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crowned with a garland of poppies, sup- the arabesque foliage, the six crests of the ported upon bats' wings, and surrounded Prince are scattered, with the motto 'Treu by the seven planets.

und Fest.” Below, on the rocker, is disThe other end, or the back of the head covered a head of Somnus, with closed of the cradle, is devoted to the arms of eyes, and over the chin a wimple, which, H. R. H. Prince Albert; the shield oc- on each side, terminates in poppies. cupies the centre, and round it, among! In the interior of the head of the cradle,

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Profile and end views of a box-wood cradle, designed, by W. H. ROGERS, and executed by W. G. ROGERS, for Her Majesty, by whom it was exhibited, and for which the Commissioners awarded a Prize Medal to Mr. ROGERS,


guardian angels are introduced; and exhibited (C. 30. No. 89) some wonderful above, the royal crown is found embedded specimens of the art of wood - carving, in foliage. The friezes, forming the most which shows that Mr. Rogers must look to important part of the sides of the body of his laurels, or the Lincolnshire carver will the cradle, are composed of roses, poppies, outstrip him. The group symbolical of conventional foliage, butterflies, and birds, spring, carved in lime - tree - wood, was while beneath them rise a variety of pinks, most elaborate, and highly effective, but studied from Nature. The edges and the too delicate for general ornamentation. insides of the rockers are enriched with The groups of dead game by this artist the insignia of royalty and emblems of were exquisite, the texture of the feathers repose.”

being admirably represented, and, like all We admired the designs upon some that he exhibited, evincing a perfect parts of the cradle, and the skill of the knowledge of the art. We are pleased to carver; but however interesting it is from find that the Commissioners awarded Mr. associations, yet we eannot admire it for Wallis a prize medal. the shape, which, to our taste, was inelegant, Mr. W. Perry, of Bridge-street, Taunton, heavy and clumsy. We must even brave exhibited (C. 30. No. 101) a vase of roses the anger of the groups of admiring ma-carved in box-wood, symbolical of the trons that were daily collected around the present state of the world. It is called the spot where it was exhibited, and deelare Taunton allegorical vase, and is intended that for our own part we prefer the form of the Victoria Regia cot, designed by Mr. J. Bell and exhibited (C. 26. No. 187) by Messrs Jennens and Bettridge, the eminent papier mâché manufacturers. In the olden time a mother was glad to convert anything into a cradle to nurse her son, for then, as Hall tells us in his satires, "His mother could for him, as cradle, set Her husband's rusty iron corslet ; Whose jangling sound could hush her babe to

rest, That never 'plain'd of his uneasy nest. We do not expect that our Royal scions are to be rocked in rusty corslets, washingtrays, or flaskets, but we do think that the heir-apparent should have a more appropriate and better designed cradle than the one exhibited, and as we know that Mr. W. H. Rogers can do great things,he has done them,--we are astonished at the tame and unsightly design produced,

Mr. A. Pullen (C. 30. No. 84) of Farnham Surrey, exhibited a "wearied pedlar, gipsy fiddler, and village dance," which were very fair specimens of the art.

Mr. A. Harvey of Penzance, exhibited (C. 30. No. 86) several carvings in boxwood, which, considering that he is a selftaught artist, were very meritorious. They consisted of an equestrian statue of Peter the Great; the Laocoon, beautifully executed; and the attack of the Lion, and wild sports of the East, both wanting that delicacy of finish displayed by the others. Mr. T. W. Wallis, of Louth, Lincolnshire MR. W. PERRY'S Taunton Allegorical Vase.

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to illustrate the desired moral and social inhabitants of Switzerland. This produceffects of the Great Exhibition. The vase, tion was honourably mentioned by the which is carved from a solid piece of box- | Commissioners. wood, is ornamented with an ingenious design which our readers will no doubt be able to interpret for themselves. The Woman.--As the vine which has long groups of roses, with the exception of a few twisted its graceful foliage about the oak, beads and leaves, are also carved from a and been lifted by it into sunshine, will solid block. The stand is encircled by a when the hardy plant is razed by the thungarland of fiowers from all parts of the derbolt, cling round it with caressing terworld, symbolical of the exhibition. | drils, and bind up its shattered boughs; s

The engraving above represents the it is beautifully ordered by Providence, tliai mechanical escrutoire for ladies, manufac-woman, who is the dependent and orna. tured by M. L. Wettli, of Berne, Switzer- ment of man in his happier hours, should land, and exhibited (No. 237) with the be his stay and solace when smitten with other productions of that country. It is sudden calamity: winding herself into the made of white wood, and may be used for rugged recesses of his nature, tenderly writing in a sitting or standing posture. supporting the drooping head, and bindThe carved and ornamental part represents ing up the broken heart. - Washington the rustic economy and Alpine life of the Irving.

ORIGINS AND INVENTIONS, time the university at Oxford had no fire allowed, SEDAN CHAIRS.Sir S. Duncombe, predecessor for it is mentioned, that after the stewards had to Duncombe, Lord Faversham, and gentleman supped, which took place at eight o'clock, they pensioner to King James and Charles I., was the went again to their studies till nine, and then in person who introduced Sedan chairs into this the winter, they having no fire, they were obliged country, A.D. 1634, when he procured a patent, to take a good run for half an hour, to get hcat in which vested in him and his heirs, the sole right their feet before they went to bed. Hollinshed, of carrying persons up and down in them for a contemporary with Elizabeth, describes the rudecertain sum. Sir Saunders was a great traveller, ness of the preceding generation in the arts of and had seen these chairs at Sedan, where they life :-"There were," says he, “ very few chimwere first invented. Beyley introduced the use neys even in capital towns, the fire was laid to of hackney-coaches about the same year; a tole the wall, and the smoke issued out at the roof, or rable long ride might then be had in either of door, or window. The houses were wattled and these vehicles for fourpence. “But alas !" says plastered over with clay; and all the furniture the writer of the above article, “the introduction and utensils were of wood. The people slept on of these machines spoiled the constitutions of straw pallets, with a log of wood for a pillow." eur women, they became nervous and lazy, and CLOCKS AND WATCHES.--The genius of the were no longer fitted for exertion.

Germans appeared in the invention and improveSILK STOCKINGS.--Henry 11. of France, at the ment of many mechanical arts, especially clockmarriage of the Duchess of Savoy, wore the first work. They have exceeded all in the silk stockings that were made in France. It is contrivance of variety of motions, to show, not somewhat remarkable, that Elizabeth was the only the course of the hours and minutes, but first person in England who wore silk stockings. even of the sun, moon, and stars; wherefore the In the third year of her reign, she received in a clocks at Strasburgh, Prague, and many other present from a Mrs. Montague a pair of black places all over Germany, are sufficient instances. silk knit stockings; and henceforth, says Dr. Clock-makers were first introduced into England Howell, she never wore cloth hose any more. in 1368, when Edward III. granted a license for The art of knitting silk stockings by wires or three artists to come over from Delft, in Holland, needles was first practiscd in Spain; and twenty and practise their occupation in this country. It eight years after it had been imported into Eng. was in the year 1577, that pocket-watches were land, Mr. Lee, of Cambridge, invented the engine first brought from Germany. The Emperor, or steel loom, called the stocking frame, by means Charles V., had a watch set as the jewel of his of which En land was enabled to export great ring ; and in the Elector of Saxony's stables is to quantities of silk stockings to Italy and other be seen a clock in the pommel of his saddle. parts. Mr. Lee taught his art in England and i Charles I. had a ring-dial, made by Delamaine, France, and his servants did the same in Spain, a mathematician, which that monarch valued so Venice, and Ireland

much, that on the morning before he was MARINER'S COMPASS.-There is some doubt beheaded, he ordered it to be given to the Duke as to the invention of the mariner's compass, of York, with a book showing its use. Dr. Gilbert, our countryman, who wrote an COACHES. -The use of coaches was introduced elaborate Latin discourse on the properties of the in England by Fitz-Allan, Earl of Arundel, A.D. loadstone, was of opinion that the knowledge of 1580; before which time queen Elizabeth on pubits use was brought froin the Chinese. Osorius, lic occasions rode behind her chamberlain, and in his Discourse of the Acts of King Emanuel, she in her old age, according to Wilson, used rerefers it to Gama and his countrymen the Portu luctantly such an effeminate conveyance. They fuese, who, as he pretends, took it from certain were at first drawn only by two horses, “but," barbarian pirates. Goropius Becanus thinks says the same author, “the rest crept in by dehe has good reason to give the honour of the dig grees, as men at first ventured to sea." It was covery to his countrymen, the Germans: the Buckingham, the favourite, who (about 1619) thirty-two points of the compass borrow their began to have them drawn by six horses, which, names from the Dutch in ali languages. But as another historian says, “was wondered at as Blondus, who is followed by Pancirollus (both a novelty, and imputed to him as a mastering italians), gave the praise of it to Italy; telling pride." Before that time, ladies chiefly rode on us, that about the year 1300 it was found out at horseback, either single, on their palfreys, or Meephis, a city of Naples. The name of the in- double, behind some person, on a pillion. In the ventor of the compass is by Dubartus confidently year 1672, at which period throughout the kingaffirmed to be Flavius. From these authorities dom there were only six stage coaches constantly it seems a probable conclusion, that Flavius, the running, a pamphlet was written and published Melvitan, was the first inventor of the guiding of by Mr. John Cresset, of the Charter-house, & ship by the needle turning to the north; but urging their suppression, and amongst the grave that some Dutchman afterwards added to the reasons given against their continuance, the compass the thirty-two points of the wind, in his author says, “These stage coaches make genown language, from whence other nations have tlemen come to London on every small occasion, since borrowed it.

which otherwise they would not do, but upon CHIMNEYS.-In 1200, chimneys were scarcely urgent necessity; nay, the convenience of the known in England, one only was allowed in a passage makes their wives often come up, who religious house, one in a manor ditto, one in the rather than come such long journeys on horse. great hail of a castle, or lord's house; but in back, would stay at home. Then, when they other houses they had nothing but what was come to town, they must presently be in the called Rere Desse, where their food was dressed, mode, get fine clothes, go to plays and treats, and where they dined, and the smoke found its way by these means get such a habit of idleness and out as it could. In King Henry the Eighth's love of pleasure, as makes them uneasy ever after."

ca scarcely

wresage makes the such long Jo Then, when the


buying a carpet (having first measured the room, USEFUL RECEIPTS.

and calculated the exact quantity with the

utmost accuracy), it is well to get an additional To clean Knives and Forks.-To keep knives'yard or two to lay aside, that you may have it and forks in good order, when not in continual ready in case of transferring the carpet to a use, and to restore them when found rusty, have larger apartment, or for the purpose of repairing them well cleaned, and then rub the steel part any part that may be worn out or accidentally with a flannel dipped in sweet oil, or in melted burnt.--A COUNTRY HOUSEWIFE. mutton suet. Let them rest several hours; then! dust them all over with finely powdered quick

Chimneys on Fire.-When you have reason to lime, tied up in a thin muslin bag. In two or

suppose that a chimney is dirty, keep the fire three days, wipe off the oil and lime; rub them

low, as a large blaze will be very likely to ignite with a buckskin leather; wrap them first in

the soot. Should, it nevertheless, take fire, you green baize, and then an outside covering of

will be immediately apprized of it by the lond coarse brown paper, and put them away. They

roaring noise, and the falling down of flakes of should always be kept in a dry place.

burning soot. If there is no water in the room,

have a bucket-full brought immediately, so as to A COUNTRY HOUSEWIFE.

put out all the fire in the hearth; and while! To Fold a shirt. Having spread the shirt on waiting for water, throw on all the salt that may a table or on a bed, fold over the two sides be at hand; or, what will be still better, a handlengthways, so as to lie one over the other uponful of flour of sulphur, as soon as you can obtain the bosom. Turn the sleeves back halfway from it. The sulphur will frequently extinguish eren the shoulders (doubling over the sleeve-gussets the fire in the chimney, if it has not yet become in half), so as to lie straight down on the folded large. As long as it is burning, take care to keep body. Then take the whole and give it a cross- all the doors and windows tightly shut, and holi fold upward. so that the lower half of the shirt up closely before the fire-place a blanket or some that is turned over, covers the upper part of the other woollen article, for instance, a table-core sleeves and the bosom. False collars are folded

or hearth-rug, so as to exclude the air. in half only. False bosom pieces, first in half from the back, and then another fold is given, sol Cement for Alabaster, Marble, &c.—Take a pound as to leave the full part upwards. We advise all of bees-wax, and half a pound of rosin, and gentlemen that wear false collars to wear false melt them together. Have ready three-quarters wristbands also.-EDWARD MILES.

of a pound of finely powdered alabaster, or DOT

dered marble (according to the article you wish Gum Arabic Starch.-Get two ounces of fine to cement), and add it gradually to the melted white gum arabic, and pound it to powder. Next mixture, stirring the whole very well. Theo put it into a pitcher, and pour on it a pint or knead the whole mass in water, that the ingre more of boiling water (according to the degree dients may be thoroughly incorporated. You of strength you desire), and then, having covered

may add more of the powder, to bring it neard it, let it set all night. In the morning, pour it to the colour of the article to be cemented carefully from the dregs into a clean bottle, cork Before applying this cement it must be heated, it, and keep it for use. A tablespoonful of gum and so must the parts of the subject you are water stirred into a pint of starch that has been

going to unite; they must also be thoronghh made in the usual manner, will give to lawns

dry, and quite free from grease. The powder (either white or printed) a look of newness to

may be obtained from an alabaster or marble which nothing else can restore them after wash shop. For cementing plaster of Paris, make the ing. It is also good (much diluted) for thin mixture with pulverised plaster.-J. R. H. white muslin and bobbinet. “I can safely recommend the above." ELLEN NEWMAN.

Infant's Food. - "Noticing in the Famil

Friend, page 269, vol. 1. New Series, a request To clean White Kid Gloves.-Stretch the gloves

that some one would recommend a good food on a clean board, and rub all the soiled or grease

for infants, Ihasten to do so from experience spots with cream of tartar or magnesia. Let | I have been unfortunately compelled to rear the them rest an hour. Then have ready a mixture

| children by hand, the elder was fed with a pap of alum and Fuller's earth (both powdered), and

boat on tops and bottoms, and for two years we rub it all over the gloves with a brush (a clean

a great sufferer from mesenteric disease. The tooth-brush or something similar), and let them

food which with great confidence I recommend rest for an hour or two. Then sweep it all off,

having used it for the other child, is Dodson and go over them with a flannel dipped in a

unfermented biscuit powder, during the whole mixture of bran and finely powdered whiting. time that he was fed upon it from three to fifteen, Let them rest another hour; then brush off the

months, he was remarkably healthy and a nice powder, and you will find them clean. On no

plump little fellow. I have frequently remarked consideration clean gloves with turpentine, as what an excellent food it was, never turning you will be unable to wear them on account of acid on the stomach, and the child never appear the smell.-J. R. H. Bath.

ing to tire of it. It is highly spoken of by the Economy of Carpets.-To preserve expensive facnlty ; indeed, my own physician, Dr. Jevet earpets, it is well to completely cover the floor of Guy's Hospital, advised the use of it when beneath them with drugget, or with coarse mat- ordered to wean my baby. It is sold in tin ting, which is a much better plan than to spread canisters at Dodson's, baker to the Queen, 98 a layer of straw between the floor and the carpet ; | Blackman-street, Southwark. Trusting if a trial the straw (besides the difficulty of spreading it is made, it will succeed with your correspondent's perfectiy smooth and even) accumulating much infant. I remain Sir, yours truly, dust, that works up through the carpet. In


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