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What It Is
MERICANISM” is a
the divine right of kings. It term much used these
means civil administration
C. P. Bollman days, and withal not
by right and not by mighť. a little abused. It is
It stands for "
governemployed as meaning
ment of the people, by many things not Amer
the people, and for the ican at all, but which
people” in all secular their promoters would
affairs, and the policy impose upon the pub
of “hands off” in all lic as being in har
matters pertaining to mony with American
real or supposed duty spirit and principles.
owed by men to God. For an example of a
This is Americanism. glaring misuse of the
But strange as it word "Americanism,"
may seem, that which we need only refer to
is now properly called the Christian States
Americanism was firsť man for July, 1921.
enunciated, not in the In thať paper an at
New World, but in the tempt was made to
Old; not upon the show that certain meas
Western Continent, ures of religious legis
but the Eastern; not lation demanded by the
in America, but in National Reformers are
Asia; not in a free consonant with Amer“Render to Cæsar the Things That Are
commonwealth, but in
Cæsar's" ican principles, and
a Roman province; not therefore entitled to be described by the in the United States, but in Palestine. term " Americanism.” But let us exam- It was not born of human wisdom, but ine the subject a little with a view to of divine prescience; and was voiced, ascertaining what the word really means. not by man, but by God, even by the
In a political sense, Americanism sig- Lord Jesus Christ, our divine Teacher nifies the recognition and protection of and Saviour. Says George Bancroft: natural, God-given rights, both civil and
“No one thought of vindicating liberty of religious. It means the Declaration of
religion for the conscience of the individual, Independence as against the doctrine of till a voice in Judea, breaking day for the
The freemen of America da Dait till usurped poder had streng ened itself by exercise. ... sav all the consequences in the pre ciple, and they avoided the cor quences by denying the princis - Madison.
And it is this doctrine of civil and religious liberty, especially freedom in the sphere of religion, that is today properly known as “ Americanism;" and that for the sufficient reason that though originally voiced in Judea, it was firsť aecepted and adopted in a practical way as a sound political principle by the founders of the Amer. ican government, who wrote it into the Declaration of Independence, and then after independence had been acknowledged by Britain, embodied it in the na
tional Constitution, in James Madison, the “Father of the Constitution"
the immortal words: “Congress shall make
no law respecting an greatest epoch in the life of humanity by es- establishment of religion, or prohibiting tablishing for all mankind a pure, spiritual, the free exercise thereof." and universal religion, enjoined to render to Cæsar only that which is Cæsar's.”—“ History
The prohibition of “an establishment of the United States,” Vol. VI, book 5, chap. 1. of religion ” might have been construed
In the same volume, Dr. Bancroft to mean that there should be no state or writes:
national church, as was the case in every “ Vindicating the right of individuality even
European country. But the words,“ or in religion, and in religion above all, the new prohibiting the free exercise thereof," nation dared to set the example of accepting in give the First Amendment a very broad its relations to God the principle first divinely and unmistakable meaning. The doordained in Judea. It left the management of temporal things to the temporal power; but
main of religion, “the home of reason, the American Constitution, in harmony with the the citadel of conscience, the sanctuary people of the several states, withheld from of the soul,” is not to be invaded in any the Federal Government the power to invade way by the civil power. This was Amer. the home of reason, the citadel of conscience,
icanism in the infancy of the American the sanctuary of the soul; and not from indif. ference, but that the infinite spirit of eternal
Republic, and it is Americanism today. truth might move in its freedom and purity Dr. Bancroft well says that this Con. and power.”
stitutional provision was adopted. “not
Vindicating the right of indicatality even in religion, the nation dared to set the exde of accepting in its relations - God the principle forst divinely
fined in Judea."
from indifference, but that the infinite spirit of eternal truth might move in its freedom and purity and power."
This statement by America's greatest historian, has been challenged by some
by some who would have us believe that our Constitution is godless, made so by the atheistic philosophy of French infidelity; but the charge is false. Americanism is not in its nature anti-Christian, but essentially Christian, the fruit of genuine respecť for, and admiration of, the principles of government taught by Jesus
George Bancroft, American Historian and Statesman Christ Himself.
James Madison, the Father of the Constitution, was not only colony had not been swallowed up by a theoretical believer in Christianity, the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, and but a man of known personal piety. if the mere handful of Pilgrims coming
Paine lost the friendship of Washing- to these shores in 1620 from England by ton by the publication of his "Age of way of Holland, had not been lost in Reason." Indeed, a large majority of the thousands of Puritans that followed the signers of the Declaration of Inde- them ten years later, coming direct from pendence, as also of the framers of the England, the history of New England Constitution, were Christian men, at might have been very different from least by profession, and who has any what it is, and Massachusetts might inright to judge them and to say that they deed have been the home of Americanwere not sincere? Certainly not the ism, for the Pilgrims were not persemen who are trying today to turn us cutors, as were the Puritans. But such back to medievalism in both church and was not to be. state.
To Roger Williams in Rhode Island It is time that Americans ceased to and to the Presbyterians and Baptists hark back to Puritan days for the ori- of Virginia must be awarded the honor gin of Americanism. If the Plymouth
(Continued on page 18)
Photos © U. & U., N. Y.
Upper President Harding Placing Wreath on Casket of “Unknown" American Soldier
Lower Ex-President and Mrs. Wilson in Funeral Cortège for “ Unknown Soldier
Photo by R. E. Clark
D. A. R. Building, Where Public Sessions of Arms Conference Were Held
by all the horrors that heart in the By C. S. Longacre
demons of war can deworld must beat
that in sympathy with the aims and endeav- something worse even than the war of ors of the international arms conference 1914-18 awaits the fairest civilizations. at Washington to bring about a limita- Unless there is some kind of legal retion of armaments among the leading straint placed upon the modern war nations of the world, in the hope that lords, our civilization, with all its rich the dangers of war and its attendant heritage of human rights, will vanish horrors and evils may be minimized. into oblivion after a few more rounds We have learned the lesson that pre- at the war game. paredness for war is no longer a se- President Harding saw this ominous curity against war, but rather an in- war cloud looming above the horizon, centive to it. While the limitation of and as he saw it, “there grew on me,” arms may not prevent war, yet we are said he, “the sense of the failure of convinced that it is a safer and saner civilization.” In his magnificent adexperiment than the old rival method dress at the services at Arlington Cemeof arming to the limit of endurance. tery in memory of the unknown AmerCertainly the taxpayers will breathe a ican dead in the Great War, the Presisigh of relief. The mothers will feel dent expressed the hope that the nathat they are rearing their sons for tions assembled at the International something better than cannon fodder. Conference of Arms Limitation, might
Armed peace means that the menace come to some happy agreement and unof war is always imminent. It means derstanding so as not to “ leave its probthat the difficult problems will be sub- lems to such cruel arbitrament. Surely mitted, without deliberation, to the cruel no one in authority, with human attriarbitrament of brute force, accompanied
(Continued on page 16)