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38-The Desert Sand-belt. G. C.-The desert situation of the United Kingdom, whether as rebelt of sand extends from the Atlantic across gards its terrestrial position, or the elements of Africa into Arabia and Persia; even beyond the commerce which it possesses, is not analogous to Indus. Its breadth is from one to four hundred that of any other state ancient or modern ; there
fore no deduction of any value can be drawn by 39-Reptiles. E. U.-No; they become tor
comparison. The importance of the British Em1: pid, when the temperature is below 40°. Snails,
pire has been achieved by a rare combination of mollusca, and land testacea do the same, in hot
causes unexampled in history; but it is more parand equal climates, as between the tropics,
ticularly to commerce, which produced materials 1 hybernation is unknown.
for a navy, that the greatness of Britain may be
attributed. To Arkwright, Watt, and Wedgwood, 40-Difference in Coal. A. R.--The difference
we owe the means of extending our commerce, in coal arises from the difference in the vegeta
augmenting our empire, triumphing over our bution of which it is formed. Hutton discovered
enemies, and preserving our position. . that if coals are cut into thin slices, their vege
46-Lace. E, M.-At what period and in table structure can be traced by the microscope, and numerous cells discovered that are filled
what country this elegant material was originally with a yellow bituminous liquid, which creates
first wrought for dress, cannot, perhaps, be very 1 the flame of common fires, and whose gaseous
easily determined. It has been supposed that form is the gas used in lighting.
Mary de Medici was the first who brought lace
into France from Venice; where, and in the 41- Mend your Clothes. L. S.-For our own
neighbouring states of Italy, lace seems to have part we think that the sooner a garment is
been long previously worn. It is recorded that mended, after it begins to require it, the better.
lace-making was introduced into England by Fine muslins and laces are ruined by being
some refugees from Flanders, who settled near washed with holes in them, and we should think
Cranfield, now a village on the west side of Bedvery little of the neatness of a young lady who
fordshire, and adjoining Buckinghamshire; and wore an embroidered cape with holes in it that
it has been supposed that the first kind so made had evidently been there before it was done up. in England was that which is called Brussels Silk stockings, too, are spoilt if not mended
point, the net-work being made by bone-bobbins, before they are washed; but cotton or woollen
on a pillow, and the pattern and sprigs being hose may be repaired afterwards.
worked with a needle. 42-Love of Praise. M.N. -The appetite for
47-Oatmeal. E. L. The oat, though not praise is like that for ardent spirits, it grows by much cultivated in South Britain, as an article indulgence, till its cravings cannot be resisted;
of food for man, still furnishes one of the most they must be satisfied at any sacrifice; and the
important and productive crops of the farm. Its effects in the two cases are alike, the balance of
scientific Latin name avena is of doubtful interthe mind is destroyed, and its healthful action
pretation ; from it the French derive their word impaired. If we would not become the victims
l'avoine. The native country of the oat is also of either kind of intemperance, we must be on
considered quite unknown ; though it appears our guard against the first step towards it;
certain that all the cultivated species flourish against the small draught which seems at first
most in cold climates. In Scotland, for example, so harmless, but which makes us crave a repeti
it arrives at great perfection, as well as in the tion of it till our ruin is complete.
northern counties of England. To the Scots its 43-Fairy Rings. T. C.---They are caused meal is important: they use it in great quantiby the centrifugal growth of the spawn of the ties, not merely in the form of water-gruel, but agarii, which radiates, from a common centre, in porridge and puddings. But Scotch oatmeal and bears the fructification, which is what ap- is a very different thing from the poor perishable pears above ground, only at the circumference. article which is sold in England; the grain is The verdure of the grass where these fungi grow dried and husked by a peculiar process; and then seems to be caused either by their manuring the is ground to three degrees of fineness. It will ground when they decay, or by the nitrogen they keep and improve in quality during any length give off, which is an active stimulant to vegeta- l of time: and the more it is pressed the better. tion. The denomination of fairy rings was given
48-Boots and Shoes. D. F.-Yes; but in to this phenomenon from their being regarded as
selecting them you must give due consideration the places where the fairies held their nocturnal
to the place in which they are to be worn. The revels.
same article adapted for town pavements, would 44-Soap. H. C.-We are not aware ; but be quite unsuitable for traversing over fields and wash-balls are made by rolling perfumed soap country roads; but as a general rule, it should into balls. They are mottled red by being first be borne in mind that the lighter the article, so cut into bits, which are rolled in vermilion and that it possesses the necessary strength the better, then squeezed together into balls; the blue provided that the sole is the width of the foot mottling is effected by substituting blue mottling and the upperleather soft. It is well, also, to for vermilion. We would recommend however that provide boots and shoes for a considerable time our fair readers should reject all soaps coloured before they are wanted, as they improve very with red, especially of a bright red, for the pro- | much by laying by for some months, and also to bability is that the colouring is produced by avoid ordering any to be made in frosty weather, the use of an oxide of either lead or mercury, in when the waxed thread does not work freely, which case it would be poisonous. Camphor is and the joint is consequently not so strong. often introduced into wash-balls, and other fancy Those who can afford it, and have much walking, soaps with excellent effect.
should provide several pairs of shoes for constant 45--The United Kingdom D. A.--No; the use, and wear them in daily succession, so that
they may be allowed to dry thoroughly after each of clothing seems to have been early transplanted day's wear without exposure to the fire.
into Greece, and thence to Italy, as we find the 49-Politeness between Brothers and Sisters. use of raw skins accounted by each of these A. G.-By endeavouring to acquire the habit of nations a sign of barbarism. It apppears that politeness, it will soon become familiar, and sit en neither of them in the time of their prosperity, you with ease, if not with elegance. Let it never when the arts and sciences were cultivated be forgotten that genuine politeness is a great among them, made much use of fur clothing. fosterer of family love; it allays accidental irri It was worn at that period only on certain festitation, by preventing harsh retorts and rude con- | vals (the Bacchæ clothed themselves in foxtradictions ; it softens the boisterous, stimulates skins), and merely by the poorer classes and rusthe indolent, suppresses selfishness, and by form | tics; or employed in the time of war. The ing a habit of consideration for others, harmo | ancient physicians make no mention of furs; and nizes the whole. Politeness begets politeness, Suetonius, in describing the winter clothing of and brothers may easily be won by it, to leave off Augustus, who was extremely sensible of cold, the rude ways they bring home from school or | does not name any articles of fur. Pliny relates college. Sisters ought never to receive any little an unsuccessful attempt to manufacture the fur attention without thanking them for it, never to of the hare, which would scarcely have been ask a favour of them but in courteous terma, made had the skin been used in its natural state. never to reply to their questions in monosyl.
It is worthy of remark, that, in the twentylables, and they will soon be ashamed to do such seventh chapter of Ezekiel, where the merchanthings themselves. Both precept and example dize of Tyre is so minutely described, no allusion ought to be laid under contribution, to convince is made to furs. them that no one can have really good manners 53-Economical Greenhouse. G. C.- Much abroad, who is not habitually polite at home. of the produce of the greenhouse may be pro
50-The Skin. C.M.- There are numerous cured at half the expense, by the use of the pit, small follicles contained in its substance, and
which requires no other glass than the sashes opening by orifices at the external surface of the which form its roof. The amusement and the skin, which are filled with an oily matter; this
products which such a pit, in the hands of an ineasily concretes and becomes visible, in the
genious amateur, is calculated to afford, are shape of dust or scales on the skin, and rough
| almost without end. Small salading may be proness on the hairs of the body. This oily matter
duced in it throughout the whole winter. Chicory is necessary to preserve the skin from being
roots (though this may be accomplished in a penetrated and relaxed in its fibre by water; but
common cellar), may be made to throw out their it is also necessary that it should be removed as blanched leaves, which form the most delightful fast as it has done its office, and not suffered to
of all winter salads; tart rhubarb, or sea-kale, accumulate on the skin or clothing. These
may be forced in pots; as may parsley, mint, and follicles exist in all parts of the body, except the other herbs. Bulbs may be forced, and a bloom palms of the hands and soles of the feet, but they
of China-roses may be kept up throughout the are most abundant where hairs are implanted. winter. But, perhaps, the most important use to It is this oil which renders the tresses of some
which such a pit can be applied, in a small ladies so soft and shining. In some persons it is
suburban garden, is to preserve throughout the so redundant on the hair as to require careful
winter, and to bring forward in spring,-fuschias, removal ; in others it is only sufficient to keep
| salvias, verbenas, and other fine exotic flowers; it in good order, whilst a deficiency is the cause and also half-hardy and tender annuals, for turnof that coarse rough look, which prevents some
|ing out into the flower-garden or into the miscelheads from ever appearing well-dressed and laneous border, in the beginning of summer. smooth.
51-Composure at Table. E. R.-Study to 54-Fermented Liquors and the Ladies. P. Y. acquire the most perfect self-possession. Let -Your request is rational, and as it may involve nothing throw you out, and you will feel the the weal or woe of thousands, we have no objecimmense ascendancy it will give you in every | tion to make a few remarks upon it, but it relation of life. At table be particularly self. would seem almost superfluous in these days of possessed. Should you happen to meet with an temperance, to say anything to the softer sex accident there, do not add to the discomfort you against the use of ardent spirits and fermented have created, by inaking an unnecessary fuss liquors, but we cannot help saying that it is the about it. The easier such things are passed over
opinion of the wisest and most experienced phy. the better. We remember hearing of a very | sicians, that all young persons are better without accomplished gentleman who when carving a any stimulating liquors; and that it is a great mistough goose, he had the misfortune to send it take to resort to them as a cure for those nervous entirely out of the dish and into the lap of the and debilitating diseases which have their origin lady next to him; on which he very cooly looked | in sedentary habits, hot rooms, tight lacing, late her full in the face and with admirable gravity hours, improper diet, and want of bathing, &c. and calmness, said, “Ma'am I will thank you The temporary relief gained by a glass of wine, for that goose." In such a case a person must or cordial, is dearly paid for by increased debility necessarily suffer so much and be such an object
after the first effect passes off; and the most re of compassion to the company, that the kindest fined and intellectual women are not safe, if the thing he could do was to appear as unmoved as | pursue this course, from becoming a burthen to possible. This manner of bearing such a morti- themselves,-and, perhaps, the shame of all confying accident gained him more credit, than he nected with them. It is, therefore, best to form lost by his awkward carving.
a habit of drinking no fermented liquors, unless 52-Fur Clothing. e. Ř.--It is very ancient. recommended by a physician,-and to take no The method of manufacturing wool into articles tonics unless so prescribed.
55 - The Tea-Urn. A. R.-It is certainly to one's worldly interests. “The industrious man the most elegant vessel by which water may be is always an early riser; the early sound of the supplied for tea. It is, as you know, made in the hammer, denoting the artizan to be at work, apform of a vase, but in a great variety of patterns. peases the apprehensions of the creditor," says In the centre there is a vertical tube, into which | Franklin, "and he walks contentedly by, pera cylinder of iron heated red-hot is slipped down, | mitting his money to remain in the hands of his aná covered by a little lid, and that by the cover debtor, until he finds it convenient to pay; while of the urn. This keeps the water in the urn at a the sluggard not only has a difficulty in procurboiling heat. Some tea-urns have lamps below ing countenance and credit in his trade, but suf. them, instead of iron heaters, and have the fers in his reputation, unlike his early and indusadvantage of keeping the water hot any length of trious neighbour, and for this reason alone has time.
not the same chance of making his way in the 56-Saffron. E. Y.-Saffron is produced in world. Sicily, France, and Spain, as well as in England. 61-Woollen Clothing. B. H.- For those to The Spanish is generally deteriorated by having ! whom the ordinary expense of clothes is not been dipped in oil, to ensure its keeping. The felt as an object worth much consideration, the Sicilian and French are better, but the English is most convenient way is that which is most usual, superior to all. It is, however, sometimes adul namely, to order them of a respectable tailor, terated with the petals of the Carthamus tincto- | leaving him to state the price and having one rius, or with the common marigold, calendula agreed upon. This will generally insure the officinalis ; this may be detected by infusing the best materials, and the most fashionable cut. cake in hot water, when the expanded stigmas But there are some other modes of proceeding will be easily distinguished from the petals of the where great economy in dress is aimed at. The other flowers.
cloth may be purchased of a respectable woollen57 - Total Abstinence. A. W.- A person draper, who will generally recommend a tailor whose general health is good, can cure any slight to make it up; the difficulty in this case is to get derangement of the stomach by total abstinence; a tailor who can make it fashionable and a good fit, and it is much better to refrain from food than for the tailors who work in this manner are geneto take medicine. The habit of dosing yourself | rally persons of inferior skill. A still cheaper with soda and peppermint, when you have eaten way is to purchase clothes ready made in shops, imprudently ; or, with bitters, to procure an but this is one of the worst modes, as there is appetite ; or Rochelle powders to assist the often some kind of imposition practised, besides bowels, is all bad for the health, very bad. A the great uncertainty of finding clothes that fit well-regulated diet and proper exercise will pre-well." vent the necessity of any of these nostrums; and 62 -Hosiery. R. T.-All hosiery is to be when an excess has been accidently committed, judged of by the fineness of the thread and the omit the next meal, and that will generally cure closeness of the texture, which, in the case of you.
stockings especially, may be partly appreeiated 58-To Keep Milch Cows. P. A. -To keep by weighing, as it were, the articles in the hand. cows in the best condition for milk, they In ribbed stockings a deception is sometimes should have hay of the first quality in the winter practised, against which it is necessary to guard. season, and this in an unlimited degree, that The spaces between the ribs, which ought to be they may always feed until they are perfectly formed by an inversion of the stitch, contains no satisfied; and when the weather permits, they stitch at all, but an open range of threads pershould have access to meadow-land, where they vious to the weather, and utterly destitute of may feed on such green vegetables as are pre durability. As the ribs of stockings exposed to sent, which will give their milk and butter a sale are necessarily almost in contact, the fault greater degree of richness; if they are always cannot be detected without introducing the hand kept in doors, their milk cannot be expected and opening the tissue, when it will be instantly to be so good. Common salt is much relished apparent, and, indeed, will exactly resemble the by cows, and when added in moderate quantities flaw caused by a dropped stitch in a stocking in to their food, is said to improve their milk and 1 wear. In cheap cotton stockings the feet are likewise their general health.
often cut out and sewed together, but these 59-How to overcome Selfishness. M. C. seams invariably hurt the foot. The best way to overcome the selfishness and 63-The Kitchen Fire. E. M.-N0; we think rudeness you sometimes meet with on public that a fire should never be allowed to be left oecasions, is, by great politeness and disinterest-burning in the kitchen on any pretext. Someedness on your part; overcome evil with good times it will occur that the clothes from a family and you will satisfy your own conscience, and, wash remain wet, in consequence of the weather perhaps, touch theirs. Contending for your having proved inauspicious for drying them in rights stirs up the selfish feelings in others; but the open air; and in that case, servants are aca readiness to yield them awakens generous customed to hang them on a clothes-horse before sentiments, and leads to mutual accommodation. the kitchen-range, and leave a large fire in order The more refined you are, and the greater have to dry them during the night. The motive is been your advantages, the more polite and con- plausible, but the risk to human life and property siderate you should be toward others, the more too great for the hazard to be permitted. The ready to give place to some poor, uneducated warmth of the kitchen will effect much during girl, who knows no better to push herself directly the number of hours that elapse before morning. in your way.
A fire-guard in a kitchen is no preservative from 60-Sleep. P. C-Indulgence in sleep is not the liability to destruction by fire; for it has been only baneful to the health and incompatible with ascertained that cats, and even rats and mice, the true enjoyment of life, but it is detrimental have conveyed lighted coals—which have fallen
cient of an inhabitants.coms may. Le trav oid;.
on them by accident and adhered to their fur- turn his head whenever he directs his view to to some contiguous inflammable substance, and any lateral object. With periscopic glasses he have thus caused destruction to a house and its may see through any part of them, and can obsleeping inhabitants.
serve objects by his side without turning his 64 Artificial flowers. E. U.-The Italians head. If, however, periscopic glasses be defect. were the first people in Europe, who excelled in ively made, they are injurious to the eyes. We the art of making artificial flowers; but of late would, therefore, ere we purchased them, have years the French have been most ingenious in them examined and gauged to ascertain their this branch of industry. Ribbons folded in diffe accuracy. rent forms and of different colours were origin 1 67 The Most Ancient of Corn Mins. E. A. ally employed for imitating flowers, by being 1-Yes; in the remotest parts of Scotland, until attached to wire stems. This imitation soon | very lately, a custom existed amongst the poorest gavy way to that by featliers, which are more classes, which may very well illustrate the mandelicate in texture and more capable of assuming | ners of the most simple nations of antiquity. a variety of flower-like figures. But a great diffi Barley, well dried by the fire, was put into a culty was encountered in dyeing them with due hemispherical cavity worked out of a block or vivacity. The savages of South America, manu stone, where it was beaten for a short time by a facture perfect feather flowers, derived from the wooden mallet until the husk was pretty well brilliant plumage of their birds, which closely separated; a small quantity of the bruised barley resemble the products of vegetation. The blos was next taken up in the hand and cleaned, by soms and leaves are admirable, while the colours blowing gently with the mouth, and then it was never fade. The Italians frequently employ the put into the pot for broth. Those who are not cocoons of the silk-worm for this purpose; these accustomed to trace the progress of inventions, take a brilliant dye, preserve their colour, and have no idea of the slowness with which they possess a transparent velvety appearance suitable are improved. It seems very easy to grind corn for petals. Of late years the French have into flour, yet in all probability ages elapsed adopted the finest cambric for making petals, before this was properly effected. The quern and the taffeta of Florence for making the leaves. used in the highlands of Scotland, was, perhaps,
63-Wood Fuel. E.G. - This is of two classes, a legacy left to this island by the Romans, who the soft and the hard, the former burning rapidly were accustomed to carry hand-mills in their and throwing out great heat; the latter being camps, as seen in the Trajan column, or it may more difficult of ignition. The wood containing have been used by the Celtic nations in the East, the most water, yields, therefore, the least amount at a period preceding that of the earliest records. of heat in combustion ; because, heat is absorbed It is the simplest, and, no doubt, the most anby the evaporation of the water. But a discus cient of all corn-mills; but it has been discovered sion of these points would be out of place here, among the inhabitants of the Himalayan regions, our only purpose, at present, being to show the where many Celtic customs may le traced. combustible elements which produce the fire, 68–Dyeing. C. P. A.-It is very old; inflame, and smoke, from domestic fuel. It is deed in all ages brilliant colours have excited sufficient, therefore, to designate as hard woods, admiration, and even the uncultivated savage the oak, the elm, the beech, the birch, and the has evinced a passion for the beautiful and bright elder, and as soft, the fir, the pine, the larch, the hues to be found in the feathers of birds and poplar, the lime-tree, and the willow. The for other natural objects. The origin of dyeing, or mer are, by far, the most economical for fuel, producing colours by artificial means, is of great because, they maintain combustion a long time antiquity, for Moses speaks of stuffs dyed blue, before t'ey are consumed, whilst the latter burn and purple, and scarlet, and of sheep skins dyed away rapidly. The portion of heat radiated by red. Among the Greeks, dyeing seems not to this kind of fuel amounts to one-fourth of the have been much practised; the woollen clothes heating power,-being as one to three, with re- | usually worn by them were of the natural colour ference to the quantity diffused by the air. Hence of the sheep; but the wealthy preferred coloured the radiating property of pit-coal is much greater dresses, of which scarlet was much esteemed ; than that of wood; a fact which accounts for the still purple was more highly valued, and was the greater warmth felt by those sitting round a good | distinguishing mark of the greatest dignities, glowing coal fire.
being reserved for princes only. The most famous 66-Spectacle-glasses. P. H.-There are of their purple dyes, was that called Tyrian, three kinds of spectacle-glasses, the contex, the which is said to have been drawn fron a certain concave, and the periscopic. The first are to cor shellfish, a species of murex, common on the rect long sight, the second to counteract short shores of the Mediterranean; but the quantity of sight; the periscopic are for either. This last purple juice afforded by this animal is exceedingly description of lens is both concave and convex, small, and consequently garments stained with the former on the side nearest the eye, the latter it were of great price. The Romans were equally on the side furthest from it. For long sight as severe in restricting the use of purple to the well as short, the convexity and concavity are so highest rank; and it does not appear that the made to differ as to furnish any required focus. number of their dyes and dyed colours were Mr. Cox, a very clever optician, represents, that considerable, although coloured dresses were in glasses of this form the aberration of light. or not rare among them. The art of dyeing halo, is greater than in any other lenses, and that slowly improved in modern times, until the the periscopic glasses are liable to be scratched. /application of chemistry, by throwing on it They have, however, one very great advantage, peculiar light, has of late advanced it to a degree which is this. With common glasses, especially of perfection formerly unknown; and this has concave, the wearer can see only through the afforded great resources to the ingenuity and inexact middle of the lens; he must, therefore, dustry of man.
69-The laws of Divine grace. P. C.-So far languid women, and weakling boys and girls, as we willingly yield up to our natural wills, pas wander out beyond the confines of their stately, sions, and desires, in resignation to the opera- | or their dingy houses, and roam abroad in the tions of divine grace and goodness, so far are fields and gather wild flowers, and hear the they made conformable to the laws of divine | rivulet's murmur, and the wild bird's song. Let order; because divine truth and goodness can- | them go out into the country, be it ever so little not but enter, where the obstacles to its admis a distance, and breathe the fresh air, perfume. sion are done away.
laden, and take in at one glance the whole cope 70- Difficulties, S. A. - We beg to answer of the fair blue heaven. Let them go out and you with a little fable. - A shoe, ornamented tread reverently the green paths of sylvan aisles, with superb buckles, said to a slipper, that was and learn how paltry is Art, when compared with placed near to him, “My good friend, why have the magnificence of Nature. Let them do this, you not buckles?” “Of what use are they?" replied and then most truly will they who read our the slipper. "Is it possible you don't know the | country lessons aright, find use of buckles? without them we should stick in
“Books in the running brooks, the mire in the first bog we enter." "My dear
Sermons in stones, and good in everything." friend," said the slipper, “I never go into bogs." It is certainly wiser and better to avoid difficulties 75-Our own Little Platoon. P. S.--"To love than to provide remedies for them. This is a les- the little platoon we belong to in society is the son your cunning people can never understand. germ of all public affections." True, most true!
71-The Sunbeam. M. 0,-- The sunbeam is | The innocent associations of childhood, the composed of three distinct and separate rays, kind mother who taught us to whisper the first one of heat, one of light, and one called the faint accents of prayer, and watched with anxious chemical ray. These three agencies exist in face over our slumbers, the ground on which different proportions in the sunbeam, in the our little feet first trod, the pew in which we first spring summer, and autumn. The blue or sat during public worship, the school in which chemical ray is greater in the spring; the light our first rudiments were taught, the torn Virgil, greater in the summer. The chemical ray is less the dog-eared Horace, the friends and companions in autumn, and then the heating ray pre of our young days, the authors who first told us dominates. The proportion of these rays varies the history of our country, the songs that first in different seasons of the year, in order that the made our hearts throb with noble and generous growing plant may arrive at maturity. It has emotions, the burying-place of our fathers, the also been ascertained that the proportions of these cradles of our children, are surely the first objects agents vary in different climates.
which Nature tells us to love. Philanthropy, 72-The Plant of a Flower. D. R.-It has like charity, must begin at home. From this been ascertained that the plant of a flower centre our sympathies may extend in an everabsorbs more heat than the other parts, and widening circle. the dark more heat than the light; and hence it . 76-How to destroy an Enemy. D. N.--We is in ferred that the colour of a flower is what will illustrate your question by a little parable.determines the quantity of heat it requires, and Nangfee, Emperor of China, being told that his the amount which nature supplies. It will be enemies had raised an insurrection in one of the found that the soil and the plant contain nearly distant provinces, said, “Come, then, my friends, the same substances, the only one not in the follow me, and I promise you that we shall quickly plant being alumina. The mechanical function destroy them." He marched forward, and the of alumina in the soil is to anchor the plant. Its rebels submitted upon his approach. All row tenacity is its available property. Some plants thought that he would take the most signal grow in mere sand, but the great majority of revenge, but were surprised to see the captives them require a certain degree of tenacity in the treated with humanity. “How !" cries his first soil, which is obtained by mixing silica with clay. minister, " is this the manner in which you This alumina does not enter into the plant, but fulfil your promise your royal word was given only gives to the soil the tenacity necessary to that your enemies should be destroyed, and sustain the plant.
behold, you have pardoned all, and have caressed 73-Reading. R. T.-Of all the amusements some." "I promised," replied the Emperor, with that can possibly be imagined, after daily toil, or in a generous air, “to destroy my enemies. I have the intervals, there is nothing like reading a news- fulfilled my word, for see they are enemies no paper, or a book. It calls for no bodily exertion, longer; I have made friends of them." of which the man has had enough - perhaps too 77-Physical necessities to Health. E. M. much. It relieves our home of dulness and same-Out-door plays and pastimes, as the grace-hoop, ness. Nay, it accompanies us to our next day's battle - door, jumping - rope, ought to become work and gives us something to think of besides universal. Immediate attention should be paid the mere mechanical drudgery of our every day to the subject of VENTILATION. All public and occupation; something we can enjoy while absent, private rooms should be properly ventilated, for and look forward to with pleasure. If we were every adult person requires over two hundred to pray for a taste which would stand by us thousand cubic inches of pure air every twentyunder every variety of circumstances, and be a four hours to properly oxydize the blood; while source of happiness and cheerfulness to us through in that time is expelled forty thousand cubic life, and a shield against its ills, however things inches of CARBONIC ACID GAS, which is destrucmight go, it would be for that of reading, the tive to life. BATHING, as conducive to health, most lasting and agreeable of all enjoyments should be religiously performed. The Mohamwhich this world can furnish.
medan, who will bathe in sand when he cannot 74-The Country. E. G.-No; let the pale find water, ought to be an example to us. The student, and the haggard man of business, I skin is an important waste-organ to the system,