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salem, thou art the great glory of Israel ! GARDENER'S ICOLUMN.
thou art the joy and rejoicing of our
nation. Thou hasť done much good in

Moss on TREES. The Američan Farmer gives Israel, with thy haud ; and, God is een meld wine as an excellent application cọ the pleased therewith Blessed be thou of the destroy egys of insects. One gallan of soft soap, Ahnighty Lord for evermore!” And all

salt, to be well stirred together, and put on with the people cried, “ Amen!"

a hard brush."

bollt sau 169 The people in grand procession ascended To Keep PLANTS IN B400m. The great effort to the city, and up the marble sisteps of of all plants is to reproduce their kind, and the the temple, and through its magnificent strive to form seed As flowers are produced courts into the glorious space y

g which sur- before seed ressels, we van give a tendency to rounds the temple itself. Here were the plants to throw out fresh blossoms by cutting

seed offered their sacrifices and burnt-offer

stem as soon

as the flower is off bloom. ings, and free - offerings. Judith felt a

tion in this way, mignonette, nasturtiums, geraglow of gratitude to God, as she

gazed niums, roses, and

many other plants may be around her upon the sculptured marble, made to keep in blossom until the cold season the altar of brass, and the brazen laver, scarlet-runner is a good illustration of this prin

stays the further circulation of sap. The common and marble tables, and other rich furni- ciple, for the more beans (seed-pods) that are ture, of the court; and as she beheld picked the more the plant produces but let any of the graceful temple

, whose richly- emt in hans er office it was reproduced its broidered curtain was raised, giving her kind, and it dies. a view of golden furniture, and scarlet EVERGREEN SHRUBS FOR THE and purple within ;, for she remembered DEX:---It would justly be considered, at the prethat her feeble arm, made strong by God, practice, to train or trim trees and shrubs in had saved all these sacred things from the representation of animal life; and such figures, hand of the enemy. The High - Priest however skilfully formed, cannot be ornamental.

but rather indicate a whimsical and childish was there in his splendid robes of blue

taste. There can be nothing niore pleasing to and purple and scarlet embroidery, the eve than symmetry of form, as represented adorned with jewels, and bordered with in the gigantic formation of our forest trees that golden bells and scarlet i pomegranates- occupy individual stations in the park or lawn, while around him stood the


or the finely-balanced proportions of our less

imposing shrubs forming single specimens or Levi, in their blue-fringed robes of white massed in groups, towards the limits or boundary Jinen - altogether a glorious and most of the flower-gardens. That shrubs and flowers, wonderful array:

as separate objects, possess beauty independent of one another, willingly admitted ; yet a visit to

the flower-gardens at the present time forces the TIE IORAL.

evident truth before us, that with a great amount In judging the conduct of Judith, we

of labour, time, and expense, we are only re

munerated by a fine display of colour for a very must keep in mind the different manners

short period of time, and until that tinie again which prevailed in those days. We can- comes round, we have nothing to look upon but not but wonder and admire when we re- the empty and desolate appearance of the flower

is flect

upon all she hazarded for her country. necessary, cannot be at least, in its widest She endangered more than life, for if dis

sense; for if there is a shadow of reason why covered, she ran the risk of death, or of oranges, and other tender shrubs, in boxes, living in degradation and sorrow. She should occupy prominent situations in tlie flower

garden in summer, there is a necessity for supperiled her fair fame; which to a woman

plying their places with some of our hardy was worth more than existence. The task ornamental shrubs, which can be kept in reserve which she undertook was odious, yet she for that purpose. Planting up the empty beds

would rather be a matter of consideration of shrank not from it, for she knew if the

time and labour than any difficulty in the operaconqueror lived, her country was lost.

tion, and very little extra trouble would be We may not be called to such a trial, involved in keeping plants for the express pur. but in whatever strait, when self is the pose. An arrangement of this sort seems highly sacrifice, let us pray for strength to look contiguous to the mansion, and by introducing

necessary--at least, where the flower-garden is to the good of others before our own. choice varieties of shrubs, patches of earlyOr, in the words of our Messiah :

flowering heath, and margining the beds with • Whatsoever ye would that inen should ing bulbs, the whole effect would be lively and

different coloured crocus and other early-flowerdo to you, do ye even so to them !"

pleasiny.-G. F, Gardeners' Record. I ha



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ZIPASSING MVAN...) j! For fortistëtliereal Hoat ardubict, both? ,1.4.18

1''Promyheaven their straip began, i18 TO' BY MRS. HEMANS. I motor

And melody was in that sound, T Passing atay, is written 'on the world, and That told the wondrous plan; 16:30 to Sir the world contains.

Angelic forms are swift careering, * foto no 119 919

Wliere parted clouds an arch for them is rearing It is written on the rose,

For heaven's' all-radiant host, on this cald earth In its glory's full array;


1970's still Read what those buds disclose,

H1,1516 * Passing away

Bursting from līps, that from the throne

Of unapproached light were sent, It is written on the skies

1. With grace seraphic o'er them thrown, m, Of the soft, blue summer day;

And eyes on mercy's errand bent, It is traced in sunset's dyes.

"Glory to God" began that legion 'fair, * Passing away.”

*Good will to man" the message they would It is written on the trees,

is bears d ore sitrussia Dort As their young leaves glistening play; Unto the prostrate ones, so humbly bending there! And on brighter things than these" Passing away."

5 x Fear tốt,

voice of music said,

hits For unto you is born, 103 191% DITUOT; young It is written on the brow,

E'en in a manger's narrow bed, to mils als is Where the spirit's ardent.ray

in morn Lives, burns, and triumphs now

A Saviour-Christ–ihen speed your wav, arise. 1919 Passing away."

11: T.'' h For His own star shall guide you where He lies. zeu dit is written on the heart

And with unwavering beam illume the reastern 'Alas! that there decay

al skies!", brinn 2511 !!!!, Should claim from love a part!

fitoinent from ages long foretold

betona_) VARIVK Passing away." 21

109. Abyss of mercy vast, How 914? LOS Friends, friends! oh, shall we meet

,bAngels the wonder have unrolld, Where the spoiler finds no prey,

on And the star shone at last : 3.Where lovely things and sweet

Star that upon the Prophet's vision shone. Pass not away?

Star of the morning! thou, and thou alone, Shall we know each other's eyes, I'

Proclaim'd that on this earth abode the Almighty ay With the thoughts that in them layı, 719b One " bio When they met beneath the skies i iltiw hoobiou bus 219791 oldin brafoss Which pass away?

---2316L 23,1 CHRISTMÁSIA [14 11ablon Oh! if this may be so,



BY SIR WALTER SCOTT. Speed, speed, thou closing day!

atidu to 40114

Isrl si in
IIow blest, froin earth's vain show
To pass away!

The glowing censers, and their rich perfumeon!
The splendid vestments, and the sounding choir;
The gentle sigh of soul-subduing piety;

The alms which open-hearted charity

Bestows, with kindly glance; and those

Which e'en stern avarice,
The heavens were bright with many a star,

Though with unwilling hạnd,
flocks were sleeping;


Seems forced to tender:, an offering sweet The moon, upon her “ silver car,

To the bright throne of mercy; mark

doilw Was her nightly vigil keeping,

This day a festival.

jou And sleepless were the shepherds' eyes, Upturn'd unto the spangled skies,

And well our Christian sires of

sires of oldoqu 1999 here heaven-aspiring thought from this world's Loved when the year its course bad rolla:12 darkness flies!

And brought blithe Christmas back again:09 T'he liour was come—that shepherd band

With all its hospitable train. sty ni Fantivil Were destined from all time

Domestic and religious rite To witness the Almighty hand

Gave honour to the holy night." beliroq * Dispense the gift divine :

* On Christmas-eve the bells were rung, 262

ty On Christmas-eve the mass was sungitoidu The hour was come-the silence broke, The voice of many a seraph spoke,

That only night in all the year

dru bd from our fallen race fell off the oppressor's

Saw the stoled priest the chalice rear. yoke.

The damsel donn'a her kirtle sheen en p1109

In The hall was dress'd with holly green : W 96TIG

ols Then open'd wide the baron's hall, si sud One brilliant arch became asi misce

To vassal-tenant-serf and all; The beams of Heaven's o'erpowering love issu

Power laid his rod of rule aside,

oftimona I Shot through earth's wondering frame , piexio And ceremony doff'd his pride. 11 01 Eelipsed by that 'excess of light, patarof All hail'd with uncontroll'd delight) :) The stars did pale their lustre bright 1991 And general voice, the happy night, was nd the man shepherds there did veil their daz. That to the cottage, as the crown,

zled sight!'s go to 0.9 Brought tidings of salvation down. Of of


ل وين ما از

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Busks.Sift your fiour into a pan. Cut up the

butter in the milk, and warm them a little, so as DOMESTIC RECEIPTS.

to soften the butter, but not to melt it entirely. Fondu. Five eggs, three ounces of butter, Beat your egg; pour the milk and butter into three or four ounces of cheese, according to its

your pan of fiour, then the egg, then the roserichness, and a gill of cream. Mix all together, well together with a knife. Spread some flour

water and spice, and lastly the yeast. Stir all and bake twenty minutes in small shapes made of writing paper.

on your paste-board ; lay the dough on it, and

knead it well. Then divide it into small pieces To make Bread Cheese Cakes.-Slice a loafes of an equal size, and knead each piece into a thin as possible, pour on it a pint of boiling little, thick rusk. Butter an iron pan, lay the cream, let it stand two hours; then take eight rusks in it, and set them in a warm place to rise. eggs, half a pound of butter, and a nutmeg When they are quite light, bake them in a grated, beat them well together, put in half a moderate oven. Rusks should be eaten fresh.pound of currants well washed, and dried before M. WILSON the fire, and bake them in raised crusts, or petty

To keep Mushrooms.-Wash large buttons as pans

you would for stewing, lay them on sieves, with Calfs Liver Pried.-Cut in slices, and fry it in the stalk upwards, throw over them some salt to good beef-dripping or butter; let the pan be half fetch out the water; when they are drained, put full, and put the liver in when it boils, which is them in a pot, and set them in a cool oven for when it has done hissing: have some rashers of an hour, then take them carefully out, and lay toasted bacon, and lay round it, with some parsley them to cool and drain; boil the liquor that crisped before the fire; always lay the bacon in comes out of them with a blade or two of mace, boiling water before it is either broiled, fried, or and boil it half away; put your mushrooms into toasted, as it takes out the salt, and makes it a clean jar, well dried; and when the liquor is tender. Sauce,--plain melted butter, a little cold, cover your mushrooms in the jar with it, poured over the liver, the rest in the sauce-boat. and pour over it rendered suet; tie a bladder

S. M. over it, set them in a dry closet, and they will Pot-au-Feu.—This is by far the most wholesome keep very well all the winter.-J. S.C. Chatham. of all soups. Take three pounds of good rump of Sugar-biscuits.-Cut the butter into the flour. beef, of any part free from bone and not too fat; Add the sugar and carraway seeds. Pour in the put it in an earthen fire-proof pot, with three brandy, and then the milk. Lastly, put in the quarts of water, one large carrot, two turnips, pearlash. Stir all well with a knife, and mix two leeks, a head of celery, and one burnt onion; it thoroughly, till it becomes a lamp of dough. season, and let the soup boil slowly, skimming it Flour your paste-board, and lay the dough on from time to time, for at least five hours; then it. Knead it very well. Divide it into eight or strain it through a fine sieve, and pour it over ten pieces, and knead each piece separately. thin slices of bread to serve. The meat and Then put them all together, and knead them vegetables make a dish which is afterwards very well into one lump. Cut the dough in half, served. Thus cooked, the beef becomes tender and roll it out into sheets, about half an inch and juicy, and is excellent cold.-M. Wilson. thick. Beat the sheets of dough very hard on

both sides, with the rolling-pin. Cut them out Baked Apple-Pudding.-Stew your apples in as into round cakes with the edge of a tumbler. little water as possible, and not long enough for Butter iron pans, and lay the cakes in them. the pieces to break and lose their shape. Put Bake them of a very pale brown. If done too them in a colander to drain, and mash them with much, they will lose their taste. Let the oven the back of a spoon. If stewed too long, and in be hotter at the top than at the bottom. These too much water, they will lose their flavour. cakes kept in a stone jar, closely covered from When cold, mix with them the nutmeg, rose- the air, will continue perfectly good for several water, and lemon-peel, and two ounces of sugar. months.-M. G. S. Bath. Stir another two ounces of sugar with the butter or cream, and then mix it gradually with the

Ice-cream.-Take half of the milk and put apple. Bake it, in puff-paste, about half an

in the ingredient that is to flavour it, either hour, in a moderate oven. Do not sugar the top. Boil it, stirring in gradually the sugar. Having

the almonds, or the grated rind of the lemons. -M. WILSON.

beaten the eggs well, add to them two tableAn excellent Receipt for making Rolls.---Mix spoonsful of cold milk, and pour them into the the salt with tasr the warm water into the yeast, minutes, stirring them all the time.

them or three

Then take and pour it into the hole in the flour. Stir it the mixture off the fire, and strain it through with a spoon just enough to make a thin batter, book-muslin into a pan. Add the cream and the

Cover the remainder of the milk, and put the whole into and set it in a warm place for several hours. the tin freezer, which must be set in a tub When it is light, ada

half a pint more of luke filled with ice, among which must be scattered a warm water, and make it, with a little more great deal of salt. Squeeze the juice from the flour, into a dough. Knead it very well for ten two lemons and stir it into the cream by degrees, minutes. Then divide it into small pieces, and while it is freezing. When it is all frozen, knead each separately. Make them into round turn it out, first dipping the tin for a moment cakes for rolls. Cover them, and set them to rise in warm water. If you wish to flavour it with about an hour and a half. Bake them, and when strawberry or raspoerry juice, ! that, - like the done, let them remain in the oven, without the lemon-juice, must be stirred gradually in while .id, for about ten minutes.-J. R. W., Leeds. the cream is freezing.

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tots zita οι διοτο 10


TUO 27 wa

3809309939 A o 10 CHRISTMAS.

pitality than now. The observances of "Now too is heard

the day first became to be pretty general e hapless cripple, tuning through the streets i in the Catholic church about the year 500. midnight hours, prevail tl'accustom'd sounds By some of our ancestors it was viewed in wakeful wails, whose harmony (composed

the double light of a religious and joyful hautboy, organ, violin, and flute,

season of festivities. The midnight pred various other instruments of mirth), ceding Christmas-day every person went meant to celebrate the coming time." Dore

to mass, and on Christmas - day three The manner in which this period of the different masses were sung with much aro has been observed has often varied, solemnity. Others celebrated it with 5ugh never with less veneration or hos- great parade, splendour, and hospitality

as a

4, sort


be mince

In short, from what can be generally paraded the streets, and sounded the hour, gathered, it appears to have been a time th when all individuals were determined to Some slight remains of these still exist make themselves, and all around them, but they no longer partake of the authorihappy. Business was superseded by tative claim as they originally did, as the merriment and hospitality; the most care-lord mayor's music, &c. It may not, worn countenance brightened on the occa- perhaps, be generally known, that even at sion. The nobles and the barons the present day "waits ** are 'regularly encouraged and participated in the various sworn before the court of burgesses buat sports; the industrious labourer's cot, and Westminster, and act under the authority the residence of proud royalty, equally of a warrant, signed by the clerk, and ... resounded with tumultuous joy. From sealed with the arms of the city, cand

continued run of entertainments. Not | bound to provide themselves with a only did our ancestors make great rejoic badge, also bearing the arms of Westings on, but before and after Christmas minster. day. By a law in the time of Alfred, the Of “ Christmas Husbandry Fare, “twelve days after the nativity of our honest Tusser furnishes us with a genuine Saviour were made festivals ;"* and it picture, which is interesting, as descrip, likewise appears from Bishop, Holt, that tive of the mode of living of our ancestors the whole of the days were dedicated to three centuries ago. The different viands feasting

enumerated are still known by the names Our ancestors' various amusements were which they bear in the text, if we except conducted by a sort of master of the cere- "shred pies,” which appear to monies, called the “ Lord of Misrule," pies, as they are now called. Butcher's whose duty it was to keep order during meat, poultry, native fruits, and home the celebration of the differeni sports and brewed, were then thought amply sufi, pastimes. The universities, the lord cient. mayor and sheriffs, and all noblemen and

* Good husband and housewife, now chyfy be gentlemen, had their “lords of misrule.?" glad, These “ lords.” were first preached against Things handsome to have, as they ought to be at Cambridge by the Puritans, in the reign They both do provide, against Christmas do of James I., as unbecoming the gravity of the university,

To welcome good neighbour, good cheer to have The custom of serving boars' heads at

Good bread and good drink, a good fire in the Christnaas bears an ancient date, and much

hall, ceremony and parade has been occasionally Brawn, pudding, and souse, and good mustard attached to it. Henry II. “served his

withall. son (upon the young prince's coronation) Beef, mutton, and pork, shred pies of the bestz ? at the table as server, bringing up the Pig, veal, goose, and capon, and turkey i well : boar's head with trumpets before it.” Cheese, apples, and nuts, joly carols to hear, A few remarks on several customs ap

As then in the country is counted good cheer." pertaining to Christmas may not be unin- Hospitality seems to have been a proteresting to our readers at this festive minent feature in the character of Tusser ; period, we will commence with the and to that cause, as well as to an unsteady

Vaits, the subject of our present illustra- disposition, may probably be ascribed the tion, and which is a familiar theme to all poverty in which he lived and died. When lovers of ditional manners.

he tells us that, The custom of strolling from street to

« Of all other doings house-keeping is chief, street with musical instruments and sing

For daily it helpeth the poor with relief.' ing seems to have originated from a very ancient practice which prevailed, of cer- In the north they have their Yule log, tain minstrels who were attached to the or Yuletide log, which is a huge log burnking's court and other great persons, who, ing, in the chimney, corner,



Yule cakes are baked * Thus we have the origin of Twelfth-day. kind of frying-pan) over the fire :




on a

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