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The first ever ORIGINS AND INVENTIONS. appears to have been introduced.

planted in England, those at Sion-house, MiddleORIGIN OF THE NAME MUSLIX.-The city of sex, are flourishing in the grounds of that vene. Mosul, formerly the capital of Mesopotamnia, rable seat of the Percies. One of the Carews of stands upon the right or western bank of the

Beddington, near Croydon, first brought over Tigris, opposite to the site of ancient Nineveh. oranges, and for a century after they grew lux“ All those cloths of gold and silk which we, uriantly there. the Venetians (says Marco Polo), call muslins,

THE FIXTURES OF FAIRS.--A correspondent are of the manufacture of Mosul.” It is not

of the Salisbury Journal, in a very interesting improbable that the city of Mosul, being at that tine one of the greatest entrepots of eastern

and ingenious letter, suggests the connection of

fairs with some ecclesiastical foundation. We commerce, may have given the appellation to various productions of the loom conveyed from

select a few of the instances he gives in illustrathence to the Mediterranean.

tion of his position :-Bradford: The church is

dedicated to the Holy Trinity, and the fair is YANKEE. The current American term

held on Trinity Monday. Calne : The church is "Yankee," was a cant or favourite word with dedicated to the patron of Penitents, St. Mary one Jonathan Hastings, a settler at Cambridge, Magdalen, whose feast is on the 22nd of July, on North America, about the year 1713. The in. which day the fair is held. Chippenhum and ventor used it toexpress excellency. For instance, Collingburn Ducis : These churches are dediit "yankee good horse," or " yankee cider,' cated to St. Andrew the Apostle ; feast, Nov. 30, ineant an excellent horse, and excellent cider.

fair days, the feast, old style, Dec. 11. Corsham : The students of a neighbouring college were The church is dedicated to St. Bartholomew; accustomed to hire horses of Jonathan ; their

feast, Aug. 24, and the fair is on the feast, old intercourse with him, and his use of the word

style, Sept. 4. Devizes : Dedicated to St. Mary, upon all occasions, led them to adopt it, and they and the fair is held on the feast of the Purificagave him the name of "Yankee Jonathan."

tion, old style, Feb. 18. St. don's Hill (near It was dispersed by the collegians throughout Devizes): The feast of St. Anne, the mother of New England, until it became a settled term of the Blessed Virgin, is July 26, and the fair is reproach to all New Englanders, and eventually held on the feast, old style, Aug. 6. Steeple to all North Americans.

Ashton is another of the Wiltshire churches, POOR-MAXOP-MUTTON-Is a term applied to the dedicated to the Virgin Mary; and on the feast remains of a shoulder of mutton, which, after it of her Nativity, old style, Sept. 19, a fair is has done its regular duty as a roast at dinner,

holden. Trowbridge: The church is dedicated makes its appearance as a broiled bone at supper, to St. James: feast, July 25, and on the feast, old or upon the next day. The late Earl of B., style, Aug. 5, is the fair. Warminster: The popularly known by the name of Old Rag, being church is dedicated to St. Denis ; feast, April indisposed in a hotel in London, the landlord 22, on which day is one of the fairs of the town. came to enumerate the good things he had in his

GEOGRAPHICAL ORIGINS. Alps. These larder, to prevail on his guest to eat something: majestic hills take their name from the snows The earl at length, starting suddenly from his couch, and throwing back a tartan night-gown

with which their summits are continually covered; which had covered his singularly grim and ghastly

the Sabine word Alpum signifying the same as face, replied to his host's courtesy," Landlord, I

the Latin Album, Anglice Inile.-France.-So think I could eat a morsel of a poor-man.Boni

called from the Franci or Franks, a people of face, surprised alike at the extreme ugliness of

Germany who seized on those parts of it nearest Lord B.'s countenance, and the nature of the pro

the Rhine, in the time of Valentinian the Third, posal, retreated from the room, and tumbled down

and afterwards subduing Paris, they made it the stairs precipitately; having no doubt that this seat-royal of their growing empire; and thus barbaric chief, when at home, was in the habit of

caused the country thereabouts to be called eating a joint of a tenant or vassal when his ap

France.- Hibernia.-Most probably from Iberncc, petite was dainty.--Jamieson's Dict.

a Phænician word, meaning the farthest habi.

tation ; there being no country known among FLOWERS AND Fruits.--Sir Anthony Ashley, of the ancients west of Ireland.-Portugal.- Was Wimbourne, St. Giles, Dorsetshire, first planted ancientiy called Lusitania, from the Lusitani cabbages in England, and on his inonument a who then inhabited it ; it took its present name cabbage appears at his feet. To Sir Walter from the haven of Porto, at the mouth of the Raleigh we owe the most useful of all vegetables Duerns, where the Gauls used to land their --the potatoe; and to Sir Richard Weston, the merchandise, thence it was called Portus Galintroduction of clover-grass from Flanders, 1645. lorum. This town was given in dower with Cardinal Pole planted figs at Lambeth in the time Teresa, daughter of Alphonso the Sixth, to of Henry VIII., which are said to be still remain- Henry de Lorrain, who took the title of Earl of ing there. The learned Linacre first brought Portugal; his successors coming to be kings, over, on his return from the sunny regions of extended the name to all those parts which they Italy, the queen of flowers, the damask rose. conquered from the Moors.-Rusia.-Took its The cherry orchards of Kent owe their existence denomination from the Rossi or Russi, a people to a gardener of the bluff inonarch, and in the of Mount Taurus or Taurica Chersonesus, who same reign the arrant-bushes were transplanted possessed themselves of some parts of it in the fron Zante. In the early part of the seventeenth declining times of the Greek enpire, and century, the elder Tradescant ventured on board a being the prevailing people imposed their name privateer, armed against Morocco, for the sole pur- upon all the rest.-Greece,- is a name given pose of stealing apricots into this country; and from Græcus, son of Cecrops, first king of pretty much at the same time the mulberry-tree Athens.

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THE WORK-TABLE FRIEND. cut out in the proper form, with small

scissors, and all are merely to be sewed To Miss E. SMITH, and other Subscribers.--We round smoothly and closely Tegret being unable to answer some correspond- Those who do not like the trouble of ents, who have addressed private letters to us, from their not having favoured us with the best enlarging for themselves, can have the address, even when enclosing stamps. Will they

front marked, with cotton and toile ciré be good enough to forward their directions ? for 3s.

We regret to say there is no institution in London for the sale of Ladies' work. There was one, but it failed.


Materials. Five shades of crimson Berlin wool, CHEMISETTE IN BRODERIE ANGLAISE.

from brown to light cherry-4 skeins of each; Materials. French muslin, and the embroidery white, 2 skeins; and lilac, 1 skein ; I skein of cotton, No. 70, of Messrs. Walter Evans, and shaded green crystal wool; 1 skein of gold coCo., of Derby.

loured crochet silk, and one ball of gold crystal

twine. 2 yards of cord to work over will also be Our page limits us to a reduced en- wanted. graving of this very simple and pretty pattern, which is pure Broderie Anglaise, With the darkest wool, work as closely without any admixture of difficult stitches. as possible over the end of the cord, and The pattern being enlarged to the proper form it into a round. Work on it another dimensions, is to be marked on the muslin round, increasing sufficiently to keep with a solution of gum arabic and stone- it flat, and using the same wool. blue; then tacked on a piece of toile ciré, 2nd Round.—(Same colour, and white.) and worked. The round holes are to be + 3 white, 3 brown, + 7 times in the pierced with a stiletto; the others to be round.

3rd Round. (Same colours.) 5 white 10th Round.-Next shade). Like the over 3, 3 brown on brown. + 7 times. last, but with 2 Ch instead of one.

4th Round.-(Next crimson and white.) 11th Round.-(Next shade). Like the + 6 white over 5, 5 crimson on 3 + 7 | 1st, but with 3 chains. times.

12th Round. - (Lightest shade). Sc 5th Round. (Crochet silk and next between any two Dc that have no chain crimson.) + 7 silk over 6 white, 6 crim- between them, to 4 Ch, 3 De under the son over 5. + 7 times.

chain of last round, Ch, 3 De under the 6th Round.-(Next shade and silk.) Do next chain, 1 Ch, 3 Dc under the next, 3 silk over the centre of 7 silk, and cover 1 Ch, 3 Dc under the next, 4 Ch, Sc after the intermediate space with the wool, in- the next Dc stitch. + repeat 9 times in creasing sufficiently to keep the mat quite the round. Hat, and to cover the cord on which you

13th Round.-With the silk, t Sc on are working. 7th Round.—(Lightest crimson and silk.) the chain before the first 3 Dc stitches, +

the first Sc of last row, 3 Ch, Sc under + 1 silk on the centre of 3 silk; now

4 Ch, Sc under the 1 Ch, + 3 times, 4. cover half the space between it and the next three, with the light wool; then do a Ch, Sc after the next 3 Dc, 3 Ch. + 9

times. single stitch with the crochet silk, only

Now with the gold cord, work on the instead of working over the cord, insert the hook in the centre of the 5 crimson

same round as you worked the 8th round in the 4th round; then continue with the

on ; that is, on the edge of the last round

over the cord; Sc on the centre one of lightest wool. + 7 times in the round.

the 3 stitches missed in the 8th round, Fasten off the cord, over which you have

+ 5 Ch, Sc on the centre of the riext 3, + been working.

all round. 8th Round.— With a bone hook, and the darkest wool, working very slackly, + Dc

Observe that this, and the following under both sides of the chain, i Ch, Dc rounds are to be in the front of the mat

, under the same stitch, miss 3. + all the open part already done falling back, round.

and being quite separate from this. 9th Round.—(Next shade.) Dc under a 2nd Round of gold twine. Sc inder chain, + 1 Ch, Dc under the same, Dc | the centre of every chain of 5, with chain under the next. + all round.



1093 LETTERS IN SQUARE CROCHET, BY MRS. PULLAN.' For Instructions in Crochet sce p. 197, Vol. 6, 010 Series, and No.6, Aew Series of the Family Friend.

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