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one is living under the dominion of the sleeping faculties, and keeps all some single motive, some ruling prin- the moral machinery in full play. ciple or predominating passion, which There is not much originality in gives concentration of purpose and a the morals, or merely perceptive part well-defined shape to human life. of Christianity-nothing so marked

With them existence has a plan as to explain its peculiar and soveand an object, and towards the goal reign power. There was morality in view each one passes on with the almost as fine in the books of the bearing of a hero. These ascendant ancient sages, but it was only in motives, these principles of action, books. There was abundant precept, are various in moral complexion. but a destitution of power to make Patriotism, burning intensely as a them live in action. So Satan ruled furnace with self-consuming flame, his slaves with an iron rod, and bound ardently striving to secure the free-them in the Pagan dungeon with cold dom of men.

Ambition goading on and heavy chains. Christianity comes until the possessed subject is ready to near with the purple robe of dominion wade through rivers and oceans of on, breaks open, in thunder, the massy blood, to attain the cold and solitary door of the dungeon, and the prisoners eminence beyond--ready to sink the rush into liberty and life. But its pillars of a despotic empire among liberating power lies in new princithe ashes of millions—the ruins of ples rather than in original precepts. the race. Philanthropy going forth It points men to Calvary, where God as a ministering angel through hovels opens to man his divine heart, and of sin and suffering, where the unfor- reveals the infinity of his love. In tunate, the diseased, the guilty, and that part of Palestine to which our the miserable languish out life in eyes are directed, darkness broods company, and seek death in com- over the land in supernatural gloom. munion of prayer. Avarice, a yellow, Through that awful dusk may be seen smoke-dried, withered fiend, as grasp- gleaming the fierce faces of Jewish ing as the grave, and more revolting, priests and Roman soldiers, with shutting up the bowels of mercy, and theological rancour and military pride turning into stone the heart of the inflamed into madness, yet tormented worshipper.

by fear, through the mysteries of the But however diversified the motives, tragedy enfolding them. The central whether the parties be travelling in figure is a pale man, with thornthe direction of heaven or hell, they wounded brow, who has been attired stride onward with solid steps, for in purple mockingly, and now hangs each one has a domineering purpose in infamy on the blood-stained cross. and a principle of action which will His expiring throes have tremendous not give repose till the object be power.

The veil of the temple is secured. The great passion absorbs rent in twain ; the rocks are instinct and subordinates to itself all other with strange life, and crush asunder feelings and plans, transforming them in convulsion ; the dead cannot rest into auxiliaries. The aspect of such in their graves ; while the angel of men is exceedingly imposing, whether the sun spreads out his overshadowing they be nearing the shores of ruin, or wings to hide his own emotion, and approaching the city of God. to shroud that deeper passion con

We can now explain what gives summating below. "I, if I be lifted Christianity its immense superiority up, will draw all men unto me.” Yes, over all other systems. It consists Lord, when we reflect upon thy love, in furnishing a centre principle of life we are drawn to Christ and to God, and power, a sublime motive of tran- and Calvary is the mountain from scendent energy, which awakens all I which we ascend. God forbid that


we should glory save in the cross of draining marshes, dyking, directing our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the irrigation, forming walks, tempering world is crucified unto us, and we the soil, planting, sowing, building, unto the world. Some cold and sin- weeding, and coping with mildew, ful souls had accused the Apostle caterpillar, and northern blast. Paul of madness and fanaticism. He But if the present proprietor holds nobly declares, in reply, “Whether the property by an uncertain tenure, we be beside ourselves, it is to God, will he gird himself to the labour ? or whether we be sober, it is for your If he has reason to fear that, in the

For the love of Christ con- midst of his mighty toil, or at the straineth us, because we thus judge, conclusion of his labour, he


be that if one died for all, then were all driven from the property, and a dead : and that he died for all, that stranger take possession of his wealth they which live might not henceforth and glory, will not such uncertitude, live unto themselves, but unto him doubt, and fear, leave him in despairwho died for them and rose again.” ing indolence ? He will rather seize “ Therefore, if any man be in Christ, with eagerness all which savage nahe is a new creature: old things are ture spontaneously yields, but the passed away, behold all things are cultivated Eden will never bloom become new.” Yes, the life and around him. He may fiercely drive inspiration, the power and glory of a through the wilderness after beasts new moral creation, begun and main- not more ferocious than himself, tained by the astonishing force and striving to forget himself in stormy grandeur of the great principle, the excitement; but he will never cause godlike motive, love to Christ the that wilderness to rejoice like ParaRedeemer. He saved us from perish- dise, or the garden of God. But ing eternally when all other help was secure to him the estate by proper vain, by dire humiliation and extremity documents and seals, fix him securely of woe, and he shall sit on the throne there with the majesty of law for a of our hearts without a rival.

safeguard, and the spirit of life will Talk they of morals? Oh! thou bleeding Lanıb,

become strong and generous within The grand morality is love of thee !

him. The matted trees will let in 3. Here is a man placed in the sunlight and the cerulean ; the midst of a large and opulent estate. marshes will strike covenant with The forests are dark with the shadow the rivers ; the soft green meadows of patriarchal trees, rising in a virgin will be spangled with the purple soil. Rich valleys are spread out crocus, and pansies will breathe out wild in luxuriance, profusely adorned fragrance in every valley. The fields with tropical vegetation. Rivers run will wave with golden grain, and the through in stately pride, and foun- voices of husbandmen and damsels tains are plashing in the shade. sound free and happy in the hall and Mountains midway leave the storm, in the harvest field. So with man and cascades are leaping down in in the heathen ages. The property sheets and jets of molten silver. Yet within was rich as our own. The in this noble property there is much estate was ample; the capacity of barren ground which appears accursed the spirit lofty as now. Suppose one --and many swamps where ague is speaking to a heathen in this manner: born and miasma gathers head. In “Do not suffer those great energies the rank luxuriance of parts, death of passion and power to run riot, and hovers too near the confines of life, waste themselves like rivers that run and corruption steals into the embrace down into barren sand. Cultivate of beauty. Vast labour is demanded thy soul until it springs approvingly in cutting down, digging-up roots,' towards all things pure and virtuous as the proper aliment. Bring into who could not swear by a greater, has subjection every unholy desire, and sworn by himself, that by two immutrise above the animal. Avoid the able things—the promise and the oath haunts of buffoon merriment, gladia- -we might have strong consolation, torial cruelty, and unnatural infamy.” who have fled for refuge to lay hold To all which, he could understand, upon the hope set before us. Our the Pagan might have gloomily re- intellectual being, “ the thoughts that plied : “ And for what purpose, oh wander through eternity,” shall not sage, shall I proceed on this desperate perish. Our moral acquisitions and adventure of morality and mortifica- spiritual endowments, built up by tion? Should the lamp of my life sacrifice and self-denial, shall not be burn with ever such pure and radiant destroyed. With all the riches we lustre, it must all be quenched in the have gained we shall rise again. depths of a remorseless grave. Why Death cannot rob us of a single jewel, rear, with infinite toil, a magnificent nor the grave defraud us of a grace pile, which the lightning of heaven is or a virtue. We shall spring into sure to smite into ashes ? or give immortal youth, resembling the King immense time and labor to a temple who has gone before us.

This lofty which the earthquake is sure to en- hope does, indeed, spring upward as gulph ? I am not prepared to deco- a pyramid of fire, and the soul that rate with such costly ornaments a enjoys it sings as Memnon sang when scape-goat, which the angel of oblivion the morning sun shone upon him. and darkness will lead into a waste Thus, then, we find the moral power land-a desert black and silent for of Christianity in the grandeur and ever.”

perfect purity of the pattern character It is here that Christianity comes —in the divine strength and glory of to man in full majesty, fixing assur- the motive which rules in the new ance upon a Rock of ages.

man, and in the solemn assurance of the resurrection and the life: he that immortality and eternal life. believeth in me, though he were dead,

G. GREENWELL. yet shall he live; and he that liveth and believeth in me shall never die.” | THE LOVE OF GOD.-No. II. “ Because I live, ye shall live also.”

“ God is love," I John iv, 8. Oh! marvellous, life-creating voice! “We love God, because he first loved us," I John It is not a scribe, or a Rabbi, or a philosopher we hear. No such tones To convince the perishing that they of power, no such resurrection blast are objects of the Divine favour, that could peal from synagogue, academy, Jesus bore their sins in his own body grove, or temple. It is the voice of on the tree, and that the Deity wills a God who has majesty and mercy, their individual salvation, is the reaauthority and pity. Almighty son assigned in our motto for the love strength, united with deeper than of man to his Maker. I shall, therewoman's love, has come to our relief. fore, endeavour to prove what many No longer is immortality a conjecture, deny, that the love of God induced a dream, a guess, or a fear. No him to give his Son for the whole longer we sink into empty shades of human race ; and despair, with dizziness and horror, 1st. “God so loved the world, that or rise like weary eagles screaming he gave his only begotten Son, that against the thunder cloud. Here whosoever believeth on him might eternal life is embodied in visible not perish, but have everlasting life,” mastery over death, and we are John iii. 16.

The love here expresscomplete in Him who is the head ed is as extensive as the human race ; over all principality and power. He et, in the narrowness of their theo

" I am

iv. 19.

logical creed, it is argued by not a truth. But the objector will be apt few that the world here means the to say, you have not met my arguelect world. A powerful way of ment. Let the Spirit of God grapple meeting this perversion is, to read the with it. 2 Pet. ii. 1, 6. But there passage according to their own inter- were false prophets also among the pretation of its meaning, thus :—God people, even as there shall be false so loved the elect world, that he gave teachers among you who privily shall his only beloved son for the elect bring in damnable heresies, even deworld, that whosoever of the elect nying the Lord who bought them, world believeth on him might not pe- and bring upon themselves swift derish, but have everlasting life. struction.” These are bought and de2. Several passages of Scripture stroyed.

No comment is necessary. plainly beach that Jesus died for all. But does he not assert in John X. Take the following for an example:

-11-15, that he gave his life only for his “If one died for all, then were all sheep ? No, there is no “only” in dead, and that he died for all,” 2 Cor. the passage. Read it carefully, and v. 14, 15. There is a blessed harmony you may easily perceive that Jesus betwixt the love of God in willing here draws a striking contrast bethe salvation of all, and the ransom twixt the thieves, the robbers, and the given for all in 1 Tim. ii. 4 6. God hirelings, and himself, by which bis will have all men to be saved, and to love shines forth in bright refulgence. come to the knowledge of the truth, Every sinner may gaze upon the for there is one God and one mediator slain Lamb, and, from the hill of Calbetwixt God and men, the man vary, on the bottomless and shoreless Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ocean of Divine love, till he is conransom for all. This portion of di- strained, by its melting power, to vine truth was written after the ran- burst forth in rapturous joy, som was given. If the ransom had loved me, and gave himself for me. not been given for all, how could God Go, says divine love, into all the have willed the salvation of all ? world, and proclaim to every creature “ He is the propitiation for our sins, that Christ died for our sins, was buand not for ours only, but also for the ried, and rose again the third day acwhole world," 1 John 2. Will any cording to the Scriptures, Mark xvi. dare to oppose, or even to doubt, 15-16, with 1 Cor. xv. 1-4. Oh, where evidence is so abundant ? If that multitudes of our fallen family any of your readers still hesitated to may let “ Christ dwell in their hearts yield a hearty assent to this precious by faith, that being rooted and groundtruth, let them read Heb. ii. 9, “ We ed in love, they may be able to comsee Jesus, who was made a little prehend with all saints what is the lower than the angels for the suffer- breadth, and length, and depth, and ing of death, crowned with glory and height, and to know the love of Christ honour, that he, by the grace of God, which passeth knowledge.” In conshould taste death for every man.” clusion, let perishing sinners contemThe original signifies every one or all. plate the love of God in all its varied

3. It is objected that "if Christ has and unfathomable manifestations. died for all then all must be saved, His word is the mirror in which to otherwise God's design must be frus- behold it. “ Look unto me, and be trated : now we know that all shall ye saved all the ends of the earth.” not be saved, consequently Christ And let His children become daily did not die for all.” He died for all, more studious of the holy book. It is the plain testimony of Him who was after being taught of Jesus that loved us. Let us take his instructions the two disciples said, “ Did not our with the utmost confidence of their hearts burn within us while he talked

66 He

Who once for us was slain ?

Our nature thou didst take

To suffer for our sake.


to us by the way, and while he open- in discussion any one endorsed by the ed to us the Scriptures ?” Luke xxiv. Anti-Slavery Society, even Mr. Ro32.

bertson himself, with one single proHow shall our songs adore thee,

vision. There were, as I saw while If angels bow before thee,

in Edinburgh, in the City Register, How high should rise our strains !

no less than three Rev. James RoThy throne of glory leaving,

bertsons. Of one of these I had The cross and shame receiving,

heard a bad report, and not knowing

which of the three Reverends had From thy blessed lips proceeded Salvation's living word,

been guilty of violating the fifth comWhich wandering sinners needed To guide them to the Lord.

mandment, and on that account cast In Thee we have believed,

out of the Baptist church, I, of course, Thrice blessed Christ of God;

excepted that gentleman, as not being And from thy love received A pardon sealed with blood.

to me an acceptable antagonist. I S. R.

affirmed nothing of any one of that

name, only that he was the only Rev. LETTERS FROM EUROPE. James Robertson in Edinburgh that NO. XVI.

I would not meet, although endorsed Glasgow Prison, Sept. 11, 1847. by the Anti-Slavery Society. The My DEAR CLARINDA

Anti-Slavery Society held a meeting

Having, after visiting Aberdeen, Banff, Mont- the next Monday after my leaving rose, Dundee, Cupar, Auchtermuchty, thanks to Mr. Robertson for placard

Edinburgh, and passed a vote of Dumferline, Falkirk, Paisley, and Glasgow; and finding, with the ex

ing me, and for his ability in opposing ception of Aberdeen and Banff, every being so, I excepted from my list of

labors while in Scotland. This

my place filled with these placards, you honorable opponents only one person may judge what difficulties I had to encounter in obtaining a candid hear whom they might endorse, as before

described, presuming that he, whoever ing amongst a people wholly super- he was, would not obtrude himself excited by such inflammatory productions. I, however, succeeded beyond upon my attention, and thus prove measure, and will give you the par- While at Dundee, on seeing the letter,

himself to be the person so alluded to. ticulars again. Meantime, the Rev. Secretary of the Anti-Slavery Society, his reputation ; assuming, of course,

he threatened to sue me for ruining finding that the placards were losing that he was the person so alluded to. their power and procuring me larger

I could not think it possible that any congregations, took the field himself, and determined to follow me from

one would be either so foolish or to city. Accordingly he arrived wicked, under the garb of a Christian at Dundee as I was about to leave it. minister, as to make that the occasion But, finding in the old city of Dundee

of stultifying himself, or of prosecua reception from the citizens which

But in this, it seems, I too

ting me. he little expected ; and there meeting highly appreciated the sagacity and not only with a public discomfiture sincerity of the Secretary, for he in his assaults upon me, but also my that I had injured him to the amount

hastens to Glasgow, and makes oath letter in the Edinburgh Weekly Jour- of £5000 sterling-some twenty-four nal, he resolved on another way

of annoying me.

thousand dollars—and issues a fugæ As you will see in reading said leiter, I agreed to meet

warrant to prevent me from leaving

Scotland unless I gave bond to abide * Letter xv. containing the challenge and corres. pondence of J. Robertson and A. Campbell, at the

the issue of a suit of damages claimed time the latter was in Edinburgh, were published in for my saying that I would meet any 452-464, to which our readers are respectfully referred. ' Rev. James Robertson in Edinburgh

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