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saving would be effected of 200,00l. a counsellors shond persuade a king of France year. A further alteration for public ac. to trample on his subjects, and British commodation was suggested, which would soldiers might be engaged as the instrumake the bills more secure and convenient ments of detested tyranny. Already in by making them payable to order, and Spain the prediction had been verified. not to

pass from hand to hand as at pre- He should strenuously resist the estimates sent. A blank would be left which the to be proposed; and, should he have the holder could fill up.

good fortune to succeed, he would after[The plan met with general approba- wards propose an address to the crown, tion ; but Mr. Grenfell and some other praying that more economical propositions gentlemen, thought that the terms were should be made to the house, that the too favourable for the Bauk.)

people might find that parliament was not The Chancellor of the Exchequer in re.

deaf to their loud complaints, and that if ply observed, that no exchequer bills had measures of late years pursued had prebeen thrown into circulation lately: not vented complete retrenchment, yet that at five shillings worth of this species of pa

least an anxiety prevailed to alleviate their

burthens. per in the market, for some months past.

Feb. 26. On the motion of the Chancel Mr. Frankland Lewis remembered with lor of the Exehequer, the House resolved pride, when not more than twenty years into a Committee of Supply, to consider the ago, Mr. Pitt proposed the expenditure of Army Estimates.

only 400,0001. upon fortifications, it was Alluding to the numerous petitions opposed by the country gentlemen of Eng. against the Property Tax, Lord J. Russell land, with Mr. Bastard at their head, and said,

on a division, the numbers being equal, the These petitions proved beyond contra- Speaker, Mr. Coruwall, gave the casting diction that the people were with haste vote against the unconstitutional suggestion congregating in all parts of the country in of the minister. In this opinion, governorder to compel ministers to listen to their ment had proceeded upon a totally false sighs under their affictions, and to their view of the resources and of the dangers of groans under the burthens that were laid the country. The interest upon the debt upon them; burthens heavier than in any

was increased to 40 millionsl the establishprevious time of peace; beavier even than ment required 23 millions, and altogether in many former wars in which we had more than 65 millions were to be procured been engaged. Ministers, on the contrary, by taxes, which sam was to be deduced were endeavouring to 'shut their ears from a revenile on land and capital, against the cries of the people, and were amounting yearly to 130 or 140 millions, running a most unbecoming race, in order so that it was obvious that nearly hall that to impose the grievous weight before the revenue was annually consumed; and was nation could have time to express its reso

there not considerable danger that we Jution not to sustain it. The bare proposal might soon arrive at the end of our rethat a standing army of 150,000 men

sources ? ; and, should we be driven into should be supported, must alarm every another war, 'where could be proeured the friend to his country and its constitution; means of its prosecution? The force desnot that he (Lord J. R.) was impressed tined for the West Indies was equally exwith any fear so ridiculous, as that a stand-travagant, especially since St. Lucia, the ing army unaided could ever effectuate key of the islands, had devolved into the what had been accomplished in some of hands.of Great Britain. With regard to the states of the continent; but the great- Canada, he admitted that it was more exest danger was to be found in the influence posed in consequence of the increased of the crown, 'which by daily increase, power of the United States; but the exthreatened to erase even the vestiges lloat tension of the boundary, from Its character, departing liberty had left behind her. had rather strengthened our possessions, We had undertaken a war to procure peace

and the occupatiou of Upper Canada had and a diminution of taxation, and we had added strength to the city of Qucbec. concluded a war only to perpetuate the Above all, he censured the superseding of burthens for which war had been the only the officers of the excise by soldiers, and of

Great Britain was converted from the customs by the employinent of the a naval into a military nation, and, instead navy. of continuing a mighty island, she was Mr. Yorke thought it highly ridiculous to be changed into a petty continental to talk of danger to our liberties, from an state. Who could avoid perceiving to encrease of 9 or 10,000. Could we turn what a purpose the army in Frauce miglit away our soldiers, to serve as scavengers be applied! It might happen that evil' and dustmen? He compared Mr. Fox's

excuse.

peace establishment, and shewed that com- , the West India Islands would be the first paring the price of things, with those thirty object of attack. For the force necessary years ago, the allowances were very mo in Jamaica, we had a criterion in the opiderate.

nion of the colory itself, for the colony had nished at the whole of the proceedings! cheaper to maintaia a garrison of 4,000 Mr. Brougham was completely asto-agreed to provision any garrison exceeding

Now as to expense, it was He was not of opinion that 150,000 men would destroy the constitution more than of 2,000 at our own entire expense. The

men, provisioned by the colony, than oue 140,000 men; but the system was bad, force in the Leeward Islands was 4,200 in radically bad. All Europe was trained to arms; must we, therefore, be trained to

1791; at present it would be 5,500; and arms? We, to whom our navy, was our

the same observations applied here, with patural protection? We are now more

this addition, that at Antigua there was a populous; why, then, we are the better tion, too, of the West Indies, and the rise

large naval arsenal. In the present condiable to defend ourselves. Formerly, when of the black empire, it was our duty (bowthings were bad, we had a smaller army; now, when all Europe is for us, we have a

ever we miglat exult in the abolition of the larger army; how absurd. A wise mini: low countrymen in those islands; and it

slave trarle) to afford protection to our felster would diminish the military furor, not would be mercy to the blacks themselves, Encrease it,

to prevent, by a display of strength, any Lord Palmerston, in reply, should divide attempt at bloody and unavailing insurrecthis force of 99,000 men into four portions: tion. Uuder all these circumstances, the for Great Britain, for freland, for our old proposed addition of 7,000 men in that colonies, and our new acquisitions; and quarter, could not be esteemed njore than the distribution would be, for Great Bri- was absolutely required. · New colonies tain 25,000, for Ireland the same; for our were Ceylon, the Mauritius, the Cape, old colonies 23,000, for our new acquisi- the settlemeots on the African coast, Trinitions 23,000; and for the purposes of con- dad, Tobago, St. Lucia, Berbice, Essetidual reliefs 3,000. Our old colonies were quibo, Malta, and the lonian Isles. It Gibraltar, Canada and Nova Scotia, Ja was difficult to ascertain the precise amount maica, and other West India islands. The of the enemy's force in those places, beforce on all these in the year 1791 was cause we were unacquainted with the ex17,000 men—the force now proposed would tent of their losses. But the amount at amount to 23,800; making an increase of the time of surrender, was from 29 to about 7000. As to Gibralter, a mistake 80,000 men, whilst the force now proposed had existed on the other side of the house, did not exceed 25,000. The inhabitants of for a larger force was employed there in the Mauritius were wholly French, and of 1791 than at present; the force now re such a spirit, that they testified the great, quired was 4000, which would not be est joy at Buonaparte's return to Paris; thought too much when we recollected besides which the colony was an import, how much the works in that place had ant naval station, or the 3,000 men albeen augmented. The force in North lotted to the Cape, 1,000 men were staAmerica, ineluding the Bahamas, amounted tioned up the country, to protect our grain 1791 to 5000 men; that proposed at dually increasing settlements against the present to 9,500, the increase being giyen inroads of savages; 1,000 were approentirely to Canada, and in that country priated to the settlements on the coast of there were circumstances internal, as well Africa. The design of these settlements as external, that would sufficiently justify was to promote conmerce and civilization such an augmentation. Nearly the whole among the natives, and to prevent the reof Upper Canada had been settled since currence of any slave trade. the period of 1791; the vulnerable points Feb. 27.-This Debate was resumed. and objects of attack had since that period Mr. J. P. Grant, thought it impossible to become infinitely more numerous, while shew any necessity for retaining a larger morasses, forests, and all the natural obsta- military establishment, by two thirds, than cles to conqnest, had diminished in the had ever before been attempted for Great same proportion; the spade of the colonist Britain, in time of peace. Would the had acted as pioneer for an enemy. The House tolerate so much influence? Would navigation of the rivers in that quarter was it break down the barriers always estaoften interrupted, and forces might not ar

blished against the power of the Crown? tive at the inoment when they were re- Would it sacrifice the liberties of the quired.

people'? The freedom of the Country was The increase of the L'nited States in power, inconsistent with liberty; one must give made it clear, that in the event of a war, I way; it should be, the Army,

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Feb. 28.--The Debate again resumed. | with contevding avidity, this inimitable Mr. Knox stated that the spirit of hostility artist was suffered to pine in indigence in to Goverpineot in Ireland, was not con his native land, and then doomed to have fined to one or two districts: it required his memory encumbered with empty praise more general precautions. Mr. Law ob- by the cheerless voice of posthumous gratiserved that if any thing occurred in Europe, tude, Besides a few excellent pictures by Britain must be a party to it, in her own De Loutherbourg, and a judicious selection defence: we therefore, ought to be pre- from the works of living Masters, this pared. Lord Folkstone, Sir F. Burdeti, and Gallery is adorned with some of the mag. several others spoke at great levgth. nificent productions of the old schools; it The llouse divided

is particularly rich in those of the Flemish For leaving the chair 241 and Dutch artists, and contains several of Against it

121 the small finished sketches of Rubens, Feb. 29.-- Many additional Petitions which are in general the most valued of against the Property Tax.

his works, from the fact of their being the acknowledged production of his own hand

-an authenticity which did uot often atDULWICH COLLEGE.

tach to several parts of bis larger pictures. Among the recent improvements at Dul- llis fine subject of Sumpson and Deliluh, is wich College, a capacious and well-con- in this co'lection; and the celebrated porstructed gallery has been erected, to re trait called “ La Mere de Rubens," which ceive the splendid collection of pictures, be- has suffered terribly from the taste of that queathed io that Institution by the late Sir very officious set of gentry styled picture Francis Bourgeois. This gallery is 120 cleaners. Some of the fine tints of the feet in length; it is divided into three com- artist bave been thus wholly obliterated, partments, and lighted by large lanterus, and the Head of the portrait seems with well arranged for the purpose. With a difficulty to have retained part of the laudable anxiety for the cultivation and mild expression, and fine serenity, which improvement of the Fine Arts, this magni- marked its original character. ficent collection has been lately throwu There are also here some of the magical open to the students of the Royal Academy, works of Raphael Vandyke, and Remwho are thereby enabled not only to con. brandt. The portrait of that magnificent template and study some of the finest patrou of the Arts, Archduke Albert, by works of the Continental School, 'in the the second of those illustrious characters, zenith of its ascendancy; but also some of is a sublime production. When the rays the happiest productions of those Britisli ofthe sun fall upon this portrait, the armour "Artists whose genius dispelled the fantastic of the Prince seems to reflect the golden theory of Winkelman that the art of biaze, while his animated and expressive painting, like the culture of some rare countenance, and the exquisite finish of plants, required a warmer sun than the his left hand, which rests on the front of climate of this country was competent to the picture, give to it a life aud vigour afford. In this extensive collection the which seduce the mind altogether from the student will delight to dwell upon one of delusion of Art. the few historical works produced by the One part of the Gallery is appropriated masterly pencil of Sir Joshua Reynolds, it to the works of Cuyp, Ostade, Teniers, is “ The Death of Curdinul Beaufort," which Potter, and other artists, chiefly of the once adorned the Shakspeare Gallery, Dutch school, remarkable for the transThe colouring of this picture has viol (at parent beauty and vigorous execution of least in its present state) that depth and iheir compositions. On the present occabrilliancy which belong to some of the sion we confine ourselves to a mere outline works of this accomplished man; there is, of the contents of this collection; they are, however a force of inventiou and a strength however, entitled to a detailed consideraof character in the composition, which ir- tion, from their own intrinsic merits, and resistibly convey to the mind of the specta- from the interest they have excited by the tor the terrible story of the poet, and im- 'late praiseworthy regulation which threw press him with an admiration for the ar open the gates of the College to the Stutist, by whose genius it was furnished. dents of the Academy. One thing is, how. This collection also contains two admira- ever, wanted to give full effect to this regublelandscapes by Wilson, a name that can lation--that is, a printed catalogue, descripnever be mentioned but as a reproach to tive of the pictures; iu point of economy his country. With powers never excelled there can he no objection to such a publiby those upon whom a better day and a cation, for its sale would more than repay. more refined age shed wealth and honours the expense.

THE FLOATING ISLAND IN DERWENT LAKE. Spanish FEMALE PENITENTIARY. (From a Correspondent.)

The following account of an Institution, Among the numerous attractions of Kes established at Barcelona for the punishwick and its neighbourhood, perhaps nove ment of female delinquents, will, perhaps, has excited more the curierity of visitors amuse our readers: we dare not hope that than the floating Island , at the head of it will operate to correct the conduct of the Lake. Its length is upwards of forty any person to whom it could at all apply, yards, and its extreme breadth twelve, or but, perhaps, it may make some “ galld fifteen.

jade wince” a little. The island is composed of peaty earth,

“There is one house of correction, formed by the decomposition of Aquatic which is too remarkable to be passed over plants. Its texture, though spongy, is suf in silence. It embraces two objects; the sciently compaet to bear a person's weighi, first is the reformation of prostitutes and and several have been upon it.

female thieves; the second, the correction It is covered with the Lobeiia, dortman- of women who fail in their obligation to na, and Isoetes lacustris.A few plants of their husbands, and of those who either tbe A, undo phragmetis, Scirpus lacustris, ueglect or disgrace their families. Schoenus mariscus, and Litterel a lacus “The house for those purposes being ditris, are also found upon it.

vided into distinct portions, without any The reasous given for its alternate rising communication between them, the one is and falling are various and contradictory. called real casa de galara, aod the other --The opinion most generally adopted reul casa de correccion. For each of those, (because perhaps most easily compre- who are shut up in the former, the King hended) is that some subterranean stream allows seven deniers to purchase eighteen of water decends from the'adjacent moun ounces of bread, and pive deniers, which is tain, and having its outlet beneath this uear one penny sterling, to procure meat. island, forces it from its site, and keeps it The fuud for this arises from fines; but to afloat.

aid this fund, the women are obliged to Others believe that it is owing to the work as long as they can see. By their disengagement of either Oxygen or Hy- labour they earn about five shillings a drogen Gas.

month, half of which they have for themBut I need uot enumerate the various selves, whilst, of the other half the Alcayde, explanations given. Suffice it to say, that or Governor, has one-tenth, to stimulate the true cause bas, (I believe) been wholly his attention to his duty. overlooked; and that it is not owing to a " These women, working thus from light subterranean current of water, nor to the to light, would earn much more were it not evolution of hydrogen or oxygen Gas; for the multitude of holidays. The ladies, nor to Carbonic; but to the plants which who deserve more severe correction than. cover the surface of the island ;- the their husbands, fathers, or other relatives Lobelia dortmanna, and Isoetis lacustris. can properly administer, are confined by The leaves of the Lobieta, or Cardinal tie magistrates, for a term proportioned Flower, are roundish, and compressed to their offences, in this royal mansion, or with a partition running down the middle: casa real de correccion. forming a double canal filled with air. The “ The relation), at whose suit they are leaves of the Loetes are also semi-cylindri- taken into custody, pays three sueldos, or cal and spongy: full of air cells, somewhat four-pence halfpenny per day, for the mainresembling the barrel of a quill: beuce its tenance; and with this scanty provision name Quillwort. When therefore those they must be contented. Here they are piants are in full and vigourous vegetation, compelled to work, and the produce of they buoy up the island, like so many blad- their labour is deposited by them, till the ders of air: and it slowly emerges into day. time of their confinement is expired. The

What then is the cause of its sinking? whole of the building will contain five After its surface has been for some time hundred women ; but at present there are exposed to the sun and atmosphere, the only one hundred and thirteen. Among plants shrivel and become withered. Atcm are some ladies of condition, who are quantity of air is disengaged, and the island supposed to be visiting some distaut friends, descends! In process of time, when the Here they receive bodily correction, when vegetation shall have again become so it is judged necessary for their reformation, luxuriant as to counteract the gravity of “ This establishment is under the direction the island, it will once more appear, again and government of the regent de lit audicnce, to siak when the plants are withered. assisted by the two senior criminal judges

Jan, 1816. with the Alcayo and his attendants."

-by which many bloody party feuds, and POLITICAL PERISCOPE. many destructive wars were propagated,

and perpetuated throughout the country, Panorama Office, March 28, 1816.

without wishing that scenes so deplorable The important transactions of this pre- may never return. May no line of lordsent mooth of March, are of the greatest lings ever venture to assume an infuence, interest to the British nation: throughout because of their sudden connection with the whole of which their influence will the Crown: may no unworthy suite of reextend, and will, probably, be of vitallations, near or distant, claim a homage importance.

not their due, on account of their affinity The first particular is, the appointed to the monarch on the throne. marriage of H. R. H. the Princess Char To avoid this, it has been the policy of lotte of Wales (heiress apparent to the Britain to seek foreign consorts. May the Crown, after her father, the Prince Re- choice now made justify this policy! May gent) with Prince Leopold, of Saxe Co- Prince Leopold become a Briton, not by bourg. May the connection prove happy the power of a naturalization bill only and prosperous !

{such an one has been passed by ParliaThere is something, which if not sin- ment, with all possible speed nem. diss.) gular, is not quite satisfactory, in the rela- but by adopting the better part of our nation of a husband as the subject of bis tional manners. We do not profess to be wife. It onghe to be-it cannot but be, perfect: we do not require any man who that his advice and influence in matters of comes among us--still less a princeto state, should be powerfully felf; and, his forget bis native country, and lis paternal talents may deserve an eminent situation: roof: he may prove a man, a worthy man, in this character he receives commands, and a Briton, without snch unpatural forfrom the very person, who in another cha- getfulness. racter receives commands from him, and For the middle of April, (some say the who, at the altar, has promiscd him re

16th) this union is said to be fixed. A se Jative obedience.

parate establishment for the royal pair is a Now, here comes in that principle of matter of course, and the nation would the British Constitution -“the Sovereign have it liberal, though not extravagant. can do so wrong." As no act of the So Another of the most important occur. vereign is valid, unless countersigned by rences of the month, is the decision of the the proper officers; and as every coun

House of Commons against the continusellor is bound to record the advice he ance of the Property Tax, or rather gives, and to answer for it, when called on against its perpetuity, for the fear was, that by competent authority, the responsibility were it not " killed off" at this moment, it rests on this public officer, not on the So- would revive, and linger, and linger and vereign to whom he gives advice. It revive, to no end. matters little therefore, whether the Crown The difficulty of collecting this Tax, be worn by male or female: the council without that inquisition which accompaguides its actions; and if the Crown should nied it, was too great to be overcome: and be advised to erroneous actions by influ-though prudence kept secret many in, ence from another quarter, the officer stances of great hardship, while the tax must resign, rather than comply. was in progress; they will now creep

To say the truth ; there is full as much abroad, -- and meet the ear with less redanger when the wearer of the Crown is serve. It has not always been chargedmasculine, of interference from powers fe

we mean surcharged, with pure equity, and minine, to illicit purposes, as when the simply prebono publico, but has given opwearer is feminine, of influence exerted, portunity to private pique and malice, io inconsistent with the public prosperity, attempt, and to accomplish, purposes neifrom masculine connections. Perhaps, in-ther just nor judicious. deed, the danger is greater: in the one A general stagnation in that kind of credit (ase, it may be private, partial, and im- which is at once public and private, yet moral, as well as prejudicial, in the other neither exclusively, has strongly affected case, it is more likely to be well intended, the whole nation. To deny that agriculto be obvious, if not official, and to be bo-tural produce was up too high, is impossinestly meant for present or future benefit, ble; to deny that it is down too low, or both of prince and people,

principally, that its declension has been too None can look back to the time when sudden, is equally impossible; the consethe Sovereign of England was in the habit quence is, that the agriculturist must of alliance among the subjects of the realm break, if his bapker will not afford bim ac,

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