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salem, thou art the great glory of Israel !

GARDENER'S ICOLUMN. thou art the joy and rejoicing of our nation. Thou hast donc much good in

Moss on Trees, The American Farmer gives

the following as an excellent application to the Israel, with tlıy hand; and God is

scraped trunk to prevent the growth of moss, and pleased therewith. Blessed be thou of the destroy eggs of insects. ""One gallon of soft soap, Almighty Lord for evermore!” And all

one pound of flour of sulphur, and one quart of

salt, to be well stirred together, and put on with the people cried, “ Amen!".

a hard brush.”,

sotit tsin 1691 To KEEP PLANTS IN BLOOMum The great effort

of all plants is to reproduce their kind, and the the temple, and through its magnificent

season is now at hand when they vigorously strive to form soed. As flowers are produced

before seed vessels, we van give a tendency to rounds the temple itself. Here were the plants to throw out fresh blossoms by cutting offered their sacrifices and burnt-offer

off from the plant the seed bearing stem as soon

as the flower is off Bloom. With a little attenings, and free offerings.' 'Judith felt a

tion in this way, mignonette, nasturtiums, gera

niums, roses, and many other plants may be around her upon the sculptured marble, made to keep in blossom until the cold season

stays the further circulation of sap. The common the altar of brass, and the brazen laver,

scarlet-runner is a good illustration of this prinand marble tables, and other rich furni- ciple, for the

ciple, for the more beans (seed-pods) that are ture of the court; and as she beheld picked the more the plant produces; but let any of

the seeds ripen, and it will soon cease to bloom; the-graceful temple, whose richly-em

it has fulfilled its office—it has reproduced its broidered curtain was raised, giving her

kind, and it dies. a view of golden furniture, and scarlet EVERGREEN SHRUBS FOR THE FLOWER-GARand purple within; for she remembered DEN.--It would justly be considered, at the pre

sent day, a retrograde movement in gardening that her feeble arm, made strong by God,

practice, to train or trim trees and shrubs in had saved all these sacred things from the representation of animal life; and such figures, hand of the enemy. The High Priest however skilfully formed, cannot be ornamental.

but rather indicate a whimsical and childish was there in his splendid robes of blue

taste. There can be nothing more pleasing to and purple and scarlet embroidery,

the eve than symmetry of form, as represented adorned with jewels, and bordered with in the gigantic formation of our forest trees that golden bells and scarlet i pomegranates

occupy individual stations in the park or lawn,

or the finely-balanced proportions of our lesswhile around him stood the sons of

imposing shrubs forming single specimens or Levi, in their blue-fringed robes of white massed in groups, towards the limits or boundary Jinen - altogether a glorious and most

of the flower-gardens. That shrubs and flowers,

as separate objects, possess beauty independent of wonderful array: :

one another, is willingly admitted; yet a visit to

the flower-gardens at the present time forces the THE JORAL..

evident truth before us, that with a great amount

of labour, time, and expense, we are only reIn judging the conduct of Judith, we

munerated by a fine display of colour for a very must keep in mind the different manners

short period of time, and until that time again which prevailed in those days. We can comes round, we have nothing to look upon but not but wonder and admire when we re the empty and desolate appearance of the flower

beds. That this order of things is absolutely flect upon all she hazarded for her country.

necessary, cannot be at least, in its widest She endangered more than life, for if dis- sense

sense ; for if there is a shadow of reason why

oranges, and other tender shrubs, in boxes, living in degradation and sorrow. She

should occupy prominent situations in tlie flower

garden in summer, there is a necessity for supperiled her fair fame; which to a woman

plying their places with some of our hardy was worth more than existence. The task ornamental shrubs, which can be kept in reserve which she undertook was odious, yet she

for that purpose. Planting up the empty beds

would rather be a matter of consideration of shrank not from it, for she knew if the

time and labour than any difficulty in the operaconqueror lived, her country was lost. tion, and very little extra trouble vould be

We may not be called to such a trial, involved in keeping plants for the express purbut in whatever strait, when self is the

pose. An arrangement of this sort seems highly

necessary-at least, where the flower-garden is sacrifice, let us pray for strength to look

contiguous to the mansion ; and by introducing to the good of others before our own. choice varieties of shrubs, patches of early. Or, in the words of our Messiah :

flowering heath, and margining the beds with “ Whatsoever ye would that inen should

different coloured crocus and other early-flower

ing bulbs, the whole effect would be lively and do to you, do ye even so to them!". pleasiny.-G. F. Gardeners' Record.

I n


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For forlis 'ethereat moat around, wor!! ,5*11

117 Brom heaven their strain began, 11% !! D' EBY MRS. HEMANS. MIR

. And melody was in that sound, T

a pounch !

!! Passing zitak, is written on the world, and That told the wondrous plant 1A, PORI YO Diy idrid

Angelic forms are swift careering, off to Mo, 21

11e world contains 19h Where parted clouds an arch for them is rearin.. to. It is written on the rose, ."

For heaven's all-radiant host, on this cold earth In its glorr's full array !


yon si st Read what those buds disclose, "1151 (fis fruepassing 'stavby ZIMAI"LidT 1 Bursting from lips, that from the throne in i zin 1

tutOf unapproached light were sent,') ; ?! It is written on the skies .

With grace seraphic o'er them throwa, of the soft, blue summer day; : ""

And eyes on mercy's errand bent, It is traced in sunset's dyes. It Yai Glory to God" began that legion fair, in: " Passing away.”

" ' * *Good will to man" the message they would It is written on the trees,

bear'd br o tin As their young leaves glistening play;. Unto the prostrate ones, so humbly bending there! * And on brighter things than theseilii « Passing away."

uh b Tear nót,">that voice of music said, want

'n Wol 1. 1 For unto you is born, 1100 1 DITUOI! pien It is written on the brow,

E'en in a manger's narrow bed, tools as Ini is Where the spirit's ardent ray 1.

Upon this breaking morn, let Lives, burns, and triumphs now

A Saviour-Christ-then speed your wav, arisc. ..??? Passing away."

Di For His own star shall guide you where Helies,

And with unwavering beam illume the reastern "Alas! that there decay

Hul skies!" bain 2EV !! Should claim from love a part ! 211

iroment'- from ages long foretold- W1V } "Passing away.


. Altss of mercy vast. Hnin 9 Dibi Friends, friends! oh, shall we meet ', . ?

b Angels the wonder have unroll'd, o Where the 'spoiler finds no prey,

Id And the star shone at last :

bs! !*'-Where lovely things and sweet !!!!

. Star that upon the Prophet's vision shone." Pass not away?

Star of the morning! thou, and thou alone, Shall we know each other's eyes, - } .tit

Proclaim'd that on this earth abode the Almighty sy With the thoughts that in them lay in

sim95 Opel 1911692 bin little bite When they met beneath the skies

Titiw huisbrou bus 219791 Altini bergabus Which pass away? : D

|--16111237, CHRISTMÁSIB 0 19blon Oh! if this may be so,

in oid Speed, speed, thou closing day!

stidy to O SIR, WALTER SCOTT. 1 IIow blest, froin earth's vain show

The glowing censers, and their rich perfume on!
To pass away!

The splendid vestments, and the sounding choir;
The gentle sigh of soul-subduing piety;

The alms which open-hearted charity

Bestows, with kindly glance; and those

Which e'en stern avarice, The heavens were bright with many a star,

Though with unwilling hand, The snowy flocks were sleeping;

Seems forced to tender: an offering sweet The moon, upon her " silver car,"

To the bright throne of mercy; mark' 1991 Was her nightly vigil keeping,

This day a festival. Kini

u ud on And sleepless were the shepherds' eyes, Upturn'd unto the spangled skies,

And well our Christian sires of oldu 1991 here heaven-aspiring thought from this world's

Loved when the year its course bad roll'0.12 * darkness flies!

And brought blithe Christmas back again 09

With all its hospitable train. The liour was come-that shepherd band

i saivis

Domestic and religious rite
Were destined from all time
To witness the Almighty hand

Gave honour to the holy night. "uil boli199 Dispense the gift divine :

* On Christmas-eve the bells were rung, 26 The hour was come-the silence broke,

Turn On Christmas-eve the mass was sung toidu The voice of many a seraph spoke,

That only night in all the year, resta id from our fallen race fell off the oppressor's

Saw the stoled priest the chalice rear. yoke.

The damsel donn'a her kirtle sheen1p1109 123gis art/oleasiq_9459* E ley ! Ii The hall was dress'd with holly green : W The purple canopy above SSRETT

Then open'd wide the baron's hall, sird One brilliant arch became,291 1 V1S

To vassal-tenant-serf and all; The beams of Heaven's o'erpowering loveit

Power laid his rod of rule aside, Shot through earth's wondering frame, giestor And ceremony dofr'd his pride. -11 01 Eelipsed by that Miexcess of light,% WON All hail'd with uncontroll'd delight, mi ) The stars did pale their lustre bright1979 . And general voice, the happy night, nd the man shepherds there did veil their daz

That to the cottage, as the crown, zled sight! 9100 ),

Brought tidings of salvation down. ¿ of ol.

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Bustes,Sift your fiour into a pan. Cut up the DOMESTIC RECEIPTS.

butter in the milk, and warm them a little, so as to soften the butter, but not to melt it entirely.

Beat your egg ; pour the milk and butter into Fondu.-Five eggs, three ounces of butter,

your pan of fiour, then the egg, then the rosethree or four ounces of cheese, according to its

water and spice, and lastly the yeast. Stir all richness, and a gill of cream. Bix all together,

Well together with a knife. Spread some fiour and bake twenty minutes in small shapes made

I on your paste-board, lay the dough on it, and of writing paper.

knead it well. Then divide it into small pieces To make Bread Cheese Cakes.-Slice a loaf 2s of an equal size, and knead each piece into a thin as possible, pour on it a pint of boiling little, thick rusk, Butter an iron pan, lay the cream, let it stand two hours; then take eight rusks in it, and set them in a warm place to rise. eggs, half a pound of butter, and a nutmeg When they are quite light, bake them in a grated, beat them well together, put in half a moderate oven. Rusks should be eaten fresh.pound of currants well washed, and dried before M. WILSOX. BA the fire, and bake them in raised crusts, or petty

Crusts, or pery To keep Mushrooms.-Wash large buttons as

Lean pans

you would for stewing, lay them an sieves, with Calfs Liver Fried.-Cut in slices, and fry it in the stalk upwards, throw over them some salt to good beef-dripping or butter; let the pan be half fetch out the water; when they are drained, put full, and put the liver in when it boils, which is them in a pot, and set them in a cool oven for when it has done hissing; have some rashers of an hour, then take them carefully out, and lay toasted bacon, and lay round it, with some parsley them to cool and drain; boil the liquor that crisped before the fire; always lay the bacon in comes out of them with a blade or two of mace, boiling water before it is either broiled, fried, or and boil it half away; put your mushrooms into toasted, as it takes out the salt, and makes it a clean jar, well dried; and when the liquor is tender. Sauce,-plain melted butter, a little cold, cover your mushrooms in the jar with it, poured over the liver, the rest in the sauce-boat. and pour over it rendered suet; tie a bladder

S. M. over it, set them in a dry closet, and they will

I keep very well all the winter.-J. S. C. Chaiham. Pot-au-Feu.-This is by far the most wholesome of all soups. Take three pounds of good rump of Sugar-biscuits.-Cut the butter into the flour. beef, of any part free from bone and not too fat; Add the sugar and carraway seeds. Pour in the put it in an earthen fire-proof pot, with three brandy, and then the milk. Lastly, put in the

narts of water, one large carrot two turning pearlash. Stir all well with a knife, and mix two leeks, a head of celery, and one burnt onion; it thoroughly, till it becomes a lump of dough. season, and let the soup boil slowly, skimming itFlour your paste-board, and lay the dough on from time to time, for at least five hours; then it. Knead it very well. Divide it into eight or strain it through a fine sieve, and pour it over ten pieces, and knead each piece separately. thin slices of oread to serve. The meat and Then put them all together, and knead them vegetables make a dish which is afterwards | very well into one lump. Cut the dough in half. served. Thus cooked, the beef becomes tender and roll it out into sheets, about half an inch and juicy, and is excellent cold.-M. WILSON.

thick. Beat the sheets of dough very hard on

both sides, with the rolling-pin. Cut them out Baked Apple-Pudding.-Stew your apples in as into round cakes with the edge of a tumbler. little water as possible, and not long enough for Butter iron pans, and lay the cakes in them. the pieces to break and lose their shape. Put Bake them of a very pale brown. If done too them in a colander to drain, and mash them with much, they will lose their taste. Let the oven the back of a spoon. If stewed too long, and in be hotter at the top than at the bottom. These too much water, they will lose their flavour. cakes kept in a stone jar, closely covered from When cold, mix with them the nutmeg, rose the air, will continue perfectly good for several water, and lemon-peel, and two ounces of sugar. months.-M. G. S. Bath. Stir another two ounces of sugar with the butter

Ice-cream.-Take half of the milk and put or cream, and then mix it gradually with the apple. Bake it, in puff-paste, about half an

in the ingredient that is to flavour it, either

the almonds, or the grated rind of the lemons. hour, in a moderate oven. Do not sugar the top.

Boil it, stirring in gradually the sugar. Having -M. Wilson.

beaten the eggs well, add to them two tableAn excellent Receipt for making Rolls.-Mix spoonsful of cold milk, and pour them into the the salt with the flour, and make a deep hole in boiling milk. Let them simmer two or three the middle. Stir the warm water into the yeast, minutes, stirring them all the time. Then take and pour it into the hole in the flour. Stir it the mixture off the fire, and strain it through with a spoon just enough to make a thin batter, book-muslin into a pan. Add the cream and the and sprinkle some flour over the top. Cover the remainder of the milk, and put the whole into pan, and set it in a warm place for several hours. the tin freezer, which must be set in a tub When it is light, ada half a pint more of luke- filled with ice, among which must be scattered a warm water and make it, with a little more great deal of salt. Squeeze the juice from the flour, into a dough. Knead it very well for ten two lemons and stir it into the cream by degrees, minutes. Then divide it into small pieces, and while it is freezing. When it is all frozen, knead each separately. Make them into round turn it out, first dipping the tin for a moment cakes for rolls. Cover them, and set them to rise in warm water. If you wish to flavour it with about an hour and a half. Bake them, and when strawberry or raspberry juice, that, like the done, let them remain in the oven, without the lemon juice, must be stirre

ally in while id, for about ten minutes.-J. R. W., Leeds. I the cream is freezing.

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pitality than now. The observances of "Now too is heard

the day first became to be pretty general e hapless cripple, tuning through the streets i in the Catholic church about the year 500. Kerel new; and oft, amid the gloom

By some of our ancestors it was viewed in midnight hours, prevail th'accustom'd sounds wakeful wails, whose harmony (composed

the double light of a religious and joyful hautboy, organ, violin, and flute,

season of festivities. The midnight pred various other instruments of mirth),

ceding Christmas-day every person went meant to celebrate the coming time."

to mass, and on Christmas - day three ROTOT . THE inanner in which this period of the different masses were sung with much ar» has been observed has often varied, solemnity. Others celebrated it with bugh never with less veneration or hos- great parade, splendour, and hospitality

In short, from what can be generally /paraded the streets, and sounded the hour gathered, it appears to have been a time - thus acting as a sort of watchmen, when all individuals were determined to Some slight remains of these still exist, make themselves, and all around them, but they no longer partake of the authori. happy. Business was superseded by tative claim as they originally did, as the merriment and hospitality ; the most care- lord mayor's music, &c. It may not, worn countenance brightened on the occa 7 perhaps, be generally known, that even at sion. The nobles and the barons the present day “waits" are regularly encouraged and participated in the various sworn before the court of burgesses buat sports; the industrious labourer's cot, and Westminster, and act under the authority the residence of proud royalty, equally of a warrant, signed by the clerk, and resounded with tumultuous joy. From sealed with the arms of the city and Christmas-day to Twelfth-day there was a liberty; in addition to which, they were continued run of entertainments. Not bound to provide themselves with a silvera only did our ancestors make great rejoic badge, also bearing the arms of Westings on, but before and after Christmas minster. day. By a law in the time of Alfred, the Of “Christmas Husbandry Fare" “twelve days after the nativity of our honest Tusser furnishes us with a genuine Saviour were made festivals ;" * and it picture, which is interesting, as descrip likewise appears from Bishop Holt, that tive of the mode of living of our ancestors the whole of the days were dedicated to three centuries ago. The different viands feasting

ril enumerated are still known by the names Our ancestors' various amusements were which they bear in the text, if we except conducted by a sort of master of the cere-1" shred pies,” which appear to be mince. monies, called the “ Lord of Misrule," pies, as they are now called. Butcher's whose duty it was to keep order during meat, poultry, native fruits, and home the celebration of the differeni sports and brewed, were then thought amply suffi, pastimes. The nniversities, the lord | cient. ,


try not to mayor and sheriffs, and all noblemen and/

“Good husband and housewife, now chyfly be gentlemen, had their “lords of misrule. These “lords” were first preached against Things handsome to have, as they ought to be

had. at Cambridge by the Puritans, in the reign

They both do provide, against Christmas do of James I., as unbecoming the gravity of

come, the university,

To welcome good neighbour, good cheer to have The custom of serving boars' heads at some.

Good bread and good drink, a good fire in the Christnaas bears an ancient date, and much

hall, ceremony and parade has been occasionally Brawn, pudding, and souse, and good mustard attached to it. Henry II. “served his withall. son (upon the young prince's coronation)

Beef, mutton, and pork, shred pies of the best,?..'

Pig, veal, goose, and capon, and turkey well * at the table as server, bringing up the drest, boar's head with trumpets before it." Cheese, apples, and nuts, joly carols to hear, A few remarks on several customs ap

As then in the country is counted good cheer. pertaining to Christmas may not be unin Hospitality seems to have been a proteresting to our readers at this festive minent feature in the character of Tusser ; period, we will commence with the and to that cause, as well as to an unsteady WAITS, the subject of our present illustra disposition, may probably be ascribed the tion, and which is a familiar theme to all poverty in which he lived and died. When lovers of traditional manners.

he tells us that, The custom of strolling from street to

1 Of all other doings housekeeping is chief, street with musical instruments and sing. For daily it helpeth the poor with relief." ' ing seems to have originated from a very ancient practice which prevailed, of cer In the north they have their Yule log, tain minstrels who were attached to the or Yuletide log, which is a huge log burnking's court and other great persons, who, ing in the chimney corner, whilst the

Yule cakes are baked on a "girdle," (a * Thus we have the origin of Twelfth-day. . ) kind of frying-pan) over the fire; little

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