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thirty-seven years. His death occasioned a general consternation in Rome, and his funeral was attended by many illustrious persons. His Transfiguration was exhibited in its then imperfect state, an affecting and appropriate tribute to his memory! He was buried, by his own desire, in the church of the Rotunda.
"Raphael," says Mengs, who is the least enthusiastic of his admirers, " undoubtedly deserves the first rank among great painters; not so much from his having united in himself all the requisites of his art, but because he possessed its essential attributes. Painting, as we know, consists in several parts-design, chiaro-scuro, colouring, composition, and freedom. Raphael distinguished himself in design, composition, and even in grace, while Correggio excelled only in colouring; and Titian's chief merit was in colouring, and a faithful imitation of nature. We cannot, therefore, refuse to assign the palm of merit to Raphael, who thus possessed the most sublime and important principles of his art.”
Raphael, like all other persons eminently distinguished, improved progressively. His talents are more conspicuous in his pictures in water-colours than in those of oil. His cartoons are assuredly the triumph of his genius. England possesses four of these great works, besides those in the royal collection at Windsor; two at Boughton, near Kettering, in Northamptonshire: one of the vision of Ezekiel, the other of the Holy Family. The Duke of Beaufort, at his seat at Badminton, near Bath, has a Holy Family in cartoon, by Raphael. Another cartoon, by the same master, representing the Massacre of the Innocents, was in the possession of the late ingenious and excellent Mr. Hoare, of Bath.