« FöregåendeFortsätt »
“ What think you of my being a soldier ?” such as you have described,” replied asked Alfred.
Alfred. “ That I would prefer seeing you made " True, very true! Some are good in a tailor of,” replied Ellen. "I would spite of the influences around them, and rather find you devoted to the making of they deserve double honour. There is no clothes for men, than to the destroying of rule without an exception. You may find their bodies, even under the plea of up- corrupt men among the clergy, and you holding the peace of the world.”
may find good men in the army. But in “That's a strong sentiment, cousin,” the choice of a profession, the first thing to said Alfred.
be considered is its influence upon the “I like it all the better for being so. moral character. Matters of profit and of What are you now,--an intelligent, gene- prestige are properly, secondary considerarous-hearted boy; with careful habits, and tions.” a willing hand to help the poor and needy. “ But, cousin, if all people reasoned as Make a soldier of you, and what do you you do, there would be no soldiers at all?" become ; ambitious and extravagant. suggested Alfred. You will at once begin to see that if “If they reasoned as I do, they would armies are upheld to fight, there must be also feel as I feel, and then there would be people to be conquered, and to be kept in little chance of war, and the necessity for submission. You immediately look upon armies would not exist.
I hope and certain classes of your fellow-creatures as believe that the tendencies of the world are inferior beings, over whom you hold the towards peace. I think we have seen that rod of power. Away goes your brother- | in proportion as nations have become enhood of heart. And what becomes of lightened, I mean with Christian enlightyour love of learning ? You read history enment, so they have become pacifie, and no longer to study mankind for the general that bigotry, heathenism, and infidelity good, but to learn military tactics; to always supply the battle-field of the world." ascertain the chances upon which the Well, then, I suppose I mustn't be a issue of battles have depended. You see soldier, or I shall lose my cousin's love!" insult and wrong in every little act of said Alfred. national misdemeanour, and are constantly “Make another choice," said Ellen, breathing the sentiment of war, like some “and see if you cannot do better." evil creature going about innoculating all “An artist's then !” suggested Alfred. around you with a thirst for vengeance. “ That's better," said Ellen, "
you Your other intellectual pursuits may be made a wide sweep from the tent to the considered at an end-for what is the studio. Still, I think you may do better good of extensive and refining knowledge even than that. Out of the immense to the man who is expected to be a good number of artists, there are few who have fighting animal at all times; and who risen to the rank of a Reynolds, a Wilkie, may have his library of ideas scattered in a Lawrence, or a Turner. Besides, you a second by a musket-ball ?”
may serve mankind more substantially. I “You put my first choice in a very look upon painting as an accomplishment, unfavourable light, certainly,” exclaimed not a profession. It ministers to the reAlfred.
fined luxuries of mankind, not to their " But I've not done yet,” said Ellen. necessities. You may be a painter, but “What becomes of your morality. Mixing you should be something more ; and if with vain and vicious men, you are led you feel disposed to give a few good picthrough all the vices that human nature is tures to posterity, throw them in as the capable of, and often, in the course of war produce of your leisure hours, a sort of with unlimited power in your hands, you treasure stolen from idleness. Martin gave might be tempted to the commission of us some of the sublimest and most elevatatrocities which now your uncorrupted ing studies upon canvass ; but he also gave heart would shudder at. The fate of your us works of lasting utility. It was he who poor father is an illustration which you originated the most extensive plan for proought not to forget."
moting the health and the morality of the But all soldiers are not necessarily | metropolis,-a plan that one day will be
carried into execution, and while it immor- I have seen, even in my own experience, a talizes his name will confer blessings physician called in to a patient driven upon millions of people.
frantic by pain, shrieking aloud, and Suppose we say a clergyman ?” said writhing convulsively. The physician adAlfred.
ministered a draft, and in a few moments "Suppose we say a clergman," repeated the countenance of the sufferer became Ellen. " That problem seems solved by calm ; and the patient kissing the hand of the spirit in which it was put. Do you her benefactor, sunk into a sound sleep think that the holy ordination is to be from which she awoke with her mania taken up as a mere matter of expediency ? entirely dispelled. Even in those cases Would you write 'Soldier,' • Artist,' ' Ar- where death must ensue—where God claims chitect,' Engineer,' and 'Clergyman,' the struggling spirit-how delightful to upon as many pieces of paper, and putting sooth the dying moments, by reducing them into a dice-box, shake them about, bodily pain, to give the mind more freeand take either one you chanced to draw ? dom to exchange sweet thoughts and hopes You must feel a strong yearning of the with kinder friends before the spirit flies soul towards the service of God, before you to heaven !" can properly contemplate becoming a Alfred was evidently impressed. He preacher of his Gospel. You are scarcely advanced towards his cousin, and placing his prepared, I think, to enter upon that now.” arm around her neck listened attentively.
Poor Alfred looked all bewilderment at “What would be your next choice ?" his cousin, as he felt the weight of her asked Alfred. objections to his several proposals. So “That of a civil engineer and architect. she relieved his embarrassment by saying: I should like to be such a man as Bru
“Now, Alfred, I'll try for you. But nel, making bridges over rivers, and mind you are not led by my persuasion, tunnels under them,--constructing railwithout due reflection for yourself
. If I ways, burrowing through hills, and elevatwere a man, there are two professions, one ing valleys,—bringing distant places near, of which I would certainly choose. First and by these works extending the priviis that of a doctor, or a surgeon. I should leges and multiplying the joys of mankind. like this profession, because it constitutes | These are the works that never die. They an exalting study of the noblest work of will serve mankind for ever. Unlike the God. Its mission is of the most blessed monster pyramids of Egypt, vast monucharacter—to alleviate the sufferings of our ments of misapplied capital and labour, fellow-creatures. I was reading the other the principles of their construction can day “The Diary of a Physician,'—a book be forgotten, improvement will which I dislike, because it deals chiefly follow improvement until the maximum with the horrors of disease and suffer- of speed is gained and the chances of ing and seems designed to base its accident diminished. What a glorious popularity upon these existing topics; and unexampled thing the Great Exhibibut I saw sufficiently therefrom, to con- tion was ! Yet, only fifty years ago, that firm that which my little acquaintance grand scheme which will never be forwith the sufferings of the sick poor had gotten in the history of the world, would already impressed upon me,-the belief that have been utterly impracticable. We owe the functions of the medical man are of an immense debt to such men as Watt, the most exalting and sacred kind. If I Fulton, and Brunel. And yet these men were to enter into this profession, I would are allowed to pass to their graves with study with all the enthusiasm and close scarcely a shadow of the honour paid to application that the laws of health would such warriors as Wellington. Perhaps it allow. And oh! how delightful to me, is as well. The glory of the one is to be when called to the poor wretch writhing found in imperishable works, scattering upon a bed of agony, to feel that by ad- blessings on every side, so that there is ministering a simple prescription, or by not a cottage throughout the land but performing a trifling operation, I could shares their influence; the other requires relieve from terrible pain, and snatch some all the adventitious display that can be loved and lovely creature from the grave. thrown around it, to make mankind
believe that it is to be renowned. Wiat or weald (power), in word or work, to do would Nelson have been without the that which thou loathest, provided thou naval architect? Wellington might direct hold me as I mean to serve, and fulfil the an army, but he could not weld a sword, conditions to which we agreed when I or mould a cannon. Creative industry subjected myself to thee, and chose thy and skill, when properly applied, are the will.”—Leg. 401. 50. 63. Bromp. 859. true benefactors of mankind, and those The sovereign was called the “ King. are the greatest men who direct these lord,” in contradistinction to inferior powers most successfully.”
lords. Ellen had made a convert.
Alfred no Ranks. - Amongst the Anglo-Saxons more saw glory in the battle-field. Before the free population was divided into the he had time to express his approval, “ Eorl” and “ Ceorl," the men of noble Mr. Lyndhurst, who had entered the room and ignoble descent. The former were unobserved, stepped forward and kissed said to be ethel-born; a mere personal his daughter's forehead.
title, however, conferring neither property “A noble doctrine, and worthy of all nor power. The termination "ing" added acceptation," said he ; “ Alfred you will to the name of the progenitor, designated enlist in one of Ellen's regiments I con- his posterity. The lofty title of " Etheljecture ?”
ing," the son of the noble, was reserved “I think, so," said Alfred.
for the members of the reigning family. “Oh, papa," exclaimed Ellen, “how Amongst the ethel-born, the “ cyning," or
so rude as to listen. I king, held the first place. couldn't have spoken a word had I known The consort of the king was originally you were near."
known by the appellation of “queen," and “ Then iny silence was not rudeness, shared in common with her husband the but policy,” Mr. Lyndhurst replied. splendour of royalty. Of this distinction
"Well, papa, I have been preaching she was deprived by the crime of Eadyour doctrine--I have heard you say the burga, who administered poison to her same things to others. You, therefore, are husband, Brihtrie, king of Wessex. In my monitor.”
the paroxysm of their indignation the " And I am proud of my pupil,” said " Witan” abolished, with the title of Mr. Lyndhurst.
queen, all the appendages of female We shall see hereafter how the seed royalty. The latest of the Anglo-Saxon then sown sprang up and multiplied. queens, though solemnly crowned, gene(Continued et page 61.)
rally contented themselves with the
Chron. Sax. 132. 164, 165. 168.
After the royal family, the highest Lord and Vassal.-The Saxons held the order in the state was the earldormen' tie which bound together the lord and the i or earls. From the nature of their office, vassal, to be an engagement of so solemn they are sometimes styled viceroys: by a nature, that the breach of it was consi- Bede they are dignified with the title of dered a crime of the most disgraceful and princes and satraps. They governed disunpardonable atrocity. By Alfred it was tricts, denominated shires, in the name of declared inexpiable; and the laws pro- the king. It was the earldorinan's duty, nounced against the offender the sentence as the representative of his monarch, to of forfeiture and death.—Chron. Sax. 58. lead the men of his shire to battle; to Leg. Sax. p. 33, 34, 35. 142, 143.
preside with the bishop in tlie courts of Homage. The oath taken by the vassal the county, and to enforce the execution to the lord was as follows :
of justice. The office was originally in “By the Lord,” said the inferior, the gift of the crown, and might have placing his liands between those of his been forfeited by misconduct; but it was chief, “I promise to be faithful and true; so frequently continued in the same family, to love all that thou lovest, and shun all that at last, instead of being solicited as that thou shunnest, conformably to the a favour, it began to be clainied as a right: laws of God and man; and never in will --Chron. Sax: 78. 169, 170. Leg. 78. 136.
And it is delightful to look on and see CHILDREN.
how busily the whole acts, with its count"Heaven lies about us in our infancy," less parts fitted to each other, and moving says Wordsworth. And who of us that in harmony. There are none of us who is not too good to be conscious of his have stolen softly behind a child when own rices, who has not felt rebuked and labouring in a sunny corner digging a humbled under the clear and open coun- lilliputian well, or fencing in a six-inch tenance of a child ?—who that has not barn-yard, and listened to his soliloquies felt his impurities foul upon him in the pre- and his dialogues with some imaginary sence of a sinless child? These feelings being, without our hearts being touched make the best lesson that can be taught a by it. Nor have we observed the flush man; and tell him in a way, which all which crossed his face when finding him. else he has read or heard, never could, self betrayed, without seeing in it the how paltry is all the show of intellect com- delicacy and propriety of the after man. pared with a pure and good heart. He that A man may have many vices upon him, will humble himself and go to a child for and have walked long in a bad course, yet instruction, will come away a wiser man. if he has a love of children, and can take
If children can make us wiser, they pleasure in their talk and play, there is surely can make us better. There is no ! something still left in him to act uponone more to be envied than a goodnatured | something which can love simplicity and man watching the workings of children's truth. We have seen one in whom some minds, or overlooking their play. Their low vice had become a habit, make himeagerness, curious about everything, self the plaything of a set of riotous making out by a quick imagination what children with as much delight in his counthey see but a part of their fanciful com- tenance as if nothing but goodness had binations and magic inventions, creating ever been expressed in it; and have felt out of ordinary circumstances and the as much of kindness and sympathy toward conmon things which surround them, | him as we have of revolting toward anothe! strange events and little ideal worlds, and who has gone through life with all due these all working in mystery to form propriety, with a cold and supercillious matured thought, is study enough for the bearing towards children, which makes most acute minds, and should teach us, them shrinking and still. We have known also, not too officiously to regulate what one like the latter attempt, with uncouth we so little understand. The still musing condescension, to court an open-hearted and deep abstraction in which they some- child who would draw back with an intimes sit, affect as as a playful mockery of stinctive aversion ; and we have felt as if older heads.
These little philosophers there were a curse upon him. Better to be have no foolish system, with all its pride driven out from among men than to be and jargon, confusing their brains. Theirs disliked of children. is the natural movement of the soul, intense with new life and busy after truth, THE HOME OF TASTE.—How easy it is working to some purpose, though without to be neat—to be clean. How easy to a noise.
arrange the rooms with the most graceful When children are lying about seem- propriety. How easy it is to invest our ingly idle and dull, we, who have become houses with the truest elegance. Elecase-hardened by time and satiety, forget gance resides not with the upholsterer or that they are all sensation, that their out- the draper; it is not put up with the hangstretched bodies are drinking in from the ings and curtains ; it is not in the mosaics, common sun and air, that every sound is the carpetings, the rosewood, the maho. taken note of by the year, that every float- gany, the candelabra, or the marble ornaing shadow and passing forin come and ments; it exists in the spirit presiding touch at the sleepy eye, and that the little over the apartments of the building. circumstances and the material world about them make their best school, and He who has not a good memory should will be the instructors and formers of their never take upon him the trade of lying.-characters for life.
Pour'd from the villages, a numerous train gaged in the various parts of the labour, Now spreads o'er all the fields.
In form'd array
There is no prospect more generally The reapers move, nor shrink for heat or toil, By emulation urged. Others dispersed
pleasing than this, and which affords a Or bind in sheaves, or load or guide the wain more striking example of the effect of That tinkles as it passes. Far behind,
associated sentiments, in converting into Old age and infancy with careful hand Pick up each straggling ear.
a most delightful view that which, in
itself considered, is certainly far inferior This interesting scene is beheld in full in variety and beauty to what is daily perfection only in the open-field coun- passed by with indifference or even dis tries, where the sight can at once take in gust. an uninterrupted extent of land waving The gathering in of the harvest is a with corn, and a multitude of people en- scene that addresses itself not so much to