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CAMILLUS,

STATUE, BY BRIDAN THE YOUNGER.

Marcus FURIUS CAMILLUS was one of the most cea lebrated generals of the Roman republic, named Dictator. He captured the city of Veïs, which the Romans had fruitlessly besieged for ten years. At the siege of Falisci, which he afterwards undertook, he distinguished himself, by a trait of generosity, highly celebrated in history. A school-master came to deliver into his hands, some children of Faliscian parents, committed to his care, Ca-, millus, filled with indignation, caused him to be stripped, and led back to the city, by his scholars, who scourged, him as he went. The inhabitants, pleased with the magnanimity of Camillus, opened their gates to him. His exile, the result of a calumnious denunciation, was the sole recompence he received from the Roman people, in reward for his services as a general. On departing from the city, he implored the gods, it is said, to compel bis ungrateful countrymen to regret his loss. Very soon the occasion presented itself. The Romans, vanquished by the Gauls, in various engagements, had no hopes but in the bravery of Camillus. They immediately recalled him, and appointed him again dictator. The first use he made of his authority was, to annul the treaty entered into by the tribune Sulpicius with Brennus, the Gallic commander, to whom he made considerable presents to induce him to remove his army from Rome. In the battle which was soon after fought, Camillus obtained a

complete victory. The people, seeing the city entirely destroyed, formed the project of establishing themselves at Veïs, but Camillus persuaded them not to abandon Rome, to which the oracle had promised the sovereignty of the world. Invested a third time with the dictatorial power, he triumphed over the Equi, the Volsci, the Etruscans, the Latins, and the Hernici. The Romans gave him the name of the new Romulus, or, the second founder of Rome. At the age of eighty-four, he expelled, from the territory of the republic, a fresh army of Gauls. At length, having appeased a sedition that threatened the ruin of Rome, Camillus died of the plague, in the year 365 before J. C.

The statue of M. Bridan represents Camillus at the moment he declares to Brennus that he will only treat with him sword in hand. The figure is dignified, and executed with considerable care. Its height is about five feet nine inches.

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CARDINS D'

PRIMARIIS ON ADMINISTERBIVOVI' !;TOX
PALLARUM ET NAVAPRA XE CHRISTIANISSIMO

SORBONEROLS OR CEPUTUS
251TTAT TVILNONIS DECEMB

ANNO EH MDCXL.

MAUSOLEUM OF THE CARDINAL

DE RICHELIEU.

GIRARDON.

THE Cardinal is represented in a reclining posture on his death bed. He places one hand upon his heart, and directs the other towards one of the pious works he composed*. He is supported and consoled by Religion, while Science appears plunged in profound' affliction at his feet.

This monument formerly decorated the church of the Sorbonne. The design was given by Le Brun, to Girardon, who executed it in white marble, and it is considered one of the best productions of that artist. The principal figure is about six feet high.

Francis Girardon was born at Troyes, in Champagne, in the year 1627. He quitted an indifferent master, who instructed him in the first principles of his art, to receive the lessons of Francis Auguir. His talents and rising reputation induced Louis the Fourteenth to send him into Italy, with a pension of 1000 crowns.

Girardon availed himself of the liberality of the King, and stu

Upon the other side of the tomb, two small Genii support the arms of the Cardinal, and the ensigns of his dignity.

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