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the eye as the heart, and the emotions | EVENINGS AT HOME: that it gives birth to are not so much
OR, WINTER IN SPITZBERGEN.*. those of delight and surprise, as the satisfactory termination of anxiety, and, in
EVENING THE FIRST. consequence, benevolence to man and
JULIA. Suppose, we were at a certain gratitude to the Being who fills our stores
| time in our winter palace ?-now, farewell, with plenty, and our minds with gladness :
trees and flowers ; in half a year I shall Be not too narrrow, husbandmen! but filing.
see you again. From the full sheaf, with charitable stealth,
MARIA. And welcome in the long winThe liberal handful. Think, oh! grateful, think, How good the God of harvest is to you, 1 ter evenings, then, my dear spinningWho pours abundance o'er your flowing fields. wheel! and thou, my knitting-needles, and
you, too, my books! We shall scarcely know In a late season, or where favourable how fast the few winter months fly away! opportunities of getting in the harvest GUSTAVUS.-I shall know well how to have been neglected, the corn itself suffers use my winter quarters. greatly from heavy storms of wind and Maria. But it is hoped you will spare rain. It is beaten down to the ground, us your eternal noisy drilling? the seeds are shed or rotted by moisture ; ! Gus. That cannot be certainly known yet. or if the weather continues warm, the I will be a soldier, and so I must exercise. corn grows, that is, the seeds begin to ger- JULIA. Here, in this room? minate and put ont shoots. Grain in this Gus. Now, I will so far yield that I state is sweet and moist, it soon spoils on will not march and exercise for whole keeping; and bread made from it is hours. The ground does not suit it. Is clammy and unwholesome.
it not so, brother ? Harvest concludes with the field-peas Max. Right. It is not fitted, either, and beans, which are suffered to become for long marches. quite dry and hard before they are cut MARIA. Mother, too, would make many down. The blackness of the bean-pods serious objections, if you begin here again and stalks is disagreeable to the eye, though what you have left off in the yard and garden. the crop is valuable to the farmer. În Gus. Don't trouble yourself. You shall England they are used as food for cattle have no inconvenience from our quartering only, as the nourishment they afford, here. I will use my time well. though strong, is gross and heavy; but in Max. That is my determination too. most of the other European countries they / You girls shall see, to your full satisfaccontribute largely to the sustenance of the tion, how it is possible for us to employ lower classes.
| our time, and shall have opportunity to The rural festival of harvest-home is an learn many things. extremely natural one, and has been ob- JULIA. We thank you beforehand. You served in almost all ages and countries. may do as you please, if the spinningWhat can more gladden the heart than to wheel and the needle does not disturb you. see the long-expected products of the MARIA. But to speak seriously, how year, which have been the cause of so we can rightly employ the time, so as much anxiety, now safely housed and be- not to lose a moment, I do not know. yond the reach of injury?
Sir Winter has come in so roughly, and in Inwardly smiling, the proud farmer views
so unpleasant a mood, that, if he goes on The rising pyramids that grace his yard,
in this way Ang counts his large increase; his bawns are Gus. Now we can meet the stern old
stored And groaning staddles bend beneath their load.
| fellow. We have a warm room, light,
SOMERVILLE, company, books The poor labourer, too, who has toiled in
| Julia. And do not forget the main securing another's wealth, justly expects |
$thing-provisions; with you soldiers, this to partake of the happiness. The jovial
is the main thing. harvest-supper cheers his heart, and in
dinal Gus. That is the main thing for father duces him to begin, without murmuring, From the German of c. Hildebrandt, by the preparations for a future harvest.
E. G. Smith.
and mother. They have taken good care you young sirs to look around you betimes for the supplies.
| for some work to do? Max. And another important matter is, Max. Do not be troubled; I shall gather our talks together
and bind books. JULIA. Which you will certainly take Gus. And I will trim them. My case charge of, Sir Doctor ?
of instruments has everything necessary. MAX. That is to be expected. I will! JULIA. If I cannot go on with my spir willingly do it to the best of my powers.ning, I will pick over the peas and beans. But you would like to know what I-I! Maria. That is well, dear Julia. You know.
know that father is never more cheerful MARIA. What is it?
than when all with him are busy. Max. Yes, yes, you would be glad to At this moment a maid-servant entered know what I know! to tell you the truth, to spread the table for supper. Soon I am rejoiced that winter has come. came the father and mother; both of them
Gus Do not be so long in making be looked cheerfully on their children, and lieve. Go on, and give us as well as you they also looked up, full of expectation, to can what you do know?
their father. “Now, children, are you not Max. Hear, then ! You have often troubled about the weather ?" he asked. wondered when father lately was more Maria. No, winter must come, and the busy and active than ever--when he went sooner it begins the sooner it will go out. straight from the table into his study? Gus. Our winter - quarters, too, are
Gus. Yes, indeed! It occurred to me good; provisions and company not less that father did not take his usual walk- so; and these make it very endurable. his rounds in the garden. But what in As for marching and encamping, indeed, the world has that to do with our winter | it is not very convenient. quarters, I should like to know?
Julia. And the weather keeps our comMax. A great deal. Father has many pany so friendly together. evenings in a week wholly at liberty this | Mother. The time will pass away the winter.
more agreeably when you know how to JULIA. Grand! that will allow him to | connect useful labours with pleasant conrelate something to us. He will go from versation. the north to the south.
MARIA. That Julia and I have both of Gus. From Leipzig to Waterloo. us taken care of, dear mother. Here
Max. Now hear further. You have | stands my spinning-wheel, and there lies often missed me, have you not ?
for each of us a set of knitting-needles. Gus. Yes.
FATHER. And I will relate to you some JULIA. How important the young man story. Max has, perhaps, already told you feels.
about it. Will our winter evenings then Max. I have always been with father. be long? He said to me that he would relate some : ALL. No, indeed! The watchman will story during the long winter evenings, and warn us of the hour of the night sooner so I have examined and arranged all the than we shall wish. maps, all the sketches, engravings, and Contented and cheerful, the family ate books-in short, everything which is ne. their moderate supper. The children had cessary for our instruction, so that I may never looked for its close with such a find every sheet of paper in the desk. longing desire. They knew what they
Gus. Thank you, dear Max. Now might expect, for they recollected the there will be something to be heard ; many winter before, the long evenings of which, famous men to be paraded out ; many notwithstanding all the storms and uncelebrated names come to light.
pleasant weather, had passed away so unMax. And many things will be made noticed and so gaily. Now the table was plain to us which we have not, heretofore, cleared away, and every child sought his fully known. .
place. All begun their work, and the greatMARIA. Well, my spinning-wheel is at est silence reigned throughout the room., a stand. It would give you fine yarn. Father. Now, children, what would But might I not properly advise both of you rather hear?
Maria. Ah, dear Father, you know! FATHER. Max, bring the maps. Sprea. best. You know how many beautiful voy- them out here on the table. Gustavus, ages we have made round the world together. what map is that? JULIA. You mean in thought ?
Gus. Of Northern Russia. Here is MOTHER. And you can learn more in Mojaisk, there Smolenzko, where the this.way than many who travel in a coach. great battles were fought. Pultawa is
Gus. That is very true, mother. I can not on it. draw out the plans of all the most re FATHER. Because this map only in. markable battles and sieges.
| cludes Northern Russia. Here we see, Max? Max. And I can trace the route of the Max. Lapland, Nova Zembla, and bevoyages and travels of Prince Maximilian tween the two the government of Archand Kotzbue.
angel. JULIA. And I know Robinson Crusoe's FATHER. Right ; and these countries island, and am well acquainted with his lie? cclony, as in our little city. I can find M ax. Between the sixtieth and seven. my way all about. I know where the tieth degrees of north latitude. hateful savages lived, and I know, too, JULIA. Oh, how cold it must be ! about Robinson Crusoe's and Friday's FATHER. Yes, indeed—the elevation of but as well as our own house.
the pole proves this ; for, as you see, this FATHER. Then we shall begin a voyage, whole region lies at the most northern a long voyage to-day. Will you readily point of the Baltic Sea,-or, Gustavus ?follow, and not become tired ?
Gus. At the Gulf of Bothnia. Gus. Lead us as far as you will, we will Father. In the same latitude. Add follow you.
to this cold, too, the Frozen Sea and the PATHER. Very well-I shall hold you vast marshy surface which forms the soil to your word ; but we must agree on some of these countries. There are few forests thing. We can begin to-day one of two there, as the cold hinders the growth of voyages, and you may take your choice. trees ; we find there no mountains, and MARIA. How so?
the eye beholds nothing there but a dead, FATHER. I can lead you into the cold almost uncultivated extent of country. est regions of our earth, where eternal ice Julia. How glad I am that I do not covers the sea, where are perpetual snow, live there ! frost, and cold, into regions in which, for MOTHER. You have good reason to be months, you see the sun, and then you so; but had you been born and brought lose sight of it for as long a period. Or, up in that region, you might, probably, I will go with you around Africa to have been as much contented there as you the East Indies, to the Island of Ceylon, now are here. but where we must meet with tigers, and Father. Here, on the map, you further hare to fight with monstrous serpents. Now see, Maria ?-it is for you to choose where we shall go. Maria. The White Sea.
JULIA. Ah, dear mother, do you decide Father. Very true. A gulf of the for us. Our opinions may be different, I Frozen Ocean, which runs into the governand that will bring on a dispute which ment of Archangel, and receives the Dwina, will waste the time.
one of the chief rivers of Russia, on the MOTHER. Shall I do so, father? bank of which lies— what city, Max? FATHER. Yes.
Max. Archangel; a city which is well MOTHER. Then take a voyage to the known by its extended trade into the north. The story will be so inuch the Northern Ocean. more impressive when the snow beats FATHER. Very well. Here we will stop, against the windows, and the weathercock and will now go on with our story. creaks in the storm. You can much the more Julia. A good voyage! vividly conceive of what is frightful in these Gus. And a favourable wind, for I supcountries, if you only step to the window. pose we are to go by water.
JULIA. You are right, mother ; and we Father. Not long since there lived in have also this advantage--that we shall Archangel a merchant in very good cironly freeze in imagination.
cumstances, by the name of Osarow. He
had only one son, Ivan, an excellent boy, devote themselves to trade, according to who was distinguished by his desire for the wishes of the aged Osarow ; but the knowledge, and by his untiring diligence sitting still behind account books, writing in learning all things that might be useful many letters, and especially the waiting to him. To what profession or business for the customers in the shop, during their he should devote himself, he had not yet years of learning, --all these things were decided ; but he was satisfied to learn particularly disagreeable to Gregory's everything that appeared to him he might taste. The old Osarow was a prudent possibly have occasion to make use of here- man of good sense. He thought how after. He knew that useful knowledge would different the views and inclinations are, never do any harm, but that it was always which God has implanted in the hearts of profitable. Osarow's brother, also a mer men. He had often experienced how chant, died, and Ivan's father took the son children thus became unhappy, while their left by his deceased brother into his own parents forced them into a kind of life to family. The two brothers had been united which they felt the prompting of no ineliand affectionate friends during their whole nation. As a prudent father, anxious for life; this love was now transferred from the the true welfare of his child, he examined father to the son, and Ivan's father re- into their inclinations, and discovered in garded Gregory, for this was the fatherless both of them an all-overpowering inclinaand' motherless orphan's name, as his own tion to see the world, and make distant son; and both boys, who were of about an voyages. He represented to them the equal age, were almost inseparable from | happiness of a quiet, peaceful, and domeseach other. Gregory had great good. tic life, and he pourtrayed to them, in humour; he was industrious, presevering, lively colours, the dangers and inconveniand decided, -in short, he was a boy | ences they must meet with—but all in deserving of love, and so was Ivan; but vain. the latter too often allowed himself to be led MARIA. That does not please me in away by one fault. This consisted in a Ivan and Gregory. certain levity which frequently prevented Gus. Now I do not know whether they him from acting rationally and decidedly. exactly deserve blame. What do you Though at this moment he was ever so think, father? firmly convinced of the importance of a FATHER. That you are not wholly wrong, thing, on the slightest occasion the whole Gustavus. Both were quick, energetic, and became ridiculous to him. Though he resolute youths; they deserved to be might now promise something, with the praised for following out this preference most serious intention of fulfilling it, at of theirs, if they felt that, m this way. the next moment all was forgotten. He they could be more useful to the world regarded too little the consequences of his than in any other. actions.
MOTHER. Therefore God has wisely MOTHER. This is a great fault, and the ordained that the inclinations of men source of various misfortunes. Shun this should be as various as the features of course, and be well convinced of its sad their countenances. One chooses this consequences. This I would say to you, condition, and another that; only a man particularly, Gustavus. You often act in should select a business adapted to his your most impetuous violence, without situation and powers, otherwise he occuthinking of the consequences.
pies a false position, and will be unhappy. Gus. Do not be troubled, good mother, Father. Very true. A man is never I have already become much changed, and more unhappy than when he is not in his shall always more and more lay aside this proper place. You will often see that in fault.
the world. God grant that you may not MOTHER. God grant that it may be so. I have to experience it. But to return to
FATHER. Gregory had also the fault of | Ivan and Gregory. With the greatest undertaking many things, the consequences respect and confidence, Ivan disclosed to of which he had not always thought of, but his father his predominant inclination, often repented of having done them. Both and begged of him his consent, and proof the young men had been obliged to mised to do all honour to him. Osarow saw how much his heart was in it, and The three years of learning what was yielded to his wishes.
necessary had passed away, and both of MARIA. What profession did they the youths returned back to their native choose ?
place. Every one received them with joy, FATHER. Both of them felt the strongest and more especially so did Osarow. Both inclination in general for voyaging; both of the young men were now waiting for of them wished to be useful to their coun- their appointment for the navy. try as seamen, and to acquire for them- JULIA. Navy? selves a celebrated name in the history of FATHER. By this expression is undervoyages. With this in view, they had stood whatever belongs to the management already--especially Ivan had done so— of the ships, and the sea-service of a coun. learned much which would be indispens try or kingdom, such as the number, able to them in such a profession.
manning, arming, and the whole appoint. JULIA. Would so very much knowledge ment of the ships. Therefore, they have be necessary ?
also regulations or laws for the navy. Max. Certainly; they must be at home Most commonly this expression is used in mathematics, and astronomy, in natural respecting those ships which particularly history and geography ; and that they belong to the warlike service. To receive should be also acquainted with foreign an appointment in the navy, is the same as languages, is self-evident.
to be placed in the actual service on board Gus. Not to mention that they must of a ship of war. understand swimming, fencing, shooting, Such a post our young men were expectand all kinds of bodily exercise, by all ing, in order to practise whatever they had means, if they do not wish to be borne learned in their profession. down by the first dangers.
Archangel, as is well known, is a city of FATHER. The aged Osarow had many considerable trade, and is the only harfriends, and so it was easy for him to get bour in the Northern Sea. Here are to his two beloved children admitted at St. be found ships and seamen of all the comPetersburg, the capital of the Russian mercial nations, but especially there are Empire, as naval cadets into the Iinperial many English vessels, who, as you know Academy of Cadets.
from other accounts of voyages, have the JULIA. Cadets ? naval cadets ?
most extensive commerce. I need not, FATHER. This is the name given to therefore, tell you that Ivan and Gregory those young persons who are educated par sought the intercourse of experienced seaticularly for future officers in a public in- men, in order to enlarge their knowledge. stitution. The institution itself is called an They became acquainted at a certain academy for cadets, and it is a very excellent time with a captain of an English ship institution, especially for those who are in which lay in the harbour, and who was want of means to learn what their future only waiting for a fair wind to go on his destination requires of them. They are voyage. This man was very intelligent here tauglit everything at the expense of and agreeable in conversation. Besides, the government; they are clothed, fed, and he manifested'a social and affable conduct, like children are obliged to perform all by which he attached everybody to him the services of a soldier in miniature. who became acquainted with him; and in The naval cadet is very naturally educated short, he won upon the two young men in only for the naval service, and for this such a degree, that they expressed the object he is taught everything which he wish to undertake a distant voyage in his ought to know as an officer of a ship. company, and on an English ship.
Ivan and Gregory were both admitted “This wish you can easily accomplish," into this academy; they distinguished replied the Englishman. “You need only themselves by their order and industry ; determine upon it, and I will warrant you and even many of the little light-minded that a voyage in my ship will be of the tricks which Gregory, and, led on by him, greatest advantage to you. Probably I may Ivan too, were guilty of, were overlooked, make a voyage of discovery to the North in consideration of their greater excellen. Pole. Our Parliament has offered a large cies of character.
reward to him who discovers a north-west