Sidor som bilder

fully drawn lay among the papers. :-. The
man had emploved this time excellently. I NATURAL HISTORY
· Still further! For any unfortunates who
might after him be cast in this waste, • ADVENTURES WITH LIONS.
desolate region, he had also set forth
rules in respect to their health and sub-

BY C. W, WEBBER. sistence,',

MOFFAT, the daring agent of the Lon. MOTHER. Was there not a rule among don Missionary Society in South Africa, these, that they should take rest at the who for twenty-three years was exposed proper time?

to all the perils of general resident, and FATHER. Certainly.

travelling supervision, of the Society's MOTHER. For, dear father, you are opérations in that wild region, has given not the first to set aside this rule. It is many striking and memorable anecdotes near midnight; to-morrow evening we of the lion. We quote one, in his own can find ourselves again in Spitzbergen. language. Then we will examine everything accu- “ Conversing with the party one evening, rately.

when sitting around the fire, on the .conGus. I should be glad to do it now. duct of children to their parents, I · MOTHER. It is a good thing to have a observed that they were as bad as lions. recess. Good night.

They are worse,' replied Africaner. ini. (To be continued.)

This he illustrated from the well-known

is characteristics of the king of beasts ; or, • IMPORTANT REQUISITES IN A WIFE. more properly, king of the beasts of prev. A knowledge of domestic duties is beyond Much has been written about African all price to a woman. Every one of the lions, but the half has not been told. The sex ought to know how to sew, and knit, | following trait in their character may not and mend, and cook, and superintend a be intrusive, or partaking of the marvellous, "household. In every situation of life, with which the tales of some travellers are high or low, this sort of knowledge is of said to abound. • I give it as received from great advantage. There is no necessity men oft God, and men who had been that the gaining of such information experienced Nimrods, too. The old lion, should interfere with intellectual acquire. when in company with his children as the ment or even elegant accomplishment. A natives call them, though they are nearly well-regulated mind can find time to attend as big as himself; or, when numbers to all. When a girl is nine or ten years together happen to come upon game, the old, she should be accustomed to take oldest or ablest creeps to the object, while some regular share in household duties, the others crouch on the grass; if he be and to feel responsible for the manner in successful, which he generally is, he which her part is performed-such as her retires from his victim, and lies down to own mending, washing the cups and breathe and rest, for perhaps a quarter putting them in place, cleaning silver, of an hour; in the meantime, the others or dusting and arranging the parlour. draw around, and lie down at a respectful This should not be done occasionally, and distance. When the chief one has got neglected whenever she finds it convenient his rest, he commences at the abdomen -she should consider it her department and breast, and after making havoc with When older than twelve, girls should begin the tit-bits of the carcass, he will take a to take turns in superintending the house- / second rest, none of the others presuming hold-making puddings, pies, cakes, &c. to move. Having made a second gorge, To learn effectually, they should actually he retires; the others watching his motions, do these things themselves, and not stand rush on the remainder, and it is soon by and see others do them. Many a devoured. At other times, if a young husband has been ruined for want of these | lion seizes the prey, and an old one hapdomestic qualities in a wife--and many a pens to come up, the younger retires till husband has been saved from ruin by his the elder has dined. This was what Afriwife being able to manage well the house- caner called better manners than those of hold concerns.

the Namaquas."

Here are others as droll from the same to Mr. Schmelen's congregation, at Bethsource :

| any, returning homewards from a visit to “Passing along a vale, we came to a , his friends, took a circuitous course in spot where the lion appeared to have been order to pass a small fountain, or rather exercising himself in the way of leaping pool, where he hoped to kill an antelope, As the natives are very expert in tracing to carry home to his family. The sun the manœuvres of animals by their foot- had risen to some height by the time he marks, it was soon discovered that a large reached the spot, and lion had crept towards a short black stump, laid his gun down on a shelving low rock, very like the human form; when within the back part of which was covered over about a dozen yards, it bounded on its with a species of dwarf thorn-bushes. supposed prey, when, to his mortification, He went to the water, took a hearty drink, he fell a foot or two short of it. Accord- and returned to the rock, smoked his pipe, ing to the testimony of a native who had and being a little tired, fell asleep. In a been watching his notions, and who short time the heat reflected from the joined us soon after, the lion lay for some rock awoke him, and opening his eyes, he time steadfastly eyeing its supposed meal. saw a large lion crouching before him, It then arose, smelt the object, and re- with its eyes glaring in his face, and turned to the spct from which he com- within little more than a yard of his feet. menced his first leap, and leaped four | He sat motionless for some minutes, till several times, till at last he placed his paw he had recovered his presence of mind, on the imagined prize. On another occa | then eyeing his gun, moved his hand

sion, when Africaner and an attendant slowly towards it; the lion seeing him, 1 were passing near the end of a hill, froin raised its head, and gave a tremendous « which jutted out a smooth rock of ten or roar; he made another and another at.

twelve feet high, he observed a number of tempt, but the, gun being far beyond his , zebras pressing round it, obliged to keep reach, he gave it up, as the lion seemed · the path, beyond which it was precipitous. well aware of his object, and was enragedi · A lion was seen creeping up towards the whenever he attempted to move his hand. : path, to intercept the large stallion, which His' situation now became painful in the

is always in the rear to defend or warn extreme; the rock on which he sat becaine the troop. The lion missed his mark, and so hot that he could scarcely bear his while the zebra rushed round the point, naked feet to touch it, and kept moving the lion knew well, if he could mount the them, alternately placing one above the rock at one leap, the next would be on the other. The day passed, and the night zebra's back, it being obliged to turn also, but the lion never moved from the towards the hill. He fell short, with only his spot; the sun rose again, and its intense head over the stone, looking at the gallop- heat soon rendered his feet past feeling.

ping zebra switching his tail in the air. At noon the lion rose and walked to · He then tried a second and a third leap, the water, only a few yards distant, look

till he succeeded. In the meantime two ing behind as it went, lest the man should more lions came up, and seemed to roar move, and seeing him stretch out his hand and talk away about something, while the to take his gun, turned in a rage, and was old lion led thein round the rock, and on the point of springing upon him. The round it again; then he made another animal went to the water, drank, and grand leap, to show them what he and 1. returning, lay down again at the edge of they inust do next time. Africaner added, the rock. Another night passed; the with the most perfect gravity, “They inan, in describing it, said, he knew not evidently talked to each other, but though whether lie slept, but if he did, it must loud enough, I could not understand a have been with his eyes open, for he word they said ; and, fearing lest we always saw the lion at his feet. Next should be the next objects of their skill, day, in the forenoon, the animal went we crept away and left them in council.' | again to the water, and while there, he

“The following fact will show the fear- listened to some noise apparently from an ful dangers to which solitary travellers are opposite quarter, and disappeared in the sometimes exposed :--A man belonging bushes. The man now made another effort, and seized his gun ; but on attempt. 1 obtaining a light, but such was his terror ing to rise, he fell, his aukles being with that, forgetting himself, he continued out power. With his gun in his hand, he blowing at it till it scorched his face. crept towards the water, and drank; but The lion made a stand when he saw the looking at his feet, he saw, as he expressed flame, and as this increased when the burnit, his 'toes roasted,' and the skin torn ing grass was dropped into a dry bush, off with the grass. There he sat a few the lion fled. The Bushman, who had moments, expecting the lion's return, been thus detained from noon to sunset, when he was resolved to send the contents lost no time, when the lion was sufficiently of the gun through its head; but as it far gone, in also making his retreat ; he did not appear, tying his gun to his back, said he had never run so fast before, and the poor man made the best of his way | when he reached his companions he was on his hands and knees, to the nearest pale and sick with fright.” path, hoping some solitary individual These missionary stories most strikingly might pass. He could go no farther, illustrate that mysterious power over "the when, providentially, a person came up, beasts of the field " which is undoubtedly who took him 10 a place of safety, from exercised by all beings, even though they whence he obtained help, though he lost be degraded Hottentots, who chance his toes, and was a cripple for life.”

to bear the countenance which was stamped "A Bushman,” says Mr. James Back upon the human race as a "sign of dohouse, a Missionary of South Africa, minion.”' Cumming, the famous African "residing near the Orange river, in the lion hunter, gives a still more extraordirection of Hardcastle Kloof, was hunt. dinary relation of an incident of the same ing with some companions, and observing class which happened to himself. Although a considerable number of vultures soaring this has generally been set down as an in the air, he concluded that some animal apocryphal anecdote, yet I am, from my had been accidentally killed, of which hie own experience of animals, if not for might possibly obtain a share; he there many other reasons, disposed to believe it fore left his companions and repaired to a real incident, and therefore give it as he the spot, where he found a hartebeest tells it literally. lying, off which he drove a number of “Ruyter came towards ine, and I ran these birds. On doing this, a lion, which forward to obtain a view beyond a slight he supposed had killed the hartebeest and rise in the ground to see whither the satisfied its hunger, came from behind a lioness had gone. In so doing I came neighbouring bush and growled at him. suddenly upon them, within about seventy

"Petrified with fear, the Bushman stood yards; they were standing looking back perfectly still. The lion walked round at Ruyter. I then very rashly comhim, so close as to brush him with his menced making a rapid stalk in upon tail, uttering at the same time a low them, and fired at the nearest, having growl; it went to a short distance and sat only one shot in my rifle. The ball told down, looking at the Bushman, who kept | loudly, and the lioness at which I had his eye upon it and drew back a few fired wheeled right round, and came on paces; but when he drew back the lion lashing her tail, showing her teeth, and advanced, he therefore stood quite still making that horrid, murderous deep growl till the lion retired a little and lay down. which an angry lion generally utters. At The Bushman seized the opportunity, the same moment, her comrade, who picked up a few straws of dried grass and seemed better to know that she was in the began to try to strike a light; but as soon presence of man, made a hasty retreat as the lion heard the tapping of the fint into the reeds. The instanţ the lioness and steel, it rose again and walked around came on, I stood up to my full height, the Bushman, brushing him as before ; holding my rifle, and my arms extended, again the Bushman was still, and again and high above my liead. This checked the lion retired. The Busliman once her in her course ; but on looking round more plied his flint and steel, and again and missing her comrade, and observing the lion advanced from his retreat. At Ruyter slowly advancing, she was still this moment the Bushman succeeded in more exasperated, and, fancying that she was being surrounded, she made another the Sabbath, which had long been so forward movement, growling terribly. desecrated in that region, became marked This was a moment of great danger, I by such strictness of observance, that felt that my only chance of safety was those who during the intervals of divine extreme steadiness ; so, standing motion. worship passed through the streets, might less as a rock, with my eyes firmly fixed hear from the open casements in summer, upon her, I called out in a clear, com- hundreds of families engaged in singing manding voice, “Halloo ! old girl, what's psalms, reading the Scriptures, or-recathe hurry? take it easy ; halloo! halloo!" pitulating the sermons they had heard. She instantly once more "halted, and Their attachment to him was so strong, seemed perplexed, looking round for her and so warmly reciprocated, that many comrade. I then thought it prudent to years after his removal, when the bishopbeat a retreat, which I very slowly did, ric of Hereford was offered him, which he talking to the lioness all the time. She declined, he expressed a wish to return to seemed undecided as to her future move. his old friends at Kidderminster; and for ments, and was gazing after me and snuff the love he bore their souls would have ing the ground when I last beheld her.” been willing to officiate as a humble

curate among them.

The breaking out of civil war, involved · REV. RICHARD BAXTER.

him in many troubles. Believing that RICHARD BAXTER was born at Rowton, there were errors in the administration of a small village near Shrewsbury, England, government, he took part with the parliaon the 12th of November, 1615. His ment, but used all his influence to promote father was a man of sinall property, but regularity in the midst of disorder, and to of an intellectual and religious character; repress the violence of sectarians. He and parental influence donbtless aided the opposed and lamented the usurpation of contemplative and pious disposition which Cromwell, and in a private conference was early developed in this son. His with him argued against the nature and advantages for obtaining knowledge during illegality of his power. After the Restorachildhood were exceedingly circumscribed ; tion, when he was made one of the chapbut he afterwards compensated for this lains to Charles II., and treated by him deficiency by unusual severity of applica. with peculiar respect, he still spoke to the tion. In the station of Master of the Free king of his measures, with the same boldSchool in Dudley, he made such exertionsness and freedom that he had used to the for the good of those entrusted to his care, Protector. Whatever he supposed to be and devoted his intervals of leisure so erroneous either in Church or State, he strictly to study, that his health and dissented from and reproved in such , a strength declined. Under the impression | manner, that those who opposed his judgthat his life would be short, he acquired ment, applauded his sincerity. His pracsuch a sense of the vanity of earthly tical piety, and warmth of devotion, allied allurements and possessions, and of the him to the truly religious of all denominasurpassing value of the duties and con- tions, and inspired him with an enlargesolations of religion, as never faded or ment of mind which raised him above the forsook him.

bitterness of petty controversy. At the age of twenty-five, he became ! During the reign of James he suffered the pastor of Kidderminster, and notwith various persecutions. He was fined, susstanding his feeble health, entered on a tained the loss of the greatest part of his laborions course of pulpit duty and pa- fortune, and in consequence of his pararochial visitation. There was at first but phrase on the New Testament, brought to little to cheer him in his labours. Ignor- trial for sedition, and imprisoned. These ance and profanity abounded; and the adversities he endured with fortitude, and daily service of prayer rose up from few as one whose heart was in heaven. For family altars. But during the sixteen nearly twenty years, he was cheered by the years of continuance there, his efforts were sympathy and co-operation of a beloved so signally blessed, that he gathered a consort, whom he married late in life, and church of six hundred communicants; and who proved herself a kindred spirit. She

was the daughter of a distinguished magis most of the European languages, as well trate of the country of Salop, by the name as into the Indian tongue. of Charlton, a woman of great piety, who His “Saints' Rest” was composed cordially approved of all the sacrifices, under the humiliation of bodily weakness, which from a conscientious regard to duty, at a distance from home and friends, with he voluntarily made. She shared, without no book to consult but the Bible, and repining, the hardships and privations when for many weeks he was in daily attendant upon his persecutions, was his expectation of death. “Therefore," said companion in prison, and his ministering he,“ did I fix my thoughts on this heaangel until her death.

veviy subject, which hath more benefited The last five years of his life, being me than all the studies of my life." released from confinement, he resided in Flavel, in alluding to this work, during London, in as much retirement as the the last illness of its author, says "He performance of his ministerial duties is almost in heaven; living in daily and would allow. When increasing weakness cheerful expectation of the Saints' Rest forbade him to leave his chamber, the with God, and left for a little while among approach of dissolution was contemplated us as a great example of the life of faith.” with all that tranquillity and resignation Many persons of eminence have expressed which could be expected to flow from a the happy effect produced upon their life of such uniform piety. Once, when minds by the attentive perusal of the extreme pain prompted the wish for a “ Saints Rest;." and mention is made of speedy transition, he checked himself by a child whose piety was so much promoted saying with deep kumility, “ It is not for by it, that he spoke of it with the greatest me to prescribe; when Thou wilt; where delight, and when in his last sickness, at Thou wilt; and how Thou wilt.” To a the age of twelve years, said earnestly, "I friend who inquired how he was when pray, let me have good Mr. Baxter's book, death visibly approached, he cheerfully that I may read a little more of eternity, Teplied, " Almost well;" and thus expired, before I go into it.” on December 8th, 1691, at the age of It was the happiness of Richard Baxter, seventy-six years.

amid much contention and obloquy, to When we take into view the infirmity of retain the friendship and confidence of his health from youth, and the disorders good men of all ranks and denominations. and adversities of his disturbed times, we They considered him one whose whole are astonished at the number and extent soul was engaged in his profession; the of his writings. They almost form a springs of whose unslumbering action library of themselves. Of his distinct were ardent piety towards God and zeal treatises, the “Biographia Britannica” | for the best interests of his fellow-creareckons 145; of which four were folios, tures. To these sacred objects few men 73 quartos, 49 octavos, and the others of have ever devoted more time and toil. smaller and differing sizes. Their avails, Though he sustained some rancorous which he received from the booksellers, abuse, it was his lot to be respected both were devoted to charitable purposes. They by contemporaries and posterity. Among comprise bodies of theology, practical his firmest friends was Chief Justice Hale, and theoretical, with many tracts on par- who spoke in the highest terms of his ticular topics. Those of a peculiarly learning and piety to the other judges on practical nature have been collected in the bench; and while he lay in prison four folio volumes. He was an author left him a legacy in his will, and severa. more than forty years; the “Saints' Rest" manuscript volumes of his own handbeing written when he was but little past writing. As an author Dr. Barrow testifies thirty, and his last book, “ The Certainty of him, that his “practical writings were of the World of Spirits," published the never mended; his controversial ones year of his death. Of his “Call to the seldom confuted.” Bishop Wilkins affirms, Unconverted,” which he was induced to that “he has cultivated every subject write at the solicitation of Archbishop which he handled;” and had he lived in Usher, twenty thousand copies were sold primitive times, would have been one of in one year, and it was translated into the fathers of the Church.

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