Sidor som bilder

and its millions of pores need a daily ablution to If we cast a passing glance upon the fishes, we perform their health-preserving office. Too much must perceive that the fluid which surrounds attention has been paid to the intellectual, to the them serves as a means of conveyance ; aided by neglect of the physical faculties. Our lunatic their fins, they travel through their domains with asylums are crowded with those whose physical ease and comfort. Nature has provided them energies were unable to sustain the excitement with a bladder filled with air, which they have of the intellectual organs. Insane asylums are power to empty and again to fill at pleasure; and a modern necessity.

Thus they diminish or increase the weight and 78-Ventilation. S. A. An error to be volume of their bodies as they rise or fall in the noticed in ventilation, is the opinion that one water. It is generally known that some fishes, small opening, such as a window slightly raised, like birds, are provided with an oily gland; with or the chimney left open, will afford ample venti- this their scales are anointed with a substance lation. Let these persons put their opinion to which protects them froin the relaxing effects of the following test : fill the room with smoke, the water. But what is most surprising is, that leaving only the one usual opening, and they this gland is placed on the head, in such a will find that it will take hours to remove the manner that the simple act of swimming causes smell; and it must be borne in mind that all the the oil to slide over their bodies, and covers them sinoke will not be removed till long after it is so completely. Without this admirable position, diminished that it does not smell. You cannot this gland would have been useless, as fishes take air out at one place without admitting airhave neither hands nor feet to anoint themat some other place. They well know it to be selves with this oil. impossible to draw water freely from a barrel by 81—How Glass Beads are made. C. H.-The merely making one opening, and it is equally small glass beads are fragments cut from pieces impossible to draw air from a room which has but of glass tubing, the sharp edges of which are one opening. Therefore to ventilate a room rounded by fusion. Glass tubes of the proper there must be an opening to admit air to supply size are first drawn from one hundred to two the place of that which you wish to remove; if hundred feet in length, and of all possible these two openings are not provided, the regur. colours (in Venice they prepare two hundred gitation through one will be an operation different shades), and are broken into lengths of miserably inefficient, utterly unworthy of being two feet. These are then cut, by the aid of a called ventilation. The majority of those who knife, into fragments of the same length as their attempt ventilation are guilty of this mistake; diameters. They now present the form of beads, they are living and sleeping in unventilated the edges of which, however, are so sharp that rooms, and never suspect it.

they would cut the thread on which they have to 79–Precocity of Talent. P. D. - Precocity be strung. The edges have consequently to be is a disease-a freak or accident of Nature-an rounded by fusion; and, as this operation must unhealthy and unnatural state. Any premature be performed upon a great uumber at once, and development of the body, or of the faculties of they must not be allowed to stick together, they the mind, is precocity. Instances of moral pre- are mixed in coal-dust and powdered clay, precocity are common. There are hundreds of vious to their being placed in the revolving children in London, who are infants in years, but cylinder in which they are heated. The finished veterans in evil and sin. On the other hand, beads are then passed through sieves sorted to there are children who are serious, pious, and their size, and strung upon thread by women. conscientious far beyond their years. But the The glass beads made in imitation of pearl for most common and most marked form of precocity toilet ornaments, the invention of which dates is that of the mental faculties. Lope de Vega, from the year 1656, are very different from the the Spanish dramatist, composed verses almost preceding, both as regards their application, mode froin his cradle, and before he could write them. of production, and origin. These are small, solid Dr. Crotch, the celebrated musician, began to glass beads, of the same size as native pearls, play the organı soon after he entered his second which they are made to resemble by a coating of year, and could transpose whatever he played varnish, which gives them a peculiar pearly into the most difficult keys before he was three lustre and colour. A maker of rosaries, by the years old. Mozart was a composer at the age of name of Jaquin, was the first to discover that the six. The precociousness of Chatterton, Gold- scales of a species of fish (Cyprinus albunus) smith, Watis, Pope, Byron, Shelley, Kirk White, communicate a pearly hue to water. Based upon Keats, Cowley, Moore, and others, among the this observation, glass globules were first covered poets, is well known. Lord Brougham entered on the outside, but at a later period on the inside, college at the age of twelve; Sir David Brewster, with this aqueous essence. The costly essence. Dr. Chalmers, and Lord Campbell, at eleven. however, of which only a quarter of a pound Similar instances of intellectual precocity are could be obtained from the scales of four thounot uncommon, both in Europe and America. sand, was subjected to one great evil, that of

80-Harmony of Nature. M. S.-No; Some decay. After trying alcohol without success, in insects have no defence, except the diversity of consequence of its destroying the lustre of the their motion. When the notopeda or elator is substance, sal-ammoniac was at length found to laid upon its back, it uses a spring hidden in its be the best medium in which to apply the breast, and, like a skilful jumper, it falls upon essence; a little isinglass is also mixed with it, his feet; the butterfly escapes from the birds by which causes it to adhere better. The pearls are its zig-zag flight; the spider runs away from its blown singly at the lamp; a drop of the essence enemies by letting itself down its thread; the is then blown into them through a thin tube, gyranus describes with rapidity circles on the spread out by rolling; and the dried varnish is crystal waters, and the tipula lightly execute then covered in a similar manner by a layer of their dances there without wetting their paws.


82-Tracing Paper. C. A. This is made of 86– Amiability of Temper. C. D.

Your the refuse of the flax-mills, and being formed hand says you are a man, and we think you must into a semi-transparent stuff, yields a transparent be a husband; we therefore agree with you that paper. The same material is used for the paper an amiable temper is generally regarded, and of bank-notes; but for this latter purpose it is most wisely so, as one of the highest qualificableached with chlorinated lime.

tions in a wife. But unfortunately it is not 83-Glances. A. C.-From the letter of this

deemed so necessary in a husband. As the power correspondent, who pays us a high compliment is quite

as great as that of a wife to render her

of a husband, however, to make his wife unhappy, for the “good feeling and sound sense generally displayed in our remarks, in this portion of quite as desirable, we think,

as on that of the

husband miserable, a good temper on his part is the Family Friend, we take the following

female. A handsome husband must grow ugly thought and simile. " Perhaps the short hasty

sooner or later; a rich one may become poor; a gazes cast up any day in the midst of business, in a dense city, at the heavens, or at a bit of tree

talented one can confer only distinction; but a

husband with an amiable temper always conseen amid buildings-gazes which partake almost more of a sigh than a look-have in them more

tinues the same, and never disappoints the of intense appreciation of the beauties of nature

expectations. If, to his good temper, he adds than all that has been felt by an equal number good sense, he is sure to render his wife happy,

unless she is both a vixen and a dunce. It is not of sight-seers enjoying large opportunities of sight-seeing, and all their time to themselves. the man of showy qualities who will make the Like a prayer offered up in every-day life, these

life of his wife a pleasant one; it is the man who short, fond gazes at nature, have something in

has common sense and a good heart. The conceivably beautiful in them."

qualities that wear well, not those which dazzle,

are the qualities for domestic life. This may 84-The Desire to be Rich. P. U.-The desire

seem homely talk to you, and as trite as it is to be rich is a natural one in the present state of homely. But the advice we give, though its society-for money now-a-days, unfortunately, is truth is self-evident, is too apt to be forgotten, the accredited sesame to all doors, and nearly all

and therefore requires to be recalled occasion hearts, while poverty is regarded too often as the ally. It is usually also given to ladies excluindex of dishonour. Still, though the desire is sively. We take the liberty, however, of offernatural, it is unwise. Providence manages these ing it, in the present instance, to the gentlemen things for us better than we should for ourselves. alone. We have had the opportunity to sit on the fence, 87-Nervous Temperaments. P. C.--People and watch the two extremes; and really, for

of strong nervous temperaments are great slaves pure happiness, it is about a penny toss-up which to the whims and caprices of their imaginations; is preferable. “Give me neither riches nor

and hence, people of good mental, but of very poverty," said the wise man, and his prayer ordinary physical acquirements are the most showed that he was a very sensible and observing subject to this tyranny of mind over matter. old gentleman. The middle grade is, after all, the

Occasionally, a very ordinary sort of person that most comfortable. There is generally found the is, an individual of considerable mind, but whose most contentment, the truest religious faith, the

mental capacities are untrained, and so partially most permanent domestic love, and the highest undeveloped -suffers from this peculiar faet, physical health. Is it not so?

in a most distressing degree. No doubt (says 85-Curtants and Gooseberries. E. A. There the best physical authority) one half the ills that is not a more beautiful shrub growing than the flesh is heir to, are superinduced by the fancy currant, properly propagated; and the same may of the sufferer alone. Hundreds have died by be said of the gooseberry. Cultivators who pay mere symptoms of cholera, yellow fever, and any attention to the subject, never allow the root plague, induced by sheer dread and fear of those to make but one stock, or, as the English say, terrible maladies. This leads us to ask you, " make them stand on one leg"-thus forming a if your ills are not more fanciful than real? beautiful miniature tree. To do this you must A case is recorded wherein a felon, condemned take sprouts of last year's growth and cut out all to death by phlebotomy, had his arm laid bare the eyes, or buds, in the wood, leaving only two to the shoulder, and thrust through a hole in a or three at the top; then push them about half partition, while he was fast bound to the opposite the length of the cutting, into mellow ground, side; the hidden executioner, upon the other where they will root, and run up a single stock, side, applied the lancet to the arm with a click; forming a beautiful symmetrical head. If you the poor culprit heard the muddy stream outwish it higher, cut the eyes out again the second pouring, and soon growing weaker and fainter, year. This places your fruit out of the way of he fell into a swoon, and died; when the fact hens, and prevents the gooseberry from mildew- was, not a drop of blood had been shed, a surgeon ing, which often happens when the fruit lies on or having merely snapped his lancet upon the arm, near the ground, and is shaded by a super- and continued to pour « small stream of water abundance of leaves and sprouts. It changes over the limb and into a basin. Such is the an unsightly bush, which cumbers and disfigures power of imagination. your garden, into an ornamental dwarf tree. 88-To Cut and Grind Glass. D. E. No, The fruit is larger, and ripens better, and will the art of cutting glass is much more modern last on the bushes, by growing in perfection, than that of painting and staining it. At present until late in the fall. The mass of people suppose the richness and brilliancy of our vessels of glass, that the roots make out from the lower buds. which contribute so much to the ornament of It is not so they start from between the bark our tables, are owing, in a great degree, to the and wood, at the place where it was cut from the elaborate manner in which they are cut. The parent root.

cutting is effected by wheels driven by con

Of late years

siderable power, the glass being held to the dict, is to prize, in woman, common sense and a wheels. The first cutting is with wheels of stone, sweet temper above all things else. It has bethen with iron wheels covered with sharp sand come the fashion, within the last generation, to or emery; it is then polished in the same manner undervalue common sense. People who possess by putty, or oxide of tin. To prevent too much no brilliant parts, however strong their common heat being excited by the friction, a small stream sense, are set down as very ordinary folk, not at of water is constantly running on the glass. In all worthy of notice. Yet, in all the great translarge manufactories the wheels are urged by a actions of life, it is the man of common sense, steam engine. Glass may be ground by hand on not the man of mere talents, who succeeds the any coarse-grained sand-stone, or with sand, or best. Common sense, indeed, is practical sensewith emery and water. Panes, or flat pieces of every-day sense-sense that is continually deglass, may be divided, when a glazier's diamond manded in affairs of business. It is, in its is not at hand, by making a notch with a file analysis, the capability of judging accurately on and carrying a piece of hot charcoal in the line all ordinary transactions. When conjoined with in which it is wished the fracture should proceed. brilliant parts, common sense makes a man The charcoal must be kept alive with the the leader of armies, the great statesman, or the breath. A red hot iron will also do. The art distinguished author. And in the married relaof casting in glass has lately arrived at such per- tion-which is what we are considering at present fection, that many articles, such as small plates, -common sense is worth all the talents in the salt-cellars, &c., now almost rival, at first sight, world, because it is just the quality which has to those that are cut; and glass casting has one be called into daily exercise, and without which advantage over glass cutting, that certain orna- there can be little happiness. ments can be cast that could not be cut with 91-Excessive Display of Jewellery. W. B.the wheel; but no casting has yet quite equalled Your town, we fear, is not the only place where the sharpness and beauty of cut glass, and indeed

this fashion is carried to excess. cannot bear close comparison with it.

the wearing of jewellery, in season and out of 89-The vascular System of Leaves. D. F.- season, both by matrons and unmarried females, Among the fallen leaves which have dropped into has increased vastly in some parts.

It is an water, or which have been exposed to the action indication that the growing wealth of the people of the atmosphere in a damp place, we may is not accompanied by a corresponding refinesometimes pick up a very good specimen of a ment; but that the love of vulgar show, the low skeleton leaf, or å leaf in which the cuticular pride of ostentation, takes the place of a pure and cellular system has been entirely destroyed;

and elevated taste. The emulation with fashionand in which the vascular system, containing able dames now-a-days, so far from being, as more earthy matter, and being therefore less with the Spartan women, to excel each other in liable to decomposition, remains. Generally household virtues, is to wear the largest diaspeaking, however, these natural preparations monds. And in this ambition they forget fitof dissected leaves are imperfect, or have been ness, beauty, taste, everything but the mere injured by the depredations of insects, and much vulgar desire to shine. To be gracefully and better specimens may be procured in the follow- elegantly attired, in short, is secondary to the ing manner. Take the leaves which have the desire to be a sort of jeweller's walking show. strongest veins, such as those of the beech, or card. We do not oppose the use of diamonds linden tree, and place them in a jar of water, for and pearls altogether, as some persons might the space of six or seven months. By the end of imagine from these remarks. A few diamonds, this time the cuticle will be found to be sepa- judiciously worn, look well, on proper occasions, rated from the veins, and may be easily removed. on married women. But young girls rarely of The leaf must then be placed on the palm of the never improve their appearance by the use of hand, and with a camel's hair brush and a little these dazzling jewels; and, as a general rule, the water, the green cellular matter which has be- simpler the costume of a woman in her teens, the come decomposed, may be washed away from the better. English females are usually pretty, up to vascular net-work : and if the operation be care- the age of twenty, at least. Consequently, at fally performed, the most minute veins and vein- this period of life, there are few whom an elabolets may be preserved. These preparations en- rate attire does not injure; a simple white dress, able us to trace more readily, than in the natural or a rose-bud in the hair, is frequently all that leaf, the various ramifications of the vascular is required ; and more only spoils that combiand woody matter in the leaf ; but, beyond this, nation of youthfulness, grace, and modesty they afford us no information, and we must have which it should be the highest ambition of the recourse to the microscope, if we would ascertain girl to attain: because, if she did but know it, the true structure of the vascular system of it is her highest charm. Instead of this, howleaves.

ever, we see gay females, scarcely freed from the 90-Common Sense. S. E. F.- As your letter nursery, wearing enormous jewelled ear-drops, is redolent of the spirit which we would wish to or sporting on the finger, a diamond ring as large see pervade the universal Family circle of man, as a sixpence. Sometimes, too, ladies pretendwe beg to differ slightly with you, and say that ing to be well-bred, descend to receive a morning common sense and a good heart are qualifications, visitor of their own sex, glittering like a jewelfor which others than literary people should look ler's case, with costly gems. In all this, we out, when forming a matrimonial connection. repeat, there is neither refinement nor elegance, The best advice that we can give to a young but simply vulgar ostentation. Female dress lady, about to marry, is to prefer the man of has ceased to be a means of beautifying the sense and amiability before the man of genius person or displaying the wearer's taste, and has and passion. And the best advice we can give a become instead, a mere brag af the husband's or young bachelor, who wishes to become a Bene- father's wealth.

92-To Clear a Well of Foul Air. H. C.-Put with an abundance of soft, glossy hair, feeling a quart or two of unslacked lime into a bucket, like a bed of moss-and hence is ever termed a and before lowering it into the well, put a suffi- mossy skin. But a thick-set, hard, short hair, eient quantity of water on the lime to slack it; always handles hard, and indicates a hard feeder. then let it down to the water, but not so as to go 99-Isinglass. G. M.-Isinglass is a preparainto it. In a few minutes the well will be cleared

tion formerly made only from the great sturgeon; of foul air, the slacking lime either taking up the but is now obtained from the entrails of most noxious air or forcing it out of the well.

other fishes. When good, it consists almost 93-Robbing Peter to pay Paul. R. Y. --- In wholly of pure gelatine, or glue, which is nutrithe time of Edward VI. much of the lands of St.

tious. It is free from taste and smell, and is Peter, at Westminster, were seized by his soluble in warm water. Being nothing more majesty's ministers and courtiers; but in order than the membraneous parts of fishes, it can to reconcile the people to the robbery, they probably be made from the fish on the coasts in allowed a portion of the land to be appropriated

this country. The sounds or air-bladders of fresh towards the repairs of St. Paul's church-hence

water fish are generally preserved for this purthe phrase, "robbing Peter to pay Paul."

pose. And it is best made in the warm season. 94-Ventilate a Stable. M. F.-To venti- It is sometimes used as a medicine; but boiled late a stable generally, there must be two things. in milk it forms a nutritious jelly, and is the subFirst, an aperture for the escape of the tainted air, colder than the stable, which will of itself coffee, vinous liquors, and cider.

stance of blancmange. It is also used for refining pull out the impure air in the shape of a current: but, to render this complete, an opening near

100-The Value of Five Minutes. C. C.-You the ground should also be made, to drive off the

say, if you waste five minutes, it is not much; carbonate acid or heavy gas, and to supply the

but probably if you waste tive minutes yourself vacancy its removal will create.

you lead some one else to waste five minutes, and 95--Trunks. M. 0,-The inconvenience is

that makes ten. If a third follow your example, now very easily obviated, trunks being manu

that makes a quarter of an hour. Now if there factured in such a shape as to be small or large,

were one hundred and eighty of you together, at the pleasure of the traveller, and the quantity

and if every one wasted five minutes in a day, of articles he may wish to carry with him. The

what would it come to? Why, it would be fifteen principle is very simple. The trunk is of two

hours; and fifteen hours a day would be ninety independent parts, without hinges; one sliding

hours-about eight days working time in a week; over the other, and fastened with straps and

and would give a year of four hundred days. “Do padlocks. Of course its size will depend entirely you think such waste as that could be borne by on the quantity it contains.

any establishment ? Now go and think how fast 96-Good Sense and Good Nature. R.O.-Good

five minutes can be multiplied. sense and good nature are never separated, though

101-The Study of History. P.T.-The study the ignorant world has thought otherwise. Good

of history is salutary to the young mind. To nature, by which we mean beneficence and know what has been done in all countries, since candour, is the product of light reason; which of man was placed upon the earth, is a laudable necessity will give allowance to the failings curiosity, and an ennobling pursuit. To form a of others, by considering that there is nothing

correct opinion of the characters thus presented perfect in mankind; and by distinguishing that us, affords useful exercise to the judgment. which comes nearest to excellency, though not

Those who have delighted only to shed blood, absolutely free from faults, will certainly produce

and to build their fame on the misery of mana candour in the judge.

kind, should not be admired though the world 97-Think. G. M. Thought engenders may pronounce them heroes. In reading of thought. Place one idea upon paper-another the truly wise and good, we should strive to will follow it, and still another, until you have

imbibe their spirit and tread in their steps. The written a page. You cannot fathom your mind; highest end of knowledge is to advance in goodthere is a well of thought there which has no ness and piety, and to make the heart and life bottom. The more you draw from it, the more more acceptable to God. clear and plentiful it will be. If you neglect to

102—The Acorn. L. A.-If an acorn be susthink yourself, and use other people's thoughts, pended by a piece of thread within half an inch giving them utterance only, you will never know

of the surface of some water contained in a what you are capable of. At first your ideas hyacinth-glass, and so permitted to remain withmay come in lumps-homely and shapeless ; but out being disturbed, it will, in a few months, no matter, time and perseverance will arrange

burst and throw a root into the water, and shoot and refine them.

Learn to think, and you will upwards its straight and tapering stem, with learn to write-the more you think, the better beautiful little green leaves. A young oak-tree you will express your ideas.

growing in this way on the mantel-shelf of a room 98-How to Judge Cattle. C. H.-In all do- is a very elegant and interesting object. We mestic animals, the skin, or hide, forms one of have seen several oak-trees, and also a chesnutthe best means by which to estimate their fatten- tree, thus growing: but all of them, however, ing properties. In the handling of oxen, if the

have died after a few months-probably owing hide be found soft and silky to the touch, it to the water not being changed sufficiently often affords a proof of tendency to take on flesh. A to afford them the necessary quantity of nourishbeast having a perfect touch, will have a thick,

ment for the matter contained in them. loose skin, floating, as it were, on a layer of soft 103-Country Excursions. T.C.--There is truth fat, yielding to the slightest pressure, and spring and good sense in what you say, and we think ing back towards the finger like a piece of soft further more that a short trip into the country, leather. Such a skin will be usually covered even for a single day, is exceedingly beneficial,

by diverting the mind from the ordinary objects of elsewhere, fruit in great abundance tempts the contemplation, and removing from it, for a time, taste, and is ever free. Let this practice be that load of anxious cares, which, if suffered too imitated in our country, and the weary wanderer long to remain, destroys its elasticity. At least will be blest, and will bless the hand that minionce a year, a jaunt of a week or two should stered to this comfort and joy. We are bound if possible be taken by every one; the communi- to leave the world as good or better than we cations by land and water to every part of the found it, and he is a selfish churl who basks country are now so abundant and economical under the shadow, and eats the fruit of trees that there are few, indeed, who could not afford which other hands have planted, if he will not it, if they wished; in the end, such expenditure also plant trees which shall yield fruit to coming would probably be the means of saving a larger generations. sum, by improving the health, and enabling men 107-Activity and Energy. M. R.- Want of to engage in the various occupations of life with energy is a great and coinmon cause of the want greater energy.

of domestic comfort. As the best laid fire can 104--What is requisite to the Formation of Moss? give no heat and cook no food, unless it is lighted, A. F.-In order that moss may be renovated, so the clearest ideas and purest intentions will when dug, it is requisite that the pits be left full produce no corresponding actions without that of water; that they be not too large nor deep, energy which gives power to all that is of value, and that the water in them be stagnant. It which is, as it were, the very life of life, and appears that similar requisites are necessary which is never more necessary or available than to the original formation of that substance, either in the mistress and mother of a family. Those from ligneous or aquatic plants. Moisture seems who have it not, and many are constitutionally to be absolutely requisite. Without it no moss destitute of it, would do well to inquire of their is formed of these materials. Let a congeries of experience and their conscience, what compen ligneous or aquatic plants be formed, however sating virtues they can bring into the marriage great that may be, if left dry, or not immersed in state, to justify them in entering on its duties water, it never will be converted into peat. Such without that which is so essential to their pera mass indeed will, even in this case undergo formance. They should consider that the pretty certain chemical changes, and form new com- face and graceful languor, which, as it is often binations, but the result will be different from especially attractive to the most impetuous of that substance. When exposed to the influences the other sex, gained them ardent lovers, will of the atmosphere, it will undergo the putrid not enable them to satisfy the innumerable fermentation, and be reduced to vegetable mould. requisitions, and secure the social happiness of In this form it will be destitute of the dis- the fidgetty and exacting husbands, into which tinguishing qualities of moss, inflammability, characters ardent and impetuous lovers are genetenacity, and others.

rally transformed. 105- Thin Soles, S.R.-We have named them 108-Places of Worship in England and Wales. before, and we never see a summer bird that has W. B.-The whole number of Churches and lingered late in the autumn, leaving its timid Chapels in England and Wales, is computed to footprint in the first fall of snow, but it reminds be 28,290. Of these, the Estabiished Church us of that delicate fair one, in light thin slippers, las 14,000, the Presbyterians 150, the Indeon a cold icy pavement. The bird, however, can pendents 2,572, the Baptists 1,943, the Wesleyan escape to a warmer clime, and in the spring it Connexion 4,450, the Wesleyan New Connexion can re-appear; but the lady is on that journey | 281, the Primitive Methodists 1,662, the Wesleyan from which there is no return. The music of Methodist As ociation 322, Bible Christians 415, the bird may again gladden its native tree; but the Methodists 778, Lady Huntingdon's Conher voice will not again cheer the hearth of her nexion 30, the Unitarians 260, the Quakers 330, home. The badges of sorrow and the slowly various minor Protestant sects 500, Roman Cathoreturning hearse will soon tell what that slipper lics 697. According to this statement, it appears has done. It has taken from us in the bloom of that places of worship belonging to Protestants life one that we loved, but would not listen to are 97.89 per cent., and those belonging to Roman the voice of admonition. Her bright days are Catholics 2•11 per cent. of the whole number, now past; the light of her countenance has fled, and that of the former, a fraction more than and the night of the grave curtains the deep half (viz. 50:55) belong to the Established couch of her repose. But a voice speaks tenderly Church, the rest to Protestant Dissenters. The from that grave to those whom she has left increase of the churches and chapels of the behind; it whispers the admonition which she Established Church, for the last quarter of a disregarded. Shall that whisper not be heard century, is 2,175, or 18:39 per cent.; the increase It is a sister's voice that pleads.

of the Independents has been 732, or 39.78 per 106—Planting Fruit Trees for Others. F.F.- cent.; the Baptists 742, or 61.77 per cent. ; the We will tell you what we think a simple and easy Methodists 3,997, or 102:19 per cent.; the Roman way of leaving something for the benefit of yourfel Catholics 222, or 59.20. The number of Prolow creatures when you are gone. The Spaniards testant places of worship which have been built have a maxim, that a man is ungrateful to the past since 1831, as compared with the Roman Cathogeneration that planted the trees from which he lic places of worship which have been built eats fruit, and deals unjustly towards the next since 1826, is as 34 to l. In addition to the above generation, unless he plants the seed, that it may mentioned churches and chapels, which are exclufurnish food forthose who come after him. Thus, sively devoted to purposes of Christian worship, when a son of Spain eats a peach or pear by the there are 7,474 " stations," that is to say, schools. roadside, wherever he is, he digs a hole in the or hired rooms, in which prayer meetings are ground with his foot, and covers the seed. Con- held, and the gospel is preached by evangelical sequently, all over Spain, by the roadsides and Dissenters.

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