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Slumber, there senten From this fact Pood not reached and heds. The difference | inferred tant orsan of the brain ; but that
British Poets," his “ Essay on English Poetry," think its aroma is better preserved by beating and his Lectures on Poetry, in the “ New in a mortar, but this is tedious. The proportions Monthly Magazine," will assist you in forming a for making coffee are usually one pint of boiling correct taste, and in appreciating the various | water to two and a half ounces of coffee. The merits of the different poets.
coffee being put into the water, the coffee-pot 253-Wives. W. B.-One is astonished to see should be covered up, and left for two hours how well a man may live on a small income, who surrounded with hot cinders, so as to keep up has a handy and industrious wife. Some men | the temperature, without making the liquor live and make a far better appearance on two boil. Occasionally stir it, and after two hours pounds per week, than others do on ten. The infusion, remove it from the fire, and allow it a man does his part well, but the woman is good Touarter of an hour to settle, and when perfectly for nothing. She will ever upbraid her husband I clear, decant it. Coffee in England is generally for not living in as good style as her neighbour, over roasted, and to this fault arise all the inconwhile the fault is entirely her own. His neigh veniences which are so often attributed to coffee. bour has a neat, capable and industrious wife, but which, in reality, are produced by the imand that makes the difference. His wife, on perfect modes of its preparation. the other hand, is a whirlpool into which a great l. 157-Insensibility of the Brain. H.-Sensi. many silver cups might be thrown, and the bility is, in reality, very different from what is appearance of the water unchanged. No Ni suggested by first experience. Thus, the brain cholas the diver is there to restore the wanted is insensible: that part of the brain which, if treasure. It is only an insult for such a woman disturbed or diseased, takes away consciousness. to talk to her husband about her love and devo- | is as insensible as the leather of our shoe. That tion ; it is all gammon.
the brain may be touched, or a portion of it cut 154-Beds. E. J.-In regard to the kind of off, without interrupting the patient in the beds inost suitable for refreshing slumber, there sentence he is uttering, is a surprising circumare differences of opinion; some are advocates stance! From this fact physiologists formerly for soft and some for hard beds. The difference inferred that the surgeon had not reached the between the two is this--the weight of a body more important organ of the brain ; but that on a soft bed presses on a larger surface than on opinion arose from the notion prevailing that a hard bed, and consequently more comfort is a nerve must necessarily be sensible. Whereas, enjoyed. Children should never be allowed when we consider that the different parts of the to sleep on hard beds, and parents err who nervous system have totally distinct endowments, suppose that such beds contribute to health, and that there are nerves insensible to touch and hardening and developing the constitution of incapable of giving pain, though exquisitely children. Eminent physicians, Dr. Darwin alive to their proper office, we have no just reason among the number, state that hard beds have I to conclude that the brain should be sensible, or frequently, proven injurious to the shape of exhibit a property of the nerve of the skin, infants. Birds cover their offspring with the Reason on it as we may, the fact is so; the brain, softest down or the most velvety moss. The through which every impression must be consoftness of a bed is not evidence of its being un veyed before it is perceived, is itself insensible. healthy, and they have but a poor understanding This informs us that sensibility is not a necessary of the laws of nature who think otherwise.
attendant on the delicate texture of a living part, 155-True Nature of Love. E. P.-Love, in but that it must have an appropriate organ, and the heart of a woman, should partake largely of that it is an especial provision. the nature of gratitude; she should love, because 158-Hours of Rest. B.--The mind requires she is already loved by one deserving her regard ; regular rest as well as the body, and does not so and if you never allowed yourself to think of soon recover from any excess of exertion. But gentlemen in the light of lovers or husbands, it is the tendency of the present state of society until you were asked to do so, you would escape in England to produce unnatural exertions. much suffering. The credulity of women, on Stage-coach horses, and walkers against time, the subject of being loved, is very great ; they are not the only creatures that are worked to often mistake a common liking for a particular death in this country. Many are the labourers regard, and on this foundation build up a castle (and it is the most sober and industrious upon in the air, and fill it with all the treasures of whom the evil falls), who, by task-work, or by their bright hopes and confiding love; and, when working what are called days and quarters, presome startling fact destroys the vision, they feel pare for themselves a premature old age: and as if the whole creation were a blank to them, many are the youths who, while they are studying and they were the most injured of women. It is for University honours, rise early and sit up late, safer to be very sceptical on the subject of being have recourse to art for the purpose of keeping loved; but, if you do make the mistake, take their jaded faculties wakeful, and irretrievably all the blame to yourself, and save your dignity injure their health for ever, if this intemperance by secrecy, if you cannot keep your heart from of study does not cost them their lives. Archloving
bishop Williams is said to have slept only three 156-French Method of making Coffee. C. H. | hours in the four-and-twenty; “ so that he lived G.--The principle poirts are these :-The coffee, three times as long," says his biographer, "as -Turkey or Bourbon,--should be roasted only one that lived no longer." This is a marvellous till it is of a cinnamon colour, and closely fact, for Williams was a man who employed covered up during the process of roasting. In all his waking hours, and, moreover, was not of France this is done in closed iron cylinders, the most tranquil disposition. “But," says Dr. turned over a fire by a handle, like a grindstone. Southey, “I believe that any one who should The coffee should be coarsely ground soon after attempt to follow his example would severely it is roasted, but not until quite cool; some suffer for his imprudence,"
159_Correction of Children. B.-The less of of air gives her cold in her father's house, and physical force or menacing language we use-the she cannot think how people endure the climate. less, to take an expressive word, we scold our she can go out to dinner parties in January and children the more order and quiet we shall February, with an inch of sleeve, and half a commonly secure. We have seen a family where quarter of bodice. a single word or a look even would allay a rising
166-Sealing-wax and Wafers. M.-Francis storm. The gentle, but firm method, is the best
Rousseau, a native of Auxerre, who travelled a security for domestic peace.
long time in Persia, Pegu, and other parts of the 160-Hops. T. B. S.-Hops were first intro East Indies, and who, in 1692, resided at St. duced froin Flanders in 1525, but it was not until Domingo, was the inventor of sealing-wax. A the close of the 17th century that the culture lady, of the name of Longueville, made this wax became well established in Kent and Sussex. A | known at court, and caused Louis XIII. to use duty of one penny per pound was first imposed it; after which it was purchased and used in 1711, and this was subsequently increased by throughout Paris. By this article, Rousseau, three five per centages. In 1802 an additional before the expiration of a year, gained 50,000 three-farthings per pound was levied, with a livres. The oldest seal with a red wafer ever yet further five per cent. in 1810.
found, is on a letter written by Dr Krapf, at
Spires, in the year 1624, to the government at - 161-Nutritious Food. T. G.–The following
Bareuth. statement shows the proportion of nutriment
167-Rapid Flight of Birds. H. M.-Your contained in various articles of food :-Greens and turnips contain 8lbs. in the 100; carrots
remarks are very just. We may also add that 14lbs. in the 100; potatoes 25 lbs. in the 100;
a vulture can fly at the rate of 150 miles an
hour. Observations made on the coast of Labra.. butchers' meat, sorted, about 35 lbs, in the 100; / wheaten bread, 85 lbs. in the 100; broad-beans
dor convinced Major Cartwright that wild geese
could travel at the rate of 90 miles an hour. The 89 lbs. in the 100; peas, 92 lbs. in the 100; lentils, 94 lbs. in the 100; French beans in grain, from 92
common crow can fly 25 miles, and swallows to 94 lbs.
according to Spallanzi, 92 miles an hour. It
is said that a falcon was discovered at Malta 162-Beneflts of Sensibility. C. R.-It may
twenty-four hours after the departure of Henri appear, at first view, that our condition would
IV. from Fontainebleau. f true, this bird must have been improved had we not been endowed
have flown for 24 hours at the rate of 57 miles with the sensibility which often renders disease
an hour, not allowing him to rest a moment so great an evil; but in the same proportion that
during the whole time. our ease would have been consulted, our danger
168-Duty of Parents. J. C. If you are diswould have been increased. It is by the quick sensibility of our frame that we are warned of a
satisfied with the means you have employed for
the education of your child, lose no time in thousand dangers, and enabled to guard agair:st them.
personally inquiring into the conduct of the 163-Gall-nuts. B. J. J.-The gall-nuts used
teacher. Parents do not seem to know that the in making ink, are produced by the insect which
impressions which their children rec-ive at school punctures the leaves of a species of oak very
may make them happy or miserable, not only in common in Asia Minor, where they are collected
time, but through eternity; consequently, they in considerable quantities by the poorer inhabit.
are not careful to visit the school and observe ants : from the different ports of the Levant
whether the moral as well as intellectual educa
tion of their children is cared they are exported to various parts of the world.
for. Parents The galls held in the greatest estimation, are
should visit the school frequently. It is a duty those known in commerce under the name of
they owe not only to their children, but to their . blue galls. These are the produce of the first
teacher. gathering before the fly has issued from the
169-Quantity of Sleep. W. B.-A great deal
has been said about the necessary quantity of 164-Disappointments. P.-We are but poor
sleep; that is, how long one ought to indulge in consolers. You will find the best solace in
sleeping. This question, like many others, canreason. Look upon these dispensations of Pro
not be reduced to mathematical precision; for vidence as designed for some wise purpose which
much must depend upon habit, constitution, and you will probably hereafter fathom. Remember
the nature and duration of our occupations. A what Quarles says;
person in good health, whose mental and physical
occupations are not particularly laborious, will "The world's a hive,
find seven or eight hours' sleep quite sufficient From whence thou canst derive
to refresh his frame. Those whose constitutions No good, but what thy soul's vexation brings: are debilitated, or whose occupations are studious But case thou meet
or laborious, require rather more; but the best Some petty-petty sweet,
rule in all cases is to sleep till you are refreshed, Each drop is guarded by a thousand stings."
and then get up. 165-Inconsistent Ladies, S.--No doubt. How 10--Early Hours. C.R.- We must refer you often do we see a lady who cannot walk, cannot to repeated injunctions on this subject. Cobbett rise in the morning, cannot tie her bonnet strings, in one of his works, says of himself: “Now is faints if she has to lace her boots, never in her there a man on earth who sits at a table, on an life brushed out her beautiful hair, would not, average, so many hours in the day as I do? I do for the world, prick her fingers with plain sewing, not believe that there is; and I say it, not with but who can work harder than a factory girl pride, but with gratitude, that I do not believe upon a lamb's-wool shepherdess, dance like a that the whole world contains a man who is more dervish in a ball-room, and whilst every breath constantly blessed with health than I am. In
winter I go to bed at nine, and I rise, if I do not to in-door occupations, and have but little time Oversleep myself, at four, or between four, and i allotted them for taking the air, and that little five. I have always a clear head; I am ready to time is generally sadly encroached, upon by the take the pen, or begin dictating, the moment I ceremony of dressing to go out. It may appear have lighted the fire, or it has been lighted for a simple suggestion, but experience only will me, and, generally speaking, I am seldom more show how much time might be redeemed by than five minutes in bed before I am asleep." habits of regularity; such as putting the shawls, 171- Doctors' Fees. F.-Medical fees are not
cloaks, gloves, shoes, &c. &c., or whatever is established by law. You should consider well
intended to be worn, in readiness, instead of the character of an individual before entering
having to search one drawer, then another, into an engagement with him. With regard to
for possibly a glove or collar-wait for shoes fees in general, the Chinese appear to have a
being cleaned, &c., and this when (probably) shrewd idea of a physician's worth. Kien Sing,
the out-going persons have to return to their emperor of China, asked Sir George Staunton
employment at a given time. Whereas, if all how physicians were paid in England... When
were in readiness, the preparations might be Sir George explained the matter to him, the
accomplished in a few minutes,-the walk not Emperor exclaimed, “Can any man in England
being curtailed by unnecessary delays. afford to be sick ?--now I will inform you how I
175-Indolent Habits, W. S. H.-A writer on deal with my physicians. I have four, to whom
health very justly condemns the habit of loungthe care of my health is committed, and a certain
ing, which a large number of persons indulge, as
injurious to health. He says:-"An eréct bodily weekly salary is allowed them: but the moment I am ill, the salary is stopped till I am well again.
attitude is of vastly more importance to health, I need not inform you that my illness is never of
than people generally imagine. Crooked bodily long duration."
positions maintained for any length of time, are
always injurious whether in the sitting, standing, 172-Dinner Parties. A. Z. You are per
or lying posture, whether sleeping or waking fectly right; expensive dinner parties should be
To sit with the body leaning forward on the avoided. Some of the most delightful dinners
stomach, or to one side, with the heels elevated in memory have been the simplest all wit,
to a level with the head, is not only in bad taste, fun, and good sense, with merely “flashes of
but exceedingly detrimental to health. It cramps silence." "Cheerful looks make every dish
the stomach, presses the vital organs, interrupts a feast." The very essence of a dinner is absence
the free motions of the chest, and enfeebles the of ceremony. Half the dinners that one goes
functions of the abdominal and thoracic organs, to, offer but dry leaves instead of flowers: they
and, in fact, unbalances the whole muscular are but inockeries of enjoyments, waste of hours,
system. Many children become slightly humpthrough fear of tyrant Custom and desire to
backed, or severely round-shouldered, by sleeping be thought " genteel." Mr. Walker, of “The
with the head raised on a high pillow. When Original," truly says, “Any body can dine, but
any person finds it easier to sit or stand, or walk very few know how to dine 80 as to insure
or sleep in a crooked position than a straight the greatest amount of health and enjoyment."
one, such person may be sure his muscular Those who will help society to this knowledge,
system is badly deranged, and the more careful strangle foolish forms, and substitute for wasteful
he is to preserve a straight and upright position, expenditure good taste, good sense, and good
and get back to nature again, the better." humour, should be regarded as its benefactors.
176-Cheerfulness. J.J.-Marry by all means. 173-Sensibility of Infants, M.--Anotion pre as your circumstances appear to favour such a vails that the young of animals are directed by choice, and you will then probably have the instinct, but that there is an exception in regard comfortable home you desire. A thrifty, cheerto the human offspring; that in the child welful helpmate, is the sunshine of home. “I have to trace the gradual dawn and progressive, noticed," said Franklin, “a mechanic, among a improvement of reason. This is not quite true; | number of others, at work on a house erected we doubt whether the body would ever be exer but a little way from my office, who always cised under the influence of reason alone, and if appeared to be in a merry humour, who had a it were not first directed by sensibilities which kind word and cheerful smile for every one he are innate or instinctive. The sensibilities and met. Let the day be ever so cold, or sunless, a motions of the lips and tongues are perfect from happy smile danced like a sunbeam on his cheerthe beginning; and the dread of falling is shown ful countenance. Meeting him one morning, I. in the young infant long before it can have had asked him to tell me the secret of his constant experience of violence of any kind. The lips happy flow of spirits. "No secret, doctor,' he and tongue are first exercised; the next motion replied; I have got one of the best of wives, is to put the hand to the mouth in order to suck and when I go to work she always has a kind it; and nc sooner are the fingers capable of grasp word of encouragement for me, and when I go ing, than whatever they hold is carried to the home she meets me with a smile and a kiss, and mouth. So that the sensibility to touch in the she is sure to be ready; and she has done many lips and tongue, and their motions, are the first things during the day to please me, that I cannot inlets to knowledge; and the use of the hand is a find in my heart to speak unkind to anybody.' later acquirement.
What an influence, then, woman has over the 174-Exercise and Domestic Regularity. C.H. ! heart of man, to soften it, and make it the foun-Exercise in the open air is of the first import- tain of cheerful and pure emotions ! Speak ance to the human frame, yet how many are gently, then; a happy smile and a kind word of in a manner deprived of it by their own want greeting, after the toils of the day are over, cost of management of their time! Females with nothing, and go far toward making a home happy slender means are for the most part destined and peaceful.
1707_Conversation. G. C.-The art of con- | hatting, the furs of the musquash or musk rat. versation consists in the exercise of two fine otter, neutria, hare, and rabbit. qualities. You must originate, and you must 185 Musical and Unmusical Voices. D-Too sympathize : you must possess at the same time little attention is paid in this country to the the habit of communicating and listening. The modulation of the voice. Even shop-keepers union is rare, but irresistible.
and shop-tenders would find their account in 178-Punctuality. J. B.-Make it your own sonorous and musical voices. Tape and needles rule not only to be punctual, but a little before cannot be sold so rapidly by men or women with hand. Such a habit secures a composure which harsh and squeaking voices, as every one who is essential to happiness: for want of it many has had much experience in shopping, must people live in a constant fever, and put all about acknowledge. Sensitive people, at any rate, them in a fever too.
are not apt to go a second time to a shop where 179-Fair Division of Duties. M. B. R. they have encountered a croaking voice. It is a Undoubtedly you are correct in applying your fact, that the voices of the people of England are energies to proficiency in music, but do not let much more musical than are those of most other the keys of the pianoforte make you forget the people. keys of the store-room, or the enlightenment of 186-Choice of Spectacles. W.J.J.-The ova. your understanding prevent you from inquiring spectacles now made are very superior to the the price of candles.
larger-sized ones formerly employed, which 180-Cheerfulness of Religion. C. R.--Do not / indeed. were constructed upon an erroneous entertain the absurd prejudice that religious principle. For, when the eyes are not directed people are melancholy. It is altogether the near the centre of the spectacle glasses, the reverse. The true spirit of religion cheers as object appears confused, more of the glass being well as composes the mind; it banishes indeed all
employed at one view than a portion equal to the levity of behaviour, and dissolute mirth; but size of the pupil of the eye; this on an average fills the mind with perpetual serenity, unin is the eighth of an inch in diameter ; but, as it terrupted cheerfulness, and an habitual inclina would be tedious always to look through a small tion to please others, and be pleased ourselves. aperture, the glasses are of a sufficient size to 181-Eminence. S. S.-Do not trouble your
admit of a moderate degree of motion; and, as self about “rising to eminence." If, in conse
we require a greater latitude horizontally than quence of your writings or your deeds, you
vertically, their figure is of an oval form. should become eminent, very well; but to do
187 - Artificial Flowers. W. L.--Artificial anything for the sake of “rising to eminence," is
flowers are the most beautiful things among the unworthy of a man. Very comfortable and very
works of art. In making them, Nature should noble lives are led in obscurity. Moreover,
be carefully studied, so that all the parts and true eminence is not attainable by any man who
appendages may be rightly placed ; for they are places it before him as his chief object, because
beautiful only as they approach the perfection of that indicates an inherent weakness of character.
nature. Some may say that artificial flowers are
of no use; they are only a gratification of 182-Charity for Others. F. J.-You are un
vanity. But, whatever tends to promote happi. doubtedly correct in your arguments, and your
ness must be useful; and beauty, of whatever friend is at fault. But do not assume a victory
kind, wherever it may be found, is a source of where reason and scriptural facts have gained
happiness; and God designed that we should you the advantage. You must make many
enjoy it, or He would not have filled the world allowances for others. We are too apt, in reli- |
so full of it, and given us such exquisite sensi gious matters, to call the man who goes beyond
bilities to appreciate its worth. us in belief a fanatic, and he who comes short of
188-Clothing of Children. G. R.-Children our creed an infidel; not reflecting, that He who
are in many cases most insufficiently protected is the light and the truth, sees not with our eyes,
from the weather; numbers are without a single and judges not with our judgment.
article of woollen under-clothing, either in con183-Cage-birds. H.C.C. --Some birds accus sequence of carelessness, or from the erroneous tomed to their prisons, live for many years and idea of rendering them hardy; a system which die from age only. In confinement the goldfinch may answer in the offspring of hardy parents, has often been known to live sixteen or eighteen whose children are hardy in every other respect, years. Gesner saw one at Mentz which had but which can only be productive of injury to attained to twenty-three; but the people of the health in those who spend most of their time in house were obliged once a week to scrape its warm, perhaps too warm, rooms and nurseries. nails and bill, that it might eat, drink, and sit The surface of a child, from the neck downwards, on its bar. It had subsisted principally on poppy ought to be kept warm by clothing; exposed seeds; it was incapable of flying, and all its chests, bare legs, and thin insufficient coverings, feathers had become white.
are synonymous with croup, inflammation of the 184-Beaver Hats. A. C.--The entire hat is lungs, and scrofula. now rarely made of so costly a material as beaver I 189Eau de Cologne, J. S.-Every dealer in fur, which is only used to cover the outside. this delightfully perfumed water, will tell you This fur is almost entirely brought from North that his article is veritable Farina; but it is America. It is gradually becoming scarce and essential to know that at Cologne there are no dearer, being now obtainable only in inconsider- fewer than three Farinas, one only of whom is able quantities from the most northerly and the genuine descendant of the inventor and inaccessible, districts. The fur of the middle- proprietor of the secret. Dr. Granville, from aged or young animal, called cub-beaver, is most inquiries made at Cologne, estimated the whole esteemed, it being the finest, most glossy, and quantity of Cologne water, actually sold in that taking the best dye. There are also used for town for exportation, to amount to 38,000 bottles annually. It is nianifest, therefore, that a large changed in cold water; but when it is warmed quantity of Eau de Cologne must be spurious; they dissolve in it, and the whole becomes a for a inuch larger quantity than the one just jelly, and occupies a larger space than it did in mentioned is consumed in Europe. The facility | the form of grains. When a potato is boiled. with which this perfume may be imitated, has I then each of these cells of which it is com. probably led to the manufacture of it in most of posed becomes a little vessel full of jelly: and. the large Dutch towns.
if there be not a great quantity of starch in the 190-Passing for More than one is Worth. cells, it may be gelatinized without bursting J. J.-Undoubtedly you are right to cultivate a them. But, if the number of grains or their laudable ambition, but do not exaggerate your size be very great, the cells of the potato are capacity. The world will not give you credit for broken on all sides by the expansion of the little half what you esteem yourself. Some men think masses of jelly, and the appearance of meali. it so much gained to pass for more than they are ness is produced. Hence we see that mealy worth ; but in most cases the deception will be potatoes are the most valuable, and waxiness discovered. sooner or later, and the rebound will denotes a deficiency of starch or nourishing be greater than the gain. We may therefore set matter. it down as a truth, that it is a damage to a man to 194-The Bottle Trick Explained. C.W.T. have credit for greater powers than he possesses. Although the subject is somewhat opposed to the * The conceit that a cat has nine lives," says rules we have adopted for answering our correPope, “has cost at least nine lives in ten of the spondents, still we are desirous of obliging our whole race of them; scarce a boy in the streets young friend, and will endeavour to solve his but has in this point outdone Hercules himself, 1 question. In this well-known trick there are two who was famous for killing a nonster that had puzzling points : first, how can fifty or a hunbut three lives."
dred wine-glasses be filled from one quart bottle! 191-Ebony. E. D. H.-This wood, which is and, secondly, how can six or eight different extremely hard, and susceptible of a very fine liquids be poured from the same bottle? The polish, is much used in mosaic, inlaying, and first wonder is explained thus:--The glasses are other ornamental works. Its colour is red, black so small, and have such thick bottoms, that a or green. The black is most esteemed, and is full quart bottle will hold enough to fill eighty of imported principally from Madagascar and the thein. The second marvel is managed in the Isle of France. Red ebony, so called, though its following manner :--The glasses are arranged on colour is brown, striped with black, is less com | a tray in a particular manner by the conjurer, pact, and is also brought from Madagascar. The before the entertainment begins. The bottle is green is softer than either of the preceding, filled with a weak mixture of spirits of wine, yields a fine green tincture, which is employed water, and sugar. At the bottom of each glass is in dyeing, and is brought from the West Indies, I a drop or two of some flavouring essence, as particularly from Tobago, as well as from the noyeau, essence of brandy, port wine, sherry, above-mentioned islands. The best is jet black, etc.; and the operator is thus enabled to concoct and free from knots or reddish veins. Ebony is a tolerable resemblance of any fluid that is likely imitated by subjecting the pear-tree to a hot to be called for, and to supply a hundred persons decoction of galls, and, when this is dry, applying or more with half a sip of their favourite beveink with a stiff brush.
rage, from the "inexhaustible bottle." 192-Servants. M.-We cannot give you any 195-Comparative Light of Wax and Tallou. advice on the subject, beyond that of treating R. B.- Many erroneous notions are entertained your domestics with liberality and discretion. of the relative economy of Wax and Tallow Dr. Kitchener's economy of keeping servants is | Candles, which may be corrected by the following highly humorous: "Provide each of your experiment from a French journal. The candles servants with a large pair of spectacles, of the burnt were of the same length and weight, and highest magnifying power, and never permit composed of these substances:-1, The wax of them to sit down to any meal without wearing Japan; 2, White or bleached bees' wax: 3, them; they are as necessary and useful in a Tallow; 4, A composition of two-thirds wax of kitchen as pots and kettles; they will make a Japan, and one-third tallow; 5, A composition of .ark look as large as a fowl, a goose as big as a three-fourths of the same wax, and one-fourth of swan, a leg of mutton as large as a hind-quarter bees' wax. It was found, on extinguishing these of beef; a twopenny loaf as large as a quartern; candles, when reduced to about one-fourth of and as philosophers assure you that even pain is their length, that the remains of those made of only imaginary, we may justly believe the same wax of Japan, of tallow, and of the compositions of hunger; and if a servant who eats no more of wax and tallow, were of the same length: than one pound of food imagines, by the aid of that the bees' wax candle was diminished twothese glasses, that he has eaten three pounds, ninths less than those before mentioned ; and hvis hunger will be as fully satisfied. The addi-that the candle, in the formation of which two tion to your optician's account will soon be waxes were united, was of intermediate length. overpaid by the subtraction from your butcher's | By careful experiment, it has been prored that and baker's !"
the flame of a tallow candle is far more brilliant 193-Mealy and Waxy Potatoes. E. G.-Anthan that of wax lights; composition candles examination of the potato with a microscope, has are equal in vividness of light, excepting always proved the relative worth of the mealy and waxy that into the composition of which there enters a kinds of this useful vegetable. On examining a portion of tallow, which is next, though at a thin slice, it is seen to be almost entirely com ) wide interval, to the tallow candle. Dr. Ure has posed of cells, which are sometimes filled with, ascertained that a mould candle will burn half and sometimes contain clusters of, beautiful | an hour longer than a dipped candle of the same little oval grains. These grains remain un- size.