them in any fanci
You observe that I have rubbed the ful pattern, so that they do not touch each glass rod in my hands for some time with other, paint the back with varnish colours a piece of silk, and it is now charged with in three compartments --red, blue, and electricity; and you observe that I place yellow.
it close to the pendulum on the right side When this piece of apparatus is finished which is now charged with vitreous or and mounted, it is generally charged for positive electricity, and we have now to at the rate of thirteen shillings, while it charge the other pendulum. Here is a may be made for nearly as many pence.
large stick of sealing-wax, and after I This apparatus is intended to elucidate have rubbed it briskly for a short time the fact that by interrupting the conduc- with the hare-skin that is upon the table, tor by which the electricity passes to the there will be another kind of electricity earth, the sparks are increased. To use excited which is called resinous, or negative this apparatus, you must connect the ball electricity, and by bringing the sealingat the upper part of the glass plate with the
wax close to the left hand pendulum, it brass ball of a Leyden jar, and the lower will be changed with the negative or ball with the outer coating of the jar, you
resinous electricity. will then see brilliant electric sparks be
It is a law in electricity that similar tween each piece of tin-foil. This experi- bodies attract each other; and as you may
bodies repel each other and dissimilar ment should be performed in a darkened room, and the pieces of tin-foil placed as
not quite understand this, I will demonfar apart as in the following figure.
strate it by experiment. You remember
that the right-hand pendulum' is charged 7. To make a double electric pendulum.-- with positive or vitreous electricity, now
Take a stand of wood and a piece let us excite the glass rod again and apply of glass tubing, about ten inches it to the pendulum. (Does so, and the or a foot long. Fix the tubing pith-ball is driven away, as represented in in the stand by means of a little the figure by the white ball, which is liquid glue, (see Vol. 1, p. 140 of repelled by the black rod of glass marked new series) and having fixed a *+]. If the sealing-wax is presented to wooden ball at the upper part, the pendulum that was driven away by
insert a piece of brass wire on the glass, we shall observe that the ball Fig. 4.
either side, as in the figure. Each will be attracted. [This is seen to be
piece of brass wire should be about the case in the figure where the black ball six inches long and bent at one end, so as is attracted by the white one marked ] to form a hook from which a pith-ball | We have only to reverse the experiment