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THE BOOKS OF

RUTH AND 1 SAMUEL:

ANNOTATED AND PREPARED (WITH ONE MAP) FOR

EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES.

BY

THE REV. H. M. CLIFFORD, M.A.

(Late Hon, Chaplain to St. Peter's Hospital, Covent Garden.)

London:
PUBLISHED BY EYRE AND SPOTTISWOODE,

GREAT NEW STREET, FLEET STREET, E.C.

STEREOTYPED EDITION.

ENTERED AT STATIONERS' HALL.]

Price 9d.

[ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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PREFACE TO THE BOOK OF RUTH.

manners

The Book of Ruth brings before us a picture of the manners and customs of the Israelites in the time of the Judges -and customs so entirely different from our own, that they can only be rightly read and studied with a just appreciation of that difference.

Bearing this in mind, the reader cannot fail to be charmed with this simple and touching insight into the home-life of Israel —the home-life of Naomi and Ruth, with their child-like dependence upon God, and the harvest-life of the wealthy Boaz, of whom it might truly be said, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no guile.

The period of the history occupies perhaps at most ten years, and falls, in all probability, in the time of Gideon; but its especial bearing upon the Sacred History is the fact, that it brings before us the ancestry of our Lord, through Boaz and Ruth, Obed, Jesse, and David.

Whilst belonging, therefore-perhaps more correctly—to the Book of Judges, it forms a by no means unfitting prelude to the Books of Samuel (the last of the Judges), and to the lives of Saul, of David, and of the kings of Israel.

Its author is unknown; but it was probably compiled during David's reign, from documents that came down to the writer from the time of the Judges.

It would seem from chap. 4. 7 that the custom of “drawing off the shoe” required explanation on the part of the compiler, as a custom which may “at that time” have fallen into disuse.

H, M. C.

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SELECTIONS FROM
THE BOOK OF RUTH.

TEXT,

NOTES.

a R.V. And it came to pass in the days CHAPTER 1.

when the judges judged. Elimelech driven by faming into Moab, dieth

"In the days” evidently refers to days there. 4 Mhlon and Chilion, having married some time past. wives of Moab, die also. 6 Naomi returning home. c The events recorded in the Book of Ruth ward, dissuadeth her two drughters in time from årel by some supposed to have happened roith great constancy accompanieth her. 19 They when Ehud was judge ; by others in the two come to Beth-lehem, where they are gladly days of Gideon, which is the more generally received.

received opinion.

d Perhaps the famine which must have "No me it came to pass o in the days when the cjudges ruled, that there was a Amalek, when (Judges 6. 4) they destroyed

ensued upon the oppression by Midian and a famine in the land. And a certain man the increase of the earth till thou come unto of Beth-lehem-judah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his Gaza, and left no sustenance for Israel, nei.

ther sheep, nor ox, nor ass." two sons.'

e Elimelech an Ephrathite, of Beth-lehemAnd the name of the man was e Elime. Judah, was driven thereby to take refuge in lech, and the name of his

wife Naomi, and Moab with his wife, Naomi, and his two sons,

Mahlon and Chilion. the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chi. fion, Ephrathites of Beth-lehem-judah. Micah 5.20

See Ruth 4. 11; 1 Sam. 17. 12; and And they came into the country sof Moab,

g For Moab had been subdued un the and continued there.

hand of Israel by Ehud (Judges 3. 29, 30), And Elimelech a Naomi's husband died; when 10,000 of their warriors were slain at

the fords of Jordan, and she was left, and her two sons.

h After awhile Elimelech, Naomi's hus.

band dies; her sons marry Orpah and 4 And they took them wives of the women Ruth, two women of Moab, and before the of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, expiration of 10 years they also die, leaving and the name of the other Ruth: and they Naomi alone with her two daughters-indwelled there about ten years.

law.

R.V, Omits also. And Mahlon and Chilion died ialso both

WR.V. Children. of them; and the woman was left of her

The “bread-winners" being dead, Naomi two k sons and her husband.

resolves to return to her own people—the

more so because she had heard that the 6 Then lshe arose with her daughters in famine was at an end, and the land, no law, that she might return from the country doubt, at that time at rest. of Moab : for she had heard in the country mR.V. And she went forth. of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in giving them bread.

r. Her daughters-in-law started with the intention of accompanying her to the land

of Judah m Wherefore she went forth out of the o Thus she spoke in perfect unselfishness place where she was, and her two daughters in the belief that it would be better for in law with her; and they n went on the way them to return, each to their own mother's to return unto the land of Judah.

care, and to be with their own people

rather than accompany her to a land of And Naomi said unto her two daughters strangers, and customs not their own. in law, Go, return each to her mother's p There is a touching beauty in every word house: the P LORD deal kindly with you, of this simple history in her gratitude for as ye have dealt with the dead, and with their kindness to the dead, in her heart'sme.

prayer to God for them, in her earnest

desire that they might each find another The Lord grant you that ye may find protector-a husband in the place of him rest, each of you in the house of her hus- whom each had lost.

*N.B.--References not in full in the Notes will be found on page 9.
R.V. is the reading of the REVISED VERSION of the Old Testament.

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