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time, or perhaps for ever, the old denomi- men, into wbose hands our Government nations, applying them to the new mea may commit the enquiry. sures. There was an endeavour made af
The work answers its title, and we terwards to remedy it, by an attempt at recommend it to those who are actively conciliation, which I shall mention pre interested in the subject. sently, which has not had all the good effect that was expected, but on the contrary has produced new inconveniences.
Secondly, private interest, that wilful Catechism of Political Economy, o blindness whose eyes it is so hard to open.
Familiar Conversations on the Manner The generality of shopkeepers thought er in which Wealth is produced, distributed, roneously, that their profits depended ex and consumed in Society. By Jean clusively on the study that they had made of the relations between the weights and
Baptiste Say Translated from the measures of the country of production, French by J. Richter. Svo. price 6s. with those of the places of consumption. Sherwood and Co. London, 1816. They thought their trade would be de. stroyed, when the consumer could easily The French nation bas rarely shone calculate the prime cost of the goods ; and with continued and steady brilliancy on from that time they used their utmost ex the subject of Political Economy; and ertions to oppose the admission of this new perhaps our countrymen are somewhať system. “ These various oppositions, however, know nothing at all about it. The fact
too ready to conclude-therefore they began to give way, and it is certain that they would have been at last entirely sur
is not so: for those Frenchmen who mounted, if the government bad persisted have reasoned well, have occasionally in refusing any concession.
reasoned very well, and much may be “ Such was the state of things when the learned from them. The work before Imperial Government, about the year 1812, us was intended for the writer's countrywith a view to join the respect due to old men; the subject is not so new in Enghabits, with the preservation of the new land as it was to them. Nevertheless, system, allowed, for a limited time, that, it may happen, that some among us who instead of different fractions of the new
have little acqaintance with Sir James weights and measures, others called usuelle should be formed, bringing them as nearly
Stewart, or Adam Smith, may derive as possible to the value of those anciently advantage from this compendium. Mr. in use; thus for example a half kilogram. Say is, certainly, an observant man, me forms at present a new measure called though, perhaps, sometimes too theorethe litre usuelle; it is vot exactly the old tical, with a disposition to fine-draw a livre, poids de marc, but nearly 3 gros proposition. This work contains truths, (grains) more.
which it would well become politicians “ Thus then the new system is still pre- to consider, and to meditate with earserved, since this new weight is exactly nestness ; but, we shall prefer as a spe. half of the kilogramme; but by a concession, much to be regretted, it has been cimen of its manner and execution a permitted to divide this half kilogramne, more private example:--Our readers who not by decimals, but, like the old livre, duly profit by it, will be equally pleased into 16 ounces, and the other divisions as with the author, and with us; and more in the ancient poids de marc. In a word, than equally with themselves. this new ounce and its divisions depart so widely from the gramme, that the
WHAT difference is there detween the
propor: tion cannot be discovered without the aid words Expence and Consumption. of calculation. Similar concessions have
Expence is the purchase of a thing to he been made with respect to the divisions of consumed, and as, in general, one only measures of extent and capacity, and to buys what one intends to consume, the these changes people very naturally bend, words expence and consumption are often because they come near their old habits used for one another. It is, however, probut they remove them farther from the new
per to remark, that when one buys a prodecimal system, which it is still intended duct, we exchange the value we are wita to preserve, and to establish in the end." ling to give up for one of wbich we are iu
want : the value of a crown, for instance, These facts afford valuable hints to for the value of a handkerchief. We are our Government; and to those scientific still as rich when we bave made the pur-,
chase as we were before, only we possess quality of every sort, although they may in the form of a handkerchief what we be- cost more. fore had in the form of a crown. We do For what reason do you consider them as not begin to lose this value until we begin well regulated consumptions ? to use the handkerchief, and it is only Because the workmanship employed on when the consumption is finished that we a bad article will be more quickly cona are poorer by a crowo. It is not then in sumed than that on a good one.
When a buying, but in consuming, that we dissipair of shoes is made with bad leather, pate our property. That is the reason the work of the shoemaker, which is used why, in the middle ranks of life, the cha- up in the same time as the shoes, does not racter and econonical talents of the wo cost less, and is consumed in fifteen days man, who directs the greater part of the instead of lasting two or three months, consumption of the family, assists mate which it would have done if the leather rially to preserve fortunes.
bad been good. The carriage of bad mer- What do you understand by economical chandize costs as much as that of good, talents ?
which is more advantageous. Poor va It is the talent of deciding judiciously tions have, consequently, beside the disad. what consumption may be permitted, and vantage of consuming less perfect producwhat must be probibited, in that state of tions, that of paying dearer for them in fortune in which we are placed, and ac. proportion. cording to the income we have.
What consumptions do you consider as Whut do you understand by avarice? the worst regulated ?
We are avaricious when we deprive Those which procure more chagrin and ourselves, or those dependent upon us, of mischief than satisfaction: such as the exthose consumptions which we might permit cess of intemperance, and expences which according to our incomes.
excite contempt, or are followed by puIs it avaricious not to expend the whole nishment. of one's income?
No; for it is only by the savings which Bardouc; or the Goat-herd of Mount are made from improductive consumption, that we can hope to enjoy repose in our
Taurus: an Eastern Tale. Translated old days, and to procure an establishment from the French of Adrien de Sarrazin. for our families.
Sherwood and Co. London. 1815. Do we do any wrong to society hy thus emassing a productive capital, for the sake A LIVELY and specious jeu d'esprit, of enjoying ourselves, or suffering those be- not without instruction and a moral. longing to us to enjoy, the profits it will Under the guidance of a sprightly anteproduce ?
On the contrary, capitals, accumulated lope, which leads him into mischief, and by individuals, add so much to the total bis aberrations, Bardouc experiences a
a graver goat, which remoustrates against capital of society; and as a capital placed, that is, employed reproductively, is indis- variety of adventures. They are usually pensably necessary to give activity to in-treated in an ingenious manner; neverdustry, every person who spares from his theless, our better judgment acknowrevenue to add to his capital, procures, to ledges a kind of reluctance in the tolea certain number of persons who have no ration of speaking animals, whether thing but their industry, the incans of de goats or antelopes. The same caution riving a revenue from their talents.
against vanity and self-sufficiency, might Are not some consumptions better mana
be inculcated by more appropriate perged than others ?
Yes: they are those which procure sonages; and the dictates of wisdom greater satisfaction, in proportion to the might be uttered by a superior professacrifice of the values which they occasion. sor, with a beard of better cut. The Such are the consumptions which satisfy fact is, that we suffer in a short fable or the real, rather than fictitions, wants. — tale, what we dislike in a continued sea Wholesome food, decent clothing, conve ries of adventures, in a history sufficinient lodgings, are consumptions more ently long to allow the rational powers fitting and better regulated than luxurious to resume their proper superiority over food, foppish clothing, and stately habita- those of the imagination. The writer tions. More true satisfaction results from has well studied the character of his the first than the last. What do you consider besides, as well re
countrymen ; the work has many pleagulated consumptions ?
sant strokes in it; and it must be placed The consumption of products of the best l among the ingenious and amusing.
come delusion, while it has raised up The Cottagers of the Lakes.
others, under which the honest magic 235. Harris, London.
included in the names of husband and
father has proved of feeble spell. This When the venerable Mrs. Trimmer must be regretted, whether or nut it be established a literary review of ele- wondered at. The town is pestered with mentary 'works, and books generally editions of .poems unworthy to see the intended for the rising generation, she light.; and the caricature shops assign rendered an important service to society; reasons for these Farewells,” pro and -she performed a noble act of benefi- cun, with which we shall not disgrace cence, the effects of which will be felt, f our pages. Me repeat our first observaacknowledged, and enjoyed, by our chil-' tion, lhat the noble writer's mind is exdren, and our children's children. Tocited only by something desperate, or her exertions may we fairly ascribe a dreadful; by storms of war, or by conlarge portion of the judicious improve ficting passions raging with uncontrolments which have been effected in early lable vehemence. education-a large portion of the supe The story of Parisina includes adul. rior aitention which has been paid to tery not to be named : that of the Siege the culture of the youthful mind. Thauks of Corinth, is an example of self destruc. to that good old lady, whose memory tion, combined with vengeance on ene-will yet be honoured with many a bles- mies, the last resource of desperation, sing. silly stories, destitate equally of the fatal consequences of a city, taken rational amusement and inoral instruc-| by; storm. The tale is more striking than tion, are now much less numerous than pleasing; it marks the character of a renoformerly. Even the humblest labours gado, who from having been a Venetian of of literature, appropriated to lisping in-promise, becomes a Turkish commander ; fancy, beam, not unfrequently, with su having been enamoured of the daughperior intelligence.---The little tale which ler of Minotti, Governor of Corinth, has elicited these remarks affords a pleas- which city is besieged, he would willing. ing specimen of laudable and useful ex. ly have såved his intended father-in law, ertion, in a young female. Its object, for the sake of his troth-plighted bride. as the author informs us, “ is to excite Events disappoint his hopes : the lady.' an enjoyment of the simple and cheer- dies the evening before Corinth is asful pleasures which are invariably found saulted, and her father, after retreating to arise from an interchange of social like a lion, to the altar of the great affection." -- The exposition of moral Church, fires a train of gunpowder, and truths, the elucidations of general and blows up, together with himself, the natural history, the arts, commerce, &c. whole host of enemies, rushing to attack ** contained in this performance, render it him. The most striking part of the. a desirable and unobjectionable present poem, is an appearance, for which the to that class of readers for which it is renegado, then sitting in retirement on particularly designed.
the shore, cannot account.
There he sate all heavily,
a poem. 8vo. pp. 90. Price 5s. 6d. Was it the wind through some hollow stone, Murray, London, 1816.
Sent that soft and tender moan?
He lifted his head and he looked on the sea, The mind of the noble writer, Lord But it was unrippled as glass may be ; Byron, is not of that temper to be moved He looked on the long grass-it waved not by ordinary occurrences. The placidi a blade; ties of fife have not yet occupied bis How was that gentle sound conveyed? vigorous inuse; and though it was hoped, He looked to the banners-each flag lay still, that bis new connection would have en
So did the leaves on Citheron's bill, twiped around his heart, and closely, What did that sudden sound bespeak?
And he fell not a breath come over his cheek; 106, yet time has dissipated that wel. He turned to the left-is he sure of sight? Vol. I. Lis. Pax. No, 20. N.S. JUNE 1. | There sate a lady, youthful and bright!
He started up with more of fear
“ Again I say—that turban tear Than if an arıned foe were near.
“ From off thy faithless brow, and swear ** God of my fathers! what is here? “ Thine injured country's sons to spare, «Who art thou, and wherefore sent “ Or thou art lost ; and vever shalt see a So near a hostile armament!"
“ Not earth- that's past-but heaven, orme. His trembling hands refused to sign “ If this thou dost accord, albeit The cross he deemed no more divine : “ A heavy doom 'tis thine to meet, He had resumed it in that hour,
“ That doom shall half absolve thy sin, But conscience wrung away the power. “ And mercy's gåte may receive thee within: He gazed, he saw : he knew the face “ But pause one moment more, and take Of beauty, and the form of grace;
“ The curse of him thou, didst forsake; It was Francesca by his side,
“ And look once more to beaven, and see The maid who might have been his bride!, " Its love for ever shut from thee. The rose was yet upon her cheek,
“There is a light cloud by the moon, But mellowed with a tenderer streak :
“ 'Tis passing, and will pass full soon—
“ Thy heart within thee is not changed, Beside her eye had less of blue ;
“ Then God and man are both avenged ; But like that cold wave it stood suill,
Dark will thy doom be, darker still
Bụt his heart was swollen, and turned aside, Floating darkly downward there,
By deep interminable pride.
Rolled like a torrent o'er the rest.
He sue for mercy! He dismayed
Her sons, devoted to the grave !
No-though that cloud were thunder's worst, Light was the touch, but it thrilled to the And charged to crush him-let it burst! And shot a chillness to his heart, [bone, He looked upon it earnestly, Which fixed him beyond the power to start. Without an accent of reply; Though slight was that grasp so mortal cold, He watched it passing ; it is Aown : He could not loose bim from its hold; Full on his eve the clear moon shone, But never did clasp of one so dear
And thus he spake "Whate'er my fate, Strike on the pulse with such feeling of fear, “ I am no changeling—'tis too late : As those thin fingers, long and white, “ The reed in storms may bow and quirer, Froze through his blood by their touch that “ Then rise again; the tree must shiver. night.
“ What Venice made me, I must be, The feverish glow of his brow was gone, * Her foe in all, save love to thee : And his heart sank so still that it felt like “ But thou art sale: oh, fly with me!" stone,
He turned, but she is gone! As he looked on the face, and bebeld its hue Nothing is there but the column stone. So deeply changed from what he knew : Hath she sunk in the earth, or melted in the Fair but faint--without the ray
[tbere, Of mind, that made each feature play He saw not, he knew not; but nothing is, I.ike sparkling waves on a sanay day; And her inotionless lips lay still as death, And her words came forth without her breath,
Illustrations of Hogarth ; i. e. Hogarth And there rose not a heave o'er her bosom's Illustrated from passages in Aulbnis swell,
he never read, and could not under And there seemed vot a pulse in her veins to Though her eye shone out, yet the lids were
stand. pp. 55. Nichols, London. fixed,
[mixed 1816. Apd the glance that it gave was wild and un The Illustrations are in general exact quoWith aught of change, as the eyes may seein tations from the respective Authors : where Of the restless who walk iu a troubled dream. they are not so, the deviations or interpola* * * *
tions are noticed. For these, if ever the « If not for love of me be given
should see the light, some apology will be “ Thus much, theo, for the love of heaven, - | necessary. The learned Reader wilt be pugu
zled, perhaps disgusted, the candid Reader ORDNANCE MAPS OF BRITIŠU COUNTIES. annoyed, and the gentle Reader surprised, to find the liberties Interpolation has some to reader 'expedient the suspension of the
The circumstances which were thought times taken-Verses long or short, niuti publication of the Ordnance Maps of Bri- ' lated or barbarously extended, like victims tish Counties being now reinoved, the publion the bed of Procrustes, or at least like the cation of them is résumed, and they may be truchle-bed of Mr. Burke," pigging toge obtained, as formerly, at the Drawing Room ther, heads and points,” hitched into rbime in the lower, or of Mr. Faden, Charing without reason, and, as Pope says,
Cross. As the suspension was only intended “ Wondering how the devil they got there." to be ternporary, not merely the operation's
Such is the author's account of his of the Trigonometrical Survey, but those of jeu d'esprit, in which, Hogarth is made gularly carried on during that period under
the Mapping and Engraving, have been reLatin, or Latin is made Hogarth, by the the superintendence of Colonel Mudge; so force of words--or, rather by force put that several County Maps will be ready for upon words [disjecta membra poétæ] - delivery almost immediately. The Maps of greater in power and spell, than that with Cornwall
, Devonshire, Dursetshire; Hainpwbich necromancers formerly raised the shire (including the Isle of Wight), Sussex, dead. That the vices of humanity are
and that part of Kent which squares in on
the Sussex side with the general work, will much the same in all ages, is correctly be published in a very few weeks: and á true; and the writers of the Augustan separate map of the Isle of Wight is now on age may fairly be quoted as witnesses in sale. The inaps of all the contiguous counproof of this. We say fairly-and we ties north of these are in the hands of the give this learned indagator leave to make engravers: and that of the whole County of them the amen de honorable by rendering Kent is re-engraving and in a state of forhis talent at facetia by their means ser
wardness. When the several plats and por viceable to morals.
tions now planning by the surveyors are He may take the Anished, at least three-fifths of England and hint from his own illustration of the last Wales will be ready to be placed successive plate of the " Harlot's Progress.” ly in the hands of the engravers; and the Catastrophe :
whole will be carried on with all possible Plate VI. Thirteen Figures : expedition consistent with accuracy. These Vivit Gnatus;
maps are on a scale of an inch to a mile, á Matrem ipsam, ex ægritudine huc,
scale that admits of an attention to minutia Miseram, Mors consecuta est.**
which must, of necessity, be disregarded in Scene :
maps of smaller size. Hence, it may not Morenteis, Alenteis, lacrumanteis, et mise. only be expected that the general outline ranteist.
and the promment physical circunıstances Epilogus ;
shall be correctly delineated, but that the Es has, beu! quanti et quantæ sua funera minuter points and peculiarities which are vendunt !I
interesting to the topographer and the anti$Ut Flos in septis secretis nascitur hortis,
quarian shall be perwinentiy marked and Ignotus pecori, nullo convulsis aratro,
readily traced, in these maps. Quem mulcent auræ, firmat sol, educat imber, Multi illum pueri, multæ optavere puellæ. WORKS ANNOUNCED FOR PUBLICATION. Idem, cum tenui carptus defloruit ungue, Nulli illum pueri, nullæ optavere puella.
Speedily will be published, The Florist's Sic Virgo, dum intacta manet,
Manual; or Hints for the Construction of a Ter. Phorm. Acı V. S. 1. - Vide Donatum gay Flower Garden: with directions for the
preservation of Flowers from Insects, &c. in verbuin Hac.
By the Author of Botanical Dialogues, and fInter Emnii Fragment. Vide Prescott on Sketches of the Philosophy of Vegetable Horace, 212.
Life. Juvenal, VIII. 192.
Mr. Bagster is preparing for publication LITERARY REGISTER.
a Polygloti Bible, which is to comprise the
Hebrew text of Vander Hooglit; the SamaAuthors, Editors, dnd Publishers, are particularly ritan Pentateuch; the Greek Version of the requested to forward to the Literary Panorama LXX, from the text of Cardinal Caraffa Office, post pard, the titles, prices, and other (which Bos follows), with an lodex con particulurs of works in hand, or published, for taining such parts as are found to differ in hoortion in this department of thie work the Edition of Gräbe; the Latin Vulgate of
AGRICULTURE AND RURAL ECONOMY.