International Conventions on Protection of Humanity and Environment
The forty-eight documents specifically selected for this volume from the many international treaties in existence share a number of common features. They are multilateral international treaties open to universal adoption. They are primarily intended to safeguard certain human interests - basic human rights, humanitarian needs in armed conflicts, and the human environment - rather than to regulate the relations between subjects of international law, usually nation states. The concept of human protection is the unifying theme of the material presented.
The treaties reproduced here in their entirely clearly demonstrate that the nation state is no longer universally perceived as an absolute end in itself, and that the power of international law not only to govern relations among states, but to affect their internal affairs, is increasing. An indication of the growing interdependence among national states and the enhanced significance of international law in areas previously the sole domain of national states, these treaties exemplify in content, though not in theory, the evolution of inter-state law into international public law. Public opinion in individual countries as well as international world opinion have embraced the issues addressed in these treaties as major challenges of our time, especially when the treaties are seen as strongly binding, globally-valid guarantees of moral values, violation of which is no longer acceptable.
This timely volume offers working material from three important domains of international law that are of growing interest to the public and of increasing significance to the individual. The international conventions presented here comprise a valuable resource for lawyers and diplomats, administrators, employees of international organizations, journalists, historians, political scientists, teachers and students, and for anyone concerned with an understanding of a world that has grown in complexity and that is viewed more and more as a single entity.
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a Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Politi
December 191966 BGB11973 II 1570 999 U N T S 3
Genocide December 91948 BGB11954 II 730 78 U N T S 278
Crime of Apartheid November 301973 1015 U N T S 244
Treatment or Punishment December 10 1984 BGB1 1990 II 247
Women and Children November 121947 53 U N T S 40
a Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees January 31 1967 BGB1
Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field August 12 1949
Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction
Wastes and Other Matter December 29 1972 BGBl 1977II 180
a Amendments to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollu
a Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for
Resources May 201980 BGBl 1982 II 421 19 I L M 837 1980
Flora and Fauna March 3 1973 BGBl 1975 II 777 12 I L M 1085
June 231979 BGBl 1984 II 571 19 I L M 15 1980
August 121949 75 U N T S 135
Wounded Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea
Time of War August 12 1949 75 U N T S 287
relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Con
Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be Excessively
Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal March 22 1989 28 I L M
September 161987 BGBl 1988II 1015 26 I L M 1550 1987
Radiological Emergency September 26 1986 BGBl 1989 II 441
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