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about as long and as thickly spread as it—that crows are usually black, and that usually is on a man's arm.” When she a white one is unusual. Therefore when was eight years old, it was two inches we see a white crow, it necessarily follows, long, and at the time Dr. Chowne saw her that if it has young ones of the same during the early part of the present year, colour, that they are hereditarily white. the beard and whiskers were, he says, Let us state another case. A person " what would be called very abundant, about the prime of life with dark hair, full, and strong, exceeding in quantity i observes that it suddenly becomes diseven that of the beard and whiskers of coloured; we say that it is the result of men generally in this country," and violent emotions ; if it became gradually growing on the parts covering the cheek- discoloured, we should say that it was the bones, under the eyes. The colour of the result of disease. This person has a son, whiskers and beard is dark brown, and and afterwards a grandson, both of them they are thickly set, rather coarse, and possessing the same peculiar coloured strong; the length of the hair forming hair. Here then is a proof that discolorthem varies from one to four inches, and ation of the hair is a disease, whether it be they do not require cutting. A woman hereditary or not; because if we regard having a soft yellow beard, and long tufts the discoloration of the hair of the grandof yellowish hair hanging from her ears, father as a disease, we must also consider was exhibited in the year 1665, and many the colour of the hair of the grandson to other instances of exuberant growth might be disease hereditarily transmitted, the be adduced. In addition to the several same as many other diseases. . recorded cases of early growth of hair, we 41. The discoloration of the hair may have some authenticated instances of the be only partial, occurring in small spots hair of old persons growing again, and one of skin that have lost their colour, or may of them was a man seventy years of age. affect even a large surface. Schröter

36. The hair may become irregularly mentions the case of a young officer with thin and fine ; or too stiff and thick. It black hair, but who had a white lock in may also be found knotted in some parts ; | the midst of it. thinner in one place and thicker in an. 42. As persons become advanced in other; and sometimes the ends of the hair years, the hair of the whole body becomes are split.

discoloured; sometimes turning gray, 37. The hair sometimes alters in its at others, white. When this hair is direction, and hence we find that an attack analysed, it is found to contain of gout in the head, has caused the hair to more calcareous matter than usual, and curl, and that the eyelashes sometimes consequently superabundance of lime in turned in.

the hair may be the cause of this form 38. The hair may become atrophied, or of discoloration, particularly as we know cease to grow. In this case it becomes that the more we advance in years, the thin, rather lighter coloured than usual, greater is the proportion of calcareous dry, and finally falls off, and is not re- matter in our bodies; hence, brittleness of placed. This inay be caused by diseases the bones, ossification of the blood-vesof the skin, or may depend upon constitu. sels, &c. tional causes.

43. Hair that has turned gray, has, 39. The colour of the hair is subject to under peculiar circumstances, been known many changes, independent of climatal to resume its original colour. influence is 22) and age.

44. Hair sometimes changes suddenly 40. White hair is necessarily a disease to gray or white, in consequence of exof the hair, whether it be hereditary or tremely depressing affections of the mind. otherwise, because there cannot be a It is related that a philosopher suddenly doubt that it is not the natural colour of became gray, on losing, in a storm at sea, the hair. We might as well say, because : an ancient manuscript which he had rewe saw a white crow with three young cently discovered ; and a case is recorded white crows, that it was usual for crows to in the “Encyclopædia Metropolitana," of be white. We cannot doubt--nay there a banker's hair becoming gray in three are few who would argue to the contrary days during the panic of 1825. Lino

Byron alludes to the sudden discoloration become discoloured by age ($ 42), so in of the hair, in the following lines :

this (8 45), we discover an unusual pro“My hair is gray, though not with years ;

portion of lime in the hair, particularly Nor grew it white

the phosphate of lime, while the sulphur In a single night,

is proportionably diminished. Here, then, As men's have grown from sudden fears."

is another argument in favour of the It seems clearly proved by many ex- opinion that white hair is a diseased conamples that sudden alarm or great dis- dition of that structure ($ 40.) Let us tress will, as Sir Walter Scott has it, ask ourselves the question, how many “ blanch at once the hair." The hair of persons have experienced extremely deLudwig, of Bavaria, who died in 1294, on pressing affections of the mind, without his learning the innocence of his wife, the colour of the hair being thereby whom he had caused to be put to death on affected ? Undoubtedly very many, and a suspicion of infidelity, became almost therefore we may - assume that a supersuddenly white as snow. The same thing abundance of calcareous matter must happened to Hellenist Vauvilliers, in con- necessarily be present in the system of sequence of a terrible dream; to Sir | such persons as undergo a sudden blanch. Thomas More, and also to the Frenching of the hair from grief, fear, or other comedian Blizard, who, having fallen into violent sudden emotions. the Rhone, remained for some time in 47. The superabundance of calcareous imminent danger of his life, clinging to i matter in the system may arise, and an iron ring in one of the piles of a most probably does — from the use of bridge, A like change was brought particular food, and hard water, which about in the case of Charles I., in a single thus supplies the body with more cal. night, when he attempted to escape from careous matter than is necessary and Carisbrook Castle; and Mary, queen of usual. Scots, and Marie Antoinette also suffered 48. Another and still more uncommon in a similar manner. The unfortunate form of discoloration of the hair is where queen of Louis XVI. found her hair sud the one half of it becomes white, whilst denly changed by her distress, and gave that nearest the root remains black. her portrait to a faithful friend, inscribed | 49. Sometimes the hair undergoes an 6 Whitened by affliction.” The beard actual change of colour, or assumes a and hair of the Duke of Brunswick deeper shade than natural, and when this whitened in twenty-four hours, upon his occurs, a constitutional disturbance is the learning that his father had been mortally cause. Isouard relates an instance of a wounded at the battle of Auerstadt. woman having blond hair, that always Numerous other examples might be cited became reddish as often as she had fever. to prove that the passions cause the hair 50. Finally-as regards colour-it is to become suddenly discoloured, but suf- known that the hair can be rendered black, ficient have been already adduced.

violet, blue, and green, either purposely 45. The cause of the sudden blanching or accidentally. of the hair is the absorption of the fluid | 51. It is well known by persons who of the small capillary vessels. Feuch have observed closely, that the hair symtersleben says, that the sudden change pathises with the body in disease. Hence “ indicates an extreme sinking in the pro- | we frequently find that it becomes lank cess of vegetation, because by the perish. and damp, dry and thin, loses its gloss, ing of the vascular rete * nothing but the and frequently falls off. gray-white outer covering of the hair re 52. Diseases of the structure and conmains." We know that the texture and pro sistence of the hair are comparatively perties of the hair remain unchanged; it rare, and may be classed under two heads, still continues a bad conductor of heat, either an unnatural dryness and stiffness and its nature is the same.

of the hair, or the very reverse. The 46. As in the case of hair which has former causes the hair to split, break, and

fall out, and the latter causes it to mat or * See § 14 and fig. 8, p. 23, Vol. I. of New

tangle; but this form of disease we are Series.

happy to say is rare in this country,

although it is sometimes even hereditary in Poland; hence its name of (Plica

THE FIRST VIEW OF JERUSALEM. polonica) Polish-plant.

BAYARD Taylor in his last letter, 53. Baldness may occur at an early published in the New York Tribune, gives part of a person's life, even before they the following account of his first impreshave reached their prime, and it may

sion of the Holy City : occur in the decline of life. In the former | “But when I climbed the last ridge, and case it may arise either from the skin looked ahead with a sort of painful susbeing too much constricted or too much

pense, Jerusalem did not appear. We relaxed, and in any case from fevers, were 2.000 feet above the Mediterranean, neglect of cleanliness, and wearing silk whose blue we could distinctly see far to hats.

the west, through notches in the chain of 54. When the skin is too much con

hills. To the north, the mountains were stricted, it may either strangulate the

gray, desolate and awful. Not a shrub or hairs and thus make them perish, or else

tree relieved their frightful barrenness. cause them to break off at the surface. An upland tract covered with white vol.

55. Constriction of the skin may be canic rock, lay before us. We met peasants caused by fever, congestion, cold, and with asses, who looked (to my eyes), as if many other influences.

| they had just left Jerusalem. Still for56. When the baldness arises from re- }

ward we urged our horses, and reached a laxation of the skin, the hair falls off, and

ruined garden, surrounded with hedges of comes out freely whenever it is combed, cactus, over which I saw domes and walls brushed, or the hand passed over its sur

in the distance. I drew a long breath face, and the patient perspires on the

and looked at Francois. He was jogging most trifling exertion ; therefore, the re along without turning his head ; he could laxation continues, and the disease in

not have been so indifferent if that was creases.

really the city. Presently we reached 57. When the baldness occurs in the

another slight rise in the rocky plain. decline of life, it arises from the bulbs of He began to urge his panting horse, and of the hair losing their vitality; and as a at the same instant we both dashed on at plant withers when its root decays, so the a break-neck gallop, round the corner of hair withers and falls off.

| an old wall on the top of the hill, and lo! 58. Baldness may be temporary or per- the Holy City! Our Greek jerked both manent.

pistols from his holsters, and fired them 59. Temporary baldness may arise from into the air as we reined up on the steep. constriction of the apertures through " From the description of travellers, I which the hairs make their exit, without had expected to see in Jerusalem an orany constriction of the skin. This is dinary modern Turkish town; but that frequently caused by uncleanness, or dan- | before me with its walls, fortresses and driff collecting around the hairs in some domes, was it not still the City of Dayid ? situations, and thus preventing the ascent | I saw the Jerusalem of the New Testaof the nourishing fluid of the hair.

ment as I had imagined it. Long lines 60. When the scalp becomes red from of walls crowned with a notched parapet, friction with the hand, it is almost certain and strengthened by towers; a few domes that the baldnes is only temporary; but and spires above them ; clusters of cypress when it remains unaltered, there is little here and there; this was all that was hope of being able to restore the hair.

visible of the city. On either side the (To be continued.)

soil sloped down to the two deep valleys over which it hangs. On the east, the

Mount of Olives, crowned with a chapel ? Abuses.—There is a time when men and mosque, rose high and steep, but will not suffer bad things because their directly over the city, the sight fell far ancestors have suffered worse. There is a away upon the lofty mountains of Moab, time when the hoary head of inveterate | beyond the Dead Sea. The scene was abuse will neither draw reverence nor grand in its simplicity. The prominent obtain protection.—Burke.

colours were the purple of those distant

322

DIRECTIONS FOR TAKING LEAF IMPRESSIONS.

mountains of the hoary gray of the nearer i pression of a leaf, showing the perfect hills. The walls were of the dull yellow outlines, together with an accurate exhibi. of weather-stained marble, and the only tion of the veins which extend in every trees the dark cypress and moonlit olive. | direction through it, more correctly than Since we arrived, I have looked down the finest drawing. And this process is upon the city from the Mount of Olives, so simple, and the materials so easily and up to it from the valley of Jehosha obtained, that any person, with a little phat, but I cannot restore the illusions | practice to enable him to apply the right of the first view.

quantity of sanoke to the oil-paper, and “We allowed our horses to walk slowly give the leaf a proper pressure, can predown the remaining half mile to the Jaffa pare beautiful leaf impressions, such as a gate. An Englishman, with a red silk naturalist would be proud to possess. shawl over his head, was sketching the There is another, and we think a city, while an Arab held an umbrella over better method of taking leaf impressions, him. Inside the gate we stumbled against than the preceding one. The only difan Italian shop with an Italian sign, and ference in the process consists in the use after threading a number of intricate of printing ink, instead of smoked oil. passages under dark archways, and being paper. turned off from one hotel which was full LEAF PRINTING.–After warming the of travellers, reached another, kept by a leaf between the hands, apply printing ink, converted German Jew, where we found by means of a small leather ball contain. Dr. Robinson and Dr. Ely Smith, who ing cotton, or some soft substance, or both arrived yesterday. It sounds strange with the end of the finger. The leather to talk of an hotel in Jerusalem, but | ball (and the finger when used for that the world is progressing, and there are purpose), after the ink is applied to it, already three.”

should be pressed several times on a piece of leather, or some smooth surface, before

each application to the leaf, that the ink DIRECTIONS FOR TAKING LEAF | may be smoothly and evenly applied. IMPRESSIONS.

After the under surface of the leaf has

been sufficiently inked, apply it to the Hold oiled paper in the smoke of a paper, where you wish the impression; lamp, or of pitch, until it becomes coated and, after covering it with a slip of paper, with the smoke; to this paper apply the use the hand or roller to press upon it, as leaf of which you wish an impression, described in the former process. having previously warmed it between your hands, that it may be pliable. Place the EARLY Rising. - Dr. Wilson Phillip, lower surface of the leaf upon the black- in his “Treatise on Indigestion," says; ened surface of the oil paper, that the “Although it is of consequence to the numerous veins, which are so prominent debilitated to go early to bed, there are few on this side, may receive from the paper things more hurtful to them than remaina portion of the smoke. Lay a paper ing in it too long. Getting up an hour or over the leaf, and then press it gently two earlier, often gives a degree of vigour upon the smoked paper, with the fingers, which nothing else can procure. For those or with a small roller, (covered with woollen who are not much debilitated and sleep cloth, or some like soft inaterial), so that well, the best rule is to get out of bed soon every part of the leaf may come in contact after waking in the morning. This at first with the sooted oil-paper. A coating of may appear too early, for the debilitated the smoke will adhere to the leaf.

require more sleep than the healthy; but Then remove the leaf carefully, and rising early will gradually prolong the place the blackened surface on a sheet of sleep on the succeeding night till the white paper, not ruled, or in a book pre- quantity the patient enjoys is equal to his pared for the purpose, covering the leaf demand for it. Lying late is not only with a clean slip of paper, and pressing hurtful, by the relaxation it occasions, but upon it with the fingers, or roller, as also by occupying that part of the day at before. Thus may be obtained the im- / which exercise is most beneficial."

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Ye know not what ye do,

That call the slumberer back From the world unseen by you,

Unto Life's dim faded track. Her soul is far away,

In her childhood's land perchance, Where her young sisters play,

Where shines her mother's glance. Some old sweet native sound

Her spirit haply weaves; A harmony profound

or woods with all their leaves : A murmur of the sea,

A laughing tone of streams Long may her sojourn be

In the music land of dreams! Each voice of love is there,

Each gleam of beauty fled, Each lost one still more fair

Oh! lightly, lightly tread!

Oft as the bright dawn breaks

Behind the eastern hill, Mine eye from slumber wakes,

My heart is with thee still-
For thee my latest vows were said,
For thee my earliest prayers are pray'd
And oh! when storms shall lour

Above the swelling sea,
Be it thy shield in danger's hour,

That I have pray'd for thee.

LANGSYNE.

BY DELTA.
Langsyne!-how doth the word come back

With magic meaning to the heart,
As Memory roams the sunny track,

From which Hope's dreams were loath to part! No joy like by-past joy appears ;

For what is gone we peak and pine. Were life spun out a thousand years,

It could not match Langsyne!

CHANGE.

BY MRS. MACLEAN.
The wind is sweeping o'er the hill;

It hath a mournful sound,
As if it felt the difference

Its weary wing hath found.
A little while that wandering wind

Swept over leaf and flower; .
For there was green for every tree,

And bloom for every hour. It wander'd through the pleasant wood,

And caught the dove's lone song;
And by the garden-beds, and bore

The rose's breath along.
But hoarse and sullenly it sweeps;

No rose is opening now-
No music, for the wood-dove's nest

Is vacant on the bough.

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Oh! human heart and wandering wind,

Go look upon the past;
The likeness is the same with each-

Their summer did not last.
Each mourns above the things it loved

One o'er a flower and leaf; The other over hopes and joys,

Whose beauty was as brief.

Langsyne !-yes, in the sound I hear

The rustling of the summer grove, And view those angel-features near,

Which first awoke the heart to love. How sweet it is in pensive mood,

At windless midnight to recline, And fill the mental solitude

With spectres from Langsyne! Langsyne!-ah, where are they who shared

With us its pleasures, bright and blithe? Kindly with some hath fortune fared ;

And some have bow'd beneath the scythe Of death: while others, scatter'd far,

O'er foreign lands at fate repine, Oft wandering forth 'neath twilight's star,

To muse on dear Langsyne!

THE SLEEPERS. Oh! lightly, lightly tread !

A holy thing is sleep, On the worn spirit shed,

And eyes that wake to weep: A holy thing from heaven,

A gracious, dewy cloud, A covering mantle, given

The weary to enshroud. Oh! lightly, lightly tread!

Revere the pale, still brow, The meekly-drooping head,

The long hair's willowy flow.

Langsyne!--the heart can never be

Again so full of guileless truth Langsyne!--the eyes no more shall see,

Ah, no! the rainbow hopes of youth. Langsyne!-with thee resides a spell

To raise the spirit, and refine. Farewell !-there can be no farewell

To thee, loved, lost Langsyne!

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