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Several vessels, which arrived at St. Sebastian were chased by insurgent cruizers on the coast of Galicia. Within a week, five or six Spanish vessels have been captured, two of them from Bayonne. [We dare say that there were some "free-masons" in the "insurgent cruizers"-let the decree of the king be shewn to them, and they will away!!! Some insurgent may yet reach the person of the tyrant knave who sitteth on the blood-stained throne of Spain, and render justice to him.]
Turkey. On the 16th June the inhabitants of Constantinople witnessed the novel sight of beholding the sultan proceed to Mosque, attended only by cannoniers and bombardiers; on the 17th a proclamation was published, which dissolved forever the corps of Jannissaries, devoted the name to execution, and decreed the formation of regular and disciplined troops under the name of "D'Asheri Muhammedije for the defence of the empire and of Islamism." No one was allowed to appear in the dress of a Jannissary, or bear that name.
The accounts from Constantinople are however of a doubtful character. The city presented a scene of devastation, all the palaces of the grandces having been pillaged. The sultan was encamped under the protection of the banner of the prophet, surrounded by his partizans. The firm conduct of the sultan has induced many of his former opponents to make com mon cause with him; but it is still admitted, even by those most anxious for his success, that no certain opinion can as yet be formed concerning the ultimate result of the bold measures which he has taken.
In the commencement of the struggle, none of the foreign, but the English ambassador, could procure a courier to convey the intelligence of the insurrection to their respective governments. It is added that 5000 Jannissaries have fallen by the hand of the bostandgis. In the mean time, it appears by the accounts from Corfu, that the insurrectionary spirit has extended itself to Albania, and even to the Mahometan inhabitants occupying the lofty chain of Pindus, &c. but this revolt could have no connection with that of Constantinople. The Turks of Castoria, it appears, were so enraged at the intelligence, that they murdered the archbishop and a great number of peaceable Christians, demolished and burnt the churches, attacked and destroyed San Marina, and, after being defeated by the Christians, they turned their rage against the town of Anaselitzas, which they burnt, as well as several Turkish villages in that country. Similar accounts are given from Ochrida and Scodra.
strewed with their bodies and muskets." The account further states, on the arrival of the frigate off the island-"Here was discovered a complete nest of these robbers, and so well were they prepared for defence that upwards of 200 armed men were seen behind a stone breast work, ready to repel any attack."
[The pirates had become exceedingly destructive as well as insolent and cruel; and depredations by them are daily heard of. The commanders of all the European ships had made a common cause against them. The sloop Erie, capt. Deacon, is very active for the protection of our trade.]
The Dutch papers acknowlege that the late letter purporting to have been written by lord Cochrane to the viceroy of Egypt, was a forgery, but intended to help the good cause!
The following trait of heroism in a Greek female is given in a letter from Levant: "A young woman of Missolonghi and her brother quitted that place, and fighting their way through the ranks of the Turks, succeeded in reaching the mountains. Upon arriving there, the young man, overwhelmed by the effort and the weight of his arms, sunk down and could go no further. At that moment a Turkish horseman came up with his sabre in his hand. The young woman seized her brother's pistol, shot the Turk, took his horse, and after assisting her brother to mount it, conveyed him to Salona. From thence she went to Napoli di Romania to sell the horse, in order to buy food and medicine for her brother.""
East Indies. The net revenue of [British] India. in the years 1824, 1825, amounted to 20,528,7631. and the charges on it to 19,737,518t. The interest on the debt amounted to 1,431,9871. The surplus last year against the revenue amounted to 749,8911.
China. According to a statement in the MorgeoBlatt the celebrated Chinese wall was erected 213 years before the birth of Christ, against the Mengolese. It is 714 Dutch miles long, 14 feet thick, and 26 feet high; so that with the same materials a wall, one foot in thickness and 23 in height, might be carried twice around the whole world.
Colombia. We learn here from Laguayra that bu siness was completely at a stand, and nothing but the necessaries of life would sell. Gen Paez was at Valencia with 8 or 10,000 men, and the streets of Caracas and Laguayra, were daily patroled to add to his army. Gen. Bermudez was at Cumana, with an equal army to oppose the movements of gen. Pacz. A British frigate was laying in Laguayra to protect the British merchants in case of need."
Paez appears resolved to have money. He has or dered that all bonds at the custom house for the payGreece. We have a Turkish account of the fall of ment of the duties, due or not due, shall be paid beMissolonghi.. It well describes the desperation with fore the goods are delivered to the owners or conwhich the Greeks conducted themselves. When they signees. The arrival of Bolivar was anxiously exfound that they could not be preserved, they killed pected. But he was yet at Lima on the 1st May; 800 of their women and children-and many drown-and, it was stated, would be invested with supreme ed themselves. The whole loss is thus stated:
Women and children taken prisoners,
power for two years.
Mr. Randolph's Speech.
1300 Fragments of a speech of Mr. Randolph, delivered in the senate during the last session of congress.
[Our reporter for the senate, when engaged in preparing the sketches of Mr. RANDOLPH'S speeches, which we had promised to our readers, was taken sudA Malta paper of the 28th June, contains the par-denly ill, on the 5th of June, and left this city the folticulars of the dislodgement of a nest of Greek pirates at the island of Candia, by the English frigate Sybille, captain Pechelle, in which the frigate sustained a loss of a lieutenant and 17 men killed, a lieutenant, 2 midshipmen and 24 men wound. On the part of the pirates, the account says: "Two of the mystics were sunk and the other two disabled, and the destruction of the people on shore from the guns of the Sybille, must have been very considerable, as the island was
lowing morning, in the hope of procuring by travelling an alleviation of his menacing complaint. When he went away, he left amongst his papers the following unfinished sketch of one of Mr. R's. speeches. Having waited thus long in the hope, equally vain, of two events-the hearing from Mr. Randolph himself, or the return of our reporter, we discharge ourselves of our pledge to the public, as far as lies in our pow er, by publishing this sketch. We do not vouch for
Ozact accuracy in the report, though we have ex-[from my friend from Missouri, I took that very ground punged from it whatever appeared to us doubtful, masking the omissions where they have exceeded the extent of a single line.]
The question being on the amendment reported by the judiciary committee to the bill for adding to the number of circuit judges
on which my friend from Missouri now maintains this amendment. This magnificent Oblo, this Belle R riere of the French-this Ohio or Fair river of the English, bas been, in point of fact, of late years, since the country became cleared-it was not so formerly-great changes are going on the face of this Mr. RANDOLPH addressed the senate. He began continent, and no greater than in that portion of it by saying, that, in regard to all measures in which where I live-gullies have destroyed our land, gullies the state of Virginia was not particularly concerned, have destroyed our springs, the washings down of and where the constitution of the United States per- the hills have caused the water that formerly ran into mitted him, he had ever felt, and he trusted be al-the streams to go off by absorption and evaporation on ways should feel, a strong disposition to vote with the naked surface of the old miserable worn out fields. his friend from Missouri. After glancing at the I have known two streams running parallel to each bald Latin of the times, principia non homines, to which other and very small streams they were-afflicted, if he had no objection, if expressed in better Latin, Mr.I may use the expression; no not so—supplied by the R. said he should vote with the gentlemen from I same thunder shower, the one, turbid, loathsome nois and Missouri on this amendment-not only for over flowing its banks, scient to give one a bilious the reasons which had been given so clearly, so suc-fever to look at it; the other pure, calm, and elear— cinctly, and so distinctly too, by both these gentleman, the one ran through woodland, and the other through but for reasons which they had not given. I agree naked worn-out gullied channels. The same rain with my friend from Missouri, in all cases of distance, fell in both-there was no difference in the quality, where the legislature or the judicature is seperated except one land let the rain off directly, and left the by any long interval of space, an interval in practice, bare torrid soil to repel the clouds like the great Zanot an interval in distance- count as the German hara does. When once the drought sets in, the difstore wagoners do, by hours, not by miles-whereso-ficulty is to get the first rain-to get the earth to ever a legislature, or judicature, or any other func- act as a condensor, not as a repeller and evaporator— tionary, not military-for he has no discretion; he c'est le premier pas qui coute-then, sir, it never rains must go as the centurion orders him to go, and come but it pours. During the discussion of this famous when he orders him to come. I wish we had a judi- bill, the tariff bill, with which we southerners have ciary under some military government, or we sha. been tarified-it is a provincial expression, used in come to bave judges de facto and judges de jure-as the southern country, and by very good people, 100, they had for several generations in old England; a king for scarified; as “ambition” is used to express malice de facto of the house of Hanover, and a king whom an ambitious man means in common parlance a vinthey toasted as the king, as they toasted church and dictive man; when that tariff bill was under discusstate; bible and crown-church and bible always sion, I said this famous Ohio, which was to float the first, not state and crown-whereas the whigs always manufactures of Zanesville, and all the other rilles in toasted the constitution, church and state. I don't the western country, would be found on trial to fail, say which side of the toast: am-I agree with my and the dificulties would go on increasing as the friend, in this case, that the difficulty is not by any country should be more thickly settled-that this magmeans in direct ratio of distance; it is as the squares nificent river-not the Mississippi, sir-yet I believe of the distances; I should not be far wrong if I should I might apply it to the Mississippi in one sense; would say it was as the cube-it is like the misery of be found to be unnavigable all the summer, from wearing spectacles and taking care of a spectacle lowness of water, and that it would be frozen up al case-it is as the square of the diameters. But the winter. My friend has taken a leaf out of my while I vote with my friend from Missouri, on this book to serve his purpose now, which is to get this question, I wish to hold him when we shall come to arrangement of districts to suit him. Let me reques another question-whether it be the Dismal Swamp him, when we come to discuss the propriety of doing canal bili, or the Potomac and Ohio canal bill, or what? Making a canal to the Youghiogeny-the some other of these Gerrymanderings of the states most preposterous scheme ever thought of--which, if into districts by canals and roads for the purpose, it were completed to-morrow, would be of no sort of as my friend says, of pleasing men, and not for do-use-it never could be put to any-if we could have ing good to the public-for the purpose of making a the canal cut to-morrow, though it should not cost job-for the purpose of providing for some worthy one shilling-if we could borrow the serfs of our our secretary-ships of legation, and other things good allies Caesarovitch or tothervitch, if we could having run out, our district attorney-ships' having borrow all the serfs of our empire and pattern gone through-all the other cows in our pen having the glass in which we dress urselves-and all the ceased to give any milk-that we shall have to build paper money of that great potentate and power whom lighthouses in the skies, and to construct roads as we are about to imitate-about, did I say? No- that they do in Ireland, where they have the finest roads we have imitated all the time- mean England-if in the world. They were not intended for the bene- we had all the serfs of Russia and Poland, all the fit of the Irish: they were not intended for the bene- miserable slaves of every sort and degree in Spanish fit of the people who travel over them: they are, as America, and the paper money of England, and were Miss Edgworth says, jobs-taxes imposed on the poor to cut this canal, it would be of no service. It is like Irish. What is it to them, whether there are roads the canal, in which a gentleman I see in my eye has or not, who go with naked feet? They would rather an interest, as I have-I mean the Roanoke canal. We go on the bugs; they are by vocation, as well as by took it into our heads we wanted a canal round the Dame, bog-trotters. Now, sir, when that shall come falls, to make the produce of our lands accessible to up, let me put my friend in mind that he, for once in the markets. We forgot one thing. It was just bebis life-the first time, and I believe the last time-fore the great blow up of 1918, when I thought I had took a leaf out of my book. But I must claim my property where I can find it, even in possession of a friend: he is welcome to the use of it without the ceremony of asking leave, as he is to any thing that I was not sued. Some gent eman took the li
On a certain bill in another place, when I had the misfortune for this is a serious subject--to differ
so much money I did not know what to do with it, and in two years I was in danger of being sued, and it was only owing to the forbearance of a creditor
berty of taking my property, and giving me what is called an insolvency in return. It never occured to us, that the people who lived below this canal and
whom nobody could hinder from going to Halifax or-so they can do, after a sort, without these things
to Norfolk, those very people do not use the river below the canal. We cut the most beautiful canal ever saw in my life, in order that we might put ourselves on a footing with the people below the falls, and after we had paid I don't know how many instalments upon it, the planters turned their backs on the river, and Halifax and Norfolk, and went to Peters burgh with their produce. What I am now saying is of very great importance to the vital interests of this country. It is this: Whenever any proposition shall be got up to create expense here, there will always he some very plausible reasons urged for going Ento that expense--because some body will always have to furnish the materiel. Suppose it is a turn pike road, somebody must superintend that road, vith a better salary than the governor of a state. Such projects, Mr R. said, would be voted for, whether conducive to the public interest or not.
but how? Some of them, who are good managers, may save their rags, and make blankets out of themin a small family, there will not be rags enough, there will where there are plenty of negroes-but in a small family of white folks, they will have to buy the blankets, and how are they taxed-how are they tarífiedand how are the people lying under them tarified with cold? It is great injustice to the southern population to suppose that it consists of nabobs, with legions of black slaves waiting their commands, and as I have seen them pictured, lying on a sofa, having one slave at their head and one at their feet, to keep off the flies, drinking cool lemonade all day, and hardly walking a hundred yards in the twenty-four hours. There is less luxury in the southern country-there is not a family in the state of Virginia, who, in point of furniture, fine mahogany furniture, Turkey car pets, expensive wine, great show-I grant it is a miserable sort of thing-but there is not one family within my knowledge who maintain a style of expense equal to that, I wont say of a chief clerk, bat a secondary clerk in our departments here-equal to that which, when i was in the habit of going about at night—which I have long left off—they did maintain-and I do not hear that they have fallen off in any respect, because I understand, they generally pay by the same summary process. The first thing which recommended Wm. H. Crawford to me for the presidency was his giving me to understand that, if he came in, all those who paid their debis by smacking the calf-skin should go out-there is not a family in Virginia, within the course of my acquaintance, that lives in such a style of expense, luxury and grandeur
11ere said Mr. R we are to take our measures for eman as he is--not the creature he is described to be an romances, in Eutopias, Atlantus's or in romances of any sort, whether of the circulating library, or the deeper reveries of philosophers. Do you believe that if the tanner is applied to, to fortify the town, there is any material so good as leather? If we leave it with the carpenter, is there any thing so good as wood? They will make out their case. Leave it to a committee of carpenters, and a bill will be brought in to fortify the city with wood: leave it to the tanner, and it will be feather: leave it to the stonemason, and it will be stone. Then comes this bag trotter, with his spade on his shoulder, and his wheelbarrow in his hand, and says there is nothing, my dear sir, like turf—all fortifications should be made and the more negroes they have, the worse they are of turf. Pat is right, and I am very glad he is in a off. We are the trustees for our slaves, and they recountry where he can cut the soil, without having a ceive a much larger portion of the proceeds of the middle-man to hold the scourge over him-and why? soil than the laborer of any other country under the I find I have fallen into a bad habit, when addres- sun, that I have ever seen, except in the new states sing the senate, of saying too much-ne quid nimis--and that has arisen from the local causes to which but, when we agree to take stock in the Ohio and Chesapeake canal-net Potomac-no, we don't go for any thing less than Chesapeake-my friend will recollect he has read a leaf out of my own speech, delivered two years ago, showing that the fair Ohio river is, during part of the year, unmanageable from drought, and during part of the year unmanageable from ice, running or standing.
Again, I hope my friend will recollect, that even the Mississippi himself, the father of floods, is, at St Louis, and as low down as the Chickasaw Bluffs, ridged with ice in the winter-which proves what has been often said, and what Drake, of Cincinati has asserted, that the climate west of the Alleghany mountains, under the same parallel of latitude, is not so mild in winter as on this side-there never was such a degree of cold, in the same parallel of latitude east of the mountains as to bridge such a ver as the Mississippi at the Chickasaw Bluffs.
my friend has alluded, and which must change as those new states progress. I have no hesitation in saying, slavery is a curse to the master-I have been held up-as any man will be who speaks his mind fairly and boldly, without any qualification-as a blackish sort of a white, and a whitish sort of a black -as an advocate for slavery in the abstract. The other day, I saw what the spirit of fanatacism will effectuate: A captain in the British navy was cashiered for buying a slave, not an adult either, from some place on the coast of Africa. For the naked fact of buying a slave he is cashiered-turned out. What should we have said to the British government, if they had persecuted the benevolent Mr. Willshire, for buying Riley and his companions? There was the fact. He bought so many American slaves from their Arab masters-not Arab but Hedouin-half Arab and half ri-negro-I speak of the African Moor, and not of the people of the Arabian peninsula-why was he not Now I hope my friend from Missouri will agree cashiered? Every body knows. that the money of my constituents shall not be taken, printing presses-there were no hireling writings--There were no in the shape of taxes on the salt, the iron, the coarse there were no saints, to misrepresent the state of goods, the pewter sleeve buttons, the commodities, those American and English persons. To buy them as my friend from North Carolina's d the other day; was well enough. Was not that slave trade? is it I wish he could have been hear i-the only things the not buying slaves? I have been wanting to get at this people consume-and who are the people? They thing a good while, and I am glad I am got at it now. who are now turning the furrow, and whistling-1|1 wish I knew this gallant British captain, and he hope they have the heart to whistle-while their corn is putting in the ground, and they are giving it the first working-out of whose corn houses the horses and asses of Washington are to be fatted-the articles consumed by the people, the bulky articles, the cheap articles, which they are obliged to have, an have they must-the coarse wollens, which they can do without after a sort, as the Waverly man said; be ing asked how he served the king, being in favor of the pretender, he replied, he served him after a sort]
should be welcome to my bed, my board and every thing I have for the rest of his days. This slave jumpcd overboard and swam ashore, and why? Because the slave had been led to believe the white man mea: t to eat him, and he escaped, as any wild animal will, from man-as the fox cub will ruti away or bite you, as the hawk or the cagle will strike at you whit writhing under the pain of a gun-shot wound; but : o sooner has he tasted the water you offer him, but he ucts like--[Here some words are deficient)--And s
would rather take a lesson from the shepherd in the fable, than from the philosopher in the school. And what did this captain endeavor to save him from? Very probably from domestic servitude; because according to Mungo Park-he travelled in Africa-be was the advocate of the slave-trade himself, though his book was under the hands of a reducteur, whose opinions turned the other way, and it has been soft-lips of a man whom I had not seen for forty years, ened as much as possible on that subject. This British captain would have preserved this slave from domestic servitude; from political and civil servitude. What would he have done with him? The worst thing would have been to have brought him to some colony or country where he might have been brought up not to England-it would have done him an injury. Suppose he had brought him to this country; who does not remember the old African negro, more like a baboon than a man-they have been brought here, and in two generations they are almost on a par with the whites. If you take the upper classes of the blacks and the lower classes of the whites, the former is the most moral, virtuous and intelligent man-I mean to confine myself to the slaves, and not to the free blacks. Mr. Malthus' famous check of vice and want does not prevent them from keeping up their numbers, without the slave trade. These mal-treated, half starved, cart-whipped negroes, (as they are represented to be), go on increasing in a frightful arithmet ical, almost geometrical progression. We cannot find bread for them-we are forced to send them to the western country, and sometimes to run away from them. It is only such lands as the alluvial lands near the rivers that will bear negro cultivation, and there it is that the condition of the laborer is equal to the condition of the laborer any where on earth. [Some lines wanting.]
to slavery, there is no longer any hospitality in our country. The only hospitality you find is in the allvial country-not so high up as where I live-we cannot afford it. The only hospitality is geometrically true: as the square of the numbers of the slaves, just in that proportion is the hospitality. The other day I heard with great sorrow, because it came from the and whom when I last saw, I reverenced-it was at a Lafayette dinner in a neighboring county-te too having, no doubt, substituted meadows, and beautiful green fields, and wheat, for ugly black tobacco stafss and corn stalks-he, too, chimed into the song. Let a man have your ear every day and in process of time he is your master. It comes from the north-all genious comes from the north-he had heard this thing said till he began to believe it, that we were in a state of the most abject bondage, till the French, our good allies, came-would to God they had not come to our assistance (in the war of the revolution)—would to God they had staid away, and left us to work out our salvation, not with fear and trembling-that will do for individuals-but in the only way we could do it, by action. We should have saved ourselves much trouble by prolonging the war, for a new generation would have grown up-we should have been a new people, and in that respect, the Spanish American people have the advantage of us-they beat us all hollow-they will have worked out their own salvation if they succeed, by their own arms. This person descanted-he comes from an eloquent family-they have an hereditary predisposition to eloquence-ou our independence, and drew a vivid picture of the improvement that had taken place since that event throughout the country. I should like to have asked him whether the lower northern neck of Virginia had also improved. I should like to have asked what had become of those large hospitable mansions on both sides of the Rappahannock and Potomac, the seats once of hospitality, inhabited by men fit to take their stations in the councils of any nation. I would have asked him if he thought their had been any improvement there, either in the country or in the race of men. Our ancesters did, what I am afraid their posterity I have, sir, declaimed too long-I am sorry for it-I are now doing. They thought what a fine nice thing wanted to get this thing out, to shew that the condition it was to get a black fellow to work for nothing-they of our slaves, badly treated as they may be, is far gave twenty, or thirty, or forty pounds sterling, and above that of the peasantry of England. England had said, instead of paying wages by the day or year, we once a yeomanry; she has none now, except the yeawill have him, like a horse, to work for nothing. But manry cavalry that cut down the cotton spinners at you forget-you may make a horse work, you may Manchester-and that work is supported by the very feed him in the stable, or turn him out to grass, but saints who cannot endure there should be slavery in here you have a moral agent to deal with, and I defy Jamaica. Men are whipped to death at Charing Cross you with all your machinery, to get half the work out while drums and trumpets sound to drown their cries of any black man or white that you can get out of the within the ear shot of these saints, and it disturbs same man by the action and reaction, the elevation not their rest. But the overseer, who, stung to adand depression of the piston of loans, paper money, ness by the machinations of these very men, shall and taxation. This is the same thing that drives John chastise a slave beyond the point, the press is set to Bull to work ten hours a day-another loan eleven work and it is spread on every table. Who hears hours-another loan more victories, more Trafalgars about men being whipped to death at Charing Cross? more heroes. They are most expensive characters- if it appears in the press, it is denied. Would to God like race horses, they eat off their own heads-lay that the press was in this country as in England. I them by on the shelf to come out at the next war, and is not there that the king, and a few foreign ministers you find that ten years peace has unheroed them, and and one or two of the inhabitants, have all the dinners you have to get a new set. Our forefathers did, what to give: it is no there that they give the tone to the I am very sorry to see some of their posterity are now fashion. There is Devonshire house, at which I bad doing they substituted cunning for wisdom: they the entre, where there are weekly concerts, that thought it a fine thing to get a man's labor, and pay would put Carlton House in the dark. There is Spea lide or nothing for it; but they should have remem- cer House, where the nobility and gentry assembleberd the maxim, "do as you would be done by." Ev- and the question is whether a man is of an old family ery man who leaves that great high road, will have the and landed estate. Mr. Coke is as much a peer as if chalice, which he himself has poisoned-the chalice be sat in the house of peers; and the new mushroom of justice, even handed justice, put to his own lips by lords are as much commoners as-[here some lines the God of nature, who does not require abolition so-are wanting, in the course of which Mr. R. adverted cieties to carry his purpose into execation. Our fathers eat the grapes, our teeth have been set an edge, our land is worn out, pur country is a desert. What do we hear? What if pains me to hear-it is owing
Any man who takes me for the advocate of slavery in the abstract, mistakes me altogether; but I dont get up a head of popularity by declaiming against the slavery of a black man. I will take Jefferson's practice, as a slaveholder to this day, against his notes on Virginia, as I will take practice any where against theory.
to the political history of lord Londonderry and lord Castlereagh. He then added what follows. Lord Londonderry was the manager of the house of com. mons; he discharged the functions there, which a
gentleman, whom I dont now see, but whom I did see constitution out of him or not-I will not make an exthis morning, discharged some where else. They treme medicine of the constitution-I will not put could not spare lord Londonderry from the house of him on a dict of mineral or vegetable poison. This commons, lord Liverpool was obliged to be in the lord Londonderry, so grossly belied, was the most house of peers, and his sagacity and experience, for dignified man I ever beheld-I have nothing to say he was born and bred a minister, as Washington said about his principles-I have nothing, to say about Ireof Lee as a soldier-he came from his mother's womb land-I have attempted to portray, with a feeble pena'minister. He studied at the feet of Gamaliel, and cil and timid hand, the misery of Ireland-it must be that Gamaliel was his father-better known to us as seen, felt, heard, and understood, it must be more than Lord Hawkesbury; but, when he died, he was com- all this-it must be smelt-for you wind it as far as pelled to take his seat in the house of peers. Lord Lon-you would a cat, a chat of our desert-a pole cat-I donderry could not sit in parliament as an Irish com- never was on board a white slave ship, but I have moner from the county of Down, but he could come in heard discriptions of them far exceeding in nauseousas an English commoner. Lord Londonderry, to the ness those of the black slave ships. I never was on day of his death, was not exempt from the ca sa, of board a black slave ship but once, and that was at the sheriff of Middlesex. He would have been an Charleston, and that was as clean and sweet a ship English peer, but he could not afford it. He came in as ever I was on board of in my life-the people were for a borough, and he continued the management of well and healthy, hearty and contented, eating rice the house of commons; they could not afford to lose out of wooden bowls with much gout. kam not dehim. Crede experto, &c. He was the most dexterous-fending the slave trade-[two or three lines wanting.] the most acute, tactician, as manager of that house, I If you will promise the money first, wherewith to get ever saw, or had any conception of. I must except the thing you want, you will find your expenses are Lord Liverpool in the other house, but it does not re- diminished 66 2-3 per cent. Two shillings Virginia quire the same sort of talents to conduct the house of money will go as far, in ready money, as one dollar commons. Lord Londonderry, who has been libelled will go on credit, except at the door of a theatre, or by Tom Moore, and other wits, was one of the most for luxuries that may be well dispensed with. If, perfect gentlemen, extremely dignified, wary, pru- instead of suffering the account to be raised against dent and sagacious-his loss was a most severe loss you, and lying over for payment, my word for it, if to the English-so severe that it compelled Lord Li- you pay in ten days after purchase, you will have to verpool to insist, the chancellor, and something great pay 25 per cent. additional-in sixty days, you will er, notwithstanding, that Mr. Canning must come in, have to pay more-if twelve months, double--and if or he would resign. The sagacity, the ability, the you put it off, and it comes to law, you will have a instinctive sagacity, foresight and prudence of lord thousand per cent to pay. I go by actual experiment Liverpool, his weight of character, his calmness-in my own person, who have seen and wept over his having no children to provide for-no bevy of re- friends by my side going into the gulf of bankruptcy lations and hangers on to provide for out of the pub- with their eyes wide open, unable to practice the least lic crib-to put into the public stye-his superiority to self denial. every suspicion of sinister motives-has been the Mr. R next adverted to the operations and argumain brace, to speak nautically, of the British con-ments of the sentimentalists on the subject of slavery, stitution. Yes sir, Lord Liverpool, mark my words! and the treatment of slaves, who, he said, care no who had the good sense to feel his way experiment more about a man being whipped to death, than a ally, instead of rushing onward, like a rash young pig being whipped to death, as in England, to make man, just come to his estate-put a beggar on horse- brawn. When I was in Yorkshire last, (said he), in back and he will ride to the devil-instead of acting the East Riding, in the town of Hull, the native town like a spendthrift who has got a prize of an hundred of Mr. Wilberforce, a British soldier was whipped to thousand dollars, and who spends, and thinks he can- death. He was lacerated-cut to pieces under the not get rid of it quick enough, and instead of ten years lashes of the drummer, secundum legem-no, sir, not finds it does not last two-Lord Liverpool, feeling his according to law-he had no trial by his peers-he way as every wise statesman and physician does-a was that mere machine, a murderer-a mercenary physician will make himself acquainted with the pa-soldier-a thing I have always looked at with abhortient, and the history of the disease, and every thing connected with it-he will stay by his bedside for days and weeks if it is a chronic case-unless it is a case that requires a degree of urgency-supposing it a chronic case-a Panama case-he will sit by the now see your executive government-it is the bayo bedside for weeks-he will acquaint himself with the nets; it is not the king and chief justice. This is the disease, he will give the medicine, and wait and see true ultima ralio regum-this is what backed the lord its operation before he goes further. A man who chief justice's warrant, in the case of the Cato strect should lay aside Indian corn, and plant potatoes on conspirators. These machines, pompous as they look his whole estate, by way of experiment, would stand in the field, are what I never will tolerate, I never a chance of being ruined-but there is nothing to voted for one, and I never will. When I see him in prevent his planting an acre this year, and an acre the person of the lord lieutenant of the county- when I and a half next year, to establish the feasibility of the see him as a volunteer, turning out without waiting to plan by actual experiment. What is the Baconian be drafted, my heart bows down; but when I see him philosophy? A philosophy of induction-of severe in another sort of person, my heart does not bow reasoning founded on severe experiment-founded down, &c. After some further remarks, adverse to not on one experiment-sir Joseph Banks made but the claims of soldiers by profession to particular resone experiment to make the fleas into lobsters, ac-pect, he went on to discriminate between them and cording to Pindar, but they would not become lob- volunteer soldiers-adding as follows: I shall vote sters, damn their souls-how do you know, if he had for Andrew Jackson at the next election, whoever made another experiment, but he would have suc else shall be nominated. He is the man who is the ceeded-perhaps the want of some acid or alkali first military man in the country, and the man by prevented it-give me a man, a white man or a black whom the present incompetent, insufficient, self-sufman, of this country or that country, of this situation ficient, all-sufficient, administration can be put out. or that situation, give me a jury trial man, a habeas- If he were not the man he is-if he were not a man of corpus man, let him be a voting-supplies man, an as-irreproachable moral honesty-if he were a proflisembly man--I can tell you whether I can make a freel gate, instead of being what he is, I should support him
rence: he is to cut your throat-he is the familiar of the grand inquisitor. I saw one of them with his regimentals on, mounted on his charger, prancing over the field. He is a hero. I said then to my friend,