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lads and maiders assemble nightly at some trees, apple-trees, sometimes 'upon hazel, neighbouring friend's to hear the goblin and rarely upon oaks, the mistletoe whereof story, and join in fortune-telling," or is counted" very medicinal'; it 'is' ever some game. There is a part of an old green winter and summer, and beareth a song which runs thus:

white glittering berry; and it is a plant "Now all our neighbours' chimneys smoke, utterly differing from the plant upon which And Christmas logs are burning,

it groweth." The ancients accounted Their ovens they with baked meate choke,

fit a super-plant, and thought it to be an And all their spits are turning."

excrescence on the tree without seed. It Among the plants usual to Christmas,

was named by Pliny viscum. The manner are the rosemary, the holly, and the of its propagation (according to Miller) mistletoe.' Gay says:

is as follows; “The mistletoe - thrush, "When rosemary and bays, the poet's crown, which feeds upon the berries of this plant Are bawl'd in frequent cries through all the in winter, when it is ripe, doth open the - town,

seed' from Then judge the festival of Christmas near

tree to tree; for the viscous Christmas, the joyous period of the year. part of the berry, which immediately surNow with bright holly all your temples stro rounds the seed, doth sometimes fasten it With laurel green and sacred mistletoe."

to the outward part of the bird's beak, Rosemary is a small but a very odo- which,' to get disengaged of, he strikes riferous shrub; the principal use of it is his beak at the branches of a neighbourto perfame chambers, and in decoctions ing tree, and so leaves the seed sticking for washing. Its botanical name is ros- by this viscous matter to the bark, which, marinus, so called from ros, dew, and ma- if it lights upon a smooth part of the rinus, alluding to its situation on the tree, will fasten itself, and the following sea-shore. It is seen mantling the rocks winter put out and grow." The above are of the Mediterranean in winter, with its the principal plants or shrubs used at the gray flowers glittering with dew. The festival of Christmas, which occurs very ancient Latin name of the bay-tree is opportunely to enliven this period of the laurus, for which it is retained by modern year. botanists, and along with which it now Of the rosemary, it may be expedient comprehends a great number of species, to add, that this shrab has ever been treated i which are well-known to most persons with great respect for its efficacy in comand constitute one of the noblest ge- forting the brain and strengthening the nera in the whole vegetable kingdom. / memory, which has made rosemary an emThe origin of the word is lost in the obscu-blem of fidelity in lovers. It was, thererity of antiquity; and whether etymologists | fore, worn at weddings and funerals; on derive it from lavo, to wash, or from laus, which latter occasion it is still, in some praise or honour, they give us little more parts of England, distributed among the satisfaction in one case than the other. company, who frequently throw the sprigs"

The Holly, or Ilex. The leaves are set into the grave along with the corpse. about the edges with long, sharp, stiff prickles; the berries are small, round, KINDNESS ITS OWN REWARD. Good and generally of a red colour, containing and friendly conduct may meet with an four triangular striated seeds in each. | unworthy, with an ungrateful return; but Of this tree there are several species, the absence of gratitude on the part of the some variegated in the leaves, some with receiver cannot destroy the self-approba yellow berries, and some with white. It | tion which recompenses the giver. We is found very useful as a hedge-plant. / may scatter the seeds of courtesy and Its scarlet berries are asserted never to kindness around us at little expense. Some suffer from the severest of our winters: of them will inevitably fall on good ground, Fairest blossoms drop with every blast,

and grow up into benevolence in the But the brown beauty will like hollies last.” minds of others, and all of them will bear

Gar. the fruit of happiness in the bosom whence The mistletoe, so famous in the history they spring. Å kindly action always fixes of the superstitious rites of our ancestors, itself on the heart of the truly thoughtful "groweth (says Bacon) chiefly upon crab- man.

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Materials. French muslin; W. Evans & Co.'s loduated according to the odepth redit Boar's Head sewing cotton, No. 40; and Mora

The eyelet holes are sewed round, w vian embroidery cotton, No. 70.

Boar's - head sewing - cotton; but ever This scallop trimming is given in the full dimensions, and the pattern may there. Po

part should be traced with embroidery fore be traced from it, and drawn on the

cotton, before it is cut out at all. TY muslin. When this is done, tack the end!

Moravian embroidery-cotton is proper

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BRUSSELS POINT-LACE. the flowers, and in every part of the pat. Materials. The Point-lace cottons of diese tern, so as to completely fasten the muslin Walter Evans & Co., of Derby. to the foundation ; without, however, car- Tuis lace, the design for which rying the thread across any part which be traced from the pattern, is in the would have to be cut out in the working. plest style, though not, on that acout The parts where the muslin is to be less beautiful. Each scallop contains one entirely removed when the pattern is sprig in rich heavy stitches, of a fine and worked, are distinguished in the engrav. a closely guipured ground. The Raleigh day ing by being quite black. In the round which form that ground, are doue in holes, a morsel is cut out of the centre, 160" Mecklenburgh tliready the edge. with the scissors, and the space enlarged | close buttonhole stitch, with Raleigh do with a stiletto. Where the holes are of on each small scallop, m No, 100 of the other shapes, the piece to be cut out must same. The foundation-stitch, in wid buitor si to zsin 2 3943550294752 610, 11 ser q 338 21213 soul

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e leaves, and every alternate petal dof | 140, Mecklenburgh, as also the Mechlin e flowers, is worked, is done in No. 120, wheels which form the small flowers. par's - head sewing - cotton ; wand the A set of point-lace ( cottons, post-free, otted lace for the other petals, in No. for 8s. 6d. purba la 02. :

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on Wodotite-IILETTERS IN SQUARE CROCHET, BY MRS. PULLAN, 29 de orto Tastructions in Crochet see p. 197, Vol. 6, oid Series, and No. 6, New Series of the" Family Friend.'

pose,

ARITHMETICAL QUESTIONS.

1. If a ball of 18 lbs. be shot from a cannon with such force as to impel it 100 feet in a second, with what velocity would a ball of 24 lbs. move, were it impelled by the same force ?

2. A regiment of soldiers, consisting of 1,000 men, are to be new clothed; each coat to contain 21 yards of cloth, 14 yard wide, and to be lined with shalloon of wide. How many yards of shalloon will line them?

TRANSPOSITION. 1, 2. The name of two rivers in England terzi 3, 4. T will the name of two Scriptured

persons disclose; Transpose it again, 't will suggest to fit

mind 5, 6. The state of the world, and the plagued

mankind; Transpose it again, and then you will get 7. What a bright, blazing mineral's oft said to

be; By transposition next you'll find. 8. What for concealment is design'd;

When this you've done, transpose again, 9. The character of Nero then

You'll find described in just one word,
From which his baseness is inferr'd;

Transpose once more, and then you 1 view 10. What all with life or breath must do;

Until, like Shakspere, Pope, or Guy,

Or any noted man, they die! The number of letters thus transposed, no due For the name of the rivers, you'd like to find out To guess wbat's the number I'll give you achances There's an article used by musicians of France Remove it from one of our words, and you'll find That just half a dozen is still left behind.

ce moreness is inne word,

ENIGMAS.

1.
A terror to such as reckless live,

Of the soul s immortality:
Who spend their lives in revelling,

Or in wanton rascality:
Gregarious insects, of stature small,

That o'er little hillock, trample; Which are to sluggards, in holy writ,

Pronounced a good example ; Then mention an ornament of state,

Which is by monarchs greatly prized ; Which in the poor man's pocket too,

Is found; for 'tis by none despised : Now suppose a thing tho' made to-day,

That's without beginning or end; Yea, jarring parents do mourn the day,

It did its kind assistance lend: Then last a point, of what I say not,

I leave you to unfold my name: Yet a point I am, as 'tis known to all

Bearing great oriental fame : These initials if you will detach,

And then properly combine,
An ancient cambrian village will,
Quite accurately define. L. J. G. D.

2.
In the cathedral's lofty nave
My habitation I can have;
And many homes for me combine;
I dive into the gloomy mine;
And Oberon saw me go in quest
Of a fair vestal in the West.

If still 'ou are in doubt about me,
· There's not a cart that goes without me.

3. I'm a nuisance complete, and beheaded still more, Whole, I've two legs and feet, but beheaded have

four.

ANSWERS TO FAMILY PASTIME.

PAGE 359.
ENIGMAS-1. Walking-stick. 2. Letter 0.
REBUS

Parasite is flatterer, weak do love.
River yields angling, as it on doth rove.
Emulation oft to eminence allures.
Pyramid of the desert praise secures.
A ristides' probity enshrined e'er.
Regulus above life-loved honour fair.
Enigma is a puzzle “FRIEND" oft makes.
Treasure is gift that pleasure oft awakes.
Ottoman is an easy resting-spot. **
Marriage is envied by many, I wot, ...
Emperor is title awe-acquiring. 19
E nvy is passion hatred-inspiring.
Temple is edifice oft rear'd for prayer.
Telltale is idler with a sout unfair.
Hymen, unites us in love o'er and o'er, a
Y ew's shades last long where Death reveals

store.
Goodness is quality of heart right rare
O penness is gift of mind, like truth, fair.
Dog is a creature signs declare oft true.
Thus nineteen words here greet the

view.
These rhymes through primal letters of

those, This precious admonition soon disclosePrepare to meet thy God!" my rebus cose My muse more notice doth at present sa She, shrinking maid, retires unto her celi

Where watchful science soberly doth direla CHARADES-1. Night-mare. 2. Balme

A peerless pattern here my muse disp TRANSPOSITION

Start, star, tar, tart, art, I

How can the letter A make a constellation scold?

5. Both Cæsar and Pompey my first wished to be, Nor only in this did these warriors agree

For each of my second had ten;
My whole is my second you'll certainly see;
But one has the Marquis of Anglesey,
And two had William Penn,

6.
Complete, I'm a verb which all ladies should do;
Beheaded a noun, which some tenants like new;
Beheaded again, I'm a state which to many
Does my first, and I am not avoided by any.

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Editor's Address :-London, 69, Fleet-street. The Editor of "The Family Friend." no In commencing the Second Volume of our New Series, let us impress upon our Correspondents that our Appendix is devoted not merely to Editorial answers to Questions put by Correspondents, but to useful Facts, Hints, and Suggestions, supplied by Correspondents themselves,

-as Friends of our great Family. We cannot too highly prize the many useful treasures communicated to our first series by numerous co-operators, and we earnestly invite not only a continuance but an increase of this friendly feeling, which prompts the possessor of any useful and practical information to publish it through our pages for the benefit of others.

All letters of inquiry should be written as briefly and legibly as possible; and but one Query should be submitted by one Correspondent at a time.

Correspondents should avoid troubling the Editor for information which may be easily obtained by reference to works usually accessible. Thus, the meaning and pronunciation of English words; the dates of well-known events, &c., &c., &c., are not fair matters for Editorial interrogation, since all parties, with less delay and trouble than would be occasioned by addressing the Editor, may obtain the required information for themselves.

Inquiries which are merely of individual interest will seldom be replied to; and queries of a trifling character, unless they are of a nature to afford amusement, and thus relieve the more solid matter of the Appendix from the disadvantages of dulness and monotony, will seldom be regarded. Legal and medical questions, except such as relate to established general principles of jurisprudence and medical science, must necessarily be set aside. We assume that every paragraph inserted in the Appendix should be useful to many persons, which would not be the case if matters of a merely local or private nature were introduced.

1 - Health and Money. T. C. There is carried yourself as if you had ten thousand this ditierence between those two temporal bless pounds, instead of butten pence, at your command. ings: money is the most envied, but the least It is as natural for the world to hold poor folks in enjoyed; health is the most enjoyed, but the | contempt as it is for cats to steal cheese. least envied; and this superiority of the latter 4- Anger. M. S. - If you do not control is still more obvious, when we reflect that the your passions, rely upon it they will one day conpoorest man would not part with health for trol you. The intoxication of anger, like that inoney, but the richest would gladly part with of the grape, shows us to others, but hides us from all their money for health.

ourselves; and we injure our own cause in the 9-7'he Yard, the Inch, and the Penny. H. E. opinion of the world when we too passionately The yard is derived from the Saxon word gyrd, and eagerly defend it; like the father of Viror girth, being originally the circumference of ginia, who murdered his daughter to prevent her the body, until Henry I. decreed that it should violation. Neither will all men be disposed to be the length of his arın. Inch, from uncia, or | view our quarrels precisely in the same light that twelfth. In 1066, when William the Conqueror we do; and a man's blindness to his own defects began to reign, the penny, or sterling, was cast will ever increase in proportion as he is angry with a deep cross, so that it might be broken in with others, or pleased with himself. half as a half-penny, or in quarters for fourthings, 5-Jealousy. P. C.-No; we think there is or farthings.

| more jealousy between rival wits than rival beau3- Advice to the Poor. M. A. - Never make ties, for vanity has no sex. But, in both cases, there a “poor mouth;" but if you are wise, you will must be pretensions, or there will be no jealousy. . always affect independence, though you may be | Elizabeth might have been merciful, had Mary, as poor as Job's turkey. If you are poor, don't let Queen of Scots, neither been beautiful, nor a queen, folks know it, as they will discover in you a and it is only when we ourselves have been admired thousand blemishes--a host of defects which by some, that we begin thoroughly to envy those would never be discovered—or, at least, never who are admired by all. But the basis of this talked about--if you kept a stiff upper lip, and passion must be the possibility of competition ;

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