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Containing such Articles on the Subject, as have been omitted by that Author.
Multitudo Vulgi, more magis quam judicio, post alium alius quasi prudentiorem sequitur...
Somnia, terrores magicos, miracula, sagas, -
PRINTED FoR vERNoR, HooD, AND SHARPE, PoulTRY; JAMEs
TRADITION has in no Instance so clearly evinced her
cies of a Multitude, do not seem calculated for a long Duration; yet have these survived Shocks, by which
even Empires have been overthrown, and preserved at
least some Form; and Colour of Identity, during a Repetition of Changes, both in Religious Opinions, and in the Polity of States. But the strongest Proof of their remote Antiquity, is, that they have out-lived the general Knowledge of the very Causes that gave rise to them. The Reader will find in the subsequent pages an union
of Endeavours to rescue many of these Causes from Oblivion. If, on the investigation, they appear to any so fri
volous as not to have deserved the Pains of the Search, the humble Labourers will avoid Censure, by incurring Contempt. -
How trivial soever such an Enquiry may seem to some, yet all must be informed that it is attended with no small share of Difficulty and Toil.
A Passage is to be forced through a Wilderness intricate and entangled: few Vestiges of former Labours can be found to direct us; we must oftentimes trace a tedious
retrospective Course, perhaps to return at last weary and
unsatisfied, from the making of Researches, fruitless as those of some ancient enthusiastic Traveller, who ranging the barren African Sands, had in vain attempted to
t investigate the hidden Sources of the Nile.
Rugged and narrow as this Walk of Study may seem to many, yet Fancy (who shares with Hope the pleasing Office of brightening a passage through every Route of buman Endeavour) opens from hence to Prospects, en
riched with the choicest Beauties of her magic Creation.
The prime Origin of the superstitious Notions and Ceremonies of the People is absolutely unattainable; we despair pair of ever being able to reach the Fountain Head of Streams which have been running and increasing from the Beginning of Time. All that we aspire to do, is only to trace backwards, as far as possible, the Courses of them on those Charts, that remain, of the distant Countries from whence they were first perceived to flow. Few, who are desirous of investigating the popular Notions and vulgar Ceremonies in our Nation, can fail of deducing them in their first Direction from the Times when Popery was our established Religion. We shall not wonder that these were able to survive the Reformation, when we consider, that though our sensible and spirited Forefathers were, upon Conviction, easily induced to forego religious Tenets, which had been weighed in the Balance, and found wanting; yet were the People by no means inclined to annihilate the seemingly innocent Ceremonies of their former superstitious Faith. These, consecrated to the Fancies of Men, by a Usage from Time immemorial, though erazed by public Authority from the written Word, were committed as a venerable Deposit to the keeping of oral Tradition: like the Penates of another Troy, recently destroyed, they were religiously brought off, after having been snatched out of the smoking Ruins of Popery. It is not improbable that, in the Infancy of Protestantism, the continuance of many of these was connived at by the State. For Men, “who are but Children of a “larger Growth,” are not weaned all at once, and the Reformation of Manners, and of Religion, is always most surely established, when effected by slow Degrees, and as it were imperceptible Gradations. Thus also at the first Promulgation of Christianity to the Gentile Nations, through the Force of Conviction a 3 they