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THE WORK-TABLE FRIEND.
scribe a certain article, it is because it and no other will give the effect. For in
stance, in a gentleman's purse, recently INSTRUCTIONS FOR TAPESTRY-WORK
given, we advised clear glass beads, AND EMBROIDERY.
threaded on cerise silk,--and the reason The materials for tapestry-work and was the peculiarly rich effect produced by embroidery. These may be classed under the coloured silk shining through tranthe names of wool, silk, chenille, braid: sparent glass. Yet a correspondent wrote beads, straw, and a variety of other fancy to ask whether it would not be qnite as materials, are also brought into use; and well with all steel beads ;-of course the a knowledge of the proper mode of using silk could not be seen through them. them, and the varieties of each which are Thus, a change of material, which might made, is one of the most useful things it appear of no consequence whatever, would is possible for the amateur needlewoman completely spoil the effect of the design. to know. We will, therefore, take them Last year a new material was introseriatim.
duced, termed Crystal wool. It looks Wool. German wool (or Berlin wool, very brilliant and pretty, but is not well as it is commonly called) is the most adapted for long wear. beautiful material manufactured for can- FLEECY WOOL is the sort of wool used vas - work. The vast variety of shades, for polkas and other large articles. No the exquisite tints produced, the softness material has been more improved of late, and evenness of the fabric, are beyond all both in texture and dye. Some of the praise. We speak of Berlin wool as it tints are quite as brilliant as those we so ought to be ; for no article is more fre- much admire in Berlin wool. It is made quently of inferior quality. From damp, in 4, 6, 8, and 12-threads, and is much or bad packing, or many other causes, it cheaper than German wool. It does is frequently crushed and injured, and in very well for grounding large pieces of that state is not fit to be used for good tapestry. work. Berlin wool is supposed to be all SHETLAND Wool is very fine and soft, dyed, as well as made, abroad; at present but it is not much used. a large proportion is entirely produced in Silks. Netting silk is so generally our own country, which is little, if at all, known it requires no description. It is, inferior to the foreign. Berlin wool is however, made in various sizes, and, of made only in two sizes, namely 4-thread, course, the selection of a wrong size often and 8-thread; unless the latter is speci- spoils the dimensions of a piece of works fied in receipts, the other is always im- Three sizes are in general use, but there plied. Berlin wools are either dyed in one are extra fine and coarse. colour, or in shades of the same colour, or FILOSELLE is a silk much used for (very rarely) in shades of several colours. crochet-work, and for grounding canvas. Technically, a silk or wool, dyed in shades Its make has been greatly improved of of the same colour, going gradually from late years, - indeed, some kinds work light to dark, and from dark to light with almost the richness of floss, at one again, is termed an ombré or shaded wool quarter the expense; it is not suited for or silk, whereas chiné is the term em- fine work. It is dyed in some very rich ployed when there are several colowrs used. tints, but not any great variety. There are, also, what are called short Floss Silk is a very beautiful and exand long shades ; that is, in the former the pensive material ; if largely used, care entire shades, from the lightest to the should be taken to economise it as much lightest again, will occur within a short as possible. Generally speaking, if floss is space, a yard or so; whereas, in long used in cross-stitch, half the stitch is done shades, the gradation is much more gra- with wool, and it is then finished with dually made. We notice these apparently silk. It is chiefly employed in trifling differences, in our " instructions," ; broidery. that our readers may comprehend the im- CHENILLE is of two kinds. Chenille à portance of obtaining precisely the pro- broder (the finest sort), and chenille ordiper materials for each one ig
If we pre-, naire, which is stiff, and about the thick
ness of a quill. The extreme richness of Placing the canvas in a frame, technically the appearance of chenille, makes it suit- termed dressing the frame, is an operation able for any work requiring great bril. which requires considerable care. The liancy; as, the plumage of birds, some frame itself, especially for a large piece of flowers, and arabesques. Silk canvas is work, should be substantially made; much embroidered with chenille; but it is otherwise the stress upon it will be apt to extremely expensive, and very soon in- warp it, and drag the canvas. If this jured by dust. It should only be em- occurs to any extent, the injury can never ployed for articles intended to be glazed, be repaired. such as pole-screens, the tops of work- After herringboning the raw edges of boxes, and screens.
the canvas, sew them, by the thread, to the Braids are of various kinds. kussian webbing of the frame, -that is, to the top silk braids are generally employed for and bottom. Then stretch the ends till dresses, slippers, &c.; but, for many of the canvas is extended to its utmost these, the new ALBERT braid recently manu- length, put in the pegs, and brace the factured in England for ourselves, is much sides with fine twine. If the canvas is richer and more effective. Russian silk too long for the frame, and any part has braid is generally narrow, and the plait is to be rolled over the end, let the wood be of that kind which we term Grecian,-all first covered with a few thicknesses of the strands going from the edge to the silver paper. centre. In French braid, on the contrary, Sometimes, to save the trouble of you can distinguish the plait of every two grounding, a design is worked on cloth, strands over each other. French braid, over which canvas is laid. Whenever this in silk, is very little used in this country. is the case, the cloth must be carefully Slippers, and other small articles, worked damped, to remove the gloss, before being in braid, have the effect greatly improved put into the frame. Then, as cloth will by laying a gold thread on one or both always stretch much more than canvas, sides of the braid. VICTORIA, ADELAIDE, it must be cut a little smaller both ways. or CORONATION braid (for the same The raw edges of the cloth should be article has been called by all these various turned in, and tacked to the canvas bedames), is a cotton braid, which, when fore they are framed. Some people withlaid on net or muslin, looks something draw the threads of canvas after the work like satin - stitch. It is composed of is done; but it has a much richer effect, thick and thin parts, alternately, and is if the threads of canvas are cut close to made in only two sizes.
the outer stitches; and if tnere are any ALBERT BRAID is a sort of silk cord, 'smali spaces in the pattern, where the made in many beautiful colours. It is ground should be seen, they may be intended for either application, in braid worked in wool of the colour of the ing, and being raised, looks extremely ground. well, with very small outlay of time or Should a piece of work be a little money.
drawn, when taken out of the frame, Gold and silver braids are often used in damp the back well with a clean sponge, Mosaic-work, and for slippers, blotting- ' and stretch it again in the frame in the cases, &c. The Mosaic braid, which is opposite direction. Whenever Berlincomparatively cheap, is generally used. work is done on any solid thick material,
A new material has just been manufac- ' as cloth, velvet, &c., a needle should be tured for crochet, called Crystal Twine. ' used with an eye sufficiently large to form It is made in gold, silver, and various co- a passage for this wool. This prevents the lours, and is very brilliant.
latter from being crushed and impover We have already described the per- ished as it passes througn. terns, used in marking embroi- It only remains for us to describe the
Canvas-work is always done different stitches used in tapestry work
needle is brought up in one pole of the stitches cross the threads in the width. In eanvas, and down on another, two threads the first row, take the thread alternately higher and more to the right. The slant- over four and two threads; in all future ing thread is then crossed in the oppo- rows take the stitches over four threads,site direction. Some workers do a line of which, as they rise, first from the long and half stitches, and then cross them; but then from the short stitch, will produce this plan is apt to spoil the smooth even the same appearance in others. surface which the work should present. A With regard to wools, they should never cross-stich covers two threads in each be wound, as the least handling crushes direction.
the pile and spoils them. Chenille needs TENT-STITCH occupies one-fourth the still more careful handling. space of cross-stitch. It is taken from To stiffen large pieces of work, wet the
one hole to the next above, and on the wrong side thoroughly with a sponge and right hand side of it.
dry it rapidly before a fire (the wet side TAPESTRY-STITCH crosses two threads nearest the fire), before removing it from of the canvas in the length, and one in the frame. the width. It is sometimes called Gobelin- We have said but little of the introducstitch, because the Gobelin tapestry is tion of beads in canvas-work. They have worked in it. It is not suited for coarse the double merit of being at once brilliant canvas; and, in working from a Berlin and durable. The Germans are, however, pattern, two stitches must be counted as so tenacious of the monopoly, it is quite
a favour to obtain from them the varieties GERMAN-Stitch is worked diagonally, of shades and colours. They are, howand consists of the first part of a cross- ever, scarcely less numerous than those of stitch, and
tent - stitch alternately wool. We ourselves, as a great favour, worked.
have obtained all the colours made in IRISH-STITCH is worked parallel with seed-beads, a number considerably exceedthe selvages of the canvas. None of the ing 300.
THE TOILETTE FRIEND.
2. THE HAIR-ITS DISEASES. We give the half of an under-sleeve in
31. Hair presents many anomalies, but the latest Parisian style. The sleeve itself from its peculiar organization it is not is made of the worked part forming the subject to so many diseases as other struccuff. The point goes up the arm towards tures of the body. the elbow, and it fastens round the wrist.
32. Hair may be congenitally deficient A small bell-sleeve, with a deep lace in a part or the whole of the body, and we trimming to match, is worn over the tight have examples recorded of patches on the sleeve ; and being warmer, this style is head being deficient of hair, and also bare much more suitable for winter than that spots in the beard. In 1811, there was a recently worn.
man about twenty years of age, employed The half-sleeve is given of the full- at the Courier newspaper-office, in Lonsize. The principal stitch is Brussels, don, who had not any hair upon the crown lace, which is done with. W. Evans and of the head, eyelids, and chin, and not Co.'s Boar's - head cotton, No. 70. The ) having any eyebrows his appearance was English lace is done with No. 100. The
most singular. Mecklen-wheels with Mecklenburgh, No. 33. Sometimes the hair grows very 120. The Raleigh and other bars which sparingly, particularly in weak persons. form the ground, in No. 100 Mecklen- 34. The hair may fall off from age, burgh. The English bars in the same disease of the scalp, and debility ; after thread.
severe chronic or acute diseases, in conseWe have much pleasure in stating, that i quence of excessive fear, or grief, and to accommodate country friends, we have after childbirth. had the Point lace - cottons made into 35. Sometimes the growth of the hair skeins, to save the heavy postage of the is exuberant over the whole body, or only reels. The whole set, including fourteen in some parts, and at other times we obkinds, will be sent, post-free, for a posto serve it growing in most extraordinary office order, for 3s. 62.
situations, and also at unusual periods of life.
Numerous instances are recorded
of these several anomalies, but a few SIMPLE COLLAR, IN SATIN STITCH.
examples will suffice to prove that such is Materials.-Fine book muslin, and W. Evans the case. A boy named John Sparrow,
was born at Longford, in Suffolk, in 1818, We have designed here one of the who was covered all over his body with simplest patterns for our young friends' black hair, and examples of hair growing practice in embroidery on muslin. The in patches, may frequently be met with, whole of it is done in raised satin-stitch, especially in moles and mothers' marks. the only open part being the eyelet-holes Occasionally, instances of women having in the small wreath.
scanty beards may be met with, but the We give the whole collar in miniature, most remarkable example of the hair as it shows the pattern better than a sec. growing in an unusual place, is that of tion would do. After being traced with a yonng worian named J. B- a native common embroidery cotton, it is to be of N, in Switzerland, who is only worked in Moravian, by which means it is twenty years of age, but who stated to Dr. very quickly done. The muslin should be Chowne, physician to the Charing-cross tacked on a piece of toile ciré.
Hospital," that at her birth she had, as The marked muslin, with materials for she has been informed by her parents, a working it, will be sent, post-free, for beard--that is to say, a considerable quan. 2s. 9d.
tity of hair growing on those parts of the
face usually occupied by the beard and the True.-A reading people will become whiskers in men, except on the upper lip a thinking people, and then they are capable and in the hollow immediately under the of becoming a rational and a great people. I lower lip. It was at her birth she states,
and Co.'s Moravian cotton.