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for the rich are more envied by those who have a knowledge of life than we had; but then the dogs little, than by those who have nothing; and no are not so good scholars. Sir, in my early days I monarch ever heard with indifference that other read very hard. It is a sad reflection, but a true monarchs were extending their dominions, except one, that I knew almost as much at eighteen as I Theodore of Corsica--who had none !

do now. My judgment, to be sure, was not so 6-Pain and Pleasure. D.P. - In the con good; but I had all the facts. I remember very stitution both of our minds and of our bodies, well, when I was at Oxford, an old gentleman everything must go on right, and harmonize well said to me-Young man, ply your book diligently together to make us happy; but should one thing | now, and acquire a stock of knowledge; for, when go wrong, that is quite enough to make us years come unto you, you will find that poring miserable; and, although the joys of this world upon books will be but an irksome task.'are vain and short, yet its sorrows are real and 1 10- Human Happiness. E. M.- It really lasting; for we will show you a ton of perfect gladdens our heart when we see universal hap pain, with greater ease than one ounce of perfect piness and good-humour depicted in the counpleasure; and he knows little of himself, or of the tenances of every one. As a sunny landscape world, who does not think it sufficient happiness cheers the sight and exhilarates the spirits, so to be free from sorrow; therefore, give a wise nothing can more conduce to impart joy to the man health, and he will give himself every other Family Friend than to witness the happiness of thing. We say, give him health, for it often the fellow-creatures by whom he is surrounded. happens that the most ignorant empiric can do us Brief, alas! is the mortal career of man, and yet the greatest harm, although the most skilful physi what jealousies, what ill-nature, and spite, and cian knows not how to do us the slightest good. malice, is he not doomed to experience in his

7 - Celery, E. G.-In eartbing up celery chequered and transitory career upon marth! We, the greatest care is necessary to prevent any ourselves have often, we think very undeservedly, portion of the earth from falling into the heart a taste of this. Some cross-grained reader will of the plant, which would prevent the upright find occasional fault with our best endeavours to growth of the inside leaves, and spoil its ap- please him, and write to us in a spirit very repearance for the table; nor should the earth be mote from that of a Family Friend. Such things, pressed too closely round the upper part of the however, are unavoidable; and we give the same plant, as frequently, when such is the case, it counsel to you that we take to ourselves; namely, bulges out below. The best practice is to tie to allow nothing to weigh with you, but what is each plant up loosely with matting (having pre dictated by reason. viously removed the suckers and small leaves), 11-Nature and Art. D.A.-The one is for and then a little earth can be added every week, ever, and the other for a day. The tomb of Moses as the plant increases in height. Another com is unknown; but the traveller slakes his thirst at mon error arises from earthing celery up too soon. | the well of Jacob. The gorgeous palace of the It should be allowed to grow to a considerable | wisest and wealthiest of monarchs, with the size before earthing up is attemptod; and be cedar, and gold, and ivory, and even the great frequently soaked with water, as but litile rain Temple of Jerusalem, hallowed by the visible will reach the roots afterwards; it should like glory of the Deity himself, are gone; but Solowise never be touched when the plants are at all mon's reservoirs are as perfect as ever. Of the damp.

ancient architecture of the Holy City not one 8- Life's Sunlight and Shadow. D. E. - stone is left upon another ; but the Pool of In the absence of other themes to write upon, Bethesda eommands the pilgrim's reverence at take the relations of life which abound with the present day. The columns of Persepolis are solemn warnings and touching incidents, mouldering into dust; but its cisterns and aqueScarcely a community exists, however small, the ducts remain to 'challenge our admiration. The history of which is replete with scenes, that, if golden house of Nero is a mass of ruins; but delineated by the pen of a master-spirit, and the Aqua Claudia still pours into Rome its limembellished with a few of the golden rays of pid stream. The Temple of the Bun at Tadmor in fancy, would not seem fraught with romance. The Wilderness, has fallen; but its fountain sparkles Nay, there is scarcely a family of any extent that in its rays, as when thousands of worshippers has not stories in its private chronicles, "sun- thronged its lofty colonnades. It may be that light and shadows," joys and sorrows, full of London will share the fate of Babylon, and nothing interest of the most thrilling description. We be left to mark its site save mounds of crumblive, move, and breathe in a world of mystery. ling brick-work. The Thames will continue to The shadows which veil a single year-nay, a flow as it does now. And if any work of art single day-from the eye of poor mortality, may should rise over the deep ocean of Time, we may to some be charged with death or desolation, well believe that it will be neither #palace nor a while to others they may serve to shut out the temple, but some vast aqueduct or reservoir; plorious light of hope and happiness and pros and if any name should flash through the mist of perity.

antiquity, it will probably be that of the man who 9 – Youth. T. M. - We will answer you in his day sought the happiness of his fellow-men with a passage from the mouth of the great Dr. rather than glory, and linked his memory to some Johnson :-"Sir, I love the acquaintance of young great work of national utility or benevolence. people: because, in the first place, I don't like to This is the true glory which outlives all others, think myself growing old. “In the next place, and shines with undying lustre from generation young acquaintances must last longest, if they do to generation, imparting to works something of last: and then, sir, young men have more vir- its own immortality, and, in some degree, rescuing tue than old men; they have more generous senti-them from the ruin which overtakes the ordinary ments in every respect. I love the young dogs of monuments of historical tradition or ere magni this age, they have more wit and humour and ficence.

12--Rhapsodists. H.C.-Therhapsodists were lar manner to be put on, in talking to gentlethe minstrels of antiquity. They learned poems men, and, not knowing exactly what it is. they by heart and recited them to assembled crowds are embarrassed and reserved; others observe and on the occasions of feasts. Homer was a certain airs and looks, used by their elders in this rhapsodist and rhapsodized his own divine verses. intercourse, and try to imitate them, as a neces

13--Paradise Lost. A. G.--The criticism of sary part of company behaviour, and so become Addison and the opinion of Dr. Johnson, were affected, and lose that first of charms, simplicity, alone sufficient to give it celebrity, but it cannot naturalness. To such we would say, your compabe dissembled that its absurd machinery of | nions are in error; it requires no peculiar mandevils and angels, yields in our days to commou ner, nothing to be put on, in order to converse sense, and though it has many admirers it has with gentlemen, any more than with ladies; and few readers.

the more pure and elevated your sentiments are, 14-Value of Time. M.--Much time may be and the better cultivated your intellect is, the saved by learning to do everything in the best easier will you find it to converse pleasantly with manner, by taking hold of things in the right all. way; but much may also be wasted in finical 19-Early Rising. C. S.-The feelings of nicety. Whilst it is important to do everything which you complain arise entirely from the unwell, it is cqually so not to bestow more pains accustomed novelty of the change. Dr. Wilson and time on anything than it is worth. In Philip, in his “ Treatise on Indigestion," saysneedle-work, for instance, there is often a useless Although it is of consequence to the debilitated sacrifice of time, labour, and eyesight, and twice to go early to bed, there are few things more as many stitches are put into a garment as are hurtful to them than remaining in it too long. requisite for durability or appearance.

Getting up an hour or two earlier often gives a 15-Rudeness in Public. G. S.-In France, degree of vigour which nothing else can procure. where politeness is found in every class, the people For those who are not much debilitated and do not run against each other in the streets, nor sleep well, the best rule is to get out of bed soon brush rudely by each other, as they sometimes do after waking in the morning. This at first may in our cities. It adds much to the pleasure of appear too early, for the debilitated require more walking, to be free from such annoyance; and sleep than the healthy; but rising early will grathis can only be brought about by the well-taught dually prolong the sleep on the succeeding night, few setting a good example to the many. By till the quantity the patient enjoys is equal to his having your wits about you, you can win your demand for it. Lying late is not only hurtful, way through a thronged street without touching by the relaxation it occasions, but also by oc. even the extreme circumference of a balloon cupying that part of the day at which exercise sleeve; and, if each one strove to avoid all con is most beneficial." tact, it would be easily accomplished.

20-Profession of a Governess. E.-A recent 16- Simplicity of Living. W. M.--Happy writer has well observed :-"To all who have te is it for those whose childhood has been guided select an occupation for life, I would say tremble by enlightened parents, and who then formed a at the idea of becoming a Governess; and if you do liabit of simple living. Happy they, who are not tremble you are unfit to become one: choose used to drink nothing stronger than water with anything else; be an embroideress, a knitter, an their dinner, and that in very moderate quanti inventor of patterns, the last a lucrative employties; who have a fixed habit of dining on one | ment, and one that inay be pursued in perfect dish of meat, and one or two of vegetables ; privacy. Undertake the ornamentation of papier whose stomachs are never filled with trash maché, hair ornaments, illuminating vellum and between ineals; and who can deny their palates missal, herald painting, the innumerable appliwhat they know to be unfit for their stomach. ances of leather-work; or take up some other branch As they grow older and wiser, they will appre of design,-be an artist if you can, an engraver on ciate such a bringing up; but it is feared, that wood, a lithographer. Be anything but a Governin this day of unlimited indulgence, there are ess unless your heart and soul are in the work few who have to thank their parents for any such of human advancement; if they are, though you habits,

tremble at the responsibilities you would incur, 17--A Good Name. B. G.-Always be more the very feeling of your own insufficiency will solicitous to preserve your innocence than con- rouse you to the most strenuous course of selfcemed to prove it. It will never do to seek a discipline, in order that you may raise yourself good name as a primary object. Like trying to to the standard you would have your pupils emube graceful, the effort to be popular will make | late." you contemptible. Take care of your spirit and 21-Gold Countries. B. R.-The Indus and conduct, and your reputation will take care of the Euphrates were the earliest spots from which itself. The utmost that you are called to do as man obtained gold. Nubia and Ethiopia on the the guardian of your reputation is to remove inju south, and Siberia on the north, in the course rious aspersions, Let not your good be evil of a short time, handed up their auriferous spoken of, and follow the highest examples in treasures to gratify human necessity, and to inmild and explicit self-vindication. No reputa dulge human luxury Europe then began to tion can be permanent which does not spring unfold its golden stores, and Illyria and the from principle, and he who would maintain a Pyrenees, together with the lands of the Hun. good character should be mainly solicitous to garians, and many parts of Germany, to the maintain a conscience void of offence towards Rhine, were sought successfully for gold. Our God and towards man.

islands yielded something to the store; and then 18-Behaviour to Gentlemen. H. L. C.-Very the New World of the Americans opened by young girls are apt to suppose, from what they Columbus a source from which the Old World observe in older ones, that there is some particu-was to supply its golden waste. On and still westward rolled the golden ball-which, in many use of snow when persons are thirsty does not respects, was not unlike the ball of the Oriental by any means allay the insatiable desire for tale-until at length it rested in California. water; on the contrary, it appears to be increased Europe and Asia rush equally to that new El in proportion to the quantity used, and the freDorado, and the man of China is found at the quency with which it is put into the mouth, side of the English gold-seeker. Then, as if to For example, a person walking along feels indouble the girdle, the islands of the Pacific and tensely thirsty, and he looks to his feet with our own Australia open their exceeding stores. covering eyes; but his good sense and firm re

22-The Effects f Female Education. B. D. solutions are not to be overcome so easily, and --The difference between the mental qualities of he withdraws the open hand that was to grasp the sexes is owing, we apprehend, far more to the delicious morsel and convey it into his education than to nature. At all events, there is parching mouth: he has several miles of a no such natural difference as warrants the dis-journey to accomplish, and his thirst is every tinction we make in the mental discipline we | moment increasing; he is perspiring proprovide for them. There are certain professional fusely, and feels quite hot and oppressed at studies with which no one thinks of vexing the length his good resolutions stagger, and he parmind of any one man or woman, but those who takes of the smallest particle, which produces a practice the professions; but why, in a good Eng | most exhilarating effect; in less than ten minutes lish library, there should be one-half of it, and he tastes again and again, always increasing the that the better half, which a young woman is not quantity, and in half an hour he has a gum-stick expected to read, this is difficult to understand, of condensed snow, which he masticates with and will not admit of patient reflection. Why avidity, and replaces with assiduity the moment may not a Locke, or a Paley, or a Dugald Stewart that it has melted away: but his thirst is not

rain the mind of a future mother of a family? or allayed in the slightest degree; he is as hot as why may not an intelligent young woman be a ever, and still perspires; his mouth is in flames, companion for her husband in his more serious and he is driven to the necessity of quenching moods of thought as well as in his gayer and more I them with snow, which adds fuel to the fire: trifling hours. Would the world lose anything of the melting snow ceases to please the palate, and social happiness or moral refinement by this in | it feels like red-hot coals, which, like a fire-eater, tellectual equality of the two sexes? You vex he shifts about with his tongue, and swallows the memory of a young girl with dictionaries and without the addition of saliva: he is in despair, vocabularies without end; you tax her memory in but habit has taken the place of his reasoning every conceivable manner; and at an after age faculties, and he moves on with languid steps, you give the literature of sentiment freely to her lamenting the severe fate which forces him to pillage; but that which should step between the persist in a practice which in an unguarded two, the culture of the reason, this is entirely moment he allowed to begin. forbidden. If she learns a dozen modern lan 25-Ladies' Dresses. C.-It has been well guages, she does not read a single book in any observed that women, in their desire for comfort, one of them that would make her think.

have at last rebelled against the inconvenient 23--Schemes and Projects. G. B.- Act cool shawl, hanging in the most ungraceful form, and advisedly. In any public scheme or project, with a trailing peak behind, constantly slipping, it is advisable that the proposer or projector unless pinned, and have taken to the paletet of should not at first present himself to the public the men. The result is rather droll. A lady in as the sole mover in the affair. His neighbours a sailor's rough pea-jacket, with outside pockets. will not like his egotism if it be at all ambitious, buttoned over, large and long, and voluminous nor will they willingly co-operate in anything silken and other dresses and petticoats, has, at that may place an equal a single step above their first sight, something of the aspect of a camp-folown heads. Dr. Franklin was the first projector lower, or some of the former race of barrowof many useful institutions in the infant state of women, who were wont to add an old soldier's America. He attained his object, and avoided coat or jacket to their other dress. We have envy, for he himself informs us, that his secret often watched this strange anomaly of the paletot was to propose the measure at first, not as and petticoat at a railway-station, and regarded it originating in himself alone, but as the joint re as the first move towards rational costume. It commendation of a few friends., The Doctor was cannot be that the dense mass of petticoats no stranger to the workings of the human heart; should long continue to sweep up all the polution for if his measures had failed, their failure would of the streets as ladies walk along. There is to not be attributed to him alone, and if they suc | us something unpleasant in it. And the moveceeded, some one else would be forward enough ment is so impeded, all the motions of the limbs to claim the merit of being the first planner of so interfered with, that we must regard it in the them. But whenever this happens, the original same light as the Chinese invention of small projector will be sure to gain from the envy of feet, a contrivance to prevent ladies from walk. mankind, that justice which he must not ex ing, and to make them dependent on carriages, pect from their gratitude; for all the rest of the or to hold up their robes as they walk. Modesty members will not patiently see another run away | in female attire, however, is at all times most with the merit of that plan which originated in becoming; and the further we recede from the first projector alone, who will, therefore, be that, in our opinion, we are making a nearer sure to reap his full due of praise in the end, and approach to degeneracy. Whatever improvewith that interest which mankind will always ments or inventions may take place in femicheerfully pay, not so much for the justice of nine dress, the Family Friend will watch them rewarding the diffident, as for the pleasure of with the care of one who has a deep interest in lowering the vain.

all that appertains to the virtue and well-being 24-Does Snow quench Thirst? L. R.--The of HAPPY HOMES.

26-Gratitude in Adversity. R. S.--The rea our opinion, a man who, when he has nothing son why great men meet with so little pity or else to do, can play with his cat at home by the attachment in adversity wonld seem to be this. fireside is a happier, and we are sure a better, man The friends of a great man were made by his for- than he who must go abroad to knock about the tunes, his enemies by himself, and revenge is a balls on a billiard-table. much more punctual paymaster than gratitude. 31-Mental Resources. C. A. - We would Those whom a great man has marred, rejoice at recommend to your careful perusal Foster's his ruin; and those whom he has made, look on " Essay on Decision of Character." It would with indifference; because, with common minds, greatly help you to the establishment of certain the destruction of the creditor is considered as principles within yourself, which, if acted upon equivalent to the payment of the debt.

through life, would prove invaluable. Amongst 27-Idleness. R. A.-Get rid of the habit | many other excellent things he says,_“I lately as fast as you can, for you may rely upon it that happened to notice, with some surprise, an ivy it is one of those evils which grew amazingly. which, being prevented from attaching itself to Some one, in casting up his aecounts, put down the rock beyond a certain point, had shot off into a very large sum per annum for his idleness. But a bold elastic stem, with an air of as much indethere is another account more awful than that of pendence as arry branch of oak in the vicinity. our expenses, in which many will find that their so a human being, thrown, whether by cruelty, idleness has mainly contributed to the balance justice, or accident, from all social support and against them. From its very inaction, idleness kindness, if he has any vigour of spirit, and is ultimately becomes the most active cause of not in the bodily debility of either childhood or evil, as a palsy is more to be dreaded than a age, will instantly begin to act for himself, with a fever. The Turks have a proverb which says, resolution which will appear like a new faculty.” that the devil tempts all other men, but that idle 32--Australia the Antipodes of England. T. A. men tempt the devil.

- Everything there is antipodical of home. The 88-Mice in Aviaries. A. L.-Yes; wherever geranium is a large shrub, which forms good there are birds, there most assuredly will be mice, walking-sticks; the fuschia grows openly in It is next to an impossibility to keep them out, abundance; and the valuable sarsaparilla is a and they poison all they touch. Examine, there coarse running weed. The rara avis in terra of fore, very narrowly every corner of the room ; the ancients—the black swan--is there in numerand whenever you see a hole, nail over it a piece ous flocks, frequenting the salt lakes, and is good of tin or zinc. So cunning are these vermin that eating, and the skin is valuable. The lark, with they conceal themselves in the most unsuspected little song is a ground bird, familiar as the robin situations. Kidd says, “I have actually found red-breast; while the note of the magpie charms them secreted in the food .hoppers.' They have the ear. The snakes are neither very numerous raised the lid, and artfully ensconced themselves nor very dangerous, with the exception of the behind the seed until my back was turned! I deaf adder, whose bite and sting occasion death hardly need tell my readers what was their fate in ten minutes the body changing to the when so discovered. Suffice it to say that they prismatic colours of the rainbow. The north were tried,' and that I myself personated the wind is hot and sultry-the south cold. The witnesses, judge, jury, and executioner. They west wind brings rain instead of driving it away; were taken in fiagrante delicto."

and the east is variable, seldom lasting above a 29-Things to be Found Out. A. L.-No; | few hours. From these considerations you may Nature is no more exhausted than we are, and if be able to forın some opinion of the things natuyou knew our stores, you might exclaim, "they ral in that country; and if it will be an additional are unbounded !" Within her fertile bosom there aid to your decision, we assure you that even may be thousands of substances yet unknown as there you can get the Family Friend. precious as the only recently found gutta percha, 33-The Nautilus. T. S. sends us the folTo doubt this, would be to repudiate the most lowing tribute,-and, at the same time, corrects logical inference afforded by the whole history of the poetic notions which have hitherto prevailed the earth. Corn and the grape excepted, nearly all | in reference to this strange fish." "Dear Sir,our staples in vegetable food are of comparatively Not the least valuable and interesting part of modern discovery. Society had a long existence your admirable publication is the Appendix, conwithout tea, coffee cotton, cocoa, sugar, and taining the answers to your numerous correpotatoes. Who shall say there is not a more spondents. In Rhymer Jones' 'Animal Kingnutritious plant than the sugar-cane-a finer root dom,' p. 436, will be found the observations of than the potatoma more useful tree than the M. Sander Rang, which prove that the belief in cotton Buried wealth lies everywhere in the its progressing by the help of oars and sails on bowels of the earth, which needs but the divin the surface of the water is erroneous; the Poulpe, ing-rod of organized action for its discovery. 1 with its shell, progressing in the open sea in the

30-The End of Prudence. G. C.-The great same manner as other Cephalopods. 2nd. The end of prudence is to give cheerfulness to those arms, which are expanded into membranes, have hours which splendour cannot gild, and acclama- no other function than that of enveloping the tion cannot exhilarate; those soft intervals of shell in which the animal lives, and that for a unbended amusement, in which a man shrinks determinate object to be explained hereafter. to his natural dimensions, and throws aside the And, lastly, that when at the bottom of the ornaments or disguises which he feels in privacy | ocean, the Argonaut, covered with its shell, to be useless incumbrances, and to lose all effect creeps upon an infundibuliform disc, formed by when they become familiar. To be happy at home the junction of the arms at their base, and preis the ultimate result of all ambition--the end to senting (alas !) the appearance of a Gasteropod which every enterprise and labour tends, and of Mollusk.' Such appears to be the fact cleared which every desire prompts the prosecution. In l of its glossy coating of romance; and which,

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